On This Day

What Happened in October 1978

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 Comoros adopts constitution
  • Oct 1 Tuvalu (formerly Ellice Islands) declares independence from UK
  • Oct 1 The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party is founded.
  • Oct 2 Syrian & Palestinians shoot in East Beirut, 1,300 killed

Baseball Record

Oct 2 NY Yankees win 3rd straight AL East title beating Boston Red Sox, 5-4 in a dramatic single playoff game; Ron Guidry wins #25 aided by Bucky Dent's 3-run homer

  • Oct 3 Gold hits record $223.50 an ounce in London
  • Oct 4 Pier 39 opens in San Francisco
  • Oct 4 Funeral services held for Pope John Paul I

Film Premiere

Oct 4 Film adaptation of Ira Levin's novel "The Boys from Brazil", starring Gregory Peck and Laurence Olivier premieres

  • Oct 5 Isaac Bashevis Singer wins the Nobel Prize for literature
  • Oct 5 Sweden's Fälldin government falls
  • Oct 5 Over 30 major nations ratify the Environmental Modification Convention which prohibits weather warfare that has widespread, long-lasting or severe effects
  • Oct 6 Hannah H Gray inaugurated as 1st female head of a US university (Chicago)

Historic Event

Oct 6 Iraq declares Ayatollah Khomeini an undesirable person

Music History

Oct 6 Mick Jagger apologizes for racist lyrics in "Some Girls"

Baseball Record

Oct 6 Royals' George Brett hits 3 HRs, Yanks win championship game 3, 6-5

  • Oct 6 "Midnight Express" film premieres directed by Alan Parker starring Brad Davis, Randy Quaid and John Hurt

Film Premiere

Oct 6 Terrence Malick's "Days of Heaven" film premieres starring Richard Gere

  • Oct 7 LA Dodgers win the pennant
  • Oct 7 USSR performs nuclear test
  • Oct 7 MLB National League Championship: Los Angeles Dodgers beat Philadelphia Phillies, 3 games to 1
  • Oct 7 MLB American League Championship: New York Yankees beat Kansas City Royals, 3 games to 1
  • Oct 8 Ken Warby set world water speed record at 319.627 mph (514 kph)
  • Oct 8 Yanks win 3rd straight AL Championship, all against Kansas City

Sports History

Oct 8 American Mario Andretti in a Lotus finishes 10th in the season ending Canadian Grand Prix at Île Notre-Dame Circuit, but wins his first Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by 13 points from Ronnie Peterson

Historic Event

Oct 9 P.W. Botha succeeds John Vorster as Prime Minister of South Africa

Music Awards

Oct 9 12th Country Music Association Award: Dolly Parton, Crystal Gayle, and Don Williams win

  • Oct 9 John Kander and Fred Ebb's musical "Ballroom" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 10 Aerosmith's Steve Tyler & Joe Perry injured by a cherry bomb
  • Oct 10 British pop music magazine "Smash Hits" first published

Historic Event

Oct 10 US Congress approves dollar coin honoring women's suffrage campaigner Susan B. Anthony

Historic Event

Oct 10 Daniel Arap Moi succeeds Jomo Kenyatta as President of Kenya

  • Oct 10 Steve Perry joins Journey
  • Oct 11 Aristides Royo elected president of Panama
  • Oct 11 Belgium government of Tindemans resigns

Baseball Record

Oct 11 Dodgers Bob Welch dramatically strikes out Reggie Jackson in 9th

Music History

Oct 11 Columbia Records releases "52nd Street", singer-songwriter Billy Joel's sixth studio album; it becomes his 1st chart-topper, and wins 3 Grammy Awards

  • Oct 12 Representatives of Israel & Egypt open talks in Washington

Murder of Interest

Oct 12 Sid Vicious charged with murder of girlfriend Nancy Spungen

Radio History

Oct 13 US President Jimmy Carter answers callers' questions on National Public Radio

  • Oct 13 Swaziland's new constitution promulgated bans political parties
  • Oct 13 Tiros N, US's 1st third generation weather satellite, is launched
  • Oct 13 Graig Nettles at 3rd makes many spectacular plays in WS game 3 as Guidry beats Dodgers, after trailing 2 games to 0 Yanks win next 4
  • Oct 13 "52nd Street" 6th studio album by Billy Joel is released (Grammy Award Album of the Year 1979)

Film & TV History

Oct 14 1st TV movie from a TV series-"Rescue from Gilligan's Island"

  • Oct 14 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • Oct 14 NY outfielder Reggie Jackson causes World Series controversy; interferes with a throw to 1st, deflects ball away during Yankees, 4-3 Game 4 win over LA Dodgers at Yankee Stadium

Sports History

Oct 14 Despite Denis Potvin hat trick in 3:21 NY Islanders lose 7-10 making Islander record when scoring a hat trick-22-2-1

  • Oct 15 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • Oct 16 Nobel Prize in Economics awarded to Herbert A Simon

Papal Inauguration

Oct 16 Polish Cardinal Karol Wojtyla elected Pope John Paul II

Sports History

Oct 16 Test debut of Kapil Dev, India v Pakistan at Faisalabad

  • Oct 17 NY Islanders start a streak of 23 undefeated games at home (15-0-8)
  • Oct 17 Baseball World Series: NY Yankees repeat as champions; beat LA, 7-2 at Dodger Stadium for 4-2 series victory; MVP: NY shortstop Bucky Dent
  • Oct 17 President Jimmy Carter signs bill restoring US citizenship to Jefferson Davis
  • Oct 17 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • Oct 17 Yanks win 22nd World Championship capping their great comeback year
  • Oct 18 US 1st daughter Susan Ford announces engagement to Charles F Vance
  • Oct 18 NY Islanders 1st scoreless tie, vs LA Kings
  • Oct 20 Paul Vanden Boeynants forms Belgium government
  • Oct 20 Police's 1st US concert (NYC's CBGBs)
  • Oct 20 US dollar devalued below Dutch Ÿ2
  • Oct 21 Australian civilian pilot Frederick Valentich vanishes in a Cessna 182 over the Bass Strait south of Melbourne, after reporting contact with an unidentified aircraft.
  • Oct 22 "King of Hearts" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 48 performances

New York City Marathon

Oct 22 New York City Marathon: Grete Waitz of Norway wins in her race debut in world record 2:32:30; Bill Rodgers wins his third straight title in 2:12:12

  • Oct 22 Grete Weitz runs female world record marathon (2:32:29.8)
  • Oct 22 Laugh-in's Judy Carne arrested at Gatwick Airport for drug possession
  • Oct 22 Pope John Paul II is inaugurated as Pope
  • Oct 23 CBS raises LP prices to $8.98
  • Oct 23 China & Japan formally ends 4 decades of dissension
  • Oct 23 Sid Vicious attempts suicide while at Riker's Detention Center in NYC

Music History

Oct 24 Keith Richards convicted of heroin possession in Toronto

  • Oct 24 NHL Toronto Maple Leafs set own team record of 28 pts vs NY Islanders
  • Oct 25 Israeli government approves "in principle", a draft compromise peace
  • Oct 25 Padres Gaylord Perry is 1st to win Cy Young in both leagues (NL)

Film Release

Oct 25 "Halloween", directed by John Carpenter, starring Donald Pleasence and Jamie Lee Curtis in her film debut, is released

  • Oct 26 Independent Counsel Act is signed into law.
  • Oct 27 US President Jimmy Carter signs Hawkins-Humphrey full employment bill
  • Oct 28 Don Ritchie runs world record 100k (6:10:20)

Sports History

Oct 28 Bobby Orr scores his last career NHL goal (vs Detroit Red Wings)

  • Oct 28 NBC's premiere of Kiss' acting debut, "Kiss Meets The Phantom of the Park" TV film
  • Oct 30 Laura Nickel & Curt Noll find 25th Mersenne prime, 2 ^ 21701-1
  • Oct 30 Uganda troops attack Tanzania
  • Oct 31 Iranian oil workers go on strike
  • Oct 31 People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen) adopts constitution

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Andrew JC Jackson, Australian surf lifesaver
  • Oct 1 Leticia Cline, American model and TV Personality
  • Oct 2 Ayumi Hamasaki, Japanese J-pop singer-songwriter ("Secret"), born in Fukuoka, Japan
  • Oct 3 Gerald Asamoah, German soccer forward (43 caps; Schalke 04 279 games, 44 goals), born in Mampong, Ghana
  • Oct 3 Claudio Pizarro, Peruvian soccer striker (85 caps; Bayern Munich 224 games, 87 goals), born in Callao, Peru
  • Oct 3 Jake Shears [Jason Sellards], American rock singer (Scissor Sisters), born in Mesa, Arizona
  • Oct 3 Shannyn Sossamon, American actress
  • Oct 4 Ko Soo, South Korean television and movie actor
  • Oct 4 Kyle Lohse, American baseball pitcher (14th pitcher to beat all 30 MLB teams; Minnesota Twins, St. Louis Cardinals), born in Chico, California
  • Oct 5 Shane Ryan, Irish Gaelic footballer, born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Oct 5 Jesse Palmer, Canadian-born American football player, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Oct 5 Morgan Webb, American television presenter, born in Los Angeles, California
  • Oct 5 James Valentine, American musician (Maroon 5), born in Lincoln, Nebraska
  • Oct 6 Ricky Hatton, English boxer, born in Stockport, England
  • Oct 7 Alesha Dixon, British pop singer (Mis-Teeq), born in Welwyn Garden City, England
  • Oct 7 Zaheer Khan, Indian cricketer, born in Shrirampur, India
  • Oct 8 Mick O'Driscoll, Irish rugby player, born in Cork, Ireland
  • Oct 8 Antonino D'Agostino, Italian football player, born in Turin, Italy
  • Oct 8 Mike Moreno, American jazz guitarist (First in Mind), born in Houston, Texas
  • Oct 9 Randy Spelling, American actor (Sean Richards-Sunset Beach), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Oct 9 Nicky Byrne, Irish musician (Westlife -"You Raise Me Up"), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Oct 9 Juan Dixon, American basketball player, born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • Oct 10 Jodi Lyn O'Keefe, American actress (Cassidy-Nash Bridges), born in Cliffwood Beach, New Jersey
  • Oct 11 Kali, Angolan soccer defender (73 caps), born in Luanda, Angola
  • Oct 12 Baden Cooke, Australian cyclist, born in Benalla, Victoria, Australia
  • Oct 13 Jermaine O'Neal, American NBA forward (Portland Trailblazers), born in Columbia, South Carolina
  • Oct 14 Ryan Church, American baseball player
  • Oct 14 Paul Hunter, English snooker player (Masters 2001, 02, 04), born in Leeds, Yorkshire, England (d. 2006)
  • Oct 14 Steven Thompson, Scottish footballer

Usher

Oct 14 Usher [Raymond IV], American singer (My Way, Confessions) and actor, born in Dallas, Texas

  • Oct 14 Javon Walker, American football player
  • Oct 14 Justin Brannan, American musician (Most Precious Blood), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Oct 15 Devon Gummersall, American actor (Relativity; My So Called Life - "Brian'), born in Durango, Colorado
  • Oct 15 Takeshi Morishima, Japanese professional wrestler, born in Edogawa, Japan
  • Oct 16 Abel Talamántez, American LAtin, pop, and Tex-Max singer (Menudo; Los Super Reyes), born in Pecos, Texas
  • Oct 16 Ethan Luck, American rock musician (The O.C. Supertones; Demon Hunter; Relient K), born in Long Beach, California
  • Oct 18 Wesley Jonathan, American actor
  • Oct 18 Mike Tindall, English rugby union player
  • Oct 19 Chris Sellers, American rapper (Another Bad Creation), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Oct 19 Enrique Bernoldi, Brazilian race car driver
  • Oct 19 Zakhar Dubenskiy, Russian footballer
  • Oct 19 Henri "Trollhorn"Sorvali, Finnish heavy metal muscian (Moonsorrow), born in Helsinki, Finland
  • Oct 19 James Roberts, British Ice Hockey Player
  • Oct 20 Virender Sehwag, Indian cricketer (Wisden Leading World Cricketer 2008), born in Delhi, India
  • Oct 20 Paul Wilson, Scottish bass player (Snow Patrol), born in Kinlochleven, Scotland
  • Oct 20 Michael Johns, American Idol (season 7) finalist
  • Oct 21 Will Estes, American actor
  • Oct 21 Joey Harrington, American football player
  • Oct 22 Chaswe Nsofwa, Zambian soccer striker (33 caps; Zanaco FC), born in Lusaka, Zambia (d. 2007)
  • Oct 22 Owais Shah, English cricket batsman (6 Tests, 2 x 50s; 71 ODIs; Middlesex CCC, Essex CCC), born in Karachi, Pakistan
  • Oct 22 Ed Droste, American indie-rock singer-songwriter (Grizzly Bear - "Two Weeks"), born in Massachusetts
  • Oct 23 Steve Harmison, English cricketer, born in Ashington, England
  • Oct 23 Jimmy Bullard, English footballer and TV host (Soccer AM), born in East Ham, England
  • Oct 23 Archie Thompson, Australian footballer, born in Otorohanga, New Zealand
  • Oct 24 Carlos Edwards, Trinidadian footballer (Trinidad and Tobago national football team), born in Diego Martin, Trinidad and Tobago
  • Oct 25 Riley Mants, 200m breaststroker (Olympics 1996), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Oct 25 Russell Anderson, Scottish footballer (Sunderland), born in Aberdeen, Scotland
  • Oct 26 CM Punk, American professional wrestler and mixed martial artist, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 26 Eva Kaili, Greek TV presenter and politician, born in Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Oct 26 Jimmy Aggrey, English footballer (Torquay United), born in Hammersmith, London
  • Oct 26 Mark Barry, British pop musician (BBMak - "Back Here"), born in Manchester, England
  • Oct 27 Vanessa-Mae [Vanakorn Nicholson], Singaporean-British violinist and Olympic alpine skier, born in Singapore
  • Oct 27 Sergei Samsonov, Russian ice hockey player, born in Moscow, Soviet Union
  • Oct 27 Dmitri Kogan, Russian concert violinist (Five Great Violins), born in Moscow, USSR (d. 2017)
  • Oct 28 Marta Etura, Spanish actress
  • Oct 28 Justin Guarini [Bell], American pop singer and actor (American Idol), born in Columbus, Georgia
  • Oct 28 Gwendoline Christie, English actress (Game of Thrones), born in Worthing, England
  • Oct 29 Travis Henry, American football player, born in Frostproof, Florida
  • Oct 29 Kelly Smith, English football player (Arsenal Ladies), born in Watford, England
  • Oct 30 Martin Dossett, American football player, born in Portland, Texas
  • Oct 30 Amanda Swafford, American actress and writer (Worst-Case Scenario), born in Hendersonville, North Carolina
  • Oct 31 Emmanuel Izonritei, Nigerian boxer
  • Oct 31 Zachary Knighton, American actor (Happy Endings), born in Alexandria, Virginia
  • Oct 31 Martin Verkerk, Dutch tennis player, born in Leiderdorp, Netherlands

Famous Weddings

  • Oct 6 ABBA member Anni-Frid Lyngstad (32) weds fellow ABBA musician Benny Andersson (31)

Merle Haggard

Oct 7 American country singer-songwriter Merle Haggard (41) weds his backup singer Leona Williams (35); divorce in 1983

Ben Bradlee

Oct 20 Journalist Ben Bradlee (57) weds fellow journalist Sally Quinn (37)


Famous Deaths

  • Oct 3 Alfred Strange, English soccer right half (20 caps, 3 as captain; Sheffield Wednesday, 253 games), dies at 78
  • Oct 8 Jim Gilliam, American MLB player and coach (LA Dodgers), dies of a brain hemorrhage at 49
  • Oct 8 Karl Swenson, American actor (Lars Hanson-Little House on the Prairie), dies of a heart attack at 70
  • Oct 8 Tibor Serly, Hungarian violinist and composer (American Elegy), dies at 76
  • Oct 9 Jacques Brel, Belgian singer, songwriter, actor, director and composer (Le Far West, Pain in the A__), dies of a pulmonary embolism at 49
  • Oct 9 Pavel Antokolsky, Russian poet and theatre director (Syn), dies at 82
  • Oct 10 Gesina Van der Molen, Dutch WWII resistance fighter/lawyer, dies at 86
  • Oct 10 Ralph Metcalfe, American athlete, politician (Rep-D-Ill; joint world record 100m, Olympic gold 4x100m relay 1936), dies of a heart attack at 68
  • Oct 10 Ralph Marterie, American big band leader (b. 1914)
  • Oct 12 Nancy Spungen, killed by boyfriend Sid Vicious in NYC
  • Oct 16 Daniel "Dan" Dailey, American dancer and actor (You're My Everything, Governor & J.J.), dies of anemia at 62
  • Oct 18 Frank Woolley, English cricketer (58,969 1st-class runs), dies at 91
  • Oct 18 Jacques Mornard [Ramon Mercader], murderer of Trotsky, dies at 64
  • Oct 19 Gig Young [Byron Elsworth Barr], American actor (They Shoot Horses Don't They), kills his bride of 3 weeks and commits suicide at 64
  • Oct 21 Anastas Mikoyan, Armenian revolutionary, politician (First Deputy Premier of Supreme Soviet, 1855-64), diplomat, and cookbook publisher (The Book of Tasty and Healthy Food), dies at 83
  • Oct 22 John Riley, English poet (murdered) (b. 1937)
  • Oct 26 George "Jackie" Grant, West Indian cricketer (West Indian captain 1930-35), dies at 71