- Mar 15 Five research groups announce the discovery of anti-matter
- Oct 11 Second Vatican Council (21st ecumenical) convened by Pope John XXIII
- Oct 16 Cuban missile crisis begins as JFK is shown photos confirming the presence of Soviet missiles in Cuba
- Oct 18 James Watson (US), Francis Crick (UK) and Maurice Wilkins (UK) win the Nobel Prize for Medicine for their work in determining the structure of DNA
- Oct 22 Cuban missile crisis: US President John F. Kennedy addresses TV about Russian missile bases in Cuba and imposes a naval blockade on Cuba, beginning the missile crisis
- Oct 24 Cuban missile crisis: Soviet ships approach but stop short of the US blockade of Cuba
- Oct 25 US Ambassador to the UN Adlai Stevenson demands USSR UN rep Zorin answer regarding Cuban missile bases saying "I am prepared to wait for my answer until hell freezes over"
- Oct 27 Black Saturday during the Cuban Missile Crisis: An American spy plane is shot down over Cuba and the navy drops warning depth charges on Soviet submarines
- Apr 24 Massachusetts Institute of Technology sends TV signal by satellite for 1st time: California to Massachusetts
- Sep 23 ABC's 1st color TV series - The Jetsons by Hanna-Barbera first broadcast
- Oct 5 "Dr. No", 1st James Bond film based on the novel by Ian Fleming and starring Sean Connery and Ursula Andress, premieres in London
- Oct 24 "The Manchurian Candidate", directed by John Frankenheimer, starring Frank Sinatra and Laurence Harvey, is released
- May 9 The Beatles sign their 1st contract with EMI Parlophone
- Jun 2 Ray Charles' cover "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" from his influential crossover album "Modern Sounds in Country and Western Music" hits #1 on Billboard
- Jul 12 Rolling Stones 1st performance (Marquee Club, London)
- Oct 5 The Beatles release their first record, "Love Me Do"
- Mar 2 Philadelphia center Wilt Chamberlain scores 100 points, most ever by an NBA player in a single game, during Warriors' 169-147 win over NY Knicks in Hershey; 36-of-63 from field, 28-of-32 from free-throw line
- Apr 13 Stan Musial scores his 1,869th run, a new NL record
- Jun 17 US Open Men's Golf, Oakmont CC: Jack Nicklaus wins his first major title by 3 strokes in an 18-hole playoff with Arnold Palmer
Brothers John and Clarence Anglin and fellow inmate Frank Morris escape from Alcatraz Island prison, the only ones to do so
On June 11, 1962
The first official Panda crossing is opened outside Waterloo station, London.
On April 2, 1962