Historical Events on April 12

  • 467 Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire
  • 1065 Pilgrims under bishop Gunther of Bamberg reach Jerusalem
  • 1204 4th Crusade occupies & plunders Constantinople
  • 1229 Queen Blanche of Castile & Earl Raymond VII of Toulouse sign peace
  • 1545 French King Francois I orders protestants of Vaudois to be killed
  • 1557 Cuenca is founded in Ecuador
  • 1606 England adopts the Union Flag, replaced in 1801 by current Union Flag the Union Jack
  • 1648 University of Harderwijk Neth solemn opens
  • 1654 Ordinance of Union between England and Scotland passed by the Council of State
  • 1713 Dutch State-Gen signs peace with France: Netherlands loses Orange Princedom
  • 1770 British parliament repeals the Townshend Revenue Acts, which had fueled opposition to British rule in colonial America
  • 1776 Halifax resolution for independence adopted by North Carolina

Victory in BattleBattle of the Saintes

1782 Battle at Les Saintes: British fleet under Admiral George Rodney defeats the French fleet under Comte de Grasse off Dominica in the West Indies. Prevents a planned French and Spanish invasion of Jamaica.
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  • 1787 Philadelphia's Free African Society forms
  • 1811 1st US colonists on Pacific coast arrive at Cape Disappointment, Washington
  • 1820 Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece.

  • 1826 Weber's opera "Oberon" premieres in London
  • 1844 Texan envoys sign Treaty of Annexation with the United States
  • 1857 Gustave Flaubert's "Madame Bovary" published
  • 1858 1st US billiards championship, Michael J Phelan wins in Detroit
  • 1859 Hibernia Savings & Loan Society of San Francisco incorporates
  • 1861 Fort Sumter in South Carolina is attacked by the Confederacy, beginning the American Civil War
  • 1862 James Andrews steals Confederate train (General) at Kennesaw, Georgia
  • 1862 Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski, Georgia
  • 1863 -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche, Louisiana
  • 1864 Battle of Blair's Landing, Louisiana

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1864 Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tennessee

Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest
Confederate General and KKK Grand Wizard
Nathan Bedford Forrest
  • 1869 North Carolina legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan Law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1872 Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 1877 British annex Transvaal, South Africa
  • 1877 Catcher's mask 1st used in a baseball game
  • 1883 French troops under lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal
  • 1887 Henrik Ibsen's "Rosmersholm" premieres in Oslo
  • 1892 George C Blickensderfer patents portable typewriter
  • 1893 Battle at Hoornkrans Southwest-Africa: German Schutztruppen chases away Hottentotten under Hendrik Witbooi
  • 1894 British & Belgian secret accord on dividing Central Africa
  • 1896 Stamasia Portrisi is 1st woman to win a marathon (5:30 in Athens)
  • 1898 US Army transfers Yerba Buena Island in San Francisco Bay to Navy
  • 1900 The US Congress passes the Foraker Act, establishing Puerto Rico as an unincorporated territory (effective 1 May)
  • 1905 French Dufaux brothers test helicopter
  • 1905 Hippodrome arena opens (NYC)

  • 1907 Belgium government of De Stain de Naeyer resigns
  • 1907 In Switzerland, parliament passes a new army bill reorganizing the nation's forces into a standing militia, with training required for all males
  • 1908 Fire makes 17,000 homeless in Chelsea, Massachusetts
  • 1909 Philadelphia's Shibe Park (later Connie Mack Stadium) opens
  • 1911 1st non-stop London-Paris flight (Pierre Prier in 3h56m)
  • 1916 Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement boards submarine U-19 at Wilmshaven, Germany, bound for a rendezvous with the Aud at Tralee
  • 1917 Bijou Theater opens at 222 W 45th St NYC (Demolished 1982)
  • 1917 Domenico Scarlatti & Jeab Cocteaus ballet premieres in Rome
  • 1919 British Parliament passes a 48-hour work week with minimum wages
  • 1924 WLS-AM in Chicago begins radio transmissions
  • 1926 Dutch Catholic Radio Broadcast (KRO) forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Kuomintang leader Chiang Kai-shek begins counter revolution in Shanghai

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1930 4th Test Cricket WI v England ends in a draw after nine days
  • 1930 Wilfred Rhodes ends Test Cricket career aged 52 years 165 days
  • 1931 Joe McCarthy debuts as NY Yankee manager
  • 1931 Spanish voters reject the monarchy
  • 1932 Emmanuel Chabriers & Balanchines ballet premieres in Monte Carlo

Film release premierFilm Premier

1932 "Grand Hotel" directed by Edmund Goulding and starring Greta Garbo and John Barrymore premieres in New York, includes the line "I want to be alone" (Best Picture/Production 1932)

Actress Greta Garbo
Greta Garbo
  • 1933 Moffatt Field air station commissioned
  • 1934 Second highest ever wind speed of 372 km/h (231 mph) recorded on Mt Washington
  • 1934 The US Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers.
  • 1935 Germany prohibits publishing "not-Arian" writers
  • 1935 Royal Proclamation sets design of Canada's new Jubilee Silver Dollar
  • 1935 First flight of the Bristol Blenheim
  • 1937 Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft at Rugby, England.
  • 1938 1st US law requiring medical tests for marriage licenses (NY)
  • 1938 Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3 games to 1
  • 1940 Italy annexes Albania
  • 1940 NFL cuts clipping penalty from 25 yards to 15 yards
  • 1941 Stanley Cup: Boston Bruins sweep Detroit Red Wings in 4 games

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Vichy-France's head of government Admiral Dalarn consults with Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Sport awardGolf Major

1942 9th Masters Golf Tournament: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 280

Golfer Byron Nelson
Byron Nelson
  • 1942 Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan
  • 1943 Allies conquer Soussa, North-Africa
  • 1943 Dutch Catholic University Nijmegen closed
  • 1944 Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC
  • 1945 Canadian troops liberate Nazi concentration camp Westerbork, Netherlands
  • 1945 Richard Strauss completes his "Metamorphosis"
  • 1946 Syria gains independence from France
  • 1951 Israeli Knesset officially designates April 13 as Holocaust Day
  • 1952 Salaheddine Baccouche forms Tunisian government
  • 1953 17th Masters Golf Tournament: Ben Hogan wins, shooting a 274
  • 1953 KFDX TV channel 3 in Wichita Falls, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 Keizo Yamada runs fastest marathon to date, at Boston

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 US Masters Golf, Augusta: Sam Snead wins his third and final Masters by 1 in an 18-hole playoff with Ben Hogan

Golfer Sam Snead
Sam Snead
Golfer Ben Hogan
Ben Hogan
  • 1954 8th NBA Championship: Min Lakers beat Syracuse Nationals, 4 games to 3
  • 1954 Belgian Van Houtte government resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Bill Haley and the Comets record "Rock Around Clock"

Father of Rock 'n' Roll Bill Haley
Father of Rock 'n' Roll
Bill Haley
  • 1954 Joe Turner releases "Shake, Rattle & Roll"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Polio vaccine tested by Dr Jonas Salk announced to be 'safe and effective'

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1955 1st game in KC, KC A's beat Detroit Tigers, 6-2
  • 1956 S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike's government takes office in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka)
  • 1957 Jim Spalding set a 2,088 pin nine-game bowling record
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1958 12th NBA Championship: St Louis Hawks beat Bost Celtics, 4 games to 2
  • 1958 Flemish Open air museum opens in Bokrijk
  • 1959 13th Tony Awards: J B & Redhead win
  • 1959 France Observator reports torture practice by French army in Algeria
  • 1960 Bert Haanstra wins Oscar for "Glass"
  • 1960 Bill Veeck & Chicago Comiskey Park debuts "Exploding Scoreboard"

Music awardsMusic Awards

1961 3rd Grammy Awards: Theme From a Summer Place, Ray Charles wins 4

Musician Ray Charles
Ray Charles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Douglas MacArthur declines offer to become baseball commissioner

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first person to orbit Earth (Vostok 1)

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin
Yuri Gagarin
  • 1962 San Mateo County withdraws from BART (San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit) district
  • 1963 Beatles "From Me to You" is released in UK
  • 1963 Police in Birmingham, Alabama, use dogs & cattle prods on peaceful demonstrators
  • 1964 28th Masters Golf Tournament: Arnold Palmer wins, shooting a 276
  • 1965 1st NL game at Houston's Astrodome (Phillies beat Astros 2-0)
  • 1966 1st B-52 bombing on North Vietnam

  • 1966 Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium opens; Pirates beat Braves 3-2
  • 1966 Rocker Jan Berry crashes his corvette into a parked truck
  • 1969 Simon & Garfunkel releases "Boxer"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Yankees dedicate plaques to Mickey Mantle & Joe DiMaggio

Baseball Legend Mickey Mantle
Baseball Legend
Mickey Mantle
  • 1973 France recognizes North Vietnam
  • 1973 Sudan adopts constitution
  • 1973 Swaziland suspends constitution
  • 1975 Linda Ronstadt releases "When Will I Be Loved"
  • 1975 Six Catholic civilians are killed in a Ulster Volunteer Force gun and grenade attack on Strand Bar in Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1976 India set 403 to win by WI They get them, 6 wkts 7 overs spare

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1976 Anne Rice's debut novel "Interview with a Vampire" is published by Knopf

Author Anne Rice
Anne Rice
  • 1978 Gyorgy Ligeti's opera "Le Grand Macabre" premieres in Stockholm

Music awardsMusic Awards

1978 13th Academy of Country Music Awards: Kenny Rogers and Crystal Gayle win

Country Singer Kenny Rogers
Country Singer
Kenny Rogers
  • 1979 Soyuz 33 returns to Earth
  • 1980 BCMA, Black Consciousness Movement of Azania, forms
  • 1980 Milwaukee beats Boston Red Sox, 18-1 (Cooper & Money hit grand slams)
  • 1980 US Olympic Committee endorses a boycott of the Moscow Olympic games
  • 1980 Samuel Doe takes control of Liberia in a coup d'etat, ending over 130 years of national democratic presidential succession.
  • 1980 Terry Fox begins his "Marathon of Hope" at St. John's, Newfoundland
  • 1981 45th Masters Golf Tournament: Tom Watson wins, shooting a 280
  • 1981 Maiden voyage Space Transit System-space shuttle Columbia launched
  • 1982 3 CBS employees shot to death in NYC parking lot
  • 1983 Harold Washington elected Chicago's 1st black mayor
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1985 16th Shuttle Mission (51D)-Discovery 4 launched-with Senator Jake Garn
  • 1986 20,000 mine workers protest closing of Hasselt Belgium mines
  • 1987 51st Masters Golf Tournament: Larry Mize wins, shooting a 285
  • 1987 Ahmed Salah wins 2nd World Cup marathon (2:10:55)
  • 1987 Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA Kyocera Inamori Golf Classic
  • 1987 Texaco files for bankruptcy
  • 1987 CBS' premiere of fact-based World War II drama "Escape from Sobibor"
  • 1988 Devils 4-2 over Islanders-Devils lead 3-2 in 1st round
  • 1988 Frank Robinson replaces Cal Ripkin as manager of Baltimore Orioles
  • 1988 Harvard University patents a genetically engineered mouse (1st for animal life)
  • 1988 Sonny Bono elected mayor of Palm Springs California
  • 1989 3rd Soul Train Music Awards: Anita Baker, Bobby Brown win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Peter Ueberroth deal to purchase Eastern Airlines falls through

Olympic Executive and Commissioner of Baseball Peter Ueberroth
Olympic Executive and Commissioner of Baseball
Peter Ueberroth
  • 1990 H. J. Heinz, Chicken of the Sea and Bumble Bee Seafood say they wouldn't buy tuna caught in nets that trap dolphins
  • 1990 Greyhound Bus hires new drivers to replace strikers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 James Brown moves to a work-release center after serving 15 months

Singer James Brown
James Brown

  • 1990 1st meeting of East German democratically elected parliament, acknowledges responsibility for the Holocaust and asks for forgiveness
  • 1991 2,500th episode of Entertainment Tonight airs
  • 1991 Nepalese Congress party wins general elections
  • 1991 US announces closing of 31 major US military bases
  • 1992 "Streetcar Named Desire" opens at Ethel Barrymore NYC for 137 performances
  • 1992 2nd lowest NBA scoring game - Detroit Piston 72, NY Knicks 61
  • 1992 56th Masters Golf Tournament: Fred Couples wins, shooting a 275
  • 1992 Earthquake rocks Germany
  • 1992 Euro Disney (Disneyland Paris) opens in Marne-la-Vallee, France
  • 1992 Lynn Gunther of California threatens to blow herself up in front of UN
  • 1992 Matt Young no-hits Cleveland, but loses 2-1
  • 1992 NY Mets lose 1st 3 home games for 1st time since 1962
  • 1992 Trump Shuttle becomes US Air Shuttle
  • 1994 Canter & Siegel post the first commercial mass Usenet spam.
  • 1998 62nd Masters Golf Tournament: Mark O'Meara wins, shooting a 279
  • 1998 An earthquake in Slovenia, measuring 5.6 on the Richter scale occurs near the town of Bovec.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1999 US President Bill Clinton is cited for contempt of court for giving "intentionally false statements" in a sexual harassment civil lawsuit.

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton

BattleCoup d'état

2002 Pedro Carmona becomes interim President of Venezuela during the military coup against Hugo Chávez.

President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez
President of Venezuela
Hugo Chávez
  • 2002 Palestinian suicide bomber (female) kills 7 and injures 104 (among them 9 Arabs) at the Mahane Yehuda Market in Jerusalem.
  • 2009 U.S. Navy rescues captain Richard Phillips, killing three pirates and capturing a fourth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2009 President Mahmoud Abbas of the Palestinian National Authority makes a courtesy phone call to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel, restarting the Palestinian-Israeli dialogue

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas
Palestinian President
Mahmoud Abbas
Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu
Prime Minister of Israel
Benjamin Netanyahu
  • 2009 73rd Masters Golf Tournament: Ángel Cabrera wins, shooting a 276
  • 2010 A train derailed near Merano, Italy, after running into a landslide, causing nine deaths and injuring 28 people.
  • 2012 A ceasefire in the 2011-2012 Syrian uprising comes into effect
  • 2012 Bodleian, Oxford University and Vatican libraries announce over 1.5 million pages of ancient texts will be made available across the internet
  • 2012 Civilian rule in Mali is returned after Dioncounda Traore is sworn in as interim president
  • 2013 11 people are killed and 30 are injured in mosque attacks across Iraq
  • 2013 A man-made 32-foot and 60 tonne monument that is dates around 2000 BC is discovered in the Sea of Galilee
  • 2014 The new drug, ABT-450, with a 90-95% success rate for treating Hepatitis C, is announced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Hillary Clinton announces she will run for the Democratic nominee for US President for the 2nd time

Politician and US First Lady Hillary Clinton
Politician and US First Lady
Hillary Clinton
  • 2015 79th Masters Golf, Augusta: Jordan Spieth wins first major, by 4 strokes from Phil Mickelson & Justin Rose

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2016 Breakthrough Starshot: Scientists and internet entrepreneurs, including Yuri Milner, Stephen Hawking and Mark Zuckerberg, announce interstellar project to send robot spacecraft to Alpha Centauri

Physicist Stephen Hawking
Stephen Hawking
Facebook Founder Mark Zuckerberg
Facebook Founder
Mark Zuckerberg