- 1480 Great standing on the Ugra river, standoff between forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde, and Ivan III Grand Prince of all Rus, Tataro-Mongols retreat, leds to disintegration of the Horde
- 1856 The Second Opium War or second Anglo-Chinese War: begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River
- 1862 Otto von Bismarck becomes Chancellor of the German Empire
- 1915 Battle of Loos on WWI Western Front ends, German forces contain British attack (85,000 casualties)
- 1917 Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control
- 2001 U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security.
John Lennon releases his megahit "Imagine"
On October 8, 1971
Two English boxers are first to use padded gloves
On October 8, 1818