NZ team led by Edmund Hillary reaches the South Pole, the 1st to reach the Pole overland using motor vehicles and the 1st since Amundsen in 1911 and Scott in 1912
- Sputnik 1 reenters atmosphere & burns up
- Andy Borowitz, American comedian and satirist
- Gary Jones, Welsh-born actor
- Julian Sands, English actor (A Room with a View, Arachnophobia), born in Otley, Yorkshire, England
- Matt Frewer, actor (Max Headroom, Doctor Doctor), born in Washington, D.C.
- John Anderson, 1st Viscount Waverley, British civil servant, politician and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1943-45), dies at 75