On This Day

Famous People Who Died in 1794

  • Jan 8 Justus Möser, German statesman and writer, dies at 73
  • Jan 10 Georg Forster, German writer, naturalist (A Voyage Round the World) and revolutionary, dies at 39

Edward Gibbon

Jan 16 Edward Gibbon, English historian (The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire), dies in London at 56

  • Jan 31 Marriott Arbuthnot, British admiral (b. 1711)
  • Mar 4 Henri de La Rochejacquelin, French Royalist Army leader, dies at 21

Murder of InterestMarquis de Condorcet

Mar 28 Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method) and mathematician, is murdered or commits suicide in prison at 50

  • Mar 29 Marie-J-A-N C Condorcet, mathematician (Theory of Comets), dies at 50

ExecutionGeorges Danton

Apr 5 Georges Danton, French politician and revolutionary (1st president of the Committee of Public Safety during the French Revolution), executed by guillotine at 34

  • Apr 8 Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicholas-Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician and philosopher, dies in prison during the French Revolution at 50
  • Apr 13 Nicolas Chamfort, French writer, dies at 53
  • Apr 18 Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain, dies at 80
  • Apr 23 Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French lawyer and statesman, executed at 72
  • Apr 27 William Jones, British orientalist & jurist, dies at 47
  • May 6 Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier, French composer, dies at 59
  • May 8 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (identified oxygen and hydrogen), guillotined at 50
  • May 10 Élisabeth of France, princess of France, youngest sister of king Louis XVI, beheaded at 30
  • Jun 8 G A Borger, writer, dies
  • Jun 14 Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland, dies at 75
  • Jun 18 James Murray, British military officer and administrator (b. 1721)
  • Jun 19 Richard H Lee, US farmer (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • Jun 20 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (discover the theory of homology in biology), dies at 46
  • Jun 27 Wenzel Anton Graf Kaunitz, Austrian statesman (b. 1711)
  • Jun 27 Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (b. 1715)
  • Jul 2 Franz Xaver Pokorny, Czech composer, dies at 64
  • Jul 7 Pascal Boyer, French composer, dies at 51
  • Jul 17 Jean-Frédéric Edelmann, French composer, dies at 45
  • Jul 17 John Roebuck, English inventor and industrialist (b. 1718)
  • Jul 22 Jean-Benjamin de La Borde, French composer, dies at 59
  • Jul 25 André Chenier, French poet (Avis aux Francais sur leurs), executed by guillotine during French Revolution at 31
  • Jul 28 Georges Couthon, French politician, beheaded at 39

ExecutionMaximilien Robespierre

Jul 28 Maximilien Robespierre, French revolutionary (President of the National Convention, Member of Committee of Public Safety), executed by guillotine at 36

  • Aug 6 Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, British politician (b. 1714)
  • Aug 11 Jakob Friedrich Kleinknecht, German composer, dies at 72
  • Aug 14 George Colman the Elder, English playwright, dies at 62
  • Sep 4 John Hely-Hutchinson, Irish statesman (b. 1724)
  • Sep 15 Abraham Clark, American patriot and signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies at 68
  • Sep 25 Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1718)
  • Oct 12 James Lyon, American composer, dies at 59
  • Oct 20 James Adam, Scottish architect and furniture designer, (partnership with brother Robert Adam) dies at about 64
  • Nov 3 François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesman, dies at 79
  • Nov 14 Pieter Nieuwland, Dutch scientist and mathematician (known as "Dutch Isaac Newton"), dies at 30

John Witherspoon

Nov 15 John Witherspoon, president of the College of New Jersey, dies at 71

  • Nov 17 Jacques François Dugommier, French general, dies at 56
  • Nov 22 John Alsop, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)