On This Day

Famous People Who Died in April 1945

  • Apr 3 Josef Weinheber, Austrian poet and writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • Apr 5 Karl Otto Koch, German SS officer who was commandant at Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen and Majdanek concentration camps, is executed by the SS for corruption at 47
  • Apr 9 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged
  • Apr 9 Hans Oster, German major general, spy and "July 20th plot", hanged at 57
  • Apr 9 Hans von Dohnanyi, "July 20th plotter", hanged
  • Apr 9 Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged
  • Apr 9 Georg Elser, German failed assassin of Hitler, dies at Dachau concentration camp at 42
  • Apr 10 Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman, Dutch artist (The Blue Barge) and resistance fighter, executed at 63
  • Apr 10 Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
  • Apr 11 Kamiel van Baelen, Flemish author and resistance fighter (Mensch op Weg), dies at 29

Person of interestFranklin D. Roosevelt

Apr 12 Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (Democrat: 1933-1945), dies in office with the war almost won of a stroke at 63

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Apr 13 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher & educator (Essay on Man), dies at 70
  • Apr 17 Hannie Schaft, Dutch communist resistance fighter known as the "Girl with red hair", executed at 24
  • Apr 17 Ion Pillat, Romania poet/senator (Umbra timpului), dies
  • Apr 17 Walter Model, German fieldmarshal, commits suicide at 54
  • Apr 18 John Ambrose Fleming, English electrical engineer & physicist, dies at 95

  • Apr 18 Ernie Pyle, American journalist and war correspondent during WW II (Pulitzer Prize 1944), dies at 44
  • Apr 19 J P Heyboer, resistance fighter, executed
  • Apr 21 John Poston, British major/Montgomery's ADC, dies in battle at 25
  • Apr 22 Kathe Kollwitz, German graphic artist, dies at 77
  • Apr 23 Albrecht Haushofer, writer, dies at 42
  • Apr 24 Anton de Kom, Suriname resistance fighter, dies at 47
  • Apr 24 Hubert Bath, British film composer and music director, dies at 61
  • Apr 24 Antoon Schweigmann, Dutch religious poet and resistance fighter, dies at 51
  • Apr 26 Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian politician & general, dies at 71
  • Apr 26 Sigmund Rascher, Nazi doctor, dies at 36

Person of interestBenito Mussolini

Apr 28 Benito Mussolini [Il Duce], Fascist Italian dictator (1922-43), shot by communist partisans at 61

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Apr 28 Claretta Petacci, Italian mistress of Mussolini, executed at 33
  • Apr 28 Hans Bloesch, Swiss author, dies at 67
  • Apr 28 Roberto Farinacci, Italian fascist, dies at 52
  • Apr 29 Matthias Kleinheisterkamp, German SS officer (b. 1893)

Person of interestAdolf Hitler

Apr 30 Adolf Hitler, German politician, Leader of the Nazi Party, German Dictator (1933-45), commits suicide by shooting himself at 56

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 30 Eva Braun, German mistress and wife of Hitler, commits suicide by cyanide tablet at 33