On This Day

Famous People Who Died in 1944

  • Jan 1 Charles Turner, Australian cricket fast bowler (17 Tests; 101 wickets @ 16.53; fastest to 50 Test wickets), dies at 81
  • Jan 1 Edwin Lutyens, English architect (Viceroy's House, New Delhi), dies at 74
  • Jan 3 Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1873)
  • Jan 4 Henri "Hans" Flu, Indonesian/Dutch family doctor/antifascist, murder
  • Jan 4 Kaj Munk [Harald Leininger], anti-fascist writer (Kaj Munk), dies
  • Jan 5 Adolph Goldschmidt, German/Swiss art historian, dies at 80
  • Jan 6 Ida Tarbell, American muckraker (The History of the Standard Oil Company), dies at 86
  • Jan 7 J Verleun, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Jan 7 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet, dies at 56
  • Jan 7 Lou Henry Hoover, US First Lady (1929-33) and wife of the 31st President, Herbert Hoover, dies at 69
  • Jan 7 George Mullin, American baseball pitcher (Detroit Tigers; no-hitter 1912), dies at 63
  • Jan 8 William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1878)
  • Jan 11 Galeazzo count of Cortellazzo Ciano, Italian politician, dies
  • Jan 12 Lance C. Wade, American pilot (b. 1915)
  • Jan 12 Juliette Atkinson, American tennis player (US Nat C'ship 1895, 97-98), dies at 70
  • Jan 14 Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
  • Jan 19 Harold Fraser-Simson, composer, dies at 71
  • Jan 20 James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist, dies at 83
  • Jan 21 Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer, dies at 74
  • Jan 21 Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, German major and pilot, shot down

Edvard Munch

Jan 23 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (The Scream), dies at 80, bequeathing all of his work to the city of Oslo

  • Jan 23 Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (b. 1909)
  • Jan 29 William Allen White, American journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75
  • Jan 31 Jean Giraudoux, French writer and playwright (The Madwoman of Chaillot), dies at 61
  • Feb 1 Martin Lunssens, Belgian composer, dies at 72

Piet Mondrian

Feb 1 Piet Mondrian, Dutch painter & theoretician (Composition in Blue), dies at 71

  • Feb 4 Yvette Guilbert, French singer and actress, dies at 79
  • Feb 4 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer, dies at 72
  • Feb 5 Robert E. Park, American sociologist (human ecology, marginal man), dies at 79
  • Feb 7 Lina Cavalieri, Italian soprano (b. 1874)
  • Feb 8 Clem Wilson, cricketer (bro of Rockley, 2 Tests for England 1896), dies
  • Feb 10 Eugène Michel Antoniadi, Greek astronomer, a crater on Mars and the Antoniadi crater on the Moon were named in his honor (b. 1870)
  • Feb 11 Ivan Sollertinski, friend of Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovich, dies
  • Feb 16 Edmund von Borck, composer, dies at 37
  • Feb 16 Bob Zurke [Boguslaw Zukowski], American jazz pianist, arranger, (Bob Crosby Orchestra), and composer (Old Tom-Cat On The Keys), dies of complications of pneumonia aggravated by acute alcohol poisoning at 32
  • Feb 17 Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter, dies at 64
  • Feb 19 Siegfried Garibaldi Kallenberg, German composer, dies at 76
  • Feb 21 Ferenc Szisz, Hungarian race car driver (winner of the 1st Grand Prix motor racing), dies at 70
  • Feb 22 Kasturba Gandhi, Wife of Mahatma Gandhi, dies at 74

Leo Baekeland

Feb 23 Leo Baekeland, Belgian-American chemist and inventor (bakelite plastics), dies at 80

  • Feb 29 Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, President of Finland (b. 1861)
  • Mar 4 Louis Capone, New York organized crime figure (b. 1896) (executed)
  • Mar 4 Emanuel Weiss, American hitman (b. 1906) (executed)
  • Mar 4 Fannie Barrier Williams, American educator and political activist (b. 1855)
  • Mar 5 Max Jacob, French poet and writer, dies in nazi concentration camp at 67
  • Mar 6 Ernst Cohen, Dutch chemist, gassed at Auschwitz concentration camp at 74
  • Mar 10 David Vogel, Ukrainian author, dies in Auschwitz at 52
  • Mar 11 Hendrik W van Loon, Neth/US radio commentator/writer, dies at 62
  • Mar 12 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer, dies at 82
  • Mar 14 Pavel Chesnokov, Russian-Soviet composer, dies at 66
  • Mar 15 Otto von Below, German commandant (WWI), dies at 86
  • Mar 18 Benjamin Delmonte, theater director and actor (Black Haired Whore), dies at 79
  • Mar 19 William Hale Thompson, American mayor of Chicago (b. 1869)
  • Mar 20 Felix Woyrsch, German composer, dies at 83
  • Mar 22 Pierre Pucheu, French Internal minister to Vichy government, executed by firing squad at 44
  • Mar 23 O.C. Wingate, British General-Major (Burma), dies in air crash in India at 41
  • Mar 28 Chayyim Most, Rabbi/Maggid of Kovono, killed by Nazis
  • Mar 28 Stephen Butler Leacock, writer/economist (Literary Lapses), dies at 75
  • Mar 31 Mineichi Koga, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies
  • Apr 2 Mikulas Moyzes, Slovak composer, dies at 71
  • Apr 4 John Peale Bishop, American poet (Undertaker's Garland), dies at 51
  • Apr 4 Karel Weis, Czech composer and folk song collector, dies at 82
  • Apr 5 Isolde Kurz, German writer/poetess (Meine Mutter), dies at 90
  • Apr 5 Willy Derby [Dieben], singer (Hello Bandoeng), dies
  • Apr 9 Boleslaw Wallek-Walewski, Polish composer and conductor, dies at 59
  • Apr 9 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
  • Apr 13 Cecile Chaminade, French composer, dies at 86
  • Apr 13 Paul Hazard, French critic and literature historian, dies at 65
  • Apr 13 Cécile Chamindale, French composer and pianist, dies at 86
  • Apr 15 Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (The Doctrine of Fascism), dies at 68
  • Apr 17 Jack Hearne, English cricket spin bowler (12 Tests, 49 wickets; England's first hat-trick vs Australia 1899), dies at 76
  • Apr 19 Tommy Hitchcock, polo player (Westchester Cup 1924, 27), dies at 44
  • Apr 22 Mezio Agostini, Italian composer, dies at 68
  • Apr 24 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (b. 1859)
  • Apr 25 Tony Mullane, Irish-American baseball player, dies at 85
  • Apr 26 Violette Morris, French athlete & spy for Nazi Germany, dies at 51
  • Apr 28 Frank Knox, American politician (Republican VP candidate 1936), newspaper editor and Secretary of the Navy during World War II, dies at 70
  • Apr 29 Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (1915–17, 1925–26), dies at 93
  • Apr 29 Billy Bitzer, American cinematography pioneer, dies at 72
  • Apr 30 Paul Poiret, French couturier, the most fashionable dress designer of pre-World War I, dies at 65
  • May 5 Bertha Benz [Cacilie Bertha Ringer], German inventor, automotive pioneer and wife of fellow automotive inventor Karl Benz, dies at 95
  • May 9 Ethel Smyth, English composer, dies at 86
  • May 11 Henk Hos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 37
  • May 11 Walter Oesau, German fighter pilot (WWII), dies at 30
  • May 12 Arthur Quiller-Couch, Cornish novelist and editor (The Oxford Book Of English Verse 1250–1900), dies at 80
  • May 16 George Ade, American playwright, writer and humorist (Counsel Widow, Fables in Slang), dies at 78
  • May 16 Leone Sinigaglia, Italian composer, dies at 75
  • May 16 Max Brand [Frederick Schiller Faust], western author, dies
  • May 16 Ferdinand Alphons Marie van der Ham, Dutch WW II resistance fighter, dies at 27
  • May 17 Félix Éboué, French colonial administrator, dies at 60
  • May 19 Godfrey Wilson, British Anthropologist of social change and colonial problems in Africa, commits suicide as a conscientious objector in WW II
  • May 26 Cyril Francois, South African cricket all-rounder (5 Tests, 252 runs, 6 wickets), dies in a motor accident at 46
  • May 26 Robert van Spaendonck, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 27
  • May 28 Katri Vala, Finnish poet, dies at 42
  • May 30 Jessie Ralph, actress (Good Earth, San Francisco), dies at 79
  • Jun 2 Vera Menchik, Russian born British chess master, 1st official women's world chess champion (1927-39), dies in a London air raid at 38
  • Jun 5 Riccardo Zandonai, Italian composer, dies at 61
  • Jun 6 Den Brotheridge, British lieutenant who was the 1st to die during D-Day landings in World War II is killed at 28
  • Jun 9 99 inhabitants of Tulle, hanged by SS
  • Jun 10 French Duwaer, Dutch printer/resistance fighter, executed
  • Jun 10 Gerrit Jan van der Veen [Wolffensperger], Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 41 (b. 1902)
  • Jun 10 Johan Limpers, Dutch sculptor and resistance fighter, executed at 28
  • Jun 10 Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist and mathematician, dies at 33
  • Jun 13 Christopher Heseltine, cricketer (2 Tests for England 1895-96), dies
  • Jun 14 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist and anthropologist, dies at 78
  • Jun 14 Robert H Iseley, US pilot/lt-comdr (Saipan), dies in battle
  • Jun 16 George Stinney, African-American boy wrongfully convicted of murder, is executed by electric chair at 14
  • Jun 16 Marc Bloch, French historian (executed) (b. 1886)
  • Jun 16 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray, Bengali chemist (founder of Bengal Chemicals And Pharmaceuticals), dies at 82
  • Jun 19 Bill Bradley, cricketer (bowled for England in two Tests 1899), dies
  • Jun 19 Han Yong-woon, Korean Buddhist reformer and poet, at 65
  • Jun 21 Jan Bonekamp, Dutch resistance fighter and friend of Hannie Schaft, dies
  • Jun 24 Rio Gebhardt, German composer, dies at 36
  • Jun 25 Lucha Reyes [María de Luz Flores], Mexican mariachi singer ("Guadalajara"), dies of barbiturate intoxication at 38
  • Jun 26 Billy Newham, cricketer (England Test 1887), dies
  • Jun 27 Werner Wehrli, Swiss composer, pedagogue, and conductor, dies at 52
  • Jun 27 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)
  • Jul 1 Carl Mayer, Austrian-Jewish actor (Dreaming Lips, Ariane, Sunrise), dies of cancer at 49
  • Jul 5 William Gillies Whittaker, English composer, dies at 67
  • Jul 7 Erich Salomon, German photographer, dies at 58
  • Jul 7 Georges Mandel [Louis Rothschild], French politician and resistance leader, is executed by the Milice at 59
  • Jul 11 Wolfgang Redlich, German major/pilot, dies in battle
  • Jul 16 Johannes Post, Dutch farmer and resistance fighter (passage fight), executed at 37
  • Jul 17 Hugh Rigby, English portrait painter (King George V 1928-32), dies
  • Jul 17 William James Sidis, American mathematician and child prodigy, dies from a cerebral hemorrhage at 46
  • Jul 18 George A Hartland, British politician (MP, Norwich, 1931-35), dies at 60
  • Jul 18 Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (Centaurs' Booty), dies at 74
  • Jul 19 Carl Bock, Danish Gestapo agent, liquidated
  • Jul 19 Harry CA Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania), dies at 87
  • Jul 19 Will Marion Cook, American violinist, choral director, and composer, dies at 75
  • Jul 20 Arthur J Treadwell, English mayor of Stoke Newington, dies at about 71
  • Jul 20 Brandt, col/German staff chief, dies in bombing
  • Jul 20 Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg, count/German antifascist colonel, dies
  • Jul 20 Friedrich Olbricht, German general (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 20 Heinz Burns, German (Olympic gold 1936), dies in bombing
  • Jul 20 Korten, chef gen of Germany Luftwaffe, dies in bomb explosion
  • Jul 20 Ludwig Beck, German general (July 20th plot), dies at 64
  • Jul 20 Mertz, German colonel (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 20 Rudolf Schmundt, German general /Hitler's Army adjunct, dies from wounds in attempt to assassinate Hitler at 48
  • Jul 20 Werner von Haeffen, German lieutenant (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 20 Mildred Harris, American actress (b. 1901)
  • Jul 21 Gerrit van den Bosch, led illegal Dutch CPN party, dies in Dachau
  • Jul 21 Henning von Tresckow, Gen-Maj, "July 20th plotter", commits suicide
  • Jul 23 Max Nettlau, German anarchist and historian, dies at 79
  • Jul 23 Helmuth James von Moltke, German earl (July 20th plotter), executed by the Nazis for treason at 37
  • Jul 24 Jan Postma, leader of illegal Dutch party (CPN), executed at 49
  • Jul 25 Lesley J McNair, US Lieutenant General killed by friendly fire at St-Lo
  • Jul 26 Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41), dies of a heart ailment at 66
  • Jul 27 Victor Vreuls, Belgian violinist, teacher, and composer, dies at 68
  • Jul 31 Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer, poet and pioneering aviator (The Little Prince), dies during a reconnaissance mission at 44

Manuel L. Quezon

Aug 1 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina, Second President of Philippines (1935-42), dies of tuberculosis at 65

  • Aug 3 Felix Nussbaum, German painter (Widerstandskunst), dies in Auschwitz
  • Aug 3 Felka Platek, wife of painter Felix Nussbaum, dies in Auschwitz
  • Aug 5 Maurice Turnbull, Welsh cricketer (England) rugby player (Wales), dies fighting in WWII at 38
  • Aug 8 Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot), hanged at 62
  • Aug 8 Michael Wittman, German soldier and tank ace, dies at 30
  • Aug 10 Berthold Schenk von Stauffenberg, German aristocrat, attempted to assassinate Hitler, executed by Nazi regime at 39
  • Aug 12 Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., brother of President John F. Kennedy, killed in action in plane explosion over Blythburgh, East Suffolk, England at 29
  • Aug 16 Roman Padlewski, Polish violinist and composer, dies at 28
  • Aug 17 John Trumble, Australian cricket all-rounder (7 Tests, 10 wickets; brother of Hugh), dies at 80
  • Aug 18 Ernst "Teddy" Thalmann, leader of German KPD, dies
  • Aug 18 Jacques Roumain, Haitian writer (Gouverneurs de la Rosée), dies at 37
  • Aug 19 Henry Wood, British conductor associated with London's promenade "Proms" concerts (Gentle Art of Singing; My Life of Music), dies following an illness at 75
  • Aug 19 Gunther von Kluge, German field marshal, commits suicide, dies at 62
  • Aug 22 Raymond Aimos, actor (Golem, Mayerling, La Bandera), dies at 55
  • Aug 23 Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets, Ukrainian composer, dies at 63
  • Aug 25 Krijn van den Helm, Dutch resistance fighter (KP Leeuwarden), shot to death
  • Aug 25 Musa Cälil, Russian-Soviet Tatar poet (The Moabit Notebooks), and resistance fighter, executed by guillotine in Plötzensee Prison, Berlin at 38
  • Aug 26 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German lawyer and diplomat, dies at 35
  • Aug 27 Georg von Boeselager, German nobleman (b. 1915)
  • Aug 28 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, dies at 58
  • Aug 30 Morten Nielsen, Danish resistance fighter, dies
  • Sep 2 Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide after Romanian coup
  • Sep 2 George W. Norris, U.S. Senator noted for his advocacy of political reform and of public ownership of hydroelectric-power plants, dies at 83
  • Sep 2 Bella Rosenfeld, Jewish Belarrusian writer, subject of Marc Chagall's paintings and his 1st wife, dies at 48
  • Sep 3 František Drdla, Czech composer, dies at 75
  • Sep 4 Izaak van der Horst, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at Herzogenbusch concentration camp at 35
  • Sep 5 Willem M Groenewegen, resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 6 Robert Lejour, Belgian lawyer/resistance fighter, murdered
  • Sep 7 Eduardo Sanchez de Fuentes, Cuban composer, dies at 70
  • Sep 8 Jan van Gilse, Dutch composer and resistance fighter, dies at 63
  • Sep 10 Jaap P Musch, Dutch resistance fighter, murdered by Nazis
  • Sep 13 Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and Special Operations Executive agent in WWII posthumously awarded the George Cross, executed at Dachau at 30
  • Sep 13 W. Heath Robinson, English illustrator and cartoonist (Don Quixote), dies at 72
  • Sep 16 Gustav Bauer, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (1919-1920), dies at 74
  • Sep 17 Friedrich Kussin, German Major-General and commander in Arnhem during Operation Market Garden, dies in battle at 49
  • Sep 18 Anthony Stefanich, British boxer and Army captain, killed in Arnhem at 27
  • Sep 18 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (1933-39), dies at 75
  • Sep 18 Robert Cole, US lt-colonel, dies in battle at Best
  • Sep 19 David Lord, British lieutenant/Dakota-pilot DFC/VC, dies in battle
  • Sep 19 Hilary Barlow, British colonel, dies

Guy Gibson

Sep 19 Guy Gibson, British wing commander who led the Dambusters (Victoria Cross), dies in action at 26

  • Sep 20 John Grayburn, British soldier who was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for gallantry during the defence of Arnhem bridge, dies during the battle at 26
  • Sep 22 "Cab" Calloway, British scout, dies in battle of Oosterbeek
  • Sep 23 Colijn, Neth PM, buried
  • Sep 25 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer (Irrfahrten), dies at 68
  • Sep 25 Leo Justinus Kauffmann, Alsatian composer, dies at 43
  • Sep 26 Ernst Isler, Swiss organist ad critic, dies at 64
  • Sep 26 Julien Cahn, cricketer (private cricket promoter during 30's), dies