On This Day

What Happened on January 30

Important Events

  • 1661 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years
  • 1815 Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson's 6,500 volumes
  • 1902 Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan's 'special interest' in Korea
  • 1933 President Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Reich Chancellor of Germany who forms a government with Franz von Papen
  • 1939 Adolf Hitler threatens Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (Parliament)
  • 1948 Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse
  • 1965 State Funeral of Winston Churchill at St Paul's Cathedral in London. Then world's largest ever state funeral.
  • 1972 Bloody Sunday: 27 unarmed civilians are shot (14 are killed) by the British Army during a civil rights march in Derry, Northern Ireland; this is the highest death toll from a single shooting incident during 'the Troubles'
  • More Historical Events

Jan 30 in Film & TV

  • 1931 "City Lights", American silent romantic comedy film directed by Charlie Chaplin, starring himself and Virginia Cherrill, premieres at Los Angeles Theater

Jan 30 in Music

  • 1961 "I Fall to Pieces" single released by Patsy Cline (Billboard Song of the Year 1961)

Jan 30 in Sport

  • 1994 Kapil Dev takes 2/41 as India beats Sri Lanka by an innings and 95 runs in 2nd Cricket Test in Bengaluru; equals Sir Richard Hadlee's world record of 431 Test wickets

Do you know this fact about today?Did You Know?

The Beatles perform their last live gig, a 42 minute concert on the roof of Apple Corps HQ in London

On January 30, 1969

Would you believe this fact about today?Would You Believe?

8th (final) part of "Roots" is most-watched US entertainment show ever (100 million)

On January 30, 1977

Famous Weddings

  • 1853 Emperor and French President Napoleon III marries Eugenie de Montijo, Countess of Teba
  • 1929 Mitford sister Diana Mitford (18) marries Irish peer Bryan Walter Guinness (23) in the British society wedding of the year
  • 1934 Actor and comedian Lou Costello marries burlesque dancer Anne Battler
More Weddings & Divorces