On This Day

Famous People Who Died in 1883

  • Jan 4 Nicolás Ledesma, Spanish organist and composer, dies at 91
  • Jan 4 Antoine Eugène Alfred Chanzy, French general (b. 1823)
  • Jan 5 Charles Tompson, first Australian published poet (b. 1806)
  • Jan 10 Samuel Mudd, American physician (imprisoned for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth), dies of pneumonia at 49
  • Jan 21 Jacopo Tomadini, Italian composer, dies at 62
  • Jan 23 Gustave Doré, French artist, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1832)
  • Jan 24 Friedrich von Flotow, German composer, dies at 70
  • Feb 1 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), dies at 64 [NS=Feb 13]

Richard Wagner

Feb 13 Richard Wagner, German composer (The Ring of the Nibelung, The Flying Dutchman), dies at 69

  • Feb 17 Napoléon Coste, French guitarist and composer, dies at 76
  • Feb 17 Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Indian independence activist and revolutionary, dies at 37
  • Feb 26 Alexandros Koumoundouros, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1817)
  • Mar 9 Arnold Toynbee, English economic historian and social reformer, dies at 30
  • Mar 12 Murrumgunarriman [Twopenny], cricketer (Aboriginal team 1868), dies

Karl Marx

Mar 14 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

  • Mar 15 Karol Studzinski, composer, dies at 55
  • Mar 15 Henry C. Wayne, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 67
  • Apr 4 Peter Cooper, American industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (Cooper Union, steam locomotive), dies at 92
  • Apr 6 Benjamin Wright Raymond, American politician (b. 1801)
  • Apr 10 Emilie Mayer, German composer of Romantic music, dies at 70
  • Apr 18 Agnes Tyrrell, Czech pianist & composer, dies at 36
  • Apr 22 Octave Fouque, French pianist and composer, dies at 38

Edouard Manet

Apr 30 Édouard Manet, French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass) dies of complications from syphilis at 51

  • May 17 Lydia Estes Pinklham, patent-medicine manufacturer, dies
  • May 20 William Chambers, Scottish author and publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding), dies at 83
  • May 23 Cyprian Norwid, Polish painter, poet and playwright (Wanda), dies at 61
  • May 24 Abdel Kadir, Algerian leader (b. 1808)
  • May 26 Abdelkader El Djezairi, Algerian leader, scholar and national hero (b.1808)
  • May 26 Edward Sabine, Irish astronomer (b. 1788)
  • May 28 August Freyer, Polish musician and composer, dies at 79
  • May 29 Albrecht of Prussia, mistress of John van Rossum, dies at 73
  • May 29 Princess Marianne of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau and daughter of King Willem I, dies at 73
  • Jun 6 Ciprian Porumbescu, Romanian composer, dies at 29
  • Jun 10 Carl Grädener, German cellist, conductor, teacher, and composer, dies at 71
  • Jun 12 John Randolph Tucker, American naval officer (Confederate Navy), dies at 71
  • Jun 14 Edward FitzGerald, English poet (b. 1809)
  • Jun 20 Gustave Aimard, French world explorer and writer (Grande Filbuste), dies at 64
  • Jul 1 Manuel Gregorio Tavárez, Puerto Rican composer, dies at 39
  • Jul 5 Frederick Scotson Clark, English organist and composer, dies at 42
  • Jul 9 Adrien Louis Boieldieu, French composer, dies at 67
  • Jul 12 Hermann Zopff, composer, dies at 57
  • Jul 15 Tom Thumb, famous small person (40"), dies of a stroke at 44

Matthew Webb

Jul 24 Matthew Webb, English long distance swimmer who was first to swim unassisted across the English Channel, drowns in the Niagara Falls whirlpool at 35

  • Jul 27 Albert Franz Doppler, Austrian flautist and composer, dies at 61
  • Jul 27 Montgomery Blair, American lawyer (Dred Scott v. Sandford), dies at 70
  • Aug 1 Karl Wilhelm Dindorf, classic scholar, dies
  • Aug 19 Jeremiah S. Black, American statesman (US Attorney General 1857-60, US Secretary of State 1860-61), dies at 73
  • Aug 27 August Friedrich Pott, German violinist, composer, and music professor, dies at 76
  • Aug 30 Ángela Peralta, Mexican operatic soprano, harpist, pianist, and composer, dies of yellow fever at 38
  • Sep 3 Ivan Turgenev, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Fathers & Sons), dies from a spinal tumour at 64
  • Sep 15 Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (Plateau's Law), dies at 81
  • Sep 21 Johannes van Vloten, Dutch man of letters/theologist, dies at 65
  • Oct 2 Joshua Ratoon Sands, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), dies at 88
  • Oct 15 Francesco Schira, Maltese-born composer, dies at 74
  • Oct 22 George Coulthard, Australian rules footballer (Victoria; Carlton FC) and cricket all-rounder (1 Test; Victoria CA), dies from tuberculosis at 27
  • Oct 22 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (The Headless Horseman), dies at 65
  • Oct 29 Friedrich Robert Volkmann, German composer, dies at 68
  • Oct 30 Johann Vesque von Püttlingen, Austrian lawyer and composer, dies at 80
  • Oct 31 Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj
  • Nov 5 William Hicks, British col/commander (Egyptian army), dies in battle
  • Nov 18 Wilhelm Siemens, German-British physicist and inventor (open-hearth furnace), dies at 60
  • Nov 19 Carl Wilhelm Siemens, German engineer and inventor (laid undersea cables), dies at 60
  • Nov 25 Ludwig Erk, German composer and folk song collector, dies at 76
  • Dec 13 Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (b. 1812)
  • Dec 25 Marek Konrad Sokolowski, Polish guitarist and composer, dies at 65