- 1687 Isaac Newton's great work PRINCIPIA published by Royal Society in England. Outlines his laws of motion and universal gravitation.
- 1811 Venezuelan Declaration of Independence: 7 provinces declare themselves independent of Spain
- 1852 Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his 'What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?' speech to the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, condemns the celebration as hypocritical sham
- 1865 US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department
- 2004 First Indonesian presidential election by the people - first round (eventually won by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono)
Louis Reard's bikini swimsuit design debuts at Paris fashion show
On July 5, 1946