What Happened on January 1

Significant Events

  • 45 BC The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time
  • 630 Prophet Muhammad sets out with his army towards Mecca, capturing it bloodlessly
  • 1758 The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature establish the "starting point" for standardized species names across the animal kingdom, based on the binomial nomenclature by Carolus Linnaeus 10th edition of Systema Naturae
  • 1863 Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln to free slaves in US confederate states
  • 1892 Ellis Island opens as a US immigration inspection station - it would go on to be the gateway for more than 12 million people
  • 1896 German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x-rays
  • 1958 European Economic Community, better known as the European Common Market starts operation
More Historical Events

January 1 in Film & TV

  • 1953 The first TV detector van, used to track down users of unlicensed television sets, begins operation in the UK

January 1 in Music

January 1 in Sport

  • 1902 1st Rose Bowl, Tournament Park, Pasadena, California: Michigan beats Stanford, 49-0; MVP: Neil Snow, Michigan, FB

Did You Know?

1st entry in English civil servant Samuel Pepys' diary

On January 1, 1660


Would You Believe?

Paris merchant Jean Marius obtains 5-year royal privilege for his invention of a folding umbrella - first in Europe

On January 1, 1710

Famous Weddings

  • 414 King Ataulf of Narbonne marries emperor Honorius sister Galle Placidia
  • 1772 US founding father Thomas Jefferson (30) marries Martha Wayles Skelton (23)
  • 1811 Writer James Fenimore Cooper (21) weds Susan Augusta de Lancey in Mamaroneck, New York
More Weddings & Divorces