Historical Events on April 14

Events 1 - 200 of 222

AssassinationAssassination of Julius Caesar

43 BC Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar's assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Mutina, defeats the forces of the consul Pansa, who is killed.
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  • 193 Lucius Septimus Severus crowned Emperor of Rome
  • 754 Pact of Quierzy: between Pope Stephen II, [III] & Pippin the Korte
  • 966 Christianisation of Poland
  • 972 Notger becomes bishop of Liege
  • 979 Challenge to throne of King Aethelred II of England
  • 1028 German emperor Conrad II the Sailor crowns his son Henry III, king
  • 1191 85-year old Giacinto Bobo becomes Pope Coelestinus III
  • 1341 Sack of Saluzzo (Italy) by Italian-Angevine troops under Manfred V of Saluzzo.
  • 1434 The foundation stone of Cathedral St. Peter and St. Paul in Nantes, France is laid
  • 1471 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Barnet - Yorkists defeat the Lancastrians and kill the Earl of Warwick

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1536 English King Henry VIII expropriates minor monasteries

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1544 Battle at Carignano: French troops under Earl d'Enghien beat Swiss
  • 1570 Polish Calvinists, Lutherians and Hernhutters unify against Jesuits
  • 1574 Battle of Mookerhei - D'Avila beats Louis of Nassau
  • 1611 Word "telescope" is 1st used by Prince Federico Cesi

  • 1629 England & France sign Peace of Susa
  • 1671 Cossacks capture Russian peasant leader Stenka Razin
  • 1699 Khalsa: Birth of Khalsa, the brotherhood of the Sikh religion, in Northern India in accordance with the Nanakshahi calendar
  • 1756 Governor Glen of South Carolina protests against 900 Acadia indians
  • 1775 1st abolitionist society in US organizes in Philadelphia
  • 1792 France declares war on Austria, starting French Revolutionary Wars
  • 1818 US Medical Corps forms
  • 1828 British 18-gun sloop HMS Acorn sinks off Halifax with 115 men aboard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1828 First American Dictionary: its author Noah Webster registers its copyright for publication

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Noah Webster
  • 1831 Soldiers marching on a bridge in Manchester, England, cause it to collapse.
  • 1836 US Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1841 1st detective story published, Edgar Allan Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue" (April 1841)

  • 1847 Persia & Ottoman Turkey sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
  • 1849 Hungary declares itself independent of Austria with Louis Kossuth as its leader
  • 1860 1st Pony Express rider arrives in San Francisco from St Joseph, Missouri
  • 1861 Formal Union surrender of Fort Sumter (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Battle of Fort Pillow, Tennessee
  • 1863 William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
  • 1865 Mobile, Alabama is captured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell

US Secretary of State William H. Seward
US Secretary of State
William H. Seward

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 US President Abraham Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1868 SC voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228
  • 1871 Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills
  • 1872 Dominion Lands Act passed: Canada's Homestead Act
  • 1872 San Francisco organizes Bar Association

  • 1881 The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight in El Paso, Texas.
  • 1883 Leo Delibes' opera "Lakmé" premieres in Paris
  • 1887 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Reigate Squires" (BG)
  • 1890 Pan American Day-1st conference of American states (Washington, D.C.)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 1st public showing of Thomas Edison's kinetoscope (moving pictures)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • 1895 1st performance of Gustav Mahler's (incomplete) 2nd Symphony
  • 1900 Veteran's Hospital at Ft Miley forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 J. C. Penney opens his first store, The Golden Rule Store, in Kemmerer, Wyoming

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • 1903 Dr Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 US President Theodore Roosevelt denounces "muckrakers" in US press, taken from John Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1909 Anglo-Persian Oil Company forms in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 President Taft begins tradition of throwing out ball on opening day

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1910 Pan American Union forms
  • 1912 RMS Titanic hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland
  • 1913 Belgium begins general strike for voting rights
  • 1914 Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern
  • 1915 A's Herb Pennock is within 1 out of pitching 1st Opening Day no-hitter
  • 1915 Dutch merchant navy ship Katwijk sunk by Germany torpedo
  • 1915 Turkey invades Armenia.
  • 1917 Chicago White Sox Ed Cicotte no-hits St Louis Browns, 11-0
  • 1918 Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)
  • 1921 NHL Championship: Ottawa Senators sweep Toronto St Patricks in 2 games
  • 1921 Prince Henry opens Rotterdam-Amsterdam-Bremen-Hamburg air route
  • 1922 Republic rebels occupies 4 government courts in Dublin
  • 1923 Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 meters
  • 1925 1st regular-season Cubs game to be broadcast on radio (WGN)
  • 1927 The first Volvo car premieres in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 1928 Maddus Airlines starts 1st regular passenger flights between SF & LA
  • 1928 Stanley Cup: NY Rangers beat Montreal Maroons, 3 games to 2
  • 1930 Philip Barry's "Hotel Universe" premieres in NYC
  • 1931 Spain becomes republic with overthrow of King Alfonso XIII
  • 1931 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Chicago Blackhawks, 3 games to 2

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Bizet, Massine & Mira's "Jeux d'Enfants" premieres in Monte Carlo

Composer Georges Bizet
Georges Bizet
  • 1935 Black Sunday: Severe sandstorm ravages the US Midwest, creating the "Dust Bowl"

MurderMurder of Interest

1936 French singer Édith Piaf questioned after nightclub owner and her patron Louis Leplée murdered in Paris

Singer Edith Piaf
Edith Piaf

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1939 John Steinbeck novel "The Grapes of Wrath" published

  • 1940 Allied troops land in Norway
  • 1940 RCA demonstrated its new electron microscope in Philadelphia
  • 1941 1st massive German raid in Paris, 3,600 Jews rounded up
  • 1941 King Peter leaves Yugoslavia
  • 1942 Destroyer Roper sinks German U-85 of US east coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Gen Alexander/Eisenhower/Anderson/Bradley discuss assault on Tunis

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1943 James Gow & A d'Usseau's "Tomorrow the World" premieres in NYC
  • 1943 A JN-25 decrypt by American intelligence detailing a forthcoming visit by Marshal Admiral Yamamoto to Balalae Island results in his plane shot down 4 days later
  • 1944 1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz
  • 1944 Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376
  • 1944 General Eisenhower becomes the Supreme Allied Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force
  • 1944 Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government
  • 1945 American planes bomb Tokyo & damage the Imperial Palace
  • 1945 Arnhem, Zwolle freed from Nazis
  • 1945 World War II: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany
  • 1945 US forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa
  • 1945 US Marines attack Yae Take on Okinawa
  • 1946 "Day Before Spring" closes at National Theater NYC after 167 performances
  • 1946 Manager Mel Ott of Giants hits 511th & final HR
  • 1948 A flash of light is observed in crater Plato on Moon
  • 1948 NYC subway fares jump from 5 cents to 10 cents
  • 1948 Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs sweep Detroit Red Wings in 4 games
  • 1948 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1949 International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg's last judgment
  • 1950 1st edition of British comic "Eagle"
  • 1950 Doorne's Auto factory opens in Netherlands
  • 1953 Viet-Minh offensive in Laos
  • 1953 WHYN (now WGGB) TV channel 40 in Springfield-Holyoke, MA (ABC) begins
  • 1954 Soviet diplomat Vladimir Petrov asks for politics asylum in Canberra
  • 1955 Elston Howard becomes the 1st black to wear the Yankee uniform
  • 1955 Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 3, 2nd year in a row
  • 1955 WBRZ TV channel 2 in Baton Rouge, LA (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 "Silk Stockings" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 461 performances
  • 1956 "Plain & Fancy" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 476 performances

  • 1956 Ampex Corp demonstrates 1st commercial videotape recorder
  • 1957 Leah Neuberger wins her 8th women's singles ping pong championship
  • 1958 Sputnik 2 (with dog Laika) burns up in atmosphere
  • 1959 (Robert) Taft Memorial Bell Tower dedicated in Washington, D.C.
  • 1959 KDIN TV channel 11 in Des Moines, IA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 "Bye Bye Birdie" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 607 performances
  • 1960 1st underwater launching of Polaris missile
  • 1960 Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Toronto Maple Leafs in 4 games

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1960 American record company Motown, founded by Berry Gordy Jr., is incorporated as Motown Record Corporation

Record Company Owner Berry Gordy
Record Company Owner
Berry Gordy
  • 1961 1st live television broadcast from Soviet Union
  • 1961 Cuban-American invasion army departs Nicaragua
  • 1961 US element 103 (Lawrencium) discovered
  • 1962 Demonstration for sovereign status of New-Guinea in Amsterdam

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1962 Georges Pompidou becomes Prime Minister of France after the resignation of Michel Debré

French President Georges Pompidou
French President
Georges Pompidou

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 George Harrison is impressed by unsigned group "Rolling Stones"

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
George Harrison
  • 1964 Sandy Koufax throws his 9th complete game without allowing a walk
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 General Gnassingbé Eyadéma becomes President of Togo

General and President of Togo Gnassingbé Eyadéma
General and President of Togo
Gnassingbé Eyadéma
  • 1967 Red Sox rookie Billy Rohome comes within 1 strike of a no hitter at
  • 1967 Yankee Stadium, Elston Howard singles on a 3-2 pitch
  • 1968 1st NBA game at Madison Sq Garden, Knicks beat SD Clippers
  • 1968 32nd Masters Golf Tournament: Bob Goalby wins, shooting a 277
  • 1968 Roberto de Vicenzo loses Masters for signing an incorrect score card
  • 1969 1st major league baseball game outside US played (Montreal Canada)

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

1969 41st Academy Awards: "Oliver", Cliff Robertson & Katharine Hepburn and Barbra Streisand win (1st ever tie for best actress)

Actress Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
Actor Cliff Robertson
Cliff Robertson
Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-songwriter & Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • 1969 KEET TV channel 13 in Eureka, CA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1969 Student Afro-American Society seized at Columbia College
  • 1969 Tornado strikes Dacca East Pakistan killing 540
  • 1970 "Boy Friend" opens at Ambassador Theater NYC for 119 performances
  • 1971 Fort Point, San Francisco dedicated as a national historic site
  • 1971 President Nixon ends blockade against People's Republic of China
  • 1971 Supreme Court upheld busing as means of achieving racial desegregation
  • 1972 "That's Entertainment" opens at Edison Theater NYC for 4 performances
  • 1972 The Provisional Irish Republican Army explodes twenty-four bombs in towns and cities across Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Acting FBI director L Patrick Gray resigns after admitting he destroyed evidence in the Watergate scandal

Sport awardGolf Major

1974 38th Masters Golf Tournament: Gary Player wins, shooting a 278

Golfer Gary Player
Gary Player
  • 1977 US Supreme Court says people may refuse to display state motto on license
  • 1978 David Hare's "Plenty" premieres in London
  • 1978 Korean Air Lines Boeing 707, fired on by Soviets, crashes in Russia
  • 1978 WRR-AM in Dallas Texas changes call letters to KAAM

  • 1978 Thousands of Georgians demonstrate in the captial Tbilisi against Soviet attempts to change the constitutional status of the Georgian language
  • 1979 Susan Horvath, of Penn, crowned America's Young Woman of the Year
  • 1980 1st Cubans of the Mariel boatlift sail to Florida

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

1980 52nd Academy Awards: "Kramer vs Kramer", Dustin Hoffman & Sally Field win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 Pulitzer prize awarded to Norman Mailer (Executioner's Song)

Novelist Norman Mailer
Norman Mailer
  • 1981 1st Space Shuttle, Columbia 1, returns to Earth
  • 1983 NY Islanders tie own record with 2 shorthanded playoff goals (vs NY Rangers)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 US President Reagan signs $165 billion Social Security rescue

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1984 Farewell concert of "Doe Maar" in Den Bosch Neth
  • 1985 "Take Me Along!" opens/closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC
  • 1985 49th Masters Golf, Augusta: Bernhard Langer of Germany wins by 2 from Seve Ballesteros, Curtis Strange & Raymond Flloyd
  • 1985 Ahmed Salah wins 1st World Cup marathon (2:08:09)
  • 1985 Alan Garcia wins elections in Peru
  • 1985 Bob Carpenter is unsuccessful on Wash Caps 1st playoff penalty shot
  • 1985 Jack C Burcham is 5th to receive "Jarvik 7" permanent artificial heart
  • 1986 21st Academy of Country Music Awards: Alabama, George Strait, and Reba McEntire win

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1986 Desmond Tutu elected Anglican Archbishop of Capetown

Anglican Archbishop and Activist Desmond Tutu
Anglican Archbishop and Activist
Desmond Tutu
  • 1986 Double-decker ferry sinks in stormy weather in Bangladesh killing 200
  • 1986 US aircraft attacks 5 terrorist locations in Libya
  • 1987 Turkey asks to join European market
  • 1988 "Mail" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 36 performances
  • 1988 Devils 6-5 over Islanders-Devils take 1st round 4-2
  • 1988 USSR, US, Pakistan & Afghanistan sign Afghanistan treaty
  • 1989 1,100,000,000th Chinese born
  • 1989 In the Iran-Contra trial, Oliver North's case goes to the jury
  • 1991 "Mule Bone" closes at Ethel Barrymore Theater NYC after 67 performances
  • 1991 "Oh, Kay!" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC
  • 1991 55th Masters Golf Tournament: Ian Woosnam wins, shooting a 277
  • 1991 Chic Blackhawks becomes 1st NHL regular season champion in 20 years to lose in 1st round of the playoffs (To Minn North Stars)
  • 1992 "Guys & Dolls" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 1143 performances
  • 1992 "Les Miserables" opens at Palace Theatre, Manchester
  • 1992 Court throws out Apple's lawsuit against Microsoft
  • 1992 UAW ends 5 month strike against Caterpillar Inc
  • 1992 UN imposes embargo against Libya takes effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis operated on for a bleeding ulcer

  • 1994 NJ Devils end best regular season, 47-25-12 record for 106 points
  • 1994 US F-15 accidentally shoots 2 US helicopters down over Iraq, 26 die
  • 1994 Branch Davidian cult leader David Koresh promises to surrender after completion of his Seven Seals manuscript
  • 1995 India beats Sri Lanka to win the Asia Cricket Cup final in Sharjah
  • 1995 Rosie Jones wins LPGA Pinewild Women's Golf Championship
  • 1996 "Apple Doesn't Fall" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 1 performance
  • 1996 60th Masters Golf Tournament: Nick Faldo wins, shooting a 276
  • 1996 Detroit Red Wings win NHL record 62 games
  • 1999 NATO mistakenly bombs a convoy of ethnic Albanian refugees - Yugoslav officials say 75 people are killed.
  • 1999 A severe hailstorm strikes Sydney, Australia causing A$1.7 billion in insured damages, the most costly natural disaster in Australian history.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2000 Metallica file a lawsuit against P2P sharing phenomenon Napster. This law-suit eventually leads the movement against file-sharing programs.

Heavy Metal Musician Jason Newsted
Heavy Metal Musician
Jason Newsted
  • 2002 66th Masters Golf Tournament: Tiger Woods becomes the third golfer to win in two consecutive years

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2002 Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez returns to office two days after being ousted and arrested by the country's military.

President of Venezuela Hugo Chávez
President of Venezuela
Hugo Chávez
  • 2003 The Human Genome Project is completed with 99% of the human genome sequenced to an accuracy of 99.99%