What Happened on September 3

Historical Events

  • 301 San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world's oldest republic still in existence, founded by Saint Marinus
  • 1650 Battle of Dunbar; Oliver Cromwell's English New Model Army defeats Scottish force in surprise attack
  • 1783 Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and United States of America
  • 1791 French Revolution: The new French Constitution, declaring France a constitutional monarchy, is passed by the National Assembly
  • 1900 With a proclamation by General Lord Roberts, Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa
  • 1939 World War II: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada
  • 1944 Holocaust diarist Anne Frank sent to Auschwitz concentration camp [1]
  • 1988 Estimated by this date 50,000 Kurdish civilians and soldiers killed by Iraq, many using chemical weapons, in aftermath of Iran-Iraq War
  • More Historical Events

Sep 3 in Film & TV

  • 1951 TV soap opera "Search for Tomorrow" debuts on CBS

Sep 3 in Music

  • 1912 Arnold Schoenberg's "Funf Orchesterstucke" (Five Pieces for Orchestra) premieres in London at a Promenade Concert

Sep 3 in Sport

  • 1950 Giuseppe "Nino" Farina wins inaugural Formula 1 World Drivers Championship by taking out the Italian Grand Prix at Monza in an Alfa Romeo; wins by 3 points from Juan Manuel Fangio

Did You Know?

Flag of the United States flown in battle for the 1st time at Cooch's Bridge, Delaware, a skirmish during American Revolutionary War

On September 3, 1777

Would You Believe?

Britain and the British Empire (including the American colonies) adopt the Gregorian Calendar, losing 11 days. People riot thinking the government stole 11 days of their lives

On September 3, 1752

Famous Weddings

  • 1921 American journalist Ernest Hemingway (22) weds American Hadley Richardson (29) in Bay Township, Michigan; divorce in 1927
  • 1923 Cultural anthropologist Margaret Mead (21) weds field archaeologist Luther Cressman (25)
  • 1937 Author Muriel Spark (19) weds teacher Sidney Oswald Spark in Salisbury, Southern Rhodesia

Famous Divorces

  • 2010 Pop singer Cheryl Cole (27) divorces England soccer player Ashley Cole (29) due to unreasonable behavior after 3 and a half years of marriage

More Weddings & Divorces