On This Day

What Happened in July 1978

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 "Act" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 233 performances

Historic Event

Jul 1 Former US President Richard Nixon makes 1st public speech since resigning in 1974

  • Jul 1 Northern Territory of Australia becomes self-governing

Sports History

Jul 2 MLB pitcher Ron Guidry beats Detroit 3-2 for a NY Yankee record 13-0 start to the season

  • Jul 3 US Supreme Court rules 5-4, FCC had a right to reprimand NY radio station WBAI for broadcasting George Carlin's "Filthy Words"
  • Jul 4 Memphis fire fighters halt 3-day strike under a court order
  • Jul 5 Soyuz 30 spacecraft touches down in Soviet Kazakhstan
  • Jul 5 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 6 Israeli jet fighters swooped over mostly Muslim West Beirut
  • Jul 6 A sleeping car catches fire in Taunton, Somerset killing twelve people

Wimbledon Women's Tennis

Jul 7 Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Martina Navratilova wins her first Grand Slam singles title beating Chris Evert 2-6, 6-4, 7-5

  • Jul 7 Solomon Islands declares independence from UK
  • Jul 7 NBA approves franchise swap; Buffalo Braves owner John Y. Brown and Harry Mangurian acquire Boston Celtics, while the Celtics owner Irv Levin gets Braves, later moved to San Diego to become the Clippers

Wimbledon Men's Tennis

Jul 8 Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Björn Borg of Sweden wins his 3rd straight Wimbledon singles crown; beats American Jimmy Connors 6-2, 6-2, 6-3

  • Jul 8 Sandro Pertini elected the 7th President of the Italian Republic
  • Jul 8 Pioneer-Venus 2 Multi-probe launched to Venus
  • Jul 9 "Hello, Dolly!" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 152 performances
  • Jul 9 American Nazi Party holds a rally at Marquette Park, Chicago
  • Jul 9 Nearly 100,000 demonstrators march on Washington, D.C. for ERA
  • Jul 10 Bloodless military coup in Mauritania, President Moktar flees

Film & TV History

Jul 10 World News Tonight premieres on ABC with Max Robinson the first black anchor on a network newscast in the US

  • Jul 11 49th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-3 at San Diego Stadium

Sports History

Jul 11 All star MVP: Steve Garvey (LA Dodgers) collects his second award

  • Jul 11 Auto with liquid gas crashes and explodes in Spain, 160 killed
  • Jul 12 Sun Bank Building opens
  • Jul 12 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • Jul 13 Albania drops diplomatic relations with People's Republic of China
  • Jul 13 Alexander Ginzburg sentenced by Soviet court to 8 years
  • Jul 13 Lee Iacocca fired as president of the Ford Motor Company by chairman Henry Ford II
  • Jul 13 Russian dissidents Ginsburg, Piatkus and Sjtsjaranki sentenced to work camps
  • Jul 13 Walter Poenisch completes swim of 207 km from Cuba to Florida
  • Jul 14 Anatoly Scharansky convicted of anti-Soviet agitation
  • Jul 14 Umpire Doug Harvey ejects Don Sutton after discovering 3 scuffed balls
  • Jul 14 Allen Ginsburg completes "Plutonian Ode" - blocks trainload of fissile material headed for Rockwell's nuclear bomb trigger factory, Colorado

British Golf Open

Jul 15 British Open Men's Golf, St Andrews: Jack Nicklaus completes 3rd career grand slam; wins by 2 strokes from Ben Crenshaw & Ray Floyd

Sports History

Jul 17 NY Yankee manager Billy Martin and Reggie Jackson fight in dug out after Jackson refuses to bunt, causing Martin to suspend him

  • Jul 18 Egyptian and Israeli officials begin 2 days of talks
  • Jul 19 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • Jul 19 New York Yankees start historic 14 game comeback with 2-0 win over the Minnesota Twins at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, MN
  • Jul 21 Bolivian military coup under General Juan Pereda, President Hugo Banzer flees
  • Jul 21 US Postal Service & unions agree on a contract averting mail strike
  • Jul 21 World's strongest dog, 80-kg St Bernard, pulls 2909-kg load 27 m

Film Premiere

Jul 21 "Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" film starring The Bee Gees, based on the Beatles' album of the same name, premieres in NYC

  • Jul 23 US Open Women's Golf, CC of Indianapolis: Hollis Stacy successfully defends title by 1 stroke from Sally Little and JoAnne Carner
  • Jul 23 Israeli government rejects Sadat's call for return of 2 Sinai areas

Sports History

Jul 23 MLB Philadelphia Phillies Steve Carlton becomes 78th MLB pitcher to win 200

  • Jul 23 Mayence returns to helps Yankees win their 5th straight game
  • Jul 23 65th Tour de France won by Bernard Hinault of France
  • Jul 23 Franklin Bradshaw is murdered in Salt Lake City by his grandson Marc Schreuder at the instigation of his mother Frances Schreuder
  • Jul 24 Margaret Gardiner, of South Africa, crowned 27th Miss Universe

Baseball Record

Jul 24 Pete Rose ties NL hitting streak of 37 games

Sports History

Jul 24 Billy Martin resigns as Yankee manager after "one is a born liar the other a convicted one" comment about Steinbrenner and Jackson

Music History

Jul 25 John Lydon forms rock group Public Ltd Image

  • Jul 25 The Cerro Maravilla Incident occurs.
  • Jul 26 France performs nuclear Test at Mururoa atoll

Baseball Record

Jul 26 Johnny Bench hits his 300th career home run

  • Jul 26 11th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel
  • Jul 27 Indians Duane Kuiper is 3rd to hit 2 bases-loaded triples (vs Yanks)

Historic Event

Jul 27 Portuguese President António Ramalho Eanes fires Premier Mário Soares

  • Jul 28 600,000 attend the "Summer Jam" rock festival at Watkins Glen, New York, at the time the largest ever audience at a pop festival
  • Jul 28 At Old Timer's Game it's announced Martin will again manage Yankees
  • Jul 28 Price of gold tops $200-an-oz level for 1st time
  • Jul 28 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Jul 29 American Penny Dean swims English Channel in record 7 hrs, 40 min; record holds until 1995
  • Jul 29 On Old Timer's Day, NY Yankees announce that Billy Martin will return as NY Yankee manager in 1980 and Bob Lemon will become GM
  • Jul 30 Expos crush Braves, 19-0, collecting 28 hits & NL-record-tying 8 HRs
  • Jul 31 Gunman shoots his way into Iraqi Embassy in Paris
  • Jul 31 Cincinnati infielder Pete Rose singles off Phil Niekro to extend his hitting streak to 44 games as Reds edge Atlanta Braves, 3-2; ties Willie Keeler's 81-year-old NL record

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 2 Jüri Ratas, Estonian politician
  • Jul 4 Tatyana Jecmenica, Serbian tennis star (1995 Futures-Novi Sad), born in Novi Sad, Serbia
  • Jul 4 Emile Mpenza, Belgian footballer, born in Zellik, Belgium
  • Jul 4 Vicky Kaya, Greek supermodel and actress, born in Athens, Greece
  • Jul 4 Stephen McNally, British singer and songwriter (BBMak, 10 Reasons to Live), born in Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • Jul 4 Becki Newton, American actress, born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • Jul 6 Tamera Mowry, American twin actress (Sister, sister), born in Gelnhausen, West Germany
  • Jul 6 Tia Mowry, American twin actress (Sister, sister), born in Gelnhausen, West Germany
  • Jul 6 Kevin Senio, New Zealand rugby player, born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada
  • Jul 7 Misia [Misaki Itō], Japanese singer (Mother Father Brother Sister), born in Omura, Japan
  • Jul 7 Leonardo Morales, Venezuelan soccer goalkeeper (26 caps; Carabobo, Zulia), born in El Tigre, Venezuela
  • Jul 9 Linda Park, Korean-born American actress (Stra Trek: Enterprise), born in Seoul, South Korea
  • Jul 9 Mark Medlock, German pop singer (Now Or Never), born in Frankfurt, Germany
  • Jul 10 Jesse Lacey, American musician (Brand New)
  • Jul 12 Claire Chitham, New Zealand actress
  • Jul 12 Topher Grace, American actor
  • Jul 12 Michelle Rodriguez, American actress
  • Jul 12 Mélanie De Biasio, Belgian jazz singer, composer and flute player (A Stomach Is Burning), born in Charleroi, Belgium
  • Jul 13 Ryan Ludwick, American baseball player
  • Jul 15 Miguel Olivo, Dominican baseball player
  • Jul 17 Ricardo Arona, Brazilian mixed martial artist, born in Niterói, Brazil
  • Jul 17 Mike Hettinga, American professional wrestler, born in San Bernardino, California
  • Jul 17 Émilie Simon, French singer, born in Montpellier, France
  • Jul 17 Katharine Towne, American actress, born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jul 18 Shane Horgan, Irish rugby player
  • Jul 18 Ben Sheets, American baseball player
  • Jul 18 Mélissa Theuriau, French newscaster
  • Jul 18 Verónica Romeo [Sotoca], Spanish pop singer, born in Elche, Spain
  • Jul 20 Charlie Korsmo, actor (Dick Tracy, What About Bob)
  • Jul 20 Jen Grubb, Elk Hart Indiana, soccer defender (Olympics 1996)
  • Jul 20 Elliott Yamin, American Idol contestant
  • Jul 20 Pavel Datsyuk, Russian ice hockey player
  • Jul 20 Tamsyn Lewis, Australian athlete
  • Jul 20 Will Solomon, American basketball player
  • Jul 21 Damian Marley, Jamaican musician, born in Kingston, Jamaica
  • Jul 21 Justin Bartha, American actor (National Treasure films), born in Fort Lauderdale, Florida
  • Jul 21 Gary Teale, Scottish football player and coach, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Jul 21 Josh Hartnett, American actor and movie producer, born in St. Paul, Minnesota
  • Jul 21 Kyoko Iwasaki, Japanese swimmer (Olympic gold 200m breaststroke 1992), born in Numazu, Japan
  • Jul 22 Dennis Rommedahl, Danish footballer
  • Jul 22 A. J. Cook, Canadian actress
  • Jul 22 Martyn Lee, English radio presenter
  • Jul 22 Runako Morton, West Indian cricketer, (d. 2012)
  • Jul 23 Stuart Elliott, Northern Irish footballer, born in Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Jul 23 Stefanie Sun, Singaporean singer (Yan Zi), born in Singapore
  • Jul 24 Andy Irons, American surfer (ASP World Champion 2002-04), born in Kauai, Hawaii (d. 2010)
  • Jul 25 Louise Brown, English woman who was the first person to be born through in vitro fertilization, born in Oldham, England
  • Jul 25 Gerard Warren, American football player, born in Lake City, Florida
  • Jul 28 Hitomi Yaida, Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist, born in Toyonaka, Osaka
  • Jul 28 Luka Udjbinac, Croatian jazz musician, born in Zagreb, Croatia
  • Jul 31 Will Champion, British drummer (Coldplay - "Viva La Vida"), born in Southampton, England
  • Jul 31 Zeta Makripoulia, Greek actress, model and TV presenter
  • Jul 31 Justin Wilson, English auto racer (International Formula 3000 C'ship; Champ Car Series 4 wins), born in Sheffield, South Yorkshire (d. 2015)
  • Jul 31 Zac Brown, American country-rock singer and guitarist (Zac Brown Band - "Toes"; "Knee Deep"), born in Dahlonega, Georgia

Famous Weddings

Tammy Wynette

Jul 6 American country singer Tammy Wynette (36) weds record producer George Richey (42) in Florida

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 1 Kurt Student, German Luftwaffe general (b. 1890)
  • Jul 2 Aris Alexandrou, Greek novelist, poet and translator (b. 1922)
  • Jul 3 James Daly, American actor (Medical Center, Planet of the Apes), dies of heart failure at 59
  • Jul 9 Abdul Razak al-Naif, premier of Iraq, murdered
  • Jul 9 Zoltán Aladár, Transylvanian composer, music critic and teacher (The Goat and the Three Goons), dies at 49
  • Jul 10 Michel Gusikoff, American violinist and composer, dies at 85
  • Jul 10 Joe Davis, English snooker player (World Champion 1927-40, 1946), dies at 77
  • Jul 13 Antonio Veretti, composer, dies at 78
  • Jul 17 Thayer David, actor (Rocky, Roots, Savages), dies at 51
  • Jul 27 Willem Van Otterloo, Dutch cellist, composer, and conductor (Residentie Orkest, 1949-73; Melbourne Symphony, 1967-70; Sydney Symphony, 1971-77), dies in a car crash at 70
  • Jul 29 Wesley LaViolette, American composer,conductor, poet, and educator dies at 84
  • Jul 29 Glen Goins, American guitarist and singer (Parliament-Funkadelic - "Fantasy is Reality"), dies from Hodgkin's lymphoma at 24
  • Jul 30 Aasan Ferit Alnar, Turkish classical composer, dies at 72
  • Jul 31 Carleton Percy Hobbs, actor (I Claudius, Dark Places), dies at 80
  • Jul 31 Enoch Light, American orchestra leader (Gulf Road Show with Bob Smith), dies at 70