Famous People Who Died in 1794

  • Jan 8 Justus Möser, German statesman and writer, dies at 73
  • Jan 10 Georg Forster, German writer, naturalist (A Voyage Round the World) and revolutionary, dies at 39

Edward Gibbon (1737-1794)

Jan 16 English historian (The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), dies in London at 56

  • Jan 31 Marriott Arbuthnot, British admiral and naval commander during the American War for Independence, dies at 82 or 83
  • Mar 4 Henri de La Rochejacquelin, French Royalist Army leader, dies at 21

Marquis de Condorcet (1743-1794)

Mar 28 Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method) and mathematician, is murdered or commits suicide in prison at 50

  • Apr 5 Camille Desmoulins, French journalist, pamphleteer and revolutionary leader (his oratory led to storming of the Bastille), guillotined at 34

Georges Danton (1759-1794)

Apr 5 French politician and revolutionary (1st president of the Committee of Public Safety during the French Revolution), executed by guillotine at 34

  • Apr 13 Nicolas Chamfort, French writer, dies at 53
  • Apr 18 Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain, dies at 80
  • Apr 23 Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French lawyer and statesman, executed at 72
  • Apr 27 William Jones, British orientalist & jurist, dies at 47
  • May 6 Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier, French composer, dies at 59
  • May 8 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), guillotined at 50
  • May 10 Élisabeth of France, princess of France, youngest sister of king Louis XVI, beheaded at 30
  • Jun 8 G A Borger, writer, dies
  • Jun 14 Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland, dies at 75
  • Jun 18 James Murray, British military officer and administrator (Governor of Quebec 1860-68), dies at 73
  • Jun 19 Richard H Lee, US farmer (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • Jun 20 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (discover the theory of homology in biology), dies at 46
  • Jun 27 Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (b. 1715)
  • Jun 27 Wenzel Anton Graf Kaunitz, Austrian statesman (b. 1711)
  • Jul 2 Franz Xaver Pokorny, Czech composer, dies at 64
  • Jul 7 Pascal Boyer, French composer, dies at 51
  • Jul 17 Jean-Frédéric Edelmann, French composer, executed by guillotine after false charges of treason during French Revolution at 45 [1]
  • Jul 17 John Roebuck, English inventor and industrialist (b. 1718)
  • Jul 22 Jean-Benjamin de La Borde, French composer, dies at 59
  • Jul 25 André Chenier, French poet (Avis aux Francais sur leurs), executed by guillotine during French Revolution at 31
  • Jul 28 Georges Couthon, French politician and lawyer during French Revolution (worked closely with Robespierre in Legislative Assembly), guillotined at 39

Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794)

Jul 28 French revolutionary (President of the National Convention, Member of Committee of Public Safety), executed by guillotine at 36

  • Aug 6 Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, British politician (b. 1714)
  • Aug 11 Jakob Friedrich Kleinknecht, German composer, dies at 72
  • Aug 14 George Colman the Elder, English playwright, dies at 62
  • Sep 4 John Hely-Hutchinson, Irish statesman (b. 1724)
  • Sep 15 Abraham Clark, American patriot and signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies at 68
  • Sep 25 Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1718)
  • Oct 12 James Lyon, American composer, dies at 59
  • Oct 20 James Adam, Scottish architect and furniture designer, (partnership with brother Robert Adam), dies at about 64
  • Nov 3 François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesman, dies at 79
  • Nov 14 Pieter Nieuwland, Dutch scientist and mathematician (known as "Dutch Isaac Newton"), dies at 30

John Witherspoon (1723-1794)

Nov 15 Scottish-American president of the College of New Jersey who signed the Declaration of Independence, dies at 71

  • Nov 17 Jacques François Dugommier, French general, dies at 56
  • Nov 22 John Alsop, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)

Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben (1730-1794)

Nov 28 Prussian-American military officer (major general of the Continental Army), dies at 64