Historical Events on April 19

  • 531 Battle of Callinicum: Roman general Belisarius defeated by Sasanian army led by Azarethes, though heavy losses on both sides result in a stalemate in northern Syria
  • 607 Comet 1P/607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 AUs of Earth
  • 1012 Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich, London
  • 1451 Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne
  • 1524 Pope Clemens VII fires Neth inquisitor-general French Van de Holly
  • 1539 Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt
  • 1552 Mauritius of Saksen captures Karel

Victory in Battle

1591 Chartres surrenders to King Henry IV in France

  • 1619 Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam

Historic Event

1713 Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI issues the Pragmatic Sanction, decreeing that Habsburg possessions could be inherited by a daughter

  • 1770 Amsterdam buys Van Aerssens family 1/3 part of Suriname

Historic Discovery

1770 British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia. Writes in his log book that “what we have as yet seen of this land appears rather low, and not very hilly, the face of the Country green and Woody, but the Sea shore is all a white Sand.”

  • 1774 CW Glucks opera "Iphigenia in Aulis" premieres in Paris

The Shot Heard Round the World

1775 American Revolution begins in Lexington, Massachusetts. The "Shot Heard Round the World" takes place later that day in Concord

  • 1775 Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon
  • 1775 New England militiamen begin the siege of Boston, hemming in the British army garrison

Historic Event

1775 Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott are captured by British troops riding from Lexington to Concord, Prescott escapes to warn Concord

Historic Event

1782 John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

  • 1810 Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a Junta is installed.
  • 1825 33 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay
  • 1836 Nikolai Gogol's "Revisor" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1837 Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth
  • 1839 Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom & Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
  • 1852 California Historical Society forms
  • 1853 Netherlands Van Hall government forms
  • 1861 Baltimore riots - 4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed
  • 1861 Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)
  • 1863 Union troops and fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • 1874 Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
  • 1877 Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris)
  • 1892 Charles Duryea takes the 1st American-made automotive for a test drive

Music Premiere

1894 Jules Massenet's opera "Werther" premieres in NYC

  • 1897 1st Boston Marathon (B.A.A. Road Race), won by John J. McDermott in 2:55:10; the world's oldest annual marathon inspired by success of the first marathon at the 1896 Summer Olympics
  • 1900 Highest scoring opening game, Phils beat Braves 19-17 in 10

Philippine Revolution

1901 In the Philippines, recently captured insurgent leader Emilio Aguinaldo issues a proclamation advising his countrymen to end their rebellion and use of peaceful means to work with the US toward independence.

  • 1904 Much of Toronto destroyed by fire
  • 1906 Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail
  • 1906 SF Earthquake ends killing 452
  • 1909 13th Boston Marathon won by Henri Renaud in 2:53:36.8
  • 1909 A convention with Turkey recognizes Bulgarian independence


1909 Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church

  • 1910 Halley's comet seen by naked eye 1st time this trip (Curacao)

Theater Premiere

1911 George Bernard Shaw's play "Fanny's First Play" premieres in London

  • 1915 19th Boston Marathon won by Canadian Édouard Fabre in 2:31:41.2
  • 1916 "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London
  • 1916 Alderman Kelly reads the 'Castle Order' to a meeting of Dublin Corporation; this forged document supposedly from Dublin Castle, indicated that there was to be mass arrests of Irish Volunteers to prevent "trouble"
  • 1916 Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
  • 1919 French assembly decides on 8 hour work day
  • 1919 Leslie Irvin of US makes first premeditated free-fall parachute jump
  • 1919 Opera "Monsieur Beaucaire" is produced (London)
  • 1920 24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31
  • 1921 Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria
  • 1923 New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
  • 1924 "National Barn Dance" premieres on WLS Chicago
  • 1926 30th Boston Marathon won by Canadian Johnny Miles in 2:25:40.4
  • 1927 "Vagabond King" opens in London

Millions Come Up to See Mae West

1927 Actress Mae West found guilty of “obscenity and corrupting the morals of youth” in a New York stage play entitled "Sex". She is sentenced to 10 days in prison and fined $500, the resulting publicity launches her Hollywood career.

  • 1928 Japanese troops occupies Sjantung-schiereiland
  • 1928 The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published
  • 1928 Yanks are out of 1st place for 1st time since May 1926

Historic Event

1932 Bonnie Parker is captured in a failed hardware store burglary, and subsequently jailed. A grand jury fails to indict her, however, and she is released a few months later

Historic Event

1932 President Herbert Hoover suggests 5 day work week

Historic Event

1933 FDR announces US will leave gold standard

Film & TV History

1934 Shirley Temple appears in her 1st feature length film, "Stand Up & Cheer"

Film Release

1935 "Bride of Frankenstein" horror film classic and sequel to "Frankenstein" starring Boris Karloff and Elsa Lancaster is released

  • 1936 First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine, anti-Jewish riots break out
  • 1937 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20
  • 1938 Baker Bowl, Philadelphia: Phillies infielder Emmett "Heine" Mueller & Brooklyn Dodger outfielder Ernie Koy both homer in their 1st MLB at bats
  • 1939 Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late)
  • 1940 "Lake Shore Ltd" derails speed killing 34 near Little Falls, New York
  • 1940 Dutch prime minister De Geer declares state of siege

Theater Premiere

1941 Bertolt Brecht's play "Mother Courage and her Children" premieres in Zurich

  • 1941 Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia
  • 1941 Milk rationed in Holland
  • 1943 47th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:25.8; his 2nd of 4 wins in the event

Historic Event

1943 Bicycle Day - Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time

Historic Event

1943 Jews refuse to surrender the Warsaw Ghetto to SS officer Jürgen Stroop, who then orders its destruction, beginning the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

  • 1944 1944 NFL Draft: Angelo Bertelli from University of Notre Dame first pick by Boston Yanks
  • 1944 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • 1945 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established
  • 1945 Rodgers & Hammerstein's musical "Carousel" opens at the Majestic Theatre, NYC; runs for 890 performances
  • 1945 US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid
  • 1945 US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa
  • 1946 Yankees switch from 3rd base to 1st base dug out
  • 1947 AAU record for a 25-foot rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds

Sports History

1947 After scoring 45 goals during the regular season, Maurice Richard is named MVP.

  • 1947 England beats France, 6-3 at Twickenham to be level on points with Wales for a share of the Five Nations Rugby Championship; first appearance of France in tournament since 1931
  • 1947 Stanley Cup Final, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, ON: Toronto Maple Leafs edge Montreal Canadiens, 2-1 for a 4-2 series win; first all-Canadian final since 1935
  • 1947 Suh Yun Buck wins world record marathon (2:25:39)
  • 1948 52nd Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:02; his 4th victory in the event
  • 1948 American Broadcasting Company (ABC) TV network debuts

Election of Interest

1948 Chiang Kai-shek elected President of Nationalist China

Sports History

1949 Yankees dedicate a plaque for Babe Ruth

  • 1951 "A Tree Grows in Brooklyn" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 267 performances

Historic Event

1951 General Douglas MacArthur ends his military career

  • 1953 WAFB TV channel 9 in Baton Rouge, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 58th Boston Marathon won by Veikko Karvonen of Finland in 2:20:39

Boston Marathon

1954 7-time winner of Boston Marathon, 65-year-old Clarence DeMar, runs his last race at Boston finishing 78th

  • 1955 The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network
  • 1956 1st MLB baseball game in New Jersey - Brooklyn Dodgers beat Philadelphia Phillies, 5-4, at Roosevelt Stadium in Jersey City
  • 1959 Uprising in La Paz Bolivia, fails
  • 1960 Baseball uniforms begin displaying players' names on their backs
  • 1960 Comiskey Park's famed "exploding" scoreboard begins operating
  • 1963 "Hot Spot" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 43 performances

Music Single

1963 Johnny Cash releases single "Ring Of Fire" written by his future wife June Carter and Merle Kilgore

  • 1964 Rightist coup in Laos, Suvanna Phuma remains premier

Music Premiere

1964 Roger Sessions' opera "Montezuma" premieres in West Berlin, Germany

  • 1965 "Whipped Cream & Other Delights", fourth full album by Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass Band, is released
  • 1965 1st all news radio station (WINS 1010 AM in NYC) begins operating
  • 1965 69th Boston Marathon won by Morio Shigematsu of Japan in race record 2:16:33
  • 1965 At a cost of $20,000, the outer Astrodome ceiling is painted because of sun's glare, this causes the grass to die
  • 1965 T.A.M.I. Show premieres in London
  • 1966 In 1st regular season game at Anaheim Stadium, Angels lose 3-1 to Chic

Film Premiere

1967 "Casino Royale" James Bond comedy film starring David Niven and Peter Sellers premieres. Based on the Ian Fleming novel.

  • 1967 Beatles sign a contract to stay together for 10 years (they don't)
  • 1967 Yugoslav author Mihaljo Mihaljov sentenced 4½ years
  • 1968 Belgian construction workers strike
  • 1968 NL owners approve expansion for 2 new teams
  • 1969 Serious rioting in the Bogside area of Derry following clashes between Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association marchers and Loyalists and members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary
  • 1970 "Look to the Lilies" closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 25 performances
  • 1970 24th Tony Awards: Borstal Boy & Applause win
  • 1971 75th Boston Marathon: Álvaro Mejía of Colombia wins in 2:18:45; American Sara Mae Berman 1st woman for 3rd straight year in 3:08:30 (unsanctioned)

Cricket History

1971 After smashing 124 in the 1st innings, Indian cricket opener Sunil Gavaskar makes 220 in 2nd innings in the drawn 5th Test against the West Indies in Port of Spain, Trinidad

Murder of Interest

1971 Charles Manson sentenced to life in prison for the murder of Sharon Tate

  • 1971 Sierra Leone becomes a republic (National Day)
  • 1971 USSR Salyut 1 launched; 1st manned lab in orbit
  • 1972 "Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" opens at Playhouse NYC for 1,065 performances
  • 1972 Bangladesh becomes a member of the British Commonwealth

Historic Event

1972 British Prime Minister Edward Heath confirms that a plan to conduct an arrest operation, in the event of a riot during the march on 30 January 1972, was known to British government Ministers in advance

  • 1972 Hungary revises its constitution to declare itself a socialist state
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Music Recording

1973 Barbra Streisand records "Between Yesterday & Tomorrow"

  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1974 Oriole Al Bumbry hits an inside-the-park HR against NY Yankees
  • 1975 India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR
  • 1976 80th Boston Marathon: US double; Jack Fultz is men's winner in 2:20:19; Kim Merritt takes women's section in 2:47:10
  • 1978 Yitzhak Navron elected 5th president of Israel
  • 1979 FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WFAT (Brooklyn New York)
  • 1980 25th Eurovision Song Contest: Johnny Logan for Ireland wins singing "What's Another Year" in The Hague
  • 1981 Oakland A's runs record to 11-0
  • 1981 William Finn's musical "March of Falsettos" premieres in NYC

Boston Marathon

1982 86th Boston Marathon: American Alberto Salazar claims men's title in 2:08:51; Charlotte Teske of West Germany wins women's section in 2:29:33

  • 1982 Guinon Bluford announced as 1st African American NASA astronaut
  • 1982 Rosie Ruiz, marathon race cheater, arrested for forgery

Historic Event

1982 Sally Ride is named the 1st American woman astronaut

  • 1982 USSR Salyut 7 space station put into orbit
  • 1983 France performs nuclear test
  • 1984 Advance Australia Fair is proclaimed as Australia's national anthem, with green and gold the national colors
  • 1984 Nemesis, death star of dinosaurs 1st appears in print (Nature magazine)
  • 1985 16th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (51-D): Discovery 4 returns to Earth
  • 1985 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Boxing Title Fight

1986 Michael Spinks beats Larry Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1987 Brendon Kuruppu scores 201* on Test Cricket debut (Sri Lanka v NZ)
  • 1987 Brewers score 5 runs in 9th to win 6-4 & record 12th straight AL win
  • 1987 Jacqueline Blanc, sets women's downhill ski speed rec (124.902 mph)
  • 1987 LA Clippers end season with a terrible 12-70 record
  • 1987 Last wild condor captured on California wildlife reserve
  • 1987 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1989 Central Park Five: Violent rape of jogger Trisha Meili in NYC's Central Park becomes one of the most widely publicized crimes of the 1980s. Five teenagers are wrongfully convicted and spend between 6-12 years in prison.
  • 1989 Gun turret explodes on USS Iowa, killing 47 sailors
  • 1989 Kevin Elster (NY Mets), sets error-less shortstop mark at 73
  • 1989 Republic Day in Sierra Leone
  • 1990 Contra guerrillas, leftist Sandinistas & incoming government agree to truce n Nicaragua's civil war

Film & TV History

1990 Marla Maples appears on ABC's Prime-Time

  • 1990 Pistons & 76'ers get into a fight accruing $162,500 fines (NBA record)

Boxing Title Fight

1991 Evander Holyfield beats George Foreman in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1991 Greyhound Bus posts $195 million loss for 1990
  • 1992 "4 Baboons Adoring the Sun" closes at Beaumont NYC after 38 performances
  • 1992 PGA Seniors' Championship Men’s Golf, PGA National GC: Lee Trevino beats Mike Hill by 1 stroke for his 3rd seniors major title
  • 1993 97th Boston Marathon: Cosmas N'deti of Kenya wins men's event in 2:09:33; Olga Markova of Russia repeats as women's champion in 2:25:27
  • 1993 After a 51 day siege by the FBI 76 Branch Davidians die in a fire near Waco Texas (accident, suicide, tear gas are disputed causes)
  • 1993 Fire in psychiatric institute in South Korea, kills 40
  • 1993 South Dakota governor George Mickelson and seven others are killed when a state-owned aircraft crash lands in Iowa
  • 1994 "Illmatic" debut studio album by US rapper Nas is released
  • 1994 Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10km (11:25.88)
  • 1994 Inkatha ends boycott of South African multi-racial election
  • 1994 US Supreme Court outlaws excluding people from juries because of gender
  • 1995 Chopper 4 1st used on WNBC TV (NYC) news

Historic Event

1995 Oklahoma City bombing, Timothy McVeigh sets a truck bomb at Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, killing 168 and injuring 500

  • 1996 Rangers scores 16 in 8th vs Orioles
  • 1996 South Africa defeat Pakistan to win the Pepsi Cup in Sharjah
  • 1997 NFL Draft: Ohio State offensive tackle Orlando Pace first pick by St. Louis Rams
  • 1997 Renee Slaughter crowned 14th Miss Hawaiian Tropic Intl
  • 1997 San Diego Padres & St Louis Cards play at Aloha Stadium Hawaii

Sports History

1998 PGA Seniors' Championship Men’s Golf, PGA National GC: Hale Irwin makes it 3 straight titles in the event with a convincing 7 stroke margin over runner-up Larry Nelson

  • 1999 103rd Boston Marathon: Joseph Chebet of Kenya takes men's title in 2:09:52; 3-peat for Fatuma Roba of Ethiopia in women's race in 2:23:25
  • 1999 German Reichstag reopens with new glass dome by architect Norman Foster
  • 1999 The German Bundestag returns to Berlin.

Music History

2003 Nina Simone is awarded and honorary degree by the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia

  • 2004 108th Boston Marathon: Kenyan double; Timothy Cherigat takes men's title in 2:10:37; Catherine Ndereba wins her 3rd women's event in 2:24:27

Papal Inauguration

2005 Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger elected Pope Benedict XVI on the second day of the Papal conclave.

  • 2010 114th Boston Marathon: Robert Kiprono Cheruiyot of Kenya wins 4th men's title in 2:05:52; Teyba Erkesso of Ethiopia women's champion in 2:26:11

Historic Event

2011 Fidel Castro resigns his position of First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba after 45 years of holding the title [1]

  • 2013 Boston bombing suspects killed and captured in Boston after 4 days
  • 2015 Boat carrying approx. 850 migrants is shipwrecked in the Mediterranean between Italian and Libya, with only 27 migrants rescued.
  • 2017 Fox News confirms they would be letting go of Bill O'Reilly after allegations of sexual harassment