- 1521 Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés capture Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc in Tenochtitlan marking the end of the Aztec Empire
- 1536 Buddhist monks from Kyōto's Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536).
- 1642 Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap
- 1788 Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90
- 1937 Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese forces begin the Battle of Shanghai, a conflict that will last 3 months and involve 1 million troops
- 2013 "Crash My Party" 4th studio album by Luke Bryan is released (Billboard Album of the Year 2014)
Construction of the Berlin Wall begins in East Germany
On August 13, 1961
Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.
On August 13, 1913
- 1868 Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier (26) weds Zoé Lafontaine (27) in Montreal, Canada
- 1926 Comedian Stan Laurel (36) marries 1st wife actress Lois Neilson (30)
- 1943 Evangelist Billy Graham (24) weds philanthropist and Christian author Ruth Bell (23) in Montreat, North Carolina
- 1980 Actor James Woods (33) weds costume designer Kathryn Morrison
- 1988 Musician Robert Smith (29) weds Mary Poole in UK