What Happened on July 12

Significant Events

  • 1679 Britain's King Charles II ratifies Habeas Corpus Act allowing prisoners right to be imprisoned to be examined by a court
  • 1690 Battle of Boyne: in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II
  • 1790 French Revolution: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is adopted, putting the Catholic Church in France under the control of the state
  • 1804 Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a pistol duel by Vice President Aaron Burr
  • 1863 In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British
  • 1913 150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent
  • 1943 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • 1957 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
More Historical Events

Did You Know?

Mormon leader Joseph Smith says God allows polygamy

On July 12, 1843

Would You Believe?

FEMA promises survivors of a nuclear war will get their mail

On July 12, 1982

Famous Weddings

  • 1472 Richard Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester and later King of England, marries Anne Neville, daughter of the Earl of Warwick, in Westminster Abbey.
  • 1543 England's King Henry VIII weds Catherine Parr (6th & last wife)
  • 1918 Artist Pablo Picasso (36) marries ballet dancer Olga Khokhlova (27)
  • 1933 Fifth Greatest Male Star of All Time Fred Astaire (34) weds socialite Phyllis Livingston Potter (25)
  • 1937 Explorer Jacques Cousteau (27) weds scuba diver Simone Melchior (18) at Saint-Louis-des-Invalides in Paris
More Weddings & Divorces