On This Day

What Happened on July 12

Important Events

  • 1679 Britain's King Charles II ratifies Habeas Corpus Act allowing prisoners right to be imprisoned to be examined by a court
  • 1690 Battle of Boyne: in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II
  • 1790 French Revolution: The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is adopted, putting the Catholic Church in France under the control of the state
  • 1804 Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a pistol duel by Vice President Aaron Burr
  • 1863 In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British
  • 1913 150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent
  • 1943 World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles
  • 1957 US Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
More Historical Events

July 12 in Film & TV

  • 1976 1st "Family Feud" game show debuts on ABC hosted by Richard Dawson

July 12 in Music

  • 1962 Rolling Stones 1st performance (Marquee Club, London)

July 12 in Sport

  • 1998 FIFA World Cup Final, Stade de France, Saint-Denis: Zinadine Zidane scores twice as France wins first World Cup beating Brazil, 3-0

Did You Know?

Mormon leader Joseph Smith says God allows polygamy

On July 12, 1843


Would You Believe?

Joseph Dunn (14) is attacked by a shark, suffering non-fatal wounds in New Jersey, the final episode in a spate of shark attacks along the Jersey coast where 4 people died over 12 days

On July 12, 1916

Famous Weddings

  • 1472 Richard Plantagenet, Duke of Gloucester and later King of England, marries Anne Neville, daughter of the Earl of Warwick, in Westminster Abbey.
  • 1543 England's King Henry VIII weds Catherine Parr (6th & last wife)
  • 1918 Artist Pablo Picasso (36) marries ballet dancer Olga Khokhlova (27)
More Weddings & Divorces