What Happened on July 21

Significant Events

  • 356 BC Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
  • 365 Crete Earthquake followed by tsunami around the Eastern Mediterranean allegedly destroys Alexandria
  • 1861 First Battle of Bull Run [Battle of First Manassas], 1st major battle of the US Civil War is fought near Manassas, Virginia, Confederate victory
  • 1904 After 13 years, the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway is completed
  • 1925 John T. Scopes found guilty of teaching evolution in the “Scopes monkey trial”, Dayton, Tennessee, fined $100 & costs
  • 1969 Neil Armstrong becomes the first person to step on the Moon at 2:56:15 AM (GMT)
  • 1970 Aswan High Dam opens in Egypt, enables human control of the flooding of the Nile
  • 2015 On This Day changes its domain name and brand from HistoryOrb.com to OnThisDay.com
More Historical Events

July 21 in Film & TV

  • 1943 "Stormy Weather", directed by Andrew L. Stone, starring Bill Robinson, Lena Horne and Fats Waller singing "Ain't Misbehavin'" premieres in the US
  • 1996 "The Daily Show" hosted by Craig Kilborn premieres on Comedy Central in the US

July 21 in Music

  • 1943 "Stormy Weather", directed by Andrew L. Stone, starring Bill Robinson, Lena Horne and Fats Waller singing "Ain't Misbehavin'" premieres in the US

July 21 in Sport

  • 2002 With a record 6 races remaining, German Ferrari driver Michael Schumacher clinches his 5th World F1 Drivers title with victory in the French Grand Prix at Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours; 3rd straight title win

Did You Know?

In market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first true western showdown

On July 21, 1865


Would You Believe?

World's lowest-ever natural temperature recorded −89.2 °C (−128.6 °F; 184.0 K) at Soviet Vostok Station, Antarctica

On July 21, 1983

Famous Weddings

  • 1320 Count Louis of Nevers marries 8-year old daughter of Philips V
  • 1871 Suffragette Kate Sheppard (24) weds general merchant Walter Allen Sheppard in Christchurch, New Zealand
  • 1904 Sinclair Oil founder Harry Ford Sinclair (28) weds Elizabeth Farrell
  • 1914 Fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli (23) marries Wilhelm Frederick Wendt de Kerlor (30) in London
  • 1945 Master of quick wit and widely considered one of the best comedians of the modern era Groucho Marx (54) weds Kay Marvis

Famous Divorces

  • 1942 Actress Mae West (48) divorces vaudeville performer Frank Wallace after 31 years of marriage
More Weddings & Divorces