On This Day

Historical Events on April 27

  • 1124 David I becomes King of Scots

Victory in Battle

1296 Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated by Edward I of England

Excommunication

1509 Pope Julius II excommunicates Italian state of Venice

  • 1518 Treaty of St Truiden: anti-French Trapdoors and Bourgondisch covenant
  • 1522 Battle of Bicocca: a combined French and Venetian force is decisively defeated by a Spanish-Imperial and Papal army
  • 1539 Re-founding of the city of Bogotá, New Granada (nowadays Colombia), by Nikolaus Federmann and Sebastián de Belalcázar.
  • 1565 1st Spanish settlement in the Philippines forms at Cebu City
  • 1576 Peace of Beaulieu and Paix de Monsieur
  • 1578 Duel of the Mignons claims the lives of two favorites of Henry III of France and two favorites of Henry I, Duke of Guise.
  • 1643 Tirso de Molina's "Bellaco Sois, Gomez" premieres in Madrid

Historic Event

1646 King Charles I flees Oxford

  • 1650 The Battle of Carbisdale: Royalist army under Marquess of Montrose invades mainland Scotland from Orkney; defeated by a Covenanter army.
  • 1662 Netherlands & France sign military covenant

Historic Publication

1667 Blind and impoverished, English poet John Milton sells the copyright of "Paradise Lost" for £10

  • 1694 Frederik August I "the Strong" becomes monarch of Saksen

Music Premiere

1749 First performance of George Frideric Handel's "Music For The Royal Fireworks"in Green Park, London

  • 1773 British Parliament passes Tea Act (Boston won't like this)
  • 1805 US Marines attack shores of Tripoli

Music Recording

1810 Ludwig van Beethoven composes his famous piano piece "Für Elise"

  • 1813 Americans under General Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
  • 1828 Zoological Gardens at Regent's Park in London opens
  • 1838 Fire destroys half of Charleston

Palace of Westminster

1840 Foundation stone for new Palace of Westminster, London, laid by Sarah Barry wife of its architect Charles Barry

  • 1841 Imakita Kosen, 1st Zen teacher of D.T. Suzuki, found the awakening
  • 1857 Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
  • 1859 "Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard

Historic Event

1860 Thomas Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry

Historic Event

1861 US President Abraham Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus (US Civil War)

  • 1861 West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from Union (US Civil War)
  • 1863 Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
  • 1865 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
  • 1865 Steamboat "SS Sultana" explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.
  • 1867 Charles Gounod's opera "Romeo et Juliette" is premieres at the Théâtre Lyrique, Paris, France
  • 1874 White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms

Music Premiere

1877 Jules Massenet's opera "Le Roi de Lahore" (The King of Lahore) premieres at the Palais Garnier, Paris, France

Historic Event

1877 Rutherford B. Hayes removes Federal troops from Louisiana, Reconstruction ends

  • 1881 Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
  • 1890 French troops under Capt Archinard occupy Oussebougou, West Sudan
  • 1893 Richard "King Dick" Seddon succeeds John Balance as premier of New Zealand and leader of Liberal Party
  • 1897 Grant's Tomb (famed of song & legend) dedicated
  • 1899 Foundation of the Phonogrammarchiv of the Austrian Academy of Science, the world's first research sound archive (added to UNESCO's Memory of the World 1999) [1]
  • 1903 1st Highlander (Yankee) shut-out, Philadelphia A's win 6-0
  • 1903 Long Island's Jamaica Race Track opens

First Labour Government

1904 The Australian Labor Party under Prime Minister Chris Watson becomes the first Labor government in the world

  • 1905 World Exposition opens in Liège
  • 1908 IV Summer (Modern) Olympic Games open in London
  • 1909 Sultan of Turkey Abdul Hamid II is overthrown
  • 1910 Belgian parliament rejects socialist motion for general voting rights

Historic Event

1910 Louis Botha and J. B. M. Hertzog establish the moderately nationalist South African Party promising equality of Britons and Boers

  • 1911 Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the United States Senate

Historic Event

1911 Indian passive resistance is suspended when General J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi

  • 1912 Relief laws in Netherlands replace those of 1854
  • 1914 Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty

Historic Event

1915 Counterattack launched by Turkish forces under the command of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk against allied troops

  • 1916 The British renew their assault on the Irish Volunteer position in Mount Street; shelling also sets the buildings on fire
  • 1918 Giants' 9-0 winning start & Dodgers' 0-9 losing streak are stopped
  • 1920 Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
  • 1920 Sweden takes the figure skating double at the Antwerp Olympics when Gillis Grafström wins his first of 3 consecutive men's gold medals; Magda Julin earlier wins the women's singles event
  • 1921 Hadjememaar, [Corn de Gelder] elected in Amsterdam
  • 1922 Fritz Lang's "Dr Mabuse, der Spieler" premieres in Berlin
  • 1922 Yakut ASSR formed in Russian SFSR
  • 1924 Antwerp soccer tie Belgium-Netherlands 1-1
  • 1926 In the Giants' 9-8 win over Phillies, Mel Ott, 17, 1st appearance
  • 1927 Carabineros de Chile (Chilean national police force and gendarmery) created
  • 1929 Ryder Cup Golf, Moortown GC: Great Britain beats US, 7-5 in bitterly cold and snowy conditions
  • 1930 White Sox 1st baseman Bud Clancy didn't handle ball at all in a 9 inning game vs St Louis Browns [1]
  • 1931 100°F (38°C), Pahala, Hawaii (state record)

Historic Event

1933 Adolf Hitler authorizes creation of Ministry of Aviation, in part to revive the German Luftwaffe, under Reichsmarshall Hermann Goering

  • 1933 Karl Jansky reports reception of cosmic radio signal in Washington, D.C.
  • 1933 Jessop & Son department store in Nottingham, England, acquired by John Lewis Partnership. The partnership's first shop outside London.
  • 1935 Brussels World Exposition opens
  • 1935 Yanks pull a 1st inning triple-play & beat Philadelphia A's 9-8
  • 1937 1st US social security payment made

Historic Event

1940 Himmler orders establishment of Auschwitz Concentration Camp

  • 1941 German troops occupy Athens, Greece
  • 1942 Belgian Jews are forced to wear stars
  • 1942 Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300
  • 1943 Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London

Historic Event

1943 Witold Pilecki escapes from Auschwitz after having voluntarily been imprisoned there to gain information about the Holocaust

  • 1944 Boston Brave Jim Tobin no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-0
  • 1945 2nd Republic of Austria forms

Historic Event

1945 Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini at Dongo (Lake Como)

  • 1945 US 5th army enters Genoa
  • 1945 World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication
  • 1946 1st radar installed aboard a commercial ship

Sports History

1947 Babe Ruth Day celebrated at Yankee Stadium and throughout the US

  • 1948 Arab legion attacks Gesher bridge on Jordan River
  • 1950 "Tickets, Please" opens at Coronet Theater NYC for 245 performances
  • 1950 South Africa passes Group Areas Act segregating races
  • 1952 "4 Saints in 3 Acts" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 15 performances
  • 1953 1st general elections in British Guiana, won by the People's Progressive Party with Cheddi Jagan first person of Indian descent to be elected head of government outside South Asia
  • 1953 Wrestler Freddie Blassie coins term "Pencil neck geek"
  • 1956 Burma Premier U Nu's Volksliga voor Vrijheid loses election

Sports History

1956 Undefeated world heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano, retires from the ring

  • 1959 "Today" show goes abroard 1st time (Paris France)

Historic Event

1959 Mao Zedong resigns as Chairman of the PRC after the disastrous failure of the Great Leap Forward

  • 1959 The last Canadian missionary leaves the People's Republic of China.
  • 1960 1st atomic powered electric-drive submarine launched (Tullibee)

Historic Event

1960 South Korean President Syngman Rhee resigns after 12 years in power

  • 1960 Togo (formerly French Togo) declares independence from French administration
  • 1961 NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays
  • 1961 NFL officially recognizes Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio
  • 1961 Sierra Leone declares independence from UK
  • 1962 Arnold Wesker's "Chips with Everything" premieres in London
  • 1962 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1963 "Jopie" Pengel forms government in Suriname

Historic Event

1963 Cuban premier Fidel Castro arrives in Moscow

Historic Publication

1964 John Lennon's book of poetry and sketches "In His Own Write" is published in US

  • 1965 "I'm Solomon" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 7 performances
  • 1965 RC Duncan patents "Pampers" disposable diaper

Music Concert

1966 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 2nd Cello Concert

  • 1967 Expo 67 opens in Montreal, Canada, featuring a giant Biosphere designed by Buckminster Fuller
  • 1967 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 "Education of Hyman Kaplan" closes at Alvin NYC after 28 performances
  • 1968 Baltimore Oriole Tom Phoebus no-hits Boston, 6-0
  • 1968 Congress of Political Party Radicals (PPR) forms in Netherlands
  • 1968 The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) hold a rally to protest the banning of a Republican Easter parade
  • 1971 Curt Flood resigns Senators after 13 games & departs for Denmark
  • 1972 Apollo 16 returns to Earth
  • 1972 NYC Mayor John Lindsey appeals that John Lennon not be deported
  • 1973 KC Royals pitcher Steve Busby no-hits Detroit Tigers, 3-0
  • 1974 Pan Am 707 crashes into mountains of Bali, killing 107
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1976 "So Long 174th St" opens at Harkness Theater NYC for 16 performances
  • 1976 Arabic Monetary Fund established in Abu Dhabi
  • 1977 Bloody riots in Soweto, South Africa
  • 1977 HCC, Hobby Computer Club, forms in Netherlands
  • 1977 28 people are killed in the Guatemala City air disaster.
  • 1978 Cooling tower collapses at a coal-fired power plant at Willow Island, West Virginia, kills 51
  • 1978 Afghanistan revolution (National Day), pro-Russian military coup

Music Single

1979 George Harrison releases single "Love Comes to Everyone"

Music History

1981 Paul McCartney's solo rock band Wings breaks-up

  • 1981 1st female soccer official is hired by NASL
  • 1981 Xerox PARC introduces the computer mouse
  • 1982 NFL Draft: University of Texas defensive end Kenneth Sims first pick by New England Patriots

Baseball Record

1983 Nolan Ryan becomes strikeout king (3,509), passing Walter Johnson

  • 1984 Cleveland Indians beat Detroit Tigers, 8-4, in 19 innings
  • 1984 Over 70 inches of snow falls on Red Lake Montana
  • 1986 Cy Coleman and Dorothy Fields' musical "Sweet Charity" starring Gwen Verdon, opens at the Minskoff Theatre, NYC; runs for 368 performances, and wins a Tony Award for choreographer Bob Fosse
  • 1986 Captain Midnight (John R MacDougall) hacks into and interrupts HBO

Pripyat: Nuclear Wasteland

1986 Soviet authorities order the evacuation of the city of Pripyat (pop. 50,000) 1 day after the Chernobyl nuclear accident

Historic Event

1987 US Justice Department bars Austrian Chancellor Kurt Waldheim from entering US, due to his aid of Nazi Germany during WW II

  • 1989 "Starmites" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 60 performances
  • 1989 Beijing students take over Tiananmen Square in China
  • 1989 Hurricane in Bangladesh kills 500
  • 1989 Mandatory seatbelt law goes into effect in Italy
  • 1990 50th annual barbershop quartet singing convention held (Mich)

Sports History

1990 Dodger Orel Hershiser undergoes career-threatening shoulder surgery

  • 1990 Villanova's women set a 6,000 m relay world record of 17:18:10
  • 1991 "Lucifer's Child" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 28 performances
  • 1991 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by David Ozio
  • 1992 "Small Family Business" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 48 performances
  • 1992 NY Mets trade David Cone to Toronto Blue Jays for Jeff Kent
  • 1992 The Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, comprising Serbia and Montenegro, is proclaimed
  • 1992 Betty Boothroyd becomes the first woman to be elected Speaker of the British House of Commons in its 700-year history.
  • 1993 Afghan Antonov AN-32 crashes at Tashqurgan, kills 76
  • 1994 "An Inspector Calls" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 454 performances
  • 1994 29.0°C in Genevad, Sweden (Swedish April high temperature record)
  • 1994 7th longest NHL game at 125 min 43 sec: Buffalo Sabres beat New Jersey Devils 1-0 on a goal by Dave Hannan
  • 1994 Graeme Obree bicycles world record time (52,713 km)

Historic Event

1994 Former US President Richard Nixon buried in Nixon Library in Yorba Linda, California

  • 1994 Twins righty Scott Erickson no-hits Brewers 6-0
  • 1994 Freedom Day: day 2 of South Africa's 1st multi-racial elections and day most voted - some queuing for 10 hours
  • 1995 "Indiscretions" opens at Ethel Barrymore Theater NYC for 221 performances
  • 1996 Brunswick World Tournament of Champions won by Dave D'Entremont
  • 1997 "Little Foxes" opens at Vivian Beaumont NYC for 56 performances
  • 1997 "Stanley" closes at Circle in the Square Theater, NYC
  • 1997 Frank Nobilo wins Greater Greensboro Chrysler Classic at Forest Oaks

Music Concert

1998 Rock for the Rainforest benefit concert held at Carnegie Hall, NYC; performers include: Sting, Elton John, James Taylor, Madonna, Billy Joel, Joe Cocker, Emmylou Harris, Roberta Flack, Wynonna Judd, and Tsidii Leloka

  • 2002 The last successful telemetry from the NASA space probe Pioneer 10
  • 2005 The superjumbo jet aircraft Airbus A380 makes its first flight from Toulouse, France
  • 2006 Construction begins on the Freedom Tower for the new World Trade Center in New York City
  • 2007 Estonian authorities remove the Bronze Soldier, a Soviet Red Army war memorial in Tallinn, amid political controversy with Russia.
  • 2011 Deadliest day of the 2011 super outbreak of tornadoes, the largest tornado outbreak in United States history

Historic Event

2011 U.S. President Barack Obama, coerced by incessant false "birther" accusations, publicly releases a copy of his birth certificate

  • 2012 Four explosions in Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine, kill 27 people
  • 2013 10 people are killed and 25 are injured after a bomb attack in Karachi, Pakistan

Music Single

2014 Ariana Grande's first single from her album, "Problem" featuring Iggy Azalea, is released

Television Premiere

2014 "Last Week Tonight with John Oliver" late-night talk and news show fronted by John Oliver premieres on HBO

  • 2017 NFL Draft: Texas A&M defensive end Myles Garrett first pick by Cleveland Browns

Summit of Interest

2018 Historic Korean summit, the North's Kim Jong-un and Moon Jae-in of South Korea agree to officially end Korean war and rid peninsula of nuclear weapons

  • 2018 Swedish band ABBA announce they have recorded new songs for the first time since 1982
  • 2018 Mass protests across Spain after 5 men convicted of sexual abuse but not rape of teenage girl during Running of the Bulls festival in Pamplona
  • 2018 More than 40 Tuareg killed over two days by suspected jihadists in Menaka region, Mali

Historic Event

2019 Pope Francis donates $500,000 for migrants stranded in Mexico trying to reach the US

  • 2019 Shooter opens fire in a synagogue in Poway, California, killing one and injuring three

COVID-19

2020 Global confirmed cases of COVID-19 pass 3 million with the death toll at 205,000. US has 1/3 of all new cases.

  • 2020 US Defense Department declassifies and releases videos of unidentified "aerial phenomena" from 2004 and 2015

COVID-19 Pandemic

2021 Brazil's Senate orders an official inquiry into President Jair Bolsonaro' and government official's handling of the COVID-19 pandemic

  • 2021 Pfizer announces it is working on a new antiviral therapy to treat COVID-19 at its onset and prevent hospitalization [1]
  • 2022 US CDC report finds that more than half of people (57.7%) had antibodies for COVID-19 by February 2022, with 75.2% of children and teenagers [1]

Historic Event

2022 SpaceX, launches its Crew Dragon capsule with four astronauts, including Jessica Watkins - becomes 1st black woman to serve extended mission on International Space Station [1]

  • 2022 Italian women footballers finally turn professional after Italian Football Federation changes status of top division (takes effect 1 July) and ends capped amateur salaries [1]