On This Day

What Happened in January 661 AD

Historical Events

  • Jan 27 The 4th Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate, Ali ibn Abu Talib is struck on the head while praying at the Great Mosque of Kufa, Mesopotamia by a poison-coated sword wielded by Ibn Muljam a Kharijite, dies two days later
  • Jan 29 Rashidun Caliphate, then the largest empire in history, ends with the death of its leader, Ali. Succeeded by the Umayyad Caliphate.

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 29 Death of Ali [Ali ibn Abu Talib], 4th Caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate (656-61) and 1st Shia Imam (632-661), assassinated by Ibn Muljam a Kharijite at around 59