On This Day

What Happened in July 1960

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 Benjamin Britten's cantate "Carmen Baseliense" premieres in Basel
  • Jul 1 The independent Somali Democratic Republic, commonly known as Somalia, is formed out of former British and Italian territories

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell & Texaco in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • Jul 1 Ghana becomes a republic
  • Jul 1 No passports needed inside Benelux
  • Jul 1 USSR shoots down US RB-47 reconnaissance plane
  • Jul 1 Robert Bolt's "A Man For All Seasons" premieres in London

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 1 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: In an all-Australian final Neale Fraser wins is first and only Wimbledon singles title; beats Rod Laver 6-4, 3-6, 9-7, 7-5

Tennis Player Rod Laver
Tennis Player
Rod Laver
  • Jul 2 "Once Upon a Mattress" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 460 performances
  • Jul 2 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Defending champion Maria Bueno of Brazil beats South African Sandra Reynolds 8–6, 6–0

Sport awardLPGA Championship

Jul 4 LPGA Championship Women's Golf, Sheraton Hotel CC: Mickey Wright wins by 3 from Louise Suggs

LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright
LPGA Golfer
Mickey Wright
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA Louise Suggs
Golfer and Co-Founder of the LPGA
Louise Suggs
  • Jul 4 America's new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

Jul 4 Yankees outfielder Mickey Mantle hits 3-run homer vs Washington, 18th MLB player to hit 300 HRs

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • Jul 5 Mongolia adopts constitution
  • Jul 6 Dr Barbara Moore completes a 3,207 mile walk from LA to NYC
  • Jul 7 US cemetery officially opens at Margraten, Netherlands

  • Jul 7 USSR shoots down a US aircraft over Barents sea
  • Jul 8 Fidel Castro ends Havana's International League team, Sugar Kings move to New Jersey

Sport awardBritish Golf Open

Jul 9 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Australian Kel Nagle wins his only major title by 1 stroke from Arnold Palmer in the centenary year of the Open Championship

  • Jul 10 Belgium sends troops to Congo
  • Jul 10 UEFA European Championship Final, Parc des Princes, Paris, France: Viktor Ponedelnik scores in extra time as Soviet Union beats Yugoslavia, 2-1
  • Jul 11 28th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-3 at Municipal Stadium, KC
  • Jul 11 Czechoslovakia adopts Constitution
  • Jul 11 Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta and Niger declare independence
  • Jul 11 Moise Tsjombe declares Congolese county Katanga independent

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Jul 11 "To Kill a Mockingbird" by Harper Lee is first published by J. B. Lippincott & Co.

Author Harper Lee
Author
Harper Lee
  • Jul 12 Congo, Chad and Central African Republic declare independence
  • Jul 12 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
  • Jul 12 XEWT TV channel 12 in Tijuana-San Diego, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
  • Jul 12 Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
  • Jul 13 29th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-0 at Yankee Stadium, New York
  • Jul 13 KDBQ-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KYA

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 13 US Democratic convention nominates JFK as presidential candidate

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jul 14 Fire rages through a Guatemala City insane asylum killing 225 and severely injuring 300
  • Jul 15 Baltimore Orioles' Brooks Robinson goes 5 for 5 including the cycle

Music ReleaseThe Twist Dance Craze

Jul 15 Chubby Checker releases his version of "The Twist" in the US (date approximate)
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Young people in Berlin taking part in the Twist dance craze, 1964
Young people in Berlin taking part in the Twist dance craze, 1964
  • Jul 15 UN troops arrive in Congo to help deal with the political crisis after Moïse-Kapenda Tshombé's declaration of independence for Katanga province
  • Jul 16 205,000 (record sports attend) see Brazil-Uruguay World Cup soccer
  • Jul 16 George Crowe sets record of 12 pinch hit HRs with a runner on
  • Jul 17 47th Tour de France won by Gastone Nencini of Italy
  • Jul 18 1st UN troops reach Congo

  • Jul 18 Baseball's NL votes to add Houston and NY franchises
  • Jul 18 Premier Kishi of Japan resigns
  • Jul 19 Italian government of Tambroni resigns
  • Jul 19 SF Giants Juan Marichal debuts, with a 1 hitter against Phillies
  • Jul 20 1st submerged submarine to fire Polaris missile (George Washington)
  • Jul 20 USSR recovers 2 dogs; 1st living organisms to return from space
  • Jul 20 The head of the Physics Department at the Israel Institute of Technology, Kurt Sitte, is arrested for espionage
  • Jul 21 Country of Katanga forms in Africa

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jul 21 Sirimavo Bandaranaike becomes the world's 1st female head of state elected in modern times, as Prime Minister of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)

World's 1st Female Head of State Sirimavo Bandaranaike
World's 1st Female Head of State
Sirimavo Bandaranaike
  • Jul 21 Francis Chichester arrive in NY aboard Gypsy Moth II, setting record of 40 days for a solo Atlantic crossing
  • Jul 22 Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories

Sport awardUS Women's Golf Open

Jul 23 US Open Women's Golf, Worcester CC: Betsy Rawls wins her 4th Open title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Joyce Ziske

LPGA Golfer Betsy Rawls
LPGA Golfer
Betsy Rawls
  • Jul 24 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Firestone CC: Jay Hebert wins his only major title by 1 stroke from Australian Jim Ferrier
  • Jul 25 Companie Industrielle et Forestere (Indufor) forms in Brussels
  • Jul 26 Italian government of Fanfani forms

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jul 27 US Vice-president Richard Nixon nominated for presidential candidate at Republican convention in Chicago

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • Jul 28 Republican National convention selects Richard Nixon as candidate
  • Jul 30 1st AFL preseason game Boston Patriots defeat Bills in Buffalo (28-7)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state

Religious Leader Elijah Muhammad
Religious Leader
Elijah Muhammad
  • Jul 31 KSOO (now KSFY) TV channel 13 in Sioux Falls, SD (NBC) 1st broadcast

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Evelyn "Champagne" King, American disco singer (Shame, I'm in Love), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Jul 1 Lynn Jennings, American long distance runner (world 5,000m record 1990), born in Princeton, New Jersey
  • Jul 2 Julia Montgomery, American actress (One Life to Live, Revenge of the Nerds), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Jul 2 Terry Rossio, American screenwriter
  • Jul 3 Jack Daugherty, American MLB baseman and outfielder, born in Hialeah, Florida
  • Jul 4 Sid Eudy, American professional wrestler, born in West Memphis, Arkansas
  • Jul 5 James M. Kelly, American politician (Maryland), born in Baltimore County, Maryland
  • Jul 5 Brad Loree, Canadian actor and stunt performer, born in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada
  • Jul 6 Caroll-Ann Alie, Canadian sailor (Olympics-14-92, 96), born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • Jul 6 Jozef Pribilinec, Czech speed walker (Olympic gold 1988, world record 10K), born in Kremnica, Slovakia
  • Jul 6 Lauri Merten, American golfer (US Open 1993), born in Waukesha, Wisconsin
  • Jul 6 Valerie Brisco-Hooks, American athlete (Olympic gold 200m, 400m, 400m relay 1984), born in Greenwood Mississippi
  • Jul 7 Barbara Bierman, American WPVA volleyballer (US Open-13th-1994), born in Miami, Florida
  • Jul 7 Ralph Sampson, American NBA center (Golden State Warriors, Houston Rockets), born in Harrisonburg, Virginia
  • Jul 7 Kevin A. Ford, American astronaut, born in Portland, Indiana
  • Jul 8 Jeff Stork, Longview Wash, volleyball setter (Olympic gold 88, bronze 1992, 96)
  • Jul 8 Valerie Pettiford, American actress (One Life to Live, Half & Half), born in Queens, New York
  • Jul 9 Christopher J "Gus" Loria, Major USMC/astronaut, born in Newton, Massachusetts
  • Jul 9 Marc Mero, American professional wrestler, born in Buffalo, New York
  • Jul 9 Wanda Vazquez, Puerto Rico attorney and Governor of Puerto Rio (2019-), born in San Juan, Puerto Rico
  • Jul 10 Roger Craig, American football NFL reciever (SF 49ers), born in Davenport, Iowa
  • Jul 11 David Baerwald American songwriter/composer
  • Jul 11 Caroline Quentin, British actress (Dorothy in Men Behaving Badly, Jonathan Creek), born in Surrey, England
  • Jul 11 Ariel Castro, Puerto Rican-born American criminal famous for kidnapping 3 women between 2002-4, born in San Juan, Puerto Rico (d. 2013)
  • Jul 12 Corynne Charby [Corinne Charbit], French model, actress and pop singer, born in Paris, France
  • Jul 13 Ian Hislop, British writer, satirist and editor of Private Eye, born in Swansea, Wales
  • Jul 14 Ray Herndon, Scottsdale Ar, singer (McBride & Ride-Can I Count on You)
  • Jul 14 Anna Bligh, Australian politician
  • Jul 15 Alexander W Dunlap, astronaut, born in Honolulu, Hawaii

Person of interestKim Alexis

Jul 15 Kim Alexis, American supermodel (Sports Illustrated swimsuit cover) and actress, born in Lockport, New York

Supermodel Kim Alexis
Supermodel
Kim Alexis
  • Jul 15 Willie Aames, actor (8 is Enough, Paradise, Zapped), born in Newport Beach, California
  • Jul 16 Eus van Someren, Dutch pop guitarist (Scene, Blaauw), born in Beverwijk, Netherlands
  • Jul 16 Gisela Beyer, German discus thrower (Olympics-4th place-1980), born in Eisenhüttenstadt, Brandenburg, Germany
  • Jul 16 Terry Pendleton, American baseball infielder (Florida Marlins), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 16 Leila Kenzle, American actress (Mad About You, Identity), born in Long Island, New York
  • Jul 17 Jan Wouters, Dutch football player (Ajax, Bayern Munich, PSV), born in Utrecht, Netherlands
  • Jul 17 Kim Barnett, English cricketer (England batsman & occasional leggie 1988-89), born in Leek, United Kingdom
  • Jul 17 Nancy Giles, American actress (Connie-Delta, Off Beat, Big, Angie), born in New York City, New York
  • Jul 17 Robin Shou, Hong Kong Chinese-American martial arts actor (Mortal Kombat, Beverly Hills Ninja), born in British Hong Kong
  • Jul 17 Scott Norwood, American NFL kicker (Buffalo Bills-Super Bowl XXV goat), born in Alexandria, Virginia
  • Jul 17 Mark Burnett, British television producer, born in London, United Kingdom
  • Jul 17 Dawn Upshaw, American soprano (Symphony of Sorrowful Songs), born in Nashville, Tennesee
  • Jul 18 Anne-Marie Johnson, American actress (In the Heat of the Night), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 19 Atom Egoyan, Canadian director (Adjuster, Next of Kin), born in Cairo, Egypt
  • Jul 20 Katie Rabbet, Prince Andrew's former girlfriend, born in London, England
  • Jul 20 Lauren Gregg, Rochester Minn, US women's soccer coach (Olympics 1996)
  • Jul 21 Lance Guest, Saratoga California, actor (Lance-Lou Grant)
  • Jul 21 Matt Mulhern, American actor (Biloxi Blues), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jul 21 Fritz Walter, German footballer, born in Mannheim, Germany
  • Jul 22 Denyse Julien, Rouyn Quebec, badminton player (Olympics-9-92, 96)
  • Jul 22 Jon Oliva, American musician (Savatage)
  • Jul 23 Al Perez, American professional wrestler, born in Tampa, Florida
  • Jul 25 Alain Robidoux, Canadian snooker player, born in Saint-Jérôme, Quebec
  • Jul 26 LaTaunya Pollard, American baseball player (Olympics 1980, 84), born in East Chiacgo, Indiana
  • Jul 26 Mitch Kahn, American kayak athlete (alt-Olympics 1996), born in San Clemente, California
  • Jul 27 Jo Durie, English tennis player, born in Bristol
  • Jul 27 Reinaldo de Carvalho, carnival King (d. 1995)
  • Jul 28 Luiz Fernando Carvalho, Brazilian film director, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • Jul 28 Yōichi Takahashi, Japanese mangaka of Captain Tsubasa and Hungry Heart Wild Striker
  • Jul 28 Jonathan Gold, American food critic who was the first in his field to win a Pulitzer Prize, born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2018)

Person of interestRichard Linklater

Jul 30 Richard Linklater, American filmmaker (Before Sunrise, Boyhood), born in Houston, Texas

  • Jul 31 Dale Hunter, Canadian NHL center, coach, owner (Quebec Nordiques, Washington Capitals, London Knights [OHL]) born in Petrolia, Ontario
  • Jul 31 lva Budarova, Czechoslovakia tennis star

Famous Weddings

  • Jul 3 Vernon Presley (father of Elvis) weds Dee Alliot

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 4 Film director David Lean (52) weds fourth wife Leila Matkar

Film Director David Lean
Film Director
David Lean

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 11 Actress Gene Tierney (39) weds oil baron W. Howard Lee in Aspen, Colorado

Actress Gene Tierney
Actress
Gene Tierney

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 16 Actress Vera Miles (30) weds actor Keith Larsen (36)

Actress Vera Miles
Actress
Vera Miles

LoveWedding of Interest

Jul 23 Professional golfer Jack Nicklaus (20) weds Barbara Bash


Famous Divorces


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Jul 6 Actress Bette Davis (52) divorces actor Gary Merrill (46) after almost 10 years of marriage

Actress Bette Davis
Actress
Bette Davis

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 3 Alfred Henry Ackley, American composer, dies at 73
  • Jul 6 Aneurin Bevan, British politician (b. 1897)
  • Jul 9 Edward Burlingame Hill, American composer and educator, dies at 86
  • Jul 9 Vallance Jupp, cricketer (28 wkts in 8 Tests for England 1921-28), dies
  • Jul 13 Anna Blaman, Dutch writer (Life & Death), dies at 55
  • Jul 13 Joy Gresham, American writer (b. 1915)
  • Jul 13 Joy Davidman, American poet, writer and wife of C. S. Lewis, dies at 45
  • Jul 15 Lawrence Mervil Tibbett, baritone, dies after surgery at 63
  • Jul 15 Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (b. 1897)
  • Jul 16 Albrecht von Kesselring, German fieldmarshal (Italy), dies at 74
  • Jul 16 John P. Marquand, American writer (The Late George Apley), dies at 66

Person of interestAlbert Kesselring

Jul 16 Albert Kesselring, German general during World War II (Commander-in-Chief South and West), dies of a heart attack at 74

German General Albert Kesselring
German General
Albert Kesselring
  • Jul 24 Carl Deis, composer, dies at 77
  • Jul 24 Hans Albers, German actor (Blue Angel), dies at 68
  • Jul 26 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (b. 1879)
  • Jul 26 Cedric Gibbons, American art director (b. 1893)
  • Jul 28 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola), dies at 60
  • Jul 29 Richard Simon, co-founder (Simon & Shuster), dies
  • Jul 31 Karl Hasse, German composer, dies at 77