Historical Events on April 2

  • 999 Gerbert of Aurillac elected as 1st French Pope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1416 Alfonso V succeeds his father as king of Aragon

  • 1453 Mehmed II begins his siege of Constantinople (İstanbul), which falls May 29

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1513 Explorer Juan Ponce de León claims Florida for Spain as the first known European to reach Florida

Explorer and  Conquistador Juan Ponce de León
Explorer and Conquistador
Juan Ponce de León
  • 1550 Jewish physician Joseph Hacohen expelled from city of Genoa, all Jews soon after
  • 1559 England & France sign 1st Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
  • 1590 States-General appoints earl Mauritius, viceroy of Utrecht
  • 1595 Cornelis de Houtman's ships depart to Asia through Cape of Good Hope
  • 1645 Robert Devereux resigns as parliament supreme commander
  • 1745 Austria & Bavaria sign peace
  • 1755 Commodore William James captures the pirate fortress of Suvarnadurg on west coast of India

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1783 William Cavendish-Bentinck becomes Prime Minister of Great Britain after an opposition coalition of Henry Fox and Frederick North forces William Petty to resign

British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister
William Cavendish-Bentinck
British Prime Minister William Petty
British Prime Minister
William Petty
  • 1792 The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint and authorizing the $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle & 2.50 quarter-Eagle gold coins & silver dollar, ½ dollar, quarter, dime & half-dime

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1800 1st performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's 1st Symphony in C

DenmarkBattle of Copenhagen

1801 Napoleonic Wars: The British led by Horatio Nelson destroy the Danish fleet in the naval Battle of Copenhagen
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  • 1804 Forty merchantmen are wrecked when a convoy led by HMS Apollo runs aground off Portugal.

  • 1819 1st successful agricultural journal ("American Farmer") first publishes
  • 1827 US inventor Joseph Dixon of Salem, Massachusetts, begins manufacturing lead pencils
  • 1845 H L Fizeau & Leon Foucault take 1st photo of the Sun
  • 1860 1st Italian Parliament meets at Turin
  • 1863 Bread revolt in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1864 Skirmish at Crump's Hill (Piney Woods), Louisiana
  • 1864 Skirmish at Spoonville, Antoine, Arkansas
  • 1865 Battle of Petersburg ends as the Army of Northern Virginia is forced to retreat under heavy fire from a general Union offensive

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 Confederate President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia (US Civil War)

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1865 Battle of Fort Blakely Alabama, last major battle of the US Civil War
  • 1865 Battle of Selma, Alabmaa, Union forces break Confederates defenses to secure the town

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1866 US President Andrew Johnson ends civil war in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee & Virginia

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1872 US engineer George Brayton patents an internal combustion engine (Brayton Cycle)
  • 1876 Philadelphia A's and Boston Red Caps play 1st NL game, in Philadelphia
  • 1877 1st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn
  • 1878 1st issue of Rotterdam's Newspaper
  • 1883 Battle at Bamako: French assault on Fabous arm forces attack
  • 1884 London prison for debtors closed
  • 1900 1st edition of The Volk published (Amsterdam)
  • 1902 MVV Football Club is established in Maastricht, The Netherlands
  • 1902 Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg
  • 1902 "Electric Theatre", the first full-time movie theater in the United States, opens in Los Angeles, California
  • 1905 Cairo-Capetown railway opens
  • 1906 South Africa complete a 4-1 series drubbing of England
  • 1908 Mills Committee declares baseball was invented by Abner Doubleday

  • 1912 Sun Yet Sen forms Guomindang Party in China
  • 1912 Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power
  • 1916 German troops overtake Bois de Caillette
  • 1916 57 armed New Zealand police invade the remote Ngāi Tūhoe settlement of Maungapōhatu in the Urewera Ranges to arrest the Māori prophet Rua Kēnana

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Montana) begins her term as 1st woman member of US House of Reps

1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin
1st Woman Elected to Congress
Jeannette Rankin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 US President Woodrow Wilson asks Congress to declare war against Germany

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Albert Einstein lectures in New York City on his new "Theory of Relativity"

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1926 Riots between Muslims & Hindus in Calcutta
  • 1930 1st NY-Bermuda airplane flight lands in Bermuda

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 Ras Tafari Makonnen becomes Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1931 Teenage girl strikes out Babe Ruth & Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game in Chattanooga, Tennessee

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Charles Lindbergh turns over $50,000 as ransom for his kidnapped son

  • 1935 Mary Hirsch becomes 1st woman licensed as a horse trainer

InventionHistoric Invention

1935 Scottish physicist Robert Watson-Watt receives a British patents for RADAR

Physicist and Radar Pioneer Robert Watson-Watt
Physicist and Radar Pioneer
Robert Watson-Watt
  • 1939 6th Masters Golf Tournament: Ralph Guldahl wins, shooting a 279
  • 1941 German occupier disallows Dutch scouting association

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 USS Hornet with Jimmy Doolittles B-25 departs from San Francisco

Aviation Pioneer Jimmy Doolittle
Aviation Pioneer
Jimmy Doolittle
  • 1944 Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party returns to Italy from the Soviet Union

Music releaseMusic Premiere

1944 Dmitri Shostakovich's 8th Symphony premieres in NY

  • 1944 Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
  • 1945 1st US units reach east coast of Okinawa
  • 1945 Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established
  • 1947 Carlo Terron's "Il diamente del profeta" premieres in Rome
  • 1950 WTAR (now WTKR) TV channel 3 in Norfolk, VA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 Raab forms his 1st government in Austria
  • 1954 Plans to build Disneyland 1st announced [see Jan 26]
  • 1955 US female Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
  • 1955 US male Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
  • 1955 Pancho Gonzales retains tennis title by winning a tournament playing under table tennis rules
  • 1956 Peter Ustinovs' "Romanoff & Juliet" premieres in Manchester
  • 1956 Soap operas "As the World Turns" & "Edge of Night" premiere on TV
  • 1958 Antillean Brewery (Amstel beer) opens
  • 1958 Wind speed reaches a record 450 kph in tornado, Wichita Falls, Texas
  • 1960 Mabry Harper catches a world record 25 lb Walleye in Tennessee
  • 1960 Cuba buys oil from USSR
  • 1960 KPEC TV channel 56 in Lakewood Center-Tacoma, WA (PBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1962 The first official Panda crossing is opened outside Waterloo station, London.
  • 1963 Explorer 17 attains Earth orbit (254/914 km)
  • 1963 USSR launches Luna 4; missed Moon by 8,500 km
  • 1964 Military coup in Brazil by Gen Castello Branco, President Goulart ousted
  • 1964 USSR launches Zond 1 to Venus; no data returned
  • 1965 Hochhuths play "Stellvertreter" banned in Italy
  • 1966 Soviet Union's Luna 10 becomes 1st spacecraft to orbit Moon
  • 1966 WJET TV channel 24 in Erie, PA (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 Beatles form Python Music Ltd
  • 1968 Chad creates Union of Central African States

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Senator Eugene McCarthy wins Democratic primary in Wisconsin

Politician and Presidential Candidate Eugene McCarthy
Politician and Presidential Candidate
Eugene McCarthy

Film release premierFilm Premier

1968 "2001 A Space Odyssey" directed by Stanley Kubrick and starring Keir Dullea and Gary Lockwood, premieres at the Uptown Theater in Washington, D.C.

Film Director Stanley Kubrick
Film Director
Stanley Kubrick
Sci-Fi Author Arthur C. Clarke
Sci-Fi Author
Arthur C. Clarke

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Milwaukee Bucks sign (Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (Lew Alcindor)

  • 1970 Meghalaya becomes autonomous state within India's Assam state
  • 1970 2 men begin ascent of south face of Annapurna I, highest final stage in a wall climb in world
  • 1971 Dark Shadows, American Gothic soap opera, concludes an almost 5 year run
  • 1971 Libya concludes 5 weeks of negotiations with Western oil companies in Tripoli

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin visits Cairo

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Tennessee Williams' "Small Craft Warnings" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Tennessee Williams
  • 1973 CBS radio begins on the hour news, 24 hours a day
  • 1973 ITT admits to asking CIA to influence Chilean presidential election
  • 1973 Launch of the LexisNexis computerized legal research service.

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

1974 46th Academy Awards: "The Sting", Glenda Jackson & Jack Lemmon win

  • 1974 Arganat Comm publishes report concerning Yom Kippur War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Tony Greig takes 8-86 v WI Port-of-Spain (later 5-70 in 2nd inn)

Cricketer and Commentator Tony Greig
Cricketer and Commentator
Tony Greig
  • 1975 Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from the Quang Ngai Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops.
  • 1976 Cambodia Khieu Sampan succeeds Prince Sihanouk as Premier
  • 1976 Portuguese constitution assumed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 A's trade prospective free agents Reggie Jackson & Ken Holtzman, to Orioles for Don Baylor, Mike Torrez & Paul Mitchell

MLB Right Fielder Reggie Jackson
MLB Right Fielder
Reggie Jackson
  • 1977 Fleetwood Mac's "Rumours" album goes #1 & stays #1 for 31 weeks
  • 1977 Montreal Canadiens set NHL record of 34 straight home games without a lose
  • 1977 131st Grand National: Tommy Stack aboard Red Rum wins
  • 1978 7th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Sandra Post
  • 1978 Basil Williams scores 100 on Test Cricket debut, v Aust Georgetown

  • 1978 TV soap show "Dallas" starring Larry Hagman and Barbara Bel Geddes premieres on CBS (as a 5 week mini-series)
  • 1978 Velcro was 1st put on the market

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Czech tennis star Martina Navratilova wins her first WTA Tour Championship; beats Evonne Goolagong Cawley of Australia 7-6, 6-4 at Oakland Coliseum Arena

Tennis Player Martina Navratilova
Tennis Player
Martina Navratilova
  • 1979 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin meets Egyptian President Anwar Sadat in Cairo
  • 1980 Wayne Gretzky becomes 1st teenager to score 50 goals in a season
  • 1981 Belgium's 4th government of Martens resigns
  • 1981 Heavy battle between Christian militia & Syrian army in East Lebanon
  • 1982 Several thousand Argentine troops seize the Falkland (Malvinas) Islands from Great Britain
  • 1982 In exhibition game A's pitcher Steve McCatty comes to bat using a 15" toy bat (under Billy Martins orders), protesting disallowing of DH
  • 1984 46th NCAA Mens Basketball Championship: Georgetown beats Houston 84-75
  • 1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1986 4 US passengers killed by bomb at TWA counter Athens Airport Greece
  • 1986 George Corley Wallace (Gov-D-Ala) announces retirement plans
  • 1986 NCAA adopts 3-point basketball rule (19 feet 9 inch distance)
  • 1986 NYC Mayor Ed Koch signs & brings the Gay Rights Bill into effect
  • 1987 "Mikado" opens at Virginia Theater NYC for 46 performances
  • 1987 Doc Gooden undergoes cocaine rehabilitation
  • 1987 IBM introduces PS/2 & OS/2
  • 1988 Simply Majestic sets horse racing's 1-1/8 mile record at 1:45
  • 1988 Test Cricket debut of Curtly Ambrose, WI v Pakistan, Georgetown
  • 1989 18th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Juli Inkster
  • 1989 8th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tennessee beats Auburn 76-60

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Wrestlemania V at Trump Plaza, Hulk Hogan beats "Macho Man" Savage

WWF Wrestler Hulk Hogan
WWF Wrestler
Hulk Hogan
  • 1989 Yanks beat Mets 4-0, sweeping 1989 mayor's trophy series in 2 games
  • 1990 52nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Nevada-LV beats Duke 103-73
  • 1991 Rotterdam Daily Newspaper begins publishing
  • 1992 "Hamlet" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 45 performances
  • 1992 Edith Cresson, France's 1st female premier, resigns

MurderMurder of Interest

1992 John Gotti is found guilty of 5 murders (Paul Castellano, Thomas Bilotti, Robert DiBernardo, Liborio Milito and Louis Dibono), plus conspiracy to murder, loansharking, illegal gambling, obstruction of justice, bribery and tax evasion

Gangster John Gotti
John Gotti
  • 1992 Space Shuttle STS-45 (Atlantis 11) lands
  • 1993 1st test flight of Fokker 70 (Amsterdam)
  • 1993 Venezuelan DC-10 crashes at Margarita, killing 10
  • 1994 1st exhibition game played at Jacobs Field, Pirates beat Indians, 6-4
  • 1995 14th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: U of Ct Huskies beats TN 70-64

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 7th Seniors Golf Tradition: Jack Nicklaus

  • 1995 Baseball season opener delayed until April 26
  • 1995 NY Police Department & NY Transit Police merge into one organization
  • 1995 North & Western Colorado begins using new area code 970
  • 1995 Owners accept baseball players proposal, agree to start season 4/26
  • 1995 Sunday NY Times raises price from $2.00 to $2.50

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1995 Wrestlemania XI in Conn-Lawrence Taylor defeats Bam Bam Bigelow

Hall of Fame American Football Player Lawrence Taylor
Hall of Fame American Football Player
Lawrence Taylor
  • 1996 Tigers slugger Cecil Fielder steals 1st base in 1,097th career game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Sri Lanka 9-349 in 50 overs beat Pakistan 315 all out, Sanath Jayasuriya hits ton in 48 balls, world ODI record at Singapore

  • 1997 "Doll's House" opens at Belasco Theater NYC
  • 2000 19th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Tennessee 71-52
  • 2001 63rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Duke beats Arizona 82-72
  • 2002 Israeli forces surround the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem into which armed Palestinians had retreated. A siege ensues.
  • 2004 Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks attempt to bomb the Spanish high-speed train AVE near Madrid. Their attack is thwarted.
  • 2005 James Stewart Jr. becomes first African American to win a major motor sports event.
  • 2006 Over 60 tornadoes break out, hardest hit is Tennessee with 29 people killed.
  • 2007 69th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Florida beats Ohio State 84-75

AgreementContract of Interest

2010 Kobe Bryant signs a three-year contract extension with the Los Angeles Lakers worth $87 million

NBA Guard Kobe Bryant
NBA Guard
Kobe Bryant
  • 2012 Oikos University, Oakland shooting kills seven people and injures 3
  • 2012 74th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky defeats Kansas 67-59
  • 2013 9 mutilated bodies are found in an SUV in Tamaulipas, Mexico
  • 2013 7 people are killed in an attack on a power plant in Peshawar, Pakistan
  • 2013 Eurozone unemployment reaches a high of 12%
  • 2013 13 children are killed in a fire in a mosque in Yangon, Burma
  • 2013 13 people are killed in a quarry accident, in Arusha, Tanzania
  • 2013 4 more critical cases of bird flu (H7N9) are reported in China
  • 2013 The UN General Assembly approves the first Arms Trade Treaty
  • 2013 Uruguay passes legislation to legalize same-sex marriage
  • 2015 140 people are killed after gunmen attack Garissa University College, Kenya
  • 2017 Attack on visitors to Muslim shrine by a custodian and others in Sargodha, Pakistan leaves 20 dead
  • 2017 American golfer Lexi Thompson loses ANA Inspiration in Racho Mirage because of TV viewer emailing earlier infringement
  • 2017 ANA Inspiration Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Ryu So-yeon of South Korea wins second major in a playoff with Lexi Thompson
  • 2018 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament championship game: Villanova defeat Michigan 79–62 in San Antonio, Texas