On This Day

Famous People Who Died in 1943

  • Jan 1 Andrew Summers Rowan, American military officer who gave "a message to Garcia", dies at 5
  • Jan 3 Sir Walter James, Premier of Western Australia, dies at 79 (b. 1863)
  • Jan 3 Bid McPhee, American Baseball Hall of Fame second baseman (Cincinnati Reds; last 2nd baseman to play without a glove), dies at 83
  • Jan 4 Marina Raskova, Russian navigator, dies in airplane crash at 30

Nikola Tesla

Jan 7 Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American physicist (tesla motor), dies at 86

  • Jan 7 George Washington Crile, American surgeon (conducted the first direct blood transfusion and studied the effects of surgical shock), dies at 78
  • Jan 8 Richard Hillary, Australian Spitfire pilot and author (The Last Enemy), dies in a crash during a night training at 23
  • Jan 8 Albert Goldthorpe, English rugby league five eighth (RL pioneer; Hunslet 713 games), dies at 71
  • Jan 9 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain), dies at 53
  • Jan 11 Agustín Pedro Justo, President of Argentina (1932-38) during the Infamous Decade, dies at 66
  • Jan 11 Carlo Tresca, NY's Italian newspaper editor/anti-fascist, murdered
  • Jan 12 Jan Campert, Dutch resistance fighter and poet (18 Dead), dies at 40
  • Jan 12 Frank Alvord Perret, American volcanologist renowned for his research at Vesuvius, Etna, Stromboli and Kilauea dies at 75
  • Jan 13 Sophie Taeuber-Arp, Swiss artist dies of accidental carbon monoxide poisoning at 53
  • Jan 14 Adolf Sandberger, German composer and musicologist, dies at 78
  • Jan 16 Franz Courtens, Flemish painter (Sunny Lane), dies at 88
  • Jan 20 Giacomo Benvenuti, Italian composer, dies at 57
  • Jan 21 Otakar Sini, composer, dies at 61
  • Jan 23 Alexander Woollcott, American drama critic (The New Yorker), dies of a heart attack on radio, at 56
  • Jan 24 John Burns, British minister of Local Government (1905-14), dies
  • Jan 25 Spencer Charters, American actor (3 Faces West, Big Town Girl, St Louis Kid), dies at 67
  • Jan 26 Nikolai Vavilov, Soviet botanist and geneticist (identified the centers of origin of cultivated plants), dies at 55
  • Jan 26 Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenicist (b. 1880)
  • Jan 30 Attila Petschauer, Hungarian fencer (Olympic gold 1928, 32), dies at 38
  • Feb 1 Foy Draper, American athlete (Olympic gold 4 x 100m relay 1936 WR 39.8s), dies in action as a USAF pilot at 31
  • Feb 2 Jack Burke Sr., American golfer (US open 1920 runner-up; Senior PGA C'ship 1941), dies at 54
  • Feb 3 Alexander Goode, American US Navy chaplain and rabbi (The Four Chaplains) drowns in the sinking of the Dorchester at 31 [1]
  • Feb 3 Clark Poling, American US Army chaplain and Protestant minister (The Four Chaplains) drowns in the sinking of the Dorchester at 32 [1]
  • Feb 3 John Washington, American US Army chaplain and Catholic priest (The Four Chaplains) drowns in the sinking of the Dorchester at 34 [1]
  • Feb 3 George Fox, American US Army chaplain and Methodist minister (The Four Chaplains) drowns in the sinking of the Dorchester at 42 [1]
  • Feb 4 Frank Calder, 1st NHL president, dies
  • Feb 5 Wim Gertenbach, Dutch resistance fighter (Slogan), shot by Nazis
  • Feb 6 HA Seyffardt, Dutch lt-gen/NSB "minister", dies at 71
  • Feb 9 World War II: Dutch fascist official Hermannus Reydon and his wife are shot by resistance members, his wife dies immediately and he dies six months later
  • Feb 10 Wa'er, shot dead by Defiance
  • Feb 13 William Walraven, Dutch journalist and writer (Neglected Grouser), dies at 55
  • Feb 14 David Hilbert, German mathematician (Hilbert spaces, invariant theory, axiomatization of geometry, dies at 81
  • Feb 14 Dora Gerson, German-Jewish actress, cabaret singer, and Holocaust victim (Caravan of Death), dies in Auschwitz concentration camp at 43
  • Feb 15 William Victor Harris, American composer, dies at 73
  • Feb 17 Armand J. Piron, American jazz violinist and composer, dies at 54
  • Feb 17 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (b. 1872)
  • Feb 18 Henri Polak, Dutch union leader/politician (soc-dem), dies at 74
  • Feb 19 Lynne Overman, American actor (Reap the Wild Wind), dies from a heart attack at 55
  • Feb 22 Christoph Probst, German resistance fighter (That Weisse Rose), dies
  • Feb 22 Hans Scholl, German resistance fighter (White Rose), beheaded for treason at 24
  • Feb 22 Sophie Scholl, German anti-Nazi political activist, active in the non-violent resistance group, the White Rose (Die Weisse Rose), beheaded by guillotine at 21
  • Feb 26 Theodor Eicke, German Nazi official who developed the concentration camps, killed at 50 when his plane shot down
  • Feb 27 Kostis Palamas, Greek poet, twice nominated for the Nobel prize (b. 1859)
  • Mar 2 Alexandre Yersin, Swiss French bacteriologist (discovered bubonic plague bacillus), dies at 79
  • Mar 3 George Thomson, cricketer (all-rounder-6 Tests for Eng 1909-10), dies
  • Mar 4 Nikolaos "Sokrates" Politis, Greek foreign minister, dies at 71
  • Mar 4 Pieter C. Boutens, Dutch poet (Beatrijs), dies at 73
  • Mar 9 Oskar Hêks, Czech marathon runner/antifascist, dies in Auschwitz
  • Mar 10 Tully Marshall, American actor (Let's Go, Red Dust), dies at 78
  • Mar 12 Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor, dies at 73
  • Mar 13 Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (b. 1898)
  • Mar 13 J. P. Morgan, Jr. [John Pierpont], American financier and son of J.P. Morgan, Sr., (J.P. Morgan & Co.), dies of a stroke at 75
  • Mar 19 Vicente Ripollés, Spanish composer, dies at 75
  • Mar 19 Frank Nitti, American gangster (b. 1883)
  • Mar 23 Andre Lichtenberger, French Sudan writer (Le Petit Roi), dies at 72
  • Mar 23 Joseph Moiseyevich Schillinger, composer, dies at 47
  • Mar 26 Ben Lindsey, American judge and social reformer, dies at 73
  • Mar 27 Grigori Yakovlevich Bakhchivangi, test pilot (BI-1), killed in crash
  • Mar 28 Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian-American piano virtuoso, conductor, and composer (Aleko; Piano Concerto No. 3), dies at 69
  • Mar 30 Jan Bytnar, Polish activist (b. 1921)
  • Mar 30 Maciej Aleksy Dawidowski, Polish activist (b. 1920)
  • Apr 3 Conrad Veidt, German actor (Casablanca, Cabinet of Dr Calgary), dies from a heart attack at 50
  • Apr 4 Oskar Schlemmer, German painter, sculptor and choreographer (Triadisches Ballett), dies at 54
  • Apr 4 Raoul Laparra, French composer, dies during a bombing raid in WWII at 66
  • Apr 4 Hartzell "Tiny" Parham, American jazz pianist, theater organist, and bandleader, dies at 43
  • Apr 5 Aleš Hrdlička, Austro-Hungarian anthropologist and curator (US National Museum), dies at 74
  • Apr 6 Jimmy Collins, American Baseball HOF 3rd baseman (World Series 1903 Boston Americans; NL HR leader 1898 Boston Beaneaters) and manager (Boston Americans 1901–06), dies at 73
  • Apr 7 Jovan Ducic, Serbian poet (Blue Legends), dies at 72
  • Apr 7 Alexandre Millerand, President of France (b. 1859)
  • Apr 8 Paul Colin, Belgian journalist/collaborator, executed
  • Apr 8 Richard Sears, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1881-87), dies at 81
  • Apr 14 Asser B. Kleerekoper, Dutch SDAP-Second-Member of parliament, dies at 62
  • Apr 14 Geoffrey Turton Shaw, British organist, composer, and educator, dies at 63
  • Apr 15 Raffaele Casimiri, Italian composer, and musicologist dies at 62
  • Apr 15 Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist, dies at 61

Isoroku Yamamoto

Apr 18 Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese WWII Marshall Admiral & Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese fleet who led the attack on Pearl Harbor, killed in action at 59 by a US ambush after the "Magic" code-breaking team intercepted and decoded his flight plan

  • Apr 19 Alexander Schmorell, German resistance fighter, beheaded
  • Apr 19 Gustave Doret, Swiss composer, dies at 76
  • Apr 19 Willy Graf, German resistance fighter, beheaded
  • Apr 24 Gerardus H de Hare, socialist vicar, dies at 63
  • Apr 25 Vladimir Ivanovich Nemirovich-Danchenko, playwright/director, dies
  • Apr 29 Joseph Achron, Latvian violinist and composer (Golem suite), dies at 56
  • Apr 29 Karl Adrian Wohlfart, Swedish composer, dies at 68
  • Apr 29 Sidney Keyes, English poet (Foreign Gate), dies fighting during WWII at 20
  • Apr 30 Beatrice Potter Webb, British sociologist, economist (founded London School of Economics) and writer (My Apprenticeship), dies at 85
  • Apr 30 Etty Hillesum, Dutch diarist, dies in Auschwitz
  • Apr 30 Otto Jespersen, Danish linguist, dies at 82
  • Apr 30 Leo Smit, Dutch composer, dies in Sobibór extermination camp at 42
  • May 1 Johan Oscar Smith, Norwegian Christian leader who founded the evangelical Brunstad Christian Church, dies at 71
  • May 3 Leslie Heward, English composer, dies at 45
  • May 5 Gordon Hewart, British judge "Not only must Justice be done; it must also be seen to be done" (Lord Chief Justice 1922-40), dies at 73
  • May 5 Andy Minder, American jockey (Kentucky Derby 1907), dies from a heart attack at 62

Mordecai Anielewicz

May 8 Mordecai Anielewicz, Jewish commander of the Warsaw ghetto uprising, suspected to have committed suicide at 24 rather than surrender to Nazi troops that had surrounded his command bunker

  • May 10 Andre Bertulot, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged
  • May 10 Arnaud/Armand Fraiteur, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged
  • May 10 Maurice-Albert Raskin, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged
  • May 11 Szmul Zygielbojm, Jewish-Polish socialist politician (Bund) and activist, commits suicide to protest Allied indifference to the Holocaust during WWII at 48
  • May 12 Albert Stoessel, American violinist, conductor, composer, and educator, dies of a heart attack on the podium at 48
  • May 14 Henri La Fontaine, Belgian international lawyer (1st Socialist to win Nobel Peace Prize 1913), dies at 89
  • May 16 Alfred Hoche, German psychiatrist (b. 1865)
  • May 17 Montagu Love, actor (Wind), dies at 65
  • May 19 Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter and one of the founders of the Estonian National Museum, dies at 77
  • May 22 Helen Herron Taft, American First lady (1909-13) wife of President William Howard Taft, planted Washington's cherry trees, dies at 81
  • May 24 Vladimir I Nemirovitch-Dantshenko, Russian playwright, dies at 84
  • May 25 Nils Dardel, Swedish post-impressionist painter, dies at 54
  • May 26 Edsel Ford, American President of Ford Motor Company (1919-1943) and son of Henry Ford, dies of stomach cancer aged 49
  • May 29 Hermann Hans Wetzler, German-American composer, dies at 72
  • Jun 1 Leslie Howard [Stainer], British actor (Gone With The Wind; Of Human Bondage), dies after Nazis shoot down his plane at 50
  • Jun 1 Wilfrid B. Israel, Jewish activist
  • Jun 2 Nile Kinnick Jr., American College Football Hall of Fame halfback (Heisman Trophy 1939; University of Iowa), dies during a WWII training flight at 24
  • Jun 3 Folkert Posthuma, Dutch Minister of Agriculture, assassinated at 69
  • Jun 6 Karl Landsteiner, Austrian immunologist and pathologist (Nobel 1930), dies at 74
  • Jun 8 (Wilford) "Min" Leibrook, American jazz tuba player and bassist (Paul Whiteman Orchestra), dies of meningitis at 40
  • Jun 11 Sam[uel] de Vries, actor (Boefje, In Sobibor), dies at 50
  • Jun 13 Kočo Racin, Macedonian poet (b. 1908)
  • Jun 15 Cecil Parkin, cricketer (32 wkts in 10 Tests for Eng 1920-24), dies
  • Jun 26 Fritz Schmidt, German Commissioner-General for Political Affairs and Propaganda (Netherlands, 1940-43), commits suicide at 39
  • Jul 1 Auguste Reitsma, Dutch resistance fighter (census director), executed
  • Jul 1 C Bakker, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 C L Barentsen, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Coos Hartogh, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Cor Roos, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Henri Halberstadt, Dutch resistance fighter (census dir), executed
  • Jul 1 Johan Brouwer, hispanist/writer/Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Jul 1 Koen Limperg, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Sam Bloemgarten, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Willem Arondeus, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 1 Willem Brouwer, Dutch resistance fighter (census bureau), executed
  • Jul 2 Caroline Yale, American educator who revolutionized the teaching of hearing-impaired students, dies at 84
  • Jul 4 Władysław Sikorski, Polish World War II general and Prime Minister of Poland in exile (1939-43), killed in a plane crash at 62
  • Jul 8 Harry Oakes, Canadian ruler of Bahamas, murdered
  • Jul 8 Jean Moulin, French hero of the Résistance during World War II, executed at 44
  • Jul 8 Guillermo Valencia, Colombian poet, translator and statesman, dies at 69
  • Jul 9 Clifford Whittingham Beers, American mental hygiene pioneer, dies at 67
  • Jul 10 Arthur Nevin, American composer, dies at 72
  • Jul 13 Kurt Huber, German philosopher and resistance fighter, beheaded at 50
  • Jul 14 Johannes "Frits" Bakker Sr, Dutch actor, dies at 74
  • Jul 17 Sir Patrick Duncan, Governor-general of the Union of South Africa (1937 to 1943), dies at 72
  • Jul 18 Harry Pace, American music label owner (Black Swan - 1st major label founded by a Black American), dies at 59
  • Jul 21 Charles Paddock, American 100m runner (Olympic gold 1920), dies at 42
  • Jul 23 Emanuel Querido, Dutch author and publisher (N.V. Em. Querido Uitgeversmaatschappij), murdered in the Nazi extermination camp at Sobibor at 71
  • Jul 27 H B G Austin, cricketer (capt of 1923 WI team to England), dies
  • Jul 30 Benjamin James Dale, composer, dies at 58
  • Jul 30 Owen Nares [Ramsay], British actor and manager (Maiden Erleigh), dies from a heart attack at 54
  • Jul 31 Hedley Verity, English cricket spin bowler (40 Tests, 144 wickets @ 24.37), dies in POW camp in Italy at 38
  • Aug 1 Ismar Elbogen, German/US learned/rabbi (Jewish Lexicon), dies at 68
  • Aug 3 Edward "Corky" Cornelius, American jazz trumpeter (Benny Goodman; Gene Krupa), dies of kidney failure at 28
  • Aug 5 Adam Kuckhoff, German writer and resistance fighter, is executed during WWII at 55
  • Aug 6 Tom Garrett, Australian cricket all-rounder (19 Tests, TS 51no, 34 wickets; NSW CA), dies at 85
  • Aug 7 Gustav Schmidt, German lt-general, dies in battle
  • Aug 10 C Bergsma, Dutch resistance fighter (Waalsdorpervlakte), dies
  • Aug 10 J Janzen, Dutch resistance fighter (Waalsdorpervlakte), dies
  • Aug 10 J Posthuma, Dutch resistance fighter (Waalsdorpervlakte), dies
  • Aug 12 Georges Martin Witkowski, composer, dies at 76
  • Aug 14 Joe Kelley, American MLB baseball outfielder, 1891-1908 (Baltimore Orioles, and 5 other teams), dies at 71
  • Aug 18 Hans Jeschonnek, German air force general/chief-staff, commits suicide
  • Aug 18 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, dies at 78
  • Aug 21 Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer (Peter Gelukkige, Nobel 1917), dies at 86
  • Aug 23 Johann Zilcher, German composer, dies at 88
  • Aug 24 Ernst Ottwalt, writer, dies
  • Aug 24 Simone Weil, French philosopher and social activist (b. 1909)
  • Aug 25 Johan Petter Johansson, Swedish inventor and industrialist (modern adjustable spanner), dies at 86
  • Aug 26 Ted Ray, British golfer (British Open 1912, US Open 1920), dies at 66
  • Aug 27 Otto Selz, German psychologist, dies at 62
  • Aug 28 Boris III, Tsar of Bulgaria (1918-43), dies at 49
  • Aug 30 A[braham] Merritt, American sci-fi author (The Moon Pool, Burn Witch Bun), dies from a heart attack at 58
  • Aug 30 Eustáquio van Lieshout, Dutch priest and missionary in Brazil, dies at 52
  • Sep 1 Charles Atangana, Cameroonian chief (b. 1880)
  • Sep 17 Dick Tyldesley, English cricket spin bowler (7 Tests, 19 wickets, BB 3/50; Lancashire CCC), dies at 46
  • Sep 23 Elinor Glyn, English author (b. 1864)
  • Sep 27 Waclaw Gieburowski, Polish composer, dies at 65
  • Sep 27 Willoughby Hamilton, Irish tennis, soccer player (Wimbledon 1890; Ireland 1 cap), dies at 78
  • Sep 28 Charles Vintcent, cricketer (played in South Africa's 1st 3 tests), dies
  • Sep 28 Fritzi Brunette, American actress, dies at 53
  • Sep 30 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist (b. 1864)
  • Oct 1 Antoine T Broekman, resistance fighter, executed at 32
  • Oct 1 Anton JT Koreman, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Antoon Pleyte, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Oct 1 Earnest Klijzing, resistance fighter, executed
  • Oct 1 Gideon Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • Oct 1 Hans Katan, resistance fighter, executed at 24
  • Oct 1 Henri H Geul, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Johan Kalshoven, resistance fighter, executed at 20
  • Oct 1 Johan Roemer, resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • Oct 1 Johan van Mierlo, resistance fighter, executed at 35
  • Oct 1 John Charles Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 23
  • Oct 1 Leo Frijda, resistance fighter, executed at 20
  • Oct 1 Louis Boissevain, resistance fighter, executed at 21
  • Oct 1 Maarten van/of Gilse, resistance fighter, executed at 27
  • Oct 1 Olaf T Thomsen, resistance fighter, executed at 23
  • Oct 1 Peter "Pam" Pooters, resistance fighter, executed at 32
  • Oct 1 Sape Kuiper, resistance fighter, executed at 19
  • Oct 1 Victor van Swieten, resistance fighter, executed at 36
  • Oct 1 Walter Brandligt, literature/resistance fighter, executed at 42