On This Day

What Happened in October 42 BC

Historical Events


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Oct 23 BC Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi - Brutus's army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar
Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
Roman Poet Horace
Roman Poet
Horace
  • Oct 3 BC First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar's assassins Brutus and Cassius.

Famous Deaths


Person of interestMarcus Junius Brutus

Oct 23 BC Marcus Junius Brutus, Roman senator and the most famous of the assassins of Julius Caesar, commits suicide at about 42/43 (b. 85 BC)

Roman Republican Politician Marcus Junius Brutus
Roman Republican Politician
Marcus Junius Brutus

Person of interestGaius Cassius

Oct 3 BC Gaius Cassius Longinus, Roman senator and conspirator against Julius Caesar, dies during the Battle of Philippi

Roman Senator Gaius Cassius
Roman Senator
Gaius Cassius