- 1281 During Kublai Khan's Second Invasion of Japan his invading Chinese fleet of 3,500 vessels disappears in a typhoon near Japan
- 1842 Second Seminole War declared over by Colonel Worth; Indians go on to be removed from Florida to Oklahoma
- 1945 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)
- 1947 Pakistan gains independence from Great Britain
- 1969 British Army deploys on the streets of Northern Ireland, marking the beginning of Operation Banner
- 1980 17,000 workers go on strike at the Lenin Shipyard in Gdansk, Poland, marking the beginning of the Solidarity movement
The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
On August 14, 1901