On This Day

Historical Events on April 28

  • 357 Emperor Constantius II visits Rome
  • 1180 Philip II of France (14) marries first wife Isabella of Hainault (10) at Bapaume
  • 1192 Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne confirmed by election. Killing carried out by Hashshashin.

Historic Event

1202 King Philip II expels King John of England ("Lackland") from France

  • 1253 -May 7th) Utrecht destroyed by fire
  • 1253 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
  • 1376 English parliament demands supervision of royal spending
  • 1376 English "Good Parliament" begins meeting in London, will sit till 10th July, then the longest-sitting English parliament
  • 1503 Battle at Cerignalo: Spanish army under Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba defeats a French force led by Louis d'Armagnac, Duke of Nemours
  • 1521 Treaty of Worms: Emperor Charles names his brother Ferdinand Archduke of Netherlands-Austria
  • 1550 Powers of Dutch inquisition extends
  • 1611 Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, oldest existing university in Asia and largest Catholic university in the world
  • 1635 Virginia Governor John Harvey accused of treason and removed from office
  • 1655 English General-at-Sea Robert Blake (he was never titled Admiral) beats North African pirate fleet

Historic Discovery

1770 British Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, lands at Botany Bay in Australia

Historic Event

1796 Cease fire of Cherasco between Sardinia and Napoleon Bonaparte

  • 1804 31 British ships sail up Suriname river demanding transition colony from the Dutch

Historic Event

1818 US President James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain

  • 1829 Dutch parliament accepts new press laws
  • 1847 George B. Vashon becomes 1st African American to enter New York State Bar
  • 1848 Slavery abolished in French colonies
  • 1855 1st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston
  • 1865 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine" premieres in Paris
  • 1881 French troops sent into Tunisia

Historic Event

1881 Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Lincoln, New Mexico

  • 1892 1st performance of Antonín Dvořák's overture "Carnival Overture"
  • 1901 Cleveland's Bock Baker gives up a record 23 singles as White Sox beat Blues (Cleveland Blues!) 13-1
  • 1902 Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1 Year Zero occurs at 10:40 AM on this date

Historic Event

1910 First night air flight by Claude Grahame-White in England

  • 1914 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles, West Virginia
  • 1919 1st jump with US Army Air Corps (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)
  • 1920 Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • 1922 WOI (Ames, Iowa) country's 1st licensed educational radio station
  • 1923 Wembley Stadium opens - Bolton Wanderers vs West Ham United (FA Cup)
  • 1924 119 die in coal mine disaster at Benwood, West Virginia
  • 1925 Kurdish rebels surrender to Turkish army
  • 1925 Netherlands & Great Britain return to gold standard
  • 1930 1st night organized baseball game played in Independence, Kansas
  • 1931 Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track & field

Historic Event

1934 FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act

  • 1934 Soccer team Blue White '34 forms
  • 1934 Spanish government of Samper forms
  • 1934 Tigers' Goose Goslin grounds into 4 straight double plays
  • 1935 Moscow underground railway opens (81 km long)
  • 1937 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (NYC)
  • 1937 1st commercial flight across Pacific operated by Pan Am

Treaty of Interest

1939 Adolf Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect

Music Recording

1940 Glenn Miller records "Pennsylvania 6-5000"

  • 1940 SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) Rudolf Höss (not Hess, different Nazi) becomes commandant of concentration camp Auschwitz
  • 1941 Last British troops in Greece surrender
  • 1942 German Luftwaffe estimated to have flown over 11 thousand sorties against Malta since 20th March
  • 1942 "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
  • 1942 Nightly "dim-out" begins along US East Coast
  • 1943 1st performance of Marc Blitzstein's "Freedom Morning"
  • 1943 German-Italian counter offensive in North Africa
  • 1943 US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara, North Tunisia

Meeting of Interest

1944 Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meets Polish-American priest Stanislaus Orlemanski in Moscow to discuss religion and the future of post-war Poland

  • 1944 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.
  • 1945 British commandos attack Elbe & occupy Lauenburg
  • 1945 US 5th army reaches Swiss border

Historic Event

1947 Thor Heyerdahl and the crew of the "Kon-Tiki" sail from Peru to Polynesia

  • 1949 Former Philippine First Lady Aurora Quezon, 61, assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others also killed

Election of Interest

1951 Mohammad Mosaddegh elected Prime Minister of Iran by the Parliament of Iran (Majlis)

  • 1952 St Louis Browns lend 2 black minor leaguers to Hankyu Braves of Japan
  • 1952 WW II Pacific peace treaty takes effect

Historic Event

1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO

  • 1955 WBIQ TV channel 10 in Birmingham, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Last French troops leave Vietnam

Baseball Record

1956 Cincinnati Reds outfielder Frank Robinson hits his 1st of 586 HRs

  • 1957 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Montgomery CC: Patty Berg wins her 6th WO by 1 stroke from Wiffi Smith
  • 1957 WSOC TV channel 9 in Charlotte, North Carolina (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 4th National Film Awards (India): "Kabuliwala" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1958 Vanguard TV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)

Historic Event

1958 US Vice President Richard Nixon begins goodwill tour of Latin America

  • 1959 KLOE TV channel 10 in Goodland, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 KPLR TV channel 11 in Saint Louis, MO (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 6th National Film Awards (India): "Sagar Sangamey" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 1960 Webster and Fain's musical "Christine", based on Hilda Wernher's novel "My Indian Family", opens at 46th St Theater, NYC; runs for 12 performances
  • 1960 WIPM TV channel 3 in Mayaguez, PR (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 Lt Col Gueorgui Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 m altitude

Sports History

1961 Warren Spahn pitches 2nd no hitter at 41 beats SF Giants, 1-0

  • 1963 17th Tony Awards: "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" and "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" win
  • 1964 Japan joins the OECD

Television Premiere

1965 "My Name is Barbra", Barbra Streisand's first television special, premieres on CBS

  • 1965 Lindsey Nelson broadcasts baseball game at Astrodome from a hanging gondola
  • 1965 Richard Helms replaces Marshall S Carter as deputy director of CIA
  • 1965 US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until October 1966
  • 1965 William F Raborn Jr replaces John A McCone as 7th head of CIA

Music Concert

1965 Luciano Pavarotti makes his debut at La Scala, Milan in Franco Zeffirelli's production of "La bohème" with Mirella Freni

  • 1966 20th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 3
  • 1966 Cleve ties record with 10th straight win since Opening Day
  • 1966 OCAM, Common Afro-Mauritian Organization forms

Sports History

1967 Muhammad Ali refuses induction into army & stripped of boxing title

Agreement of Interest

1967 The Douglas Aircraft Company behind schedule with deliveries of the DC-8 and DC-9 and close to bankruptcy agrees to merge with the McDonnell Aircraft Corporation to form McDonnell Douglas

  • 1968 11 year-old Mary Bell strangles 4 year-old

Historic Event

1969 Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France

  • 1969 King Crismson with Greg Lake & Ian McDonald debuts

Music Awards

1969 4th Academy of Country Music Awards: Glen Campbell and Cathie Taylor win

  • 1971 Dutch social democratic party/D'66/DS'70 win parliamentary election
  • 1971 Samuel Lee Gravely Jr becomes 1st black admiral in US Navy
  • 1972 Courts award 1968 Kentucky Derby prize money to 2nd place winner due to the winner being given drugs before the race
  • 1973 Over 6000 Mk. 82 500 pound bombs detonate over 18 hrs in a railyard in northern California. 5500 structures damaged, town of Antelope destroyed, with every building reduced to foundations. Leads to Transportation Safety Act (1974)

TV Show Appearance

1975 Ringo Starr appears on "The Smothers Brothers Show", singing Hoyt Axton's "No No Song", and John Lennon is the guest on Tom Snyder's "Tomorrow" program, in what turns out to be his final television interview

  • 1975 South-Vietnam Gen Duong Van Minh sworn in as president till April 30
  • 1977 Christopher Boyce convicted for selling secrets

Historic Event

1977 Andreas Baader and members of terrorist group the Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof Gang) jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly 2 years in Stuttgart, Germany

  • 1977 The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed.
  • 1980 Cyrus Vance, Carter's US Secretary of State, resigns
  • 1980 Reunion Arena in Dallas opens
  • 1980 US Secretary of State Cyrus Vance resigns in protest over the Iran hostage rescue attempt
  • 1981 Galician current Statute of Autonomy.
  • 1981 "We’re Fighting Back" premieres on CBS in the US, based on the formation of the Guardian Angels
  • 1983 Argentine government declares all 15-30,000 missing persons dead
  • 1983 NASA launches Geos-F
  • 1984 "La Tragedie de Carmen" closes at Beaumont Theater NYC after 187 performances

Sports History

1985 Billy Martin named NY Yankee manager for 4th time

Sports History

1985 Fernando Valenzuela sets record of 41 scoreless inn to start season

Pripyat: Nuclear Wasteland

1986 Soviet TV news program Vremya announces a nuclear accident at Chernobyl nuclear power station, 2 days after the event

  • 1987 NBA announces expansion to Charlotte NC & Miami Fla in 1988 & Minneapolis Minn & Orlando Fla in 1989
  • 1987 American engineer Ben Linder is killed in an ambush by U.S.-funded Contras in northern Nicaragua.
  • 1987 NFL Draft: University of Miami quarterback Vinny Testaverde first pick by Tampa Bay Buccaneers

Music Premiere

1988 Benny Andersson, Björn Ulvaeus, and Tim Rice's musical "Chess" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 68 performances

  • 1988 Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 roof tears off in flight; kills stewardess
  • 1988 Baltimore Orioles lose AL record 21 games in a row
  • 1988 NJ Devils set all time playoff mark for penalty minutes
  • 1989 Argentina, hit by rocketing inflation, runs out of money

Historic Event

1989 Iran protests sale of "Satanic Verses" by Salman Rushdie

  • 1990 Marvin Hamlisch and Edward Kleban's "A Chorus Line" closes at Shubert Theater, NYC after 6,137 performances
  • 1990 Boston Celtics score most points in a playoff, beat NY Knicks 157-128
  • 1990 Professional Bowlers Association Tournament of Champions: Dave Ferraro beats Tony Westlake, 226–203
  • 1990 Last issue of Dutch communist daily De Waarheid (The Truth)
  • 1991 "Gypsy" opens at Marquis Theater NYC for 105 performances
  • 1991 "Taking Steps" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 78 performances
  • 1991 Space Shuttle STS 39 (Discovery 12) launched
  • 1992 Italian President Francesco Cossiga formally resigns
  • 1993 "Tango Passion" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 1993 Carlo Ciampi forms Italian government with ex-communists
  • 1993 Zambian plane crashes at Libreville, Gabon, 30 soccer players die

Sports History

1993 NY Islanders beat Wash Caps 4 to 1 in playoffs, Caps Dale Hunter attacks Pierre Turgeon after scoring, in hockey's worst cheap shot

Historic Event

1994 Aldrich Ames, former CIA officer and his wife Rosario plead guilty to spying for the Soviet Union and Russia

  • 1994 Freddy Thielemans sworn in as Mayor of Brussels, Belgium
  • 1995 Gas explosion in South Korean metro, 103 die
  • 1995 Sri Lankaan BAE748 crashes at Palaly, 52 die
  • 1996 "Big" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 193 performances
  • 1996 In Australia's worst massacre in modern history, Martin Bryant shoots and kills 35 in Port Arthur, Tasmania. Leads to a compulsory gun buy back program and major changes to gun control laws.
  • 1997 "Jekyll & Hyde" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC
  • 2001 Millionaire Dennis Tito becomes the world's first space tourist
  • 2002 The Tradition Senior Men's Golf, Superstition Mountain G&CC: Jim Thorpe wins his lone career major title with birdie on first playoff hole against John Jacobs

Sports History

2003 Andre Agassi recaptures the world no. 1 ranking to become the oldest top-ranked male in the history of the ATP rankings (33 years, 13 days)

Shrek the Sheep

2004 Shrek the sheep from Tarras, Central Otago, New Zealand, is finally shorn live on TV after 6 years avoidance; the fleece weighed 27 kg (60 lb)

  • 2005 The Patent Law Treaty goes into effect.
  • 2007 NFL Draft: LSU quarterback JaMarcus Russell first pick by Oakland Raiders

Sports History

2007 Cricket World Cup, Bridgetown, Barbados: Australia defeats Sri Lanka by 53 runs to win their 3rd consecutive World Cup; Glenn McGrath Player of Series

  • 2011 NFL Draft: Auburn quarterback Cam Newton first pick by Carolina Panthers
  • 2012 Tent collapse in St Louis, Missouri, kills one and injures 110 people
  • 2013 8 people are killed and dozens are injured after Taliban attacks on election candidates in Pakistan
  • 2013 3 people are killed and 14 are injured after a gas explosions causes a building to collapse in Reims, France

Film & TV History

2014 Craig Ferguson announces he will leave "The Late Late Show" at the end of 2014

  • 2016 NFL Draft: Cal quarterback Jared Goff first pick by Los Angeles Rams

Film & TV History

2017 Gwyneth Paltrow brand Goop and Condé Nast announce they will be launching a quarterly publication together

  • 2018 Shaquem Griffin is the first one-handed person to be drafted into the NFL, for the Seattle Seahawks

Film & TV History

2018 Danny DeVito Day declared in Jersey for 17th November by Mayor John Moor of Asbury Park

  • 2018 World's largest child sacrifice, 140 remains uncovered by archaeologists near Trujillo, Peru, dating back 550 years to Chimú civilisation
  • 2018 Indian government announces electricity has now reached every Indian village

Television Debut

2019 TV series "Game of Thrones: The Long Night" episode debuts with the longest battle ever screened (nearly 80 mins), surpassing "Lord of the Rings" Battle of Helm's Deep (44 mins)

  • 2019 American diver Victor Vescovo makes the deepest dive ever to the bottom of the Mariana trench at 10,927m (35,849ft), and finds a plastic bag

Film & TV History

2019 Disney says Marvel film "Avengers: Endgame" made estimated $1.2 billion worldwide, first film to make more than 1 billion on opening

  • 2019 Largest demonstrations since 2014 in Hong Kong over plans to change law to send suspects to mainland China for trial
  • 2019 Spanish general election: no party wins a majority, Socialists under Pedro Sanchez win most with 29%


2020 US confirmed cases of COVID-19 pass 1 million, while death toll of 58,365 surpasses that of US soldiers killed in Vietnam War (Johns Hopkins)

  • 2020 US Department of Defense releases three declassified videos of possible UFOs from 2004 and 2015

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 President Vladimir Putin warns Russia has not yet reached the peak of COVID-19 infections, with 93,000 recorded cases and 867 deaths

  • 2020 Argentina bans all commercial domestic and international flights until September 1 because of COVID-19

Historic Event

2021 US President Joe Biden makes a major speech to a joint session of Congress calling for a new era of government spending [1]