What Happened on October 19

  • October

Important Events

  • 202 BC Battle of Zama: Hannibal Barca and the Carthaginian army are defeated by Roman legions under Scipio Africanus, ending 2nd Punic War
  • 1781 British forces under General Charles Cornwallis sign terms of surrender to George Washington and Comte de Rochambeau at Yorktown at 2 pm; US Revolutionary War ends
  • 1926 Russian Politburo throws out Leon Trotsky and his followers
  • 1943 Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University
  • 1987 Black Monday: Stock markets around the world crash, including the Dow Jones stock index, which falls 508.32 points (22%), 4½ times the previous daily record
  • 2015 US scientists from University of California find evidence life on earth may have begun 4.1 billion years ago, 300 million earlier than previously thought
More Historical Events

October 19 in Film & TV

  • 1988 US Senate passes bill curbing ads during children's TV shows

October 19 in Music

  • 1975 "A Chorus Line", held record longest-running Broadway show (6,137 performances), first premieres at the Shubert Theatre in New York

Did You Know?

Frenchman C Hopffer patents the fire extinguisher

On October 19, 1722

Would You Believe?

Santos-Dumont proves airship manoeuverable by circling Eiffel Tower

On October 19, 1901

Famous Weddings

  • 1926 Pathologist Howard Florey (28) weds Ethel Reed at Holy Trinity Church in Paddington, New South Wales
  • 1991 Filmmaker Michael Moore (37) weds movie producer Kathleen Glynn (32)
  • 1996 "Rescue Me" actor-comedian Lenny Clarke (43) weds former TV producer Jennifer Miller (31) at Martha's Vineyard in Cambridge, Massachusetts
More Weddings & Divorces