On This Day

Historical Events on April 26

  • 757 Paolo Orsini replaces his brother Pope Stephen II, as Paul I
  • 1220 German king Frederick II grants bishops sovereign rights
  • 1336 Italian Renaissance poet Francesco Petrarch famously climbs Mont Ventoux
  • 1467 The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy
  • 1478 Pazzi conspirators attack Lorenzo de'Medici and kill Giuliano de'Medici in Florence

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1514 Copernicus makes his 1st observations of Saturn

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus

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1564 William Shakespeare is baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England

  • 1607 Jamestown expedition makes first landing in America at a place named Cape Henry, in what would become Virginia, but they quickly depart for a better site
  • 1654 Jews are expelled from Brazil
  • 1655 Dutch West Indies Co denies Peter Stuyvesant's desire to exclude Jews from New Amsterdam
  • 1677 Emperor Leopold I forms University of Innsbruck
  • 1755 1st Russian university opens in Moscow
  • 1777 Sybil Ludington aged 16, rides 40 miles in New York to warn her father's militia of the approach of the British
  • 1803 Meteorites fall in L'Aigle, France

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1814 King Louis XVIII lands at Calais from England

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
  • 1819 Odd Fellows Lodge forms

  • 1828 Russia declares war on Turkey to support Greece's independence

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1835 Frederic Chopin's "Grand Polonaise Brillante" premieres in Paris

Composer Frederic Chopin
Frederic Chopin
  • 1841 "Bombay Gazette" begins publishing on silk

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1848 Alfred Russel Wallace departs the U.K. for South America, beginning four years of travel, collecting, and research in the region

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1853 Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber
  • 1855 Composer Gioacchino Rossini leaves Italy
  • 1859 Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity - 1st time this defense used successfully in the US
  • 1865 Battle of Durham Station, North Carolina (Greensboro)
  • 1865 Battle of Fort Tobacco, Virginia
  • 1865 Confederate General J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tennessee, at Durham, North Carolina
  • 1887 Huntsville Electric Co forms to sell electricity

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1890 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in London

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1893 1st Cleveland Board of Park Commissioners forms
  • 1900 AL opener in Cleveland draws 6,500
  • 1901 Jimmy Collins, having left the Boston Beaneaters (NL), captains and manages his first game for the Boston Americans (against Baltimore)
  • 1904 Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms
  • 1904 General Kuroko leads the Japanese Army against the large Russian force at the Yalu river during the Russo-Japanese War
  • 1905 Cubs Jack McCarthy becomes only major league player to throw out 3 runners at plate in 1 game, all were ends of a double play
  • 1906 Motion pictures begin regular showings at the Orpheum Theater in Honolulu, Hawaii
  • 1907 Jamestown, Virginia Tercentenary Exposition opens

  • 1912 1st homerun hit at Fenway Park (Hugh Bradley, Red Sox)
  • 1913 Sun Yet San calls for revolt against President Yuan Shikai in China
  • 1915 Italy secretly signes Pact of London with Britain, France & Russia
  • 1920 Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis hold "great debate" on the nature of nebulae, galaxies and size of the universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
  • 1920 Husband and wife team Ludowika & Walter Jakobsson representing Finland, win the pairs skating gold medal at the Antwerp Olympics; Ludowika is the only German-born athlete at the Games
  • 1920 Ice hockey makes its Olympic debut at the Antwerp Games with center Frank Fredrickson scoring 7 goals in Canada's 12-1 drubbing of Sweden in the gold medal match
  • 1925 Pulitzer prize awarded to Edna Ferber for "So big"

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1925 Artist Diego Rivera resigns from the Mexican Communist Party

Painter Diego Rivera
Diego Rivera
  • 1926 Germany & Russia sign neutrality peace treaty
  • 1926 Karachai Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1943)

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1928 Madame Tussaud's waxwork exhibition reopens in London after a fire

Wax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud
Wax Museum Creator
Madame Tussaud
  • 1929 1st non-stop England to India flight lands

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1931 Lou Gehrig hits a HR but is called out for passing a runner, mistake costs him AL home run crown; he & Babe Ruth tie for season

Baseball Player Lou Gehrig
Baseball Player
Lou Gehrig
  • 1932 Jean Anouilh's "L'Ermine" premieres in Paris
  • 1933 Jewish students are barred from school in Germany
  • 1935 Frank Boucher is given NHL's Lady Byng Trophy for sportsmanship permanently for winning it 7 of 11 years

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1936 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 4th Symphony

  • 1937 German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
  • 1938 Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks
  • 1941 A tradition begins, 1st organ at a baseball stadium (Chicago Cubs)
  • 1941 Potatoes rationed in Holland
  • 1942 Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko, Manchuria
  • 1944 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • 1944 Papandreou government in Greece forms

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1945 Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during WW II, arrested for treason

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • 1945 World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht
  • 1947 "Bless the Bride" musical opens in London
  • 1949 Transjordan is officially renamed the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
  • 1950 Last horse race at Havre de Grace Track in Md, is run
  • 1950 U of Miami ends William & Mary straight tennis match victories at 82
  • 1951 Queen Juliana opens Brielsche Mausoleum
  • 1952 Patty Berg scores 64, best competitive round of golf by a woman
  • 1952 US minesweeper Hobson rams aircraft carrier Wasp, kills 176
  • 1954 Far Eastern Affairs conference opens in Geneva

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1954 Nationwide test of Salk anti-polio vaccine begins

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk

Film release premierFilm Release

1954 "Seven Samurai", Japanese film directed by Akira Kurosawa, starring Toshiro Mifune, is released

Actor & Writer Toshiro Mifune
Actor & Writer
Toshiro Mifune
Film Director and Screenwriter Akira Kurosawa
Film Director and Screenwriter
Akira Kurosawa
  • 1956 First modern container ship, the Ideal X, leaves Port Newark, New Jersey for Houston, Texas
  • 1957 Jamestown, Virginia 350th Anniversary Festival opens
  • 1961 French paratroopers' revolt suppressed in Algeria

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1961 Roger Maris hits 1st of 61 homers in 1961

Baseball Player Roger Maris
Baseball Player
Roger Maris
  • 1962 1st Lockheed A-12 flies
  • 1962 Ariel 1 Launch (1st UK Satellite)
  • 1962 Ranger 4 crash lands on (backside of) Moon
  • 1962 Red Sox Bill Monbouquette no-hits White Sox 1-0
  • 1962 US and UK launch Ariel; 1st international payload
  • 1964 18th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat SF Warriors, 4 games to 1

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1964 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Marilynn Smith retains title; beats Mickey Wright by 1 stroke

LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright
LPGA Golfer
Mickey Wright
  • 1964 Tanganyika & Zanzibar form The United Republic of Tanganyika & Zanzibar
  • 1965 Charles Ives' 4th Symphony premieres at Carnegie Hall, New York, 11 years after the composer's death

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1966 Red Auerbach retires as Boston Celtic's coach

NBA Head Coach Red Auerbach
NBA Head Coach
Red Auerbach
  • 1966 An earthquake of magnitude 7.5 destroys Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • 1966 International Olympic Committee votes to award German city of Munich the right to host the 1972 Summer Olympic Games
  • 1967 "Hallelujah, Baby!" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 293 performances
  • 1967 KSPS TV channel 7 in Spokane, WA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 San Marco 2 Launch (1st Equatorial Launch)

  • 1968 Students seize administration building at Ohio State
  • 1968 US underground nuclear test, "Boxcar," 1 megaton device
  • 1969 "Celebration" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 110 performances
  • 1969 "George M!" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 435 performances
  • 1969 Firestone World Bowling Tournament (Mercury Open) won by Jim Godman
  • 1970 "Company" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 690 performances
  • 1971 Heaviest rains ever in Bahia district of Brazil, 15" in 24 hrs
  • 1971 San Francisco lightship replaced by automatic buoy
  • 1971 Turkey state of siege proclaimed
  • 1973 "2 Gentlemen of Verona" musical opens in London
  • 1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 Landslide in Huancavelica Province Peru creates a natural dam
  • 1974 Malta adopts constitution
  • 1974 Yankees trade Peterson, Beene, Kline & Buskey to Indians for Chambliss, Tidrow & Upshaw

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1975 Phillies Mike Schmidt's 2 HRs ties NL record of 11 HRs in April

MLB Third Baseman Mike Schmidt
MLB Third Baseman
Mike Schmidt
  • 1976 Pan Am begins non-stop flights NYC-Tokyo
  • 1977 Opening of Studio 54 in New York, N.Y.
  • 1978 France sends troops to Chad
  • 1978 NASA launches space vehicle S-201
  • 1980 Gerard Nijboer runs Dutch record marathon (2:09:01)
  • 1980 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 Iran begins scattering US hostages from US Embassy
  • 1980 Longest jump by a jet boat is set at 120 feet
  • 1980 Phillies' Steve Carlton pitches his 6th 1-hitter (beats Cards)
  • 1981 "Copperfield" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 13 performances

UKArgentine Soldiers Surrender in the Falklands

1982 Argentina surrenders to Great Britain on South Georgia Island, near the Falkland Islands
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Argentinian prisoners of war are marched in Port Stanley after they surrendered in the Falklands War
Argentinian prisoners of war are marched in Port Stanley after they surrendered in the Falklands War
  • 1982 Gene Michael becomes NY Yankee manager for 2nd time

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1982 Rod Stewart is mugged, gunman steals his $50,000 Porsche

Singer Rod Stewart
Rod Stewart
  • 1983 Dow Jones Industrial Avg breaks 1,200 for 1st time
  • 1983 San Antonio spurs beat Denver Nuggets, 152-133 in NBA playoff game

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1983 NFL Draft: Stanford quarterback John Elway first pick by Baltimore Colts

NFL Quarterback John Elway
NFL Quarterback
John Elway
  • 1984 Liverpool's Cavern Club reopens

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1984 President Reagan visits China

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1986 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Marshall Holman
  • 1986 France performs nuclear test
  • 1986 Game between Angels & Twins delayed for 9 minutes by strong winds

Historic DiscoveryPripyat: Nuclear Wasteland

1986 World's worst nuclear disaster: 4th reactor at Chernobyl nuclear power station in USSR explodes, 31 die, radioactive contamination reaches much of Western Europe
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'I Love You Pripyat, Forgive Me!' scrawled on the walls of a Pripyat clinic during its hasty evacuation after the Chernobyl disaster
'I Love You Pripyat, Forgive Me!' scrawled on the walls of a Pripyat clinic during its hasty evacuation after the Chernobyl disaster
  • 1987 "Barbara Cook: A Concert" closes at Ambassador NYC after 13 performances
  • 1988 1st TNN Viewers choice awards-Randy Travis wins in 5 categories
  • 1988 NBA approves addition of 3rd referee in 1988-89 season
  • 1988 NY Met Davey Johnson becomes 2nd manager to record 400 victory in 1st 4 years (Al Lopez did it 1st)

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1989 Mike Tyson gets a speeding ticket for drag racing his Lamborghini in Albany, New York

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Mike Tyson
  • 1989 AT&T announces NJ's 201 area code will split into 908 & 201
  • 1990 "Accomplice" opens at Richard Rodgers Theater NYC for 52 performances
  • 1990 126 die in a (6.9) earthquake in China
  • 1990 Danny Wood of New Kids, steps on a stuffed animal & twists his ankle
  • 1990 NY court of appeals ends 2½ year legal battle over 1988 America's Cup by refusing jurisdiction of case

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1990 Nolan Ryan ties Bob Feller's record of pitching 12 1-hitters

MLB Pitching Legend Nolan Ryan
MLB Pitching Legend
Nolan Ryan
  • 1991 "Dinosaurs" premieres on ABC-TV
  • 1991 23 killed in Kansas & Oklahoma by tornadoes

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1991 Soccer star Diego Maradona, suspended for using cocaine, arrested in Argentina for possession & distribution of illegal narcotics

Football Legend Diego Maradona
Football Legend
Diego Maradona
  • 1992 "Grand Hotel" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 1,018 performances
  • 1992 "Growing Pains" final episode on ABC TV
  • 1992 "Jelly's Last Jam" opens at Virginia Theater NYC for 569 performances
  • 1992 "Master Builder" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 45 performances
  • 1992 "Metro" closes at Minskoff Theater NYC after 13 performances
  • 1992 "Who's The Boss" final episode after 8 years on ABC TV

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1992 Alex Haley (Roots) wins 1992 Ellis Island Award, posthumously

Writer Alex Haley
Alex Haley
  • 1992 Ozzie Smith steals his 500th base
  • 1992 NFL Draft: University of Washington defensive end Steve Emtman from first pick by Indianapolis Colts

  • 1993 "Shakespeare for My Father" opens at Helen Hayes NYC for 266 performances
  • 1993 Boeing 737 crashes at Aurangabad, kills 56

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1993 NBC announces Conan O'Brien to replace David Letterman

TV Host Conan O'Brien
TV Host
Conan O'Brien
Comedian and Television Host David Letterman
Comedian and Television Host
David Letterman
  • 1993 STS-55 (Columbia) launches into orbit
  • 1994 26.9°C in Prestebakke Norway (Norwegian April high temperature record)
  • 1994 Taiwan Airbus A-300 crashes at Nagoya Japan, 262 killed
  • 1994 1st day of voting in first ever multi-racial elections in South Africa, Dr Nomaza Paintin in NZ is 1st black South African to vote
  • 1994 Physicists announce first evidence of the top quark subatomic particle.
  • 1995 Baseball season begins after lengthy strike
  • 1995 Coors Field, opens in Denver, Rockies beat Mets 11-9 in 14 innings
  • 1996 Shaun Pollock takes 4 wkts in 4 balls for Warwickshire in B&H
  • 1996 Sotherby ends 4 day auction of Jackie O stuff-take in $34.5 million
  • 1997 "Life" opens at Barrymore Theater NYC
  • 2002 Robert Steinhäuser infiltrates and kills 17 at Gutenberg-Gymnasium in Erfurt, Germany before dying of a self-inflicted gunshot.
  • 2003 NFL Draft: USC quarterback Carson Palmer first pick by Cincinnati Bengals
  • 2005 Under international pressure, Syria withdraws the last of its 14,000 troop military garrison in Lebanon, ending its 29-year military domination of that country.
  • 2007 Queen's Pier is officially closed by the Hong Kong Government, after a bitter struggle by conservationists, in order to facilitate land reclamation in Hong Kong's Central district
  • 2008 NFL Draft: University of Michigan offensive tackle Jake Long first pick by Miami Dolphins
  • 2009 55th British Academy Television Awards: "Harry and Paul" Best Comedy, "Wallander" Best Drama

Film release premierFilm Premier

2010 "Iron Man 2", directed by Jon Favreau, starring Robert Downey Jr. and Gwyneth Paltrow, premieres in Los Angeles

  • 2012 70 people are killed by rocket attacks by the Syrian Army on the city of Hama
  • 2012 Indonesia suspends imports of American beef after a confirmed case of mad cow disease in California
  • 2012 NFL Draft: Stanford quarterback Andrew Luck first pick by Indianapolis Colts
  • 2013 30 people are killed after a bus crashes following a Taliban attack in southern Afghanistan

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2013 Cory Monteith is reported to have completed treatment at a drug rehabilitation facility

Actor & Musician Cory Monteith
Actor & Musician
Cory Monteith
  • 2015 Nursultan Nazarbayev is re-elected President of Kazakhstan with 97.7% of the vote
  • 2015 35th London Marathon: Kenyan Eliud Kipchoge & Ethiopian Tigist Tufa win
  • 2015 FC Bayern Munich wins the 2014–15 Bundesliga for a 25th time
  • 2016 CEO of Chobani, Hamdi Ulukaya, announces that he will be giving his employees 10% of the shares in Chobani
  • 2017 Gift Ngoepe becomes 1st black African to play in Major League Baseball, for the Pittsburgh Pirates

Appears on tv showTelevision Debut

2017 "The Handmaid's Tale" debuts on Hulu starring Elisabeth Moss, Joseph Fiennes and Yvonne Strahovski, based on the book by Margaret Atwood

  • 2018 Serial killer "Golden State Killer" identified after 40 years as a former police officer, responsible for 12 killings, 50 rapes in California

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2018 Comedian Bill Cosby is found guilty of sexual assault in Pennsylvania

Actor/Comedian Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
  • 2018 NFL Draft: Oklahoma quarterback Baker Mayfield first pick by Cleveland Browns; 4 QBs taken in top 10 selections for first time in history
  • 2019 Six suspected militants connected to Sri Lankan terror attacks killed along with ten others in a shootout with police in Sainthamaruthu
  • 2019 "No religion" tops survey of American religious identity for the first time at 23.1% edging out Catholics 23.0% and evangelicals 22.5%, in long-running General Social Survey