On This Day

Famous People Who Died in 1931

  • Jan 1 Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist & botanist (1st to coin the name virus), dies at 79
  • Jan 3 Joseph J C Joffre, French marshal, dies at 78
  • Jan 4 Arthemus "Art" Acord, American silent film actor and rodeo champion (Arizona Kid, Hard Fists), commits suicide by poison at 40
  • Jan 9 Claude Anet [Jean Schopfer], French writer (La fille perdue), dies at 62
  • Jan 10 Oscar Fetrás [Otto Faster], German composer (Mondnacht auf der Alster), dies at 76
  • Jan 11 James Milton Carroll, American Baptist pastor, leader, historian, and author (b. 1852)
  • Jan 14 William Ernst Johnson, British mathematician, dies
  • Jan 21 Felix Blumenfeld, Russian composer, conductor and pianist, dies at 67
  • Jan 22 Alma Rubens, American actress (Humoresque), dies of Lobar pneumonia and bronchitis at 33
  • Jan 23 Anna Pavlova, Russian prima ballerina and choreographer (Diaghilew, Dying Swan), dies from pneumonia at 49
  • Feb 2 Theodor Batthynyi, Hungarian contra-revolutionary, dies at 71
  • Feb 3 Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist, dies at 72
  • Feb 7 Ion Vidu, Romanian composer and conductor, dies at 67
  • Feb 11 Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine), dies at 76
  • Feb 12 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (b. 1855)
  • Feb 18 Milan Šufflay, Croatian historian and politician, dies at 51

Nellie Melba

Feb 23 Nellie Melba [Helen Mitchell], Australian soprano, dies at 69

  • Feb 26 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), dies at 83
  • Feb 27 Chandra Sekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army), dies at 24
  • Mar 5 Fr. Arthur Tooth SSC, Anglican Clergyman prosecuted and imprisoned for ritualist activities, dies ta 91
  • Mar 7 Akseli Gallen-Kallela, Finnish painter known for his illustrations of the Kalevala, the Finnish national epic, dies at 65 [1]
  • Mar 7 Theo van Doesburg [Christian Emil Marie Küpper], Dutch painter and architect, dies at 47
  • Mar 8 Clara Kathleen Rogers, composer, dies at 87
  • Mar 11 F.W. Murnau, German film director (b. 1888)
  • Mar 20 Hermann Müller, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)
  • Mar 25 Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, American journalist and civil rights activist, dies at 68
  • Mar 27 Arnold Bennett, English novelist (Anna of the Five Towns), dies at 63

Ban Johnson

Mar 28 Ban Johnson, American Baseball HOF executive (founder, President American League), dies after a long illness at 67

  • Mar 31 Knute Rockne, American College Football Hall of Fame receiver, coach, (Notre Dame, 13 National titles), dies in a plane crash at 43
  • Mar 31 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), dies at 67

André Michelin

Apr 4 Andre Michelin, French industrialist, tire manufacturer and publisher of the Michelin Guide, dies of respiratory failure at 78

  • Apr 4 George Whitefield Chadwick, composer, dies at 76
  • Apr 6 Giuseppe Radiciotti, Italian musicologist and composer, dies at 73
  • Apr 8 Eric Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish poet (Nobel Prize for Literature 1931), dies at 66
  • Apr 9 Paul Antonin Vidal, composer, dies at 67
  • Apr 10 Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet and painter (b. 1883)
  • Apr 16 Rachel Bluwstein, Hebrew poet, dies of tuberculosis at 40
  • Apr 25 Bert Hopkins, Australian cricketer (20 Tests for Aust, 509 runs), dies at 56
  • Apr 30 Sammy Woods, Australian cricket all-rounder (3 Tests Australia, 3 England, 1 x 50, 10 wickets; Somerset CCC) and rugby union flanker (13 caps England, 5 as captain), dies at 64
  • May 3 Frank Hoyt Losey, composer, dies at 59
  • May 3 Otto Winter-Hjelm, Norwegian musician and composer, dies at 93
  • May 5 Glen Kidston, British aviator and racing driver (b. 1899)
  • May 9 A[lbert] A[braham] Michelson, American physicist (1907 Nobel), dies at 78
  • May 12 Eugène Ysaÿe, Belgian composer and violinist, dies at 72
  • May 13 Josif Marinković, Serbian composer, dies at 79
  • May 14 David Belasco, American theatrical producer (b. 1853)
  • May 14 Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter, dies at 44
  • May 17 Johan [Eliza J] de Master, art critic/writer, dies
  • May 17 Timothy Cole, American wood engraver, dies at about 71
  • May 31 Felix-Raymond-Marie Rouleau, French Canadian cardinal, archbishop of Quebec (b. 1866)
  • Jun 4 Ibn Ali Hussein, King of Hejaz, dies
  • Jun 9 Henrique Oswald, Brazilian composer, dies at 79
  • Jun 13 Shibasaburo Kitasato, Japanese physician (b. 1851)
  • Jun 22 Armand Fallières, French president (1906-13), dies at 89
  • Jun 29 Nérée Beauchemin, Quebec poet (b. 1850)
  • Jul 2 Stephen Babcock, American agricultural chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying), dies at 87
  • Jul 4 Emanuele F duke of Aosta, Italian WW I-general/fascist, dies at 62
  • Jul 4 Hussein ibn-Ali, sjarif Mecca/king/kalief of Hedzjaz (1917-24), dies
  • Jul 7 Johannes "Kodgee" Kotze, South African cricketer (South Africa 1902-07), dies at 51
  • Jul 11 Jean-Louis Forain, French impressionist etcher and lithographer, dies at 78
  • Jul 15 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician 9Poisson distribution) and economist (b. 1868)
  • Jul 16 Charles Studd, English cricket all-rounder (5 Tests; Middlesex) and missionary (Cambridge Seven), dies from untreated gallstones at 70
  • Jul 16 Alice Pike Barney, American painter, dies at 74
  • Jul 18 Oskar Minkowski, German Biologist (pancreas and diabetes), dies at 73
  • Jul 24 Willem Treub, Dutch economist and politician, dies at 75
  • Jul 27 Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (b. 1848)
  • Aug 2 Kinue Hitomi, Japanese athlete (World record women's 100m, 200m, long jump, triple jump; Olympic silver 800m 1928), dies from pneumonia at 24

Daniel Williams

Aug 4 Daniel Williams, American heart surgeon who performed the 1st open heart surgery, dies at 73

  • Aug 5 Ullrich Haupt, Prussian actor (Morocco, Du Barry-Woman of Passion), accidentally shot at 43
  • Aug 6 (Leon Bismarck) "Bix" Beiderbecke, American jazz cornetist, one of the most influential jazz soloists of the 1920s, pianist, and composer (In A Mist), dies at was lobar pneumonia. of alcoholism exacerbated pneumonia at 28
  • Aug 19 Aristides Agramonte y Simoni, Cuban-American Physician, Pathologist and Bacteriologist (yellow fever), dies at 63
  • Aug 20 Waldemar von Baussnern, composer, dies at 64
  • Aug 27 Willem Hubert Nolens, Dutch priest and ambassador to Vatican, dies at 70
  • Aug 27 Frank Harris, Irish-American journalist and writer (My Life & Loves), dies at 75
  • Aug 27 Francis Marion Smith, American borax magnate (b. 1846)
  • Aug 28 Hugh Mahon, Irish-born Australian politician, dies at 74
  • Aug 29 David Abercrombie, Abercrombie & Fitch founder, dies at 64
  • Aug 31 Marcel Planiol, French private law scholar, dies
  • Sep 5 John Thomson, football player who died in an accidental collision during a match (b. 1909)
  • Sep 9 Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist dies at 86
  • Sep 10 Alfonso Rendano, Italian composer, dies at 78
  • Sep 10 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1869)
  • Sep 11 Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian-born American organized crime figure, dies at 63

Lili Elbe

Sep 13 Lili Elbe [born Einar Wegener], Danish transgender woman, former painter, and 1st identifiable recipient of sex reassignment surgery (autobiography: Man into Woman), dies from complications involving a uterus transplant at 48

  • Sep 18 Hazrat Babajan, a Baloch Muslim saint (b. c. 1806)
  • Sep 20 Sam Morris, Australian cricket all-rounder (1 Test; 1st black & of West Indian origin to rep. Australia in a Test; Victoria CA), dies at 76
  • Sep 28 Sylvain Dupuis, Belgian conductor, composer, (Le Chant de la Création), and music educator, dies at 74
  • Oct 2 Thomas Lipton, Scottish yachtsman (5-time America's Cup challenger) and tea merchant (Lipton Tea), dies at 81
  • Oct 2 George Bradley, American baseball pitcher (first no-hitter in MLB history 1876; NL ERA leader 1876), dies at 79
  • Oct 3 Carl Nielsen, Danish violinist and composer (Det Uudslukkelige), dies of a heart attack at 66
  • Oct 7 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor (Minute Man), dies at 81
  • Oct 7 Charles Ricketts, British artist and illustrator, dies at 65
  • Oct 8 John Monash, Australian military general during WWI (Gallipoli, Western Front), dies at 66
  • Oct 10 Carl von Bach, German mechanical engineer, dies at 84
  • Oct 13 Ernst Didring, Swedish author (b. 1868)
  • Oct 17 Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist, dies at 47

Thomas Edison

Oct 18 Thomas Edison, American inventor (lightbulb, phonograph, motion picture camera), dies at 84

  • Oct 20 Emánuel Moór, Hungarian composer, pianist, and inventor of musical instruments, dies at 68
  • Oct 21 A Schnitzler, writer, dies at 69
  • Oct 24 Murray Bisset, South African cricketer (South African wicket-keeper 1899 & 1910), dies at 55
  • Oct 26 Charles Comiskey, American baseball infielder (St. Louis Brown Stockings/Browns), team owner (Chicago White Sox) and manager (St. Louis Browns), dies at 72
  • Oct 29 Luciano Gallet, Brazilian composer, dies at 38
  • Nov 2 Arthur James Cook, British trade union leader (coal miners), dies of cancer at 47
  • Nov 2 Henry Musgrove, Australian cricket batsman (1 Test 1885), dies at 72
  • Nov 3 Rudolf Wilhelm Canne, Fries playwright (Peaske), dies at 60
  • Nov 4 Buddy Bolden, African-American early jazz musician, dies at 54
  • Nov 6 Jack Chesbro, American Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher (MLB wins leader 1902, 04 [41 wins], NY Highlanders), dies of heart attack at 57
  • Nov 11 Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (b. 1840)
  • Nov 15 C. A. J. van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher, dies at 68
  • Nov 17 Georgi Atanasov, Bulgarian composer (Gergana), dies at 50
  • Nov 17 John Paulus Lotsy, Dutch botanist and geneticist (Resumptio Genetics), dies at 64
  • Nov 17 Hara Prasad Shastri, Indian academic, Sanskrit scholar, archivist and historian of Bengali literature, dies at 77
  • Nov 19 Frederic Cliffe, English composer, dies at 74
  • Nov 19 Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet, dies in a plane crash at 34
  • Nov 23 Evert Cornelis, Dutch conductor and pianist, dies at 46
  • Nov 27 Lya De Putti [Amália Putti], Hungarian silent film actress, known for portraying vamp characters, dies at 34
  • Nov 30 John Hyatt Brewer, American composer, dies at 75
  • Nov 30 Marc-Jean-Baptiste Delmas, French composer, dies at 46
  • Dec 5 Vachel Lindsay, American poet (b. 1879)
  • Dec 10 Max Elskamp, Belgian author and poet (Six Chansons), dies at 69
  • Dec 13 Gustave le Bon, French psychologist (b. 1840)
  • Dec 16 Gustave J Waffelaert, Flemish theologist and bishop of Bruges, dies at 82
  • Dec 18 Jack "Legs" Diamond, American gangster and bootlegger, murdered at 34
  • Dec 23 (Frederick) Tyrone Power Sr., British-American stage and screen actor (The Big Trial; The Test of Donald Norton), dies of a heart attack at 62
  • Dec 23 Wilson Bentley, American scientist (b. 1865)
  • Dec 26 Melvil Dewey, American librarian and educator (created Dewey Decimal System for libraries), dies at 80
  • Dec 27 Peter C. Lutkin, American organist, composer (The Lord Bless You and Keep You), choral conductor, and educator (Northwestern University, 1891-1931)dies of a heart attack at 73
  • Dec 27 Walter Courvoisier, Swiss composer, dies at 76