On This Day

What Happened on January 20

Important Events

  • 1265 First English Parliament summoned other than by royal command (in this instance by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester) mets in Westminster Hall
  • 1841 China cedes Hong Kong to the British during the 1st Opium War
  • 1921 Republic of Turkey declared out of remnants of Ottoman Empire
  • 1942 Nazi officials hold notorious Wannsee Conference in Berlin to organize the "final solution", the extermination of Europe's Jews
  • 1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President
  • 1981 Ronald Reagan inaugurated as the 40th President of the United States of America
  • 2009 Barack Obama, inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States of America, becomes the United States' first African-American president
More Historical Events

Jan 20 in Film & TV

Jan 20 in Music

  • 1971 Single "What's Going On" by Marvin Gaye about police brutality is released

Jan 20 in Sport

Did You Know?

Houston Cougars defeat the UCLA Bruins 71-69 to win basketball's Game of the Century and end UCLA's 47 game winning streak

On January 20, 1968

Would You Believe?

Heavy metal musician Ozzy Osbourne bites the head off a bat on stage in Des Moines, Iowa

On January 20, 1982

Famous Weddings

  • 1382 King Richard II of England marries Anne of Bohemia and daughter of the Holy Roman Emperor at Westminster Abbey. Anne dies of plague in 1394.
  • 1800 Napoleon I's sister Carolina marries King Joachim Murat of Naples
  • 1968 Actress Sharon Tate (24) weds actor and director Roman Polanski (34) in Chelsea, London

Famous Divorces

More Weddings & Divorces