On This Day

Historical Events on April 22

  • 296 St Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 536 St. Agapetus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1056 Supernova Crab nebula last seen by the naked eye
  • 1073 Pope Alexander II buried and Ildebrando chosen as Pope Gregory VII
  • 1145 19th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 1164 Raynald of Dassel names Guido di Crema as anti-pope Paschalis III
  • 1370 Building begins on the Bastille fortress in Paris

Portuguese Discover Brazil

1500 Pedro Álvares Cabral is the first european to discover Brazil, landing near Monte Pascoal, claims it for Portugal

Historic Event

1509 Henry VIII, 2nd Tudor king of England ascends to the throne at age 17, after the death of his father, Henry VII

  • 1521 French King Francois I declares war on Spain
  • 1526 1st slave revolt in North America at San Miguel de Gualdape, a Spanish settlement (now part of South Carolina)
  • 1529 Treaty of Saragosa: Spain and Portugal divide eastern hemisphere

Historic Event

1648 English army claims King Charles I responsible for bloodshed

  • 1659 Lord Protector Richard Cromwell disbands English parliament

Historic Event

1671 King Charles II sits in on English parliament

  • 1674 Netherlands & Munster sign peace treaty
  • 1676 Battle of Etna - Netherlands and Spain vs France, M de Ruyter fatally wounded
  • 1677 Battle at Catania: between French & Dutch fleet

Salem Witch Trials

1692 Edward Bishop is jailed for proposing flogging as a cure for witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts

  • 1722 19 VOC "komplotteurs" in Batavia executed
  • 1728 Pierre de Marivaux' "Le Triomphe de Plutus" premieres in Paris
  • 1745 Austria & Bavaria sign Peace Treaty of Füssen, ending Bavaria's participation (on the French side) in the War of the Austrian Succession
  • 1769 Madame du Barry becomes French King Louis XV's "official" mistress
  • 1793 President Washington attends opening of Rickett's, 1st circus in US

Music History

1804 Gioachino Rossini (12) performs in Imola

Victory in Battle

1809 Battle at Eckmuhl - Napoleon beats Austria Archduke Charles

  • 1817 Curacao prohibits use of white paint due to fierce sunlight
  • 1823 Baltic Club (Exchange) forms in London
  • 1823 R J Tyers patents roller skates
  • 1838 English steamship "Sirius" docks in NYC after crossing the Atlantic, first transatlantic steam passenger service
  • 1864 US mints 2 cent coin (1st appearance of "In God We Trust")
  • 1871 All German Jews emancipated after the German Constitution adopted by its last state Bavaria
  • 1876 1st official National League baseball game is played; Boston Red Caps beat Philadelphia Athletics, 6-5 at the Jefferson Street Grounds, Philadelphia

Music History

1876 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky completes his ballet "Swan Lake"

  • 1876 Philadelphia native Tim McGinley of the Boston Red Caps scores baseball National League's 1st run, in Philadelphia
  • 1884 Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 yrs 9 mths)
  • 1884 US recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1889 A 1.9 million-acre tract of Indian Territory for white colonial settlement in Oklahoma officially starts at 12pm
  • 1893 Francis Dhanis army occupies Kasongo

Election of Interest

1893 Paul Kruger elected President of Transvaal for 3rd time

  • 1894 The very first Venice Biennale opens in Venice, Italy, as a biennial exhibition of Italian art [1]
  • 1897 NYC Jewish newspaper "Forward" begins publishing (still active)
  • 1898 1st Spanish–American War action sees the USS Nashville capture a Spanish ship
  • 1898 Baltimore James Hughes no-hits Boston Braves 8-0
  • 1898 Cincinnati Red Theodore Breitenstein no-hits Pirates 11-0
  • 1898 Congress passes Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry
  • 1898 US President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors
  • 1903 American Power Boat Association forms
  • 1903 NY Highlanders (Yankees) first MLB game; lose 3-1 before 11,950 vs Washington Senators at American League Park
  • 1905 Operations begin uniting conservatory of Nature monument Amsterdam
  • 1906 Intercalated Games opens in Athens
  • 1906 New rule puts umpire in sole charge of all game balls
  • 1908 Queensland beat NSW by 171 runs for their 1st cricket win at Gabba
  • 1913 Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania

Sports History

1914 Babe Ruth's 1st professional game (as a pitcher) is a 6-hit 6-0 win

  • 1915 1st military use of poison gas (chlorine, by Germany) in WW I
  • 1915 NY Yankees don pinstripes & hat-in-the-ring logo for 1st time
  • 1915 The Second Battle of Ypres begins on the Western Front in WW I
  • 1916 France battles at Fort Douaumont
  • 1916 Karl Spindler scuttles the Aud near Daunt's Rock, to prevent its cargo of 20,000 rifles destined for Irish republicans falling into enemy hands
  • 1916 Chief of Staff of the Irish Volunteers Eóin MacNeill issues the Countermanding order in Dublin to try to stop what would become the Easter Rising
  • 1922 South Ossetian Autonomous Region forms in Georgian SSR
  • 1924 Hague Chambers of Commerce forms
  • 1926 Persia, Turkey & Afghanistan sign treaties of security
  • 1927 Roger Sessions' 1st Symphony in E premieres with Serge Koussevitzky conducting the Boston Symphony Orchestra
  • 1930 US, Britain & Japan sign London Naval Treaty
  • 1930 British troops battle pro-independence revolutionaries in the Jalalabad hills near Chittagong, Bengal province, British India, 80 troops and 12 revolutionaries killed
  • 1931 Egypt & Iraq sign peace treaty
  • 1933 Dutch government forbids leftwing radio address

Historic Event

1934 US Division of Investigation (later the FBI) under Melvin Purvis botch an operation to capture the John Dillinger Gang at Little Bohemia Lodge, Manitowish Waters, Wisconsin. with 2 dead and 4 injured

  • 1937 NYC college students stage 4th annual peace strike
  • 1940 Rear Admiral Joseph Taussig testifies before US Senate Naval Affairs Committee that war with Japan is inevitable
  • 1943 German counter attack in North Tunisia
  • 1943 RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea
  • 1944 Allies land near Hollandia, New Guinea
  • 1945 Concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen liberated
  • 1945 Stanley Cup Final, Olympia Stadium, Detroit, MI: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 2-1 for a 4-3 series win; Leafs lead series 3-0 but Wings recover to 3-3 to force a decider

Raising a Flag over the Reichstag

1945 Battle of Berlin: Upon being informed that a planned counter-attack never happened, Adolf Hitler flies into a rage, denounces the German Army and concedes World War II is lost

Meeting of Interest

1945 SS chief Heinrich Himmler secretly meets with Count Folke Bernadotte of Sweden, asking him to act as an intermediary for a surrender offer to the Western Allies. The Allies do not take the offer seriously.

  • 1946 SED, Sozialistic Einheitspartei Deutschlands, party forms
  • 1947 1st Basketball Association of America Finals: Philadelphia Warriors beat Chicago Stags, 83-80 to take inaugural series, 4 games to 2
  • 1948 WTVR TV channel 6 in Richmond, VA (CBS) begins broadcasting

Historic Event

1951 Ticker-tape parade for General MacArthur in NYC

  • 1952 1st atomic explosion on network news, Nob, Nevada
  • 1952 Eugene Ionesco's "Les Chaises" premieres in NYC
  • 1954 Achiel van Acker forms Belgian government
  • 1954 NBA adopts 24-second shot clock & 6 team-foul rule
  • 1954 US Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings begin
  • 1954 USSR joins UNESCO
  • 1955 KC Athletic's 1st game, beat Tigers 6-2
  • 1957 All NL baseball teams integrate, John Irwin Kennedy becomes the 1st Black player for the Philadelphia Phillies

Baseball Record

1959 Yankee Whitey Ford strikes out 15, beating Senators, 1-0 in 14 innings

  • 1959 Chicago White Sox beat KC Athletics 20-6, in 1 inning Sox score 11 runs on 1 hit, 10 walks, & 3 errors
  • 1961 Uprising of French parachutist of General Salan and Challe in Algeria
  • 1962 NY Mets tiea NL record by losing 9 straight to start season
  • 1962 Pirates tie then record of 10 straight wins to start season
  • 1962 Stanley Cup Final, Chicago Stadium, Chicago, IL: Dick Duff scores the winner as Toronto Maple Leafs beat Chicago Blackhawks, 2-1 for a 4-2 series victory

Historic Event

1963 Lester B. Pearson is sworn in as the 14th Prime Minister of Canada

  • 1964 World's Fair at Flushing Meadow, Corona Park, NY opens
  • 1966 Atlanta Braves win their 1st game, beating NY Mets 8-4
  • 1966 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1966 The Troggs second single "Wild Thing" released; tops the charts in July
  • 1967 Martial Law goes into effect in Greece
  • 1969 1st human eye transplant performed

Boxing Title Fight

1969 American Joe Frazier KOs American Dave Zyglewick in 1st round to retain heavyweight boxing title, in Houston, Texas

  • 1969 Robin Knox-Johnston ends 312 day non-stop sailing
  • 1969 Bernadette Devlin, the youngest woman ever to be elected to Westminster, makes a controversial maiden speech in the House of Commons concerning the situation in Northern Ireland
  • 1970 "Park" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 1970 First Earth Day celebrated, founded by Gaylord Nelson
  • 1970 NY Met Jerry Grote sets record of 20 put outs by a catcher

Baseball Record

1970 NY Met Tom Seaver strikes out last 10 Padres, for a total of 19

  • 1970 Senators beat Yankees 2-1 in 18 innings
  • 1971 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 10 launched
  • 1971 Soyuz 10 launches as the world's first mission to the first-ever space station (the Salyut 1) however the docking was unsuccessful and the cosmonauts returned to Earth
  • 1972 Apollo astronauts John Young & Charles Duke ride on the Moon
  • 1972 An 11-year-old boy killed by a rubber bullet fired by the British Army in Belfast; he was the first to die from a rubber bullet impact

Television Debut

1976 Barbara Walters becomes 1st female US nightly network news anchor (ABC News)

Film & TV History

1976 Director Ingmar Bergman leaves Sweden due to taxation

Historic Event

1977 Shimon Peres becomes Acting Prime Minister of Israel

  • 1978 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Earl Anthony
  • 1978 23rd Eurovision Song Contest: Izhar Cohen and the Alphabeta for Israel wins singing "A-Ba-Ni-Bi" in Paris

Music Concert

1979 The Rolling Stones play two benefit concerts for the Canadian National Institute for the Blind, in Oshawa, Ontario; performance part of guitarist Keith Richards’ sentence for heroin conviction on heroin charges

  • 1981 10,000 copper workers in Chile strike
  • 1981 Almost 1 million West German metal workers go on strike

Sports History

1981 Dodgers rookie Fernando Valenzuela tosses his 3rd shutout in 4 starts

  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 More than $3.3 million is stolen from the First National Bank of Arizona in Tucson in the then largest US bank robbery in history
  • 1982 Atlanta Braves lose after winning 1st 13 games of season
  • 1983 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 Soyuz T-8 returns to Earth
  • 1983 Start of 1st Sri Lanka-Australia Test Cricket match (at Kandy)
  • 1983 Stern mag announces major historical find-discovery of 60 volume personal diaries written by Adolf Hitler (turned out to be a hoax)

Television Premiere

1984 CBS premiere of TV film "Pope John Paul II", starring Albert Finney in title role

  • 1986 Consumer Price Index drops .04% for 2nd month in a row
  • 1986 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1987 Sri Lanka Air Force bomb Tamil, 100s killed
  • 1988 Women are allowed to compete in Little 500 bicycle race (Indiana)
  • 1988 NJ Devil Patrik Sundstrom sets NHL playoff record of 8 pts in a playoff game (hat trick & 5 assists) in 10-4 rout over the Capitals
  • 1989 "Welcome to the Club" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 12 performances
  • 1990 "Truly Blessed" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 33 performances
  • 1990 Lebanon release US hostage Robert Polhill after 39 months
  • 1990 NFL Draft: University of Illinois quarterback Jeff George first pick by Indianapolis Colts
  • 1991 Earthquake strikes Costa Rica & Panama, kills 95
  • 1991 Frank Thomas is 1st White Sox to homer at new Comiskey Park

Film & TV History

1991 Johnny Carson announces he will retire next year from "The Tonight Show"

  • 1991 Shalom America (Jewish cable network) is launched in Brooklyn & Queens
  • 1992 6.1 earthquake under the Little San Bernadino Mountains, near Joshua Tree, California
  • 1992 Gas explodes in sewer, kills 200 in Guadalajara, Mexico
  • 1992 Plane crash at Perris Valley Airport California, kills 16 parachutists
  • 1993 "The Who's Tommy" opens at St James Theater NYC for 899 performances
  • 1993 Candid Camera creator Allen Funt suffers a stroke at 78
  • 1993 Holocaust Memorial Museum dedicated in Washington, D.C.
  • 1993 Seattle Mariner Chris Basio no-hits Boston Red Sox
  • 1993 The web browser Mosaic version 1.0 is released.
  • 1994 7,000 Tutsi slaughtered by Hutus in the stadium at Kibuye, Rwanda
  • 1994 Borge Ousland is the 1st person on a solo and unsupported journey to reach the North Pole

Sports History

1994 American figure skater Tonya Harding sues ex-husband Jeff Gillooly for $42,500

  • 1994 World's largest lollipop, weighing 3,011 pounds, made by BonBon, a candy factory in Home-Olstrup, Denmark; record later broken

Boxing Title Fight

1994 Michael Moorer beats Evander Holyfield in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1994 Schelto Patijn appointed Mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1995 General Tire World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mike Aulby

Boxing Title Fight

1995 George Foreman beats Axel Schulz in 12 for heavyweight boxing title in Las Vegas

  • 1995 NFL Draft: Penn State running back Ki-Jana Carter first pick by Cincinnati Bengals
  • 1997 Haouch Khemisti massacre in Algeria - 93 villagers killed.
  • 1997 The Japanese embassy hostage crisis ends in Lima, Peru.
  • 1998 Disney's Animal Kingdom opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, Florida, United States.

Music Awards

1998 33rd Academy of Country Music Awards: Garth Brooks, Trisha Yearwood and George Strait win

  • 1999 Luis Garavito [The Beast, Tribilín], Colombian serial killer described as "the world's worst serial killer" (138-300+ victims) apprehended
  • 2000 In a pre-dawn raid, federal agents seize six-year-old Elián González from his relatives' home in Miami, Florida.
  • 2000 The Big Number Change takes place in the United Kingdom

Sports History

2003 Patrick Roy plays his final career NHL game

  • 2004 Two fuel trains collide in Ryongchon, North Korea, killing up to 150 people.
  • 2006 243 people are injured in pro-democracy protest in Nepal after Nepali security forces open fire on protesters against King Gyanendra.
  • 2006 Four Canadian soldiers are killed 75 kilometers north of Kandahar, Afghanistan by a roadside bomb planted by Taliban militants, the worst single day combat loss for the Canadian army since the Korean War
  • 2010 NFL Draft: Oklahoma quarterback Sam Bradford first pick by St. Louis Rams
  • 2012 30 year old woman collapses and dies during London Marathon

Television Premiere

2012 TV political comedy "Veep" created by Armando Iannucci, starring Julia Louis-Dreyfus and Anna Chlumsky premieres on HBO

  • 2013 6 people are killed in a shooting rampage in Belgorod, Russia
  • 2013 Manchester United defeat Aston Villa to claim the 2012/2013 English Premier League
  • 2014 David Moyes is sacked as manager of Manchester United
  • 2016 Paris Agreement on climate change signed in New York binding 195 nations to an increase in the global average temperature to less than 2°C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C

Federation Cup

2017 Ilie Năstase thrown off tennis court for insulting British female players during Fed Cup play-off against Romania in Constanta

  • 2018 Bus crash in North Korea kills 36, with most Chinese tourists
  • 2018 Saudi-led coalition airstrike kills more than 20 at a wedding in northwestern Yemen
  • 2018 Liverpool's Egyptian soccer forward Mohamed Salah is named Professional Footballers' Association Player of the Year

Sports History

2018 Monte Carlo Tennis Masters: Rafael Nadal beats Kei Nishikori 6-3, 6-2 to extend his Open-era record for most wins at the same event (11)

  • 2018 Gunman opens fire at a Waffle House in Nashville, Tennessee, killing four before James Shaw Jr. wrestled the rifle from the gunman's hands

Film Premiere

2019 Marvel film "Avengers: Endgame" directed by Anthony and Joe Russo starring Robert Downey Jr., Chris Evans and an ensemble cast, premieres in Los Angeles

  • 2020 Sudan bans female genital mutilation and makes it a criminal offense
  • 2021 India sets a world record for daily COVID-19 cases recording 314,835 new cases with 2,104 deaths

Summit of Interest

2021 US President Joe Biden pledges to cut US carbon emissions by 50-52% below 2005 levels by 2030 at a virtual climate summit