On This Day

Historical Events on April 24

  • 1479 BC Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt, although power effectively shifts to Hatshepsut (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty)
  • 1184 BC The Greeks enter Troy using the Trojan Horse (traditional date)
  • 858 Nicholas I succeeds Benedict III as pope
  • 1066 Halley's Comet sparks English monk to predict country will be destroyed
  • 1185 Battle at Danoura: Yoshitsune Minamoto's fleet beats the Taira during Japan's Genpei War
  • 1288 Jews of Troyes France are accused of ritual murder
  • 1311 General Malik Kafur returns to Delhi after campaign in South India
  • 1364 Pope Urban V names John V van Virneburg as Bishop of Utrecht

Florence Cathedral

1503 Michelangelo undertakes to carve 12 Apostles for the Cathedral of Florence, each four and a quarter braccia high (248.2cm), at the rate of at least one completed statue per year. He produced only one, of St. Matthew, and that remained unfinished.

  • 1524 Duke of Bourbon drives Admiral Bonnivet out of Milan

Victory in Battle

1547 Battle of Muhlberg: Catholic forces under Emperor Charles V defeat Protestant princes John Frederick I and Philip I of Hesse

  • 1570 Battles between Spanish troops & followers of Sultan Suleiman
  • 1596 Pacificatie of Ireland drawn
  • 1704 1st continuously published newspaper in America - The Boston News-Letter published in Boston by John Campbell [1]

French Revolution

1793 French revolutionary Jean-Paul Marat is acquitted by the Revolutionary Tribunal of charges brought by the Girondin in Paris

  • 1800 US Library of Congress establishes with $5,000 allocation
  • 1801 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Jahreszeiten" (The Seasons)
  • 1823 Eugene Scribes opera "Le Menteur Veridique" premieres in Paris
  • 1833 Jacob Evert & George Dulty patent 1st soda fountain
  • 1863 Skirmish at Okolona and Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid)
  • 1865 Fire alarm & police telegraph system put into operation in San Francisco
  • 1867 Black demonstrators stage ride-ins on Richmond, Virginia streetcars
  • 1872 Volcano Mt Vesuvius erupts in Italy
  • 1877 Last federal occupying troops withdraw from the South (New Orleans)
  • 1877 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78: Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire
  • 1880 Amateur Athletic Association, governing body for men's athletics in England & Wales, is founded in Oxford, England
  • 1883 28 Surinamers depart to Amsterdam World's Fair
  • 1884 National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes in Atlanta

World Record

1894 French cyclist Henri Desgrange rides 100km in a world record time of 2:39:18

  • 1894 Phillies Lave Cross hits for cycle vs Bkln Dodgers

Around The World Alone In A Fishing Boat

1895 Canadian-American adventurer Joshua Slocum sets sail from Boston, Massachusetts on a solo around-the-world voyage aboard 'Spray', an 11.2-m oyster sloop [1]

  • 1897 1st reporter, William Price (Washington Star), assigned to White House

Historic Event

1898 US fleet under commodore George Dewey sails from Hong Kong to Philippines

Historic Event

1899 Transvaal British Uitlanders ask Queen Victoria for aid

  • 1901 The Chicago White Stockings win against the Cleveland Blues in the 1st game played in baseball's American League
  • 1901 1st AL game, Chicago beats Cleveland Blues 8-2, 3 other games rained out

Historic Event

1904 President Loubet of France visits King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and pointedly ignores the Pope, exacerbating relations between France and the Roman Catholic Church

Sports History

1905 First-class cricket debut of Sir Jack Hobbs, "The Master" for Surrey v the "Gentlemen of England" (18 & 88)

  • 1905 Senators execute a triple-play & beat Yankees 4-3
  • 1908 Mr & Mrs Jacob Murdock become 1st to travel across US by car, they leave LA in a Packard & arrive in NYC in 32d-5h-25m
  • 1909 Harry Hillman and Lawson Robertson run 100m 3-legged race in 11 seconds
  • 1910 German Catholic youth movement Quickborn forms
  • 1913 Skyscraper, the Woolworth Building in New York City is opened - world's tallest building at the time
  • 1914 A shipment of 35,000 rifles and 5 million rounds of ammunition are landed at Larne for the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF, an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland
  • 1915 German army fires chloroform gas in Ypres (Leper)
  • 1915 Leaders of the Armenian community in Constantinople (now Istanbul) are arrested by Ottoman authorities, and many later killed, marking the start of the Armenian Genocide
  • 1915 Pittsburgh Rebels' Frank Allen no-hits St Louis Terriers (Federal League), 2-0

Easter Proclamation of 1916

1916 Easter Rising of Irish republicans against British occupation begins in Dublin

Historic Expedition

1916 Ernest Shackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launch a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to organise a rescue for ice-trapped ship Endurance

  • 1917 Yankee lefty George Mogridge no-hits Red Sox 2-1 at Fenway
  • 1917 US Congress passes the Liberty Loan Act, authorizing the Treasury to issue a public subscription for 2 billion in bonds for the war
  • 1920 British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)
  • 1920 Polish troops attack Ukraine
  • 1921 1st municipal elections for men & women in Belgium
  • 1921 Under Allies supervision, a plebiscite in the Tyrol favors merging with Germany; unhappy with the outcome, Allies give the area to Italy
  • 1923 General harbor strike begins in NYC
  • 1925 88°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in April
  • 1928 Fathometer, which measures underwater depth, patented
  • 1929 1st non-stop England to India flight takes-off
  • 1929 Thorvald Stauning becomes premier of Denmark
  • 1932 German national election (NSDAP 36.3% in Prussia)
  • 1941 British army begins evacuation of Greece
  • 1941 Dutch Prince Bernhard becomes an RAF pilot
  • 1942 2nd night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • 1944 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"
  • 1945 Albert B "Happy" Chandler is named 2nd baseball commissioner

Music Recording

1945 Miles Davis makes recording debut with the Herbie Fields Orchestra, backing singer "Rubberlegs" Wilson, at Savoy Records Studio, Newark, New Jersey

  • 1946 11 players named to the Baseball Hall of Fame: Tinker, Evers, Chance, Burkett, McCarthy, Waddell, Plank, Walsh, Jack Chesbro, Griffith, and McGinnity

Music History

1946 One-act ballet "Symphonic Variations" choreographed by Frederick Ashton with music by César Franck danced by Sandler's Wells Ballet debuts at Covent Garden, London

  • 1949 3rd Tony Awards: "Death of a Salesman" & "Kiss Me Kate" win

Music Premiere

1950 Leonard Bernstein's musical "Peter Pan", starring Jean Arthur and Boris Karloff, opens at Imperial Theater, NYC; runs for 320 performances

  • 1950 Independent republic of South Molukkas declared
  • 1950 US President Harry Truman denies there are communists in the US government
  • 1950 Jordan formally annexes the West Bank
  • 1954 1st American, civilian pilot, P.R. Holden, wounded in Indochina
  • 1954 Australia & USSR break diplomatic relations
  • 1954 WSEE TV channel 35 in Erie, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 Conference of Bandung against colonialism and for self determination, ends
  • 1955 Gaullists lose elections in France
  • 1955 KFDM TV channel 6 in Beaumont, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 KMAU (now KGMV) TV channel 3 in Wailuku, HI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 AL umpire Frank Umont is 1st to wear glasses in a regular season game
  • 1957 Chicago Cub pitchers walk NL record 9 Reds in 5th inning
  • 1958 Lee Walls hits 3 HRs, as Cubs beat Dodgers 15-2
  • 1959 Netherland Dance Theater opens (Rudi of Dantzig & Cut Flier)
  • 1959 WICD TV channel 15 in Champaign, IL (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 14th Tony Awards: "Miracle Worker" and "Fiorello!" win
  • 1960 Heavy earthquake strikes South Persia, 500 killed
  • 1960 Record 4 grand slams hit today

Historic Event

1961 JFK accepts "sole responsibility" following Bay of Pigs

The Sinking of the Vasa

1961 17th century Swedish warship Vasa, which sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is salvaged

  • 1962 1st Lockheed A-12 is taxi tested
  • 1962 Massachusetts Institute of Technology sends TV signal by satellite for 1st time: California to Massachusetts

Baseball Record

1962 LA Dodgers pitcher Sandy Koufax's 2nd career 18-strikeout, in a 10-2 win over Cubs in Chicago

Hall of Fame

1963 Future Basketball Hall of Fame point guard Bob Cousy plays his last NBA game for Boston as Celtics beat LA Lakers, 112-109 in Game 6 for their 5th straight NBA C'ship

  • 1963 17th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 2
  • 1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 Mexico becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • 1965 "Comedy in Music-Opus 2" closes at John Golden NYC after 192 performances
  • 1965 Military coup under Donald Reid Cabral in Dominican Republic
  • 1966 Atlanta Braves win NL-record 18 straight home games (17 in Milwaukee)
  • 1967 21st NBA Championship: Philadelphia 76ers beat SF Warriors, 4 games to 2

Historic Event

1967 Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference that the enemy had "gained support in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily."

  • 1968 ABC Masters Bowling Tournament won by Pete Tountas
  • 1968 Leftist students take over Columbia University, NYC
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 Mauritius becomes a member state of the United Nations.
  • 1969 Marshall Lin Biao named Mao's designated successor as the sole Vice Chairman of the Communist Party of China
  • 1969 Lebanese army in battle with Palestinians

Music History

1969 Paul McCartney says there is no truth to rumors he is dead

  • 1969 US B-52's drop 3,000 ton bombs at Cambodian boundary
  • 1969 Car firm British Leyland launch the Austin Maxi in Oporto Portugal
  • 1969 Loyalist members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and the Ulster Protestant Volunteers (UPV) explode a bomb at a water pipeline between Lough Neagh and Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • 1970 People's Republic of China launches its 1st satellite transmitting song "East is Red"
  • 1970 Gambia becomes a republic within the Commonwealth
  • 1971 Skip Redwine and Larry Frank's musical "Frank Merriwell" opens and closes at Longacre Theater, NYC (1 performance only)
  • 1971 Soyuz 10 returns to Earth
  • 1974 Dutch women hockey team becomes world champion
  • 1974 NFL grants franchise to Tampa Bay Buccaneers
  • 1975 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Baseball Record

1978 Angels Nolan Ryan strikes out 15 Mariners, 20th time he has 15 in game

  • 1979 Rhodesian bishop Muzorewa wins general election

Music History

1979 US State of Georgia designates Ray Charles' rendition of "Georgia On My Mind" (written by Hoagy Carmichael) as official state song

  • 1980 US military operation to save 52 hostages in Iran, fails, 8 die
  • 1981 Bill Shoemaker wins his 8,000th race, 2000 more than any other jockey
  • 1981 San Antonio blocks 20 Golden State shots to set NBA reg game record
  • 1981 US ends grain embargo against USSR

Historic Event

1982 150 Khomeini followers assault student dormitory in West Germany

  • 1982 Cards win 12th game in a row; 7-4 over Phillies
  • 1982 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mike Durbin
  • 1982 27th Eurovision Song Contest: Nicole for Germany wins singing "Ein bißchen Frieden" in Harrogate
  • 1983 "Show Boat" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 73 performances
  • 1983 Austrian socialist party loses parliamentary election
  • 1985 Pulitzer prize awarded to Carolyn Lizer for "Yin"
  • 1986 Film "Crocodile Dundee" starring Paul Hogan and Linda Kozlowski premieres in Australia (highest grossing film of the year in the US)

Historic Event

1987 Howard Stern holds a free speech rally at Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, NYC

  • 1988 NFL Draft: Auburn tight end Aundray Bruce first pick by Atlanta Falcons
  • 1989 10s of thousands of student strikes in Beijing, China
  • 1989 Massachusetts declares today "New Kids on the Block Day"
  • 1990 Brian Friel's play "Dancing at Lughnasa" premieres in Dublin (Tony Award Best Play)
  • 1990 Security law violator Michael Milken pleads guilty to 6 felonies
  • 1990 STS-31 launches, the 35th mission of the US Space Shuttle program, carrying the Hubble space telescope
  • 1990 West & East Germany agree to merge currency & economies on July 1st
  • 1990 Gruinard Island, Scotland, is officially declared free of the anthrax disease after 48 years of quarantine.
  • 1991 Freddie Stowers is awarded the posthumous Medal of Honor for which he had been recommended in 1918.
  • 1992 "Man of La Mancha" opens at Marquis Theater NYC for 108 performances

Sports History

1992 George Steinbrenner drops his suits against baseball

  • 1992 Vinson Pike fined £1000 for distributing obscene computer pictures
  • 1993 The IRA explodes a 1000kg car bomb in Bishopsgate, London, killing a news photographer and injuring 44 others
  • 1993 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by George Branham

Farm Aid Concert

1993 Farm Aid VI held in Ames, Iowa; performers include Willie Nelson, John Mellencamp, Neil Young, Arlo Guthrie, The Jayhawks, Lyle Lovett, Johnny Cash, Ricky Van Shelton, Marty Stuart, Martina McBride, Bruce Hornsby, Bryan Adams, Ringo Starr, and Dwight Yoakam

  • 1994 "Broken Glass" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 73 performances
  • 1994 "Flowering Peach" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 41 performances
  • 1994 Armando Calderon Sol wins El Salvador presidential election
  • 1994 Bomb attack in center of Johannesburg, 9 killed

Sports History

1994 David Robinson scores ties 7th highest total in the NBA - 71

  • 1994 NY Rangers sweep NY Islanders in NHL playoffs
  • 1994 NFL Draft: Ohio State defensive tackle Dan Wilkinson first pick by Cincinnati Bengals

Sports History

1995 Court orders Darryl Strawberry to pay back $350,000 in taxes

  • 1995 Dow Jones Index hits record 4303.98
  • 1995 Package bomb, linked to Unabomber, blows up killing Gilbert B Murray
  • 1996 "Jack-Night on Town with John Barrymore" opens at Belasco for 12 performances
  • 1996 31st Academy of Country Music Awards: Brooks & Dunn, Alan Jackson, and Patty Loveless win
  • 1996 Highest scoring baseball game in 17 years - Twins 24, Tigers 11
  • 1996 The UN and Iraq end a third round of negotiations over Iraq's possible sale of $1 billion of oil for 90 days for a 180-day trial period
  • 1997 Kandor and Ebb's musical "Steel Pier" opens at Richard Rodgers Theater,NYC; runs for 76 performances
  • 2004 United States lifts economic sanctions imposed on Libya 18 years ago, as reward for cooperation in eliminating weapons of mass destruction

Sports History

2004 NFL Draft: Ole Miss quarterback Eli Manning first pick by San Diego Chargers

Papal Inauguration

2005 Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is inaugurated as the 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church taking the name Pope Benedict XVI.

  • 2006 King Gyanendra of Nepal gives into the demands of protesters and restores the parliament that he dissolved in 2002.
  • 2007 Iceland announces that Norway will shoulder the defense of Iceland during peacetime

Film & TV History

2010 Christy Turlington’s directorial debut, "No Woman, No Cry", is released in the U.S.

  • 2013 33 people are killed and 115 are injured after a magnitude 5.7 earthquake strikes Jalalabad, Afghanistan
  • 2013 Deadliest structural failure in history when 1,134, mostly garment workers killed and 2,500 injured after the Rana Plaza building collapses in Savar Upazila, Bangladesh
  • 2015 Armenia commemorates the 100th anniversary of the Armenian Genocide by the Ottoman Empire

Historic Event

2018 US President Donald Trump hosts his first state dinner for visiting French President Emmanuel Macron

  • 2018 Suffragist Millicent Fawcett is the first woman to have a statue erected in Parliament Square, London, England
  • 2018 Streaming music services overtake worldwide sales of CDs and vinyl for the first time according to IFPI

Music History

2018 Ed Sheeran's "÷" is the best-selling album of 2017, selling 6.1 million copies, according to IFPI

  • 2018 Golden State Killer suspect Joseph DeAngelo arrested and charged with eight murders after being identified through genealogy websites
  • 2021 At least 82 COVID-19 patients die in a fire at Ibn Khatib hospital in Baghdad, Iraq, with 100 more injured

Historic Event

2021 Joe Biden becomes the first US President to officially recognize killing of Armenians in the Ottoman empire during WWII as 'genocide'