Historical Events on April 28

  • 357 Emperor Constantius II visits Rome
  • 1192 Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne confirmed by election. Killing carried out by Hashshashin.
  • 1202 King Philip II expels King John of England ("Lackland") from France
  • 1253 -May 7th) Utrecht destroyed by fire
  • 1253 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
  • 1376 English parliament demands supervision of royal spending
  • 1503 Battle at Cerignalo: Spanish army under G Cordoba beats France
  • 1521 Treaty of Worms: Emperor Charles names his brother Ferdinand Archduke of Netherlands-Austria
  • 1550 Powers of Dutch inquisition extends
  • 1611 Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, oldest existing university in Asia and largest Catholic university in the world
  • 1635 Virginia Governor John Harvey accused of treason and removed from office
  • 1655 English General-at-Sea Robert Blake (he was never titled Admiral) beats North African pirate fleet

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1770 British Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, lands at Botany Bay in Australia

Explorer James Cook
James Cook
Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • 1788 Maryland becomes 7th state to ratify US constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 Fletcher Christian leads a mutiny on HMS Bounty against its captain William Bligh in the South Pacific

Naval Commander William Bligh
Naval Commander
William Bligh

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1796 Cease fire of Cherasco between Sardinia and Napoleon Bonaparte

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

  • 1804 31 British ships sail up Suriname river demanding transition colony from the Dutch

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1818 US President James Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • 1829 Dutch parliament accepts new press laws
  • 1847 George B. Vashon becomes 1st African American to enter New York State Bar
  • 1848 Slavery abolished in French colonies
  • 1855 1st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston
  • 1865 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine" premieres in Paris
  • 1881 French troops sent into Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • 1892 1st performance of Antonin Dvorák's overture "Carneval"
  • 1901 Cleveland's Bock Baker gives up a record 23 singles as White Sox beat Blues (Cleveland Blues!) 13-1
  • 1902 Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1 Year Zero occurs at 10:40 AM on this date
  • 1910 First night air flight by Claude Grahame-White in England
  • 1914 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles, West Virginia
  • 1919 1st jump with US Army Air Corps (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)
  • 1920 Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • 1922 WOI (Ames, Iowa) country's 1st licensed educational radio station
  • 1923 Wembley Stadium opens - Bolton Wanderers vs West Ham United (FA Cup)
  • 1924 119 die in coal mine disaster at Benwood, West Virginia
  • 1925 Kurdish rebels surrender to Turkish army
  • 1925 Netherlands & Great Britain return to gold standard
  • 1930 1st night organized baseball game played in Independence, Kansas
  • 1931 Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track & field

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1934 Soccer team Blue White '34 forms

  • 1934 Spanish government of Samper forms
  • 1934 Tigers' Goose Goslin grounds into 4 straight double plays
  • 1935 Moscow underground railway opens (81 km long)
  • 1937 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (NYC)
  • 1937 1st commercial flight across Pacific operated by Pan Am

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1939 Adolf Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Music releaseMusic Recording

1940 Glenn Miller records "Pennsylvania 6-5000"

Big Band Leader and Jazz Composer Glenn Miller
Big Band Leader and Jazz Composer
Glenn Miller
  • 1940 SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) Rudolf Höss (not Hess, diferent Nazi) becomes commandant of concentration camp Auschwitz
  • 1941 Last British troops in Greece surrender
  • 1942 German Luftwaffe estimated to have flown over 11 thousand sorties against Malta since 20th March
  • 1942 "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
  • 1942 Nightly "dim-out" begins along US East Coast
  • 1943 1st performance of Marc Blitzstein's "Freedom Morning"
  • 1943 German-Italian counter offensive in North Africa
  • 1943 US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara North Tunisia

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1944 Stalin meets Polish US priest S Orlemanski

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1944 Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats off Slapton Sands, Devon.
  • 1945 British commandos attack Elbe & occupy Lauenburg
  • 1945 US 5th army reaches Swiss border

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Thor Heyerdahl & "Kon-Tiki" sail from Peru to Polynesia

Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer Thor Heyerdahl
Ethnographer, Archaeologist and Explorer
Thor Heyerdahl
  • 1949 Former Philippine First Lady Aurora Quezon, 61, assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others also killed

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1951 Mohammad Mosaddegh elected Prime Minister of Iran by the Parliament of Iran (Majlis)

Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh
Prime Minister of Iran
Mohammad Mosaddegh
  • 1952 St Louis Browns lend 2 black minor leaguers to Hankyu Braves of Japan
  • 1952 WW II Pacific peace treaty takes effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1955 WBIQ TV channel 10 in Birmingham, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Last French troops leave Vietnam
  • 1956 Reds Frank Robinson hits his 1st of 586 HRs
  • 1957 Patty Berg wins LPGA Western Golf Open
  • 1957 WSOC TV channel 9 in Charlotte, North Carolina (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 4th National Film Awards (India): "Kabuliwala" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 1958 Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
  • 1958 Vanguard TV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 US Vice President Richard Nixon begins goodwill tour of Latin America

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1959 KLOE TV channel 10 in Goodland, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 KPLR TV channel 11 in Saint Louis, MO (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 6th National Film Awards (India): "Sagar Sangamey" wins the Golden Lotus
  • 1960 "Christine" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 12 performances
  • 1960 WIPM TV channel 3 in Mayaguez, PR (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 Elena Kagan, New York, US Supreme Court Judge
  • 1961 Lt Col Gueorgui Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 m altitude
  • 1961 Warren Spahn pitches 2nd no hitter at 41 beats SF Giants, 1-0
  • 1963 17th Tony Awards: "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" and "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" win
  • 1964 Japan joins the OECD

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Barbra Streisand stars on "My Name is Barbra" special on CBS

Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-songwriter & Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • 1965 Lindsey Nelson broadcasts game at Astrodome from a hanging gondola
  • 1965 Richard Helms replaces Marshall S Carter as deputy director of CIA
  • 1965 US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until October 1966
  • 1965 William F Raborn Jr replaces John A McCone as 7th head of CIA

Music concertMusic Concert

1965 Luciano Pavarotti makes his debut at La Scala, Milan in Franco Zeffirelli's production of "La bohème" with Mirella Freni

Operatic Tenor Luciano Pavarotti
Operatic Tenor
Luciano Pavarotti
  • 1966 20th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 3

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

1966 38th Academy Awards: "The Sound of Music", Julie Christie & Lee Marvin win

  • 1966 Cleve ties record with 10th straight win since Opening Day
  • 1966 OCAM, Common Afro-Mauritian Organization forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Muhammad Ali refuses induction into army & stripped of boxing title

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Muhammad Ali
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Muhammad Ali
  • 1968 11 year-old Mary Bell strangles 4 year-old

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1969 King Crismson with Greg Lake & Ian McDonald debuts
  • 1969 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill resigns and is replaced later by James Chichester-Clark.

Music awardsMusic Awards

1969 4th Academy of Country Music Awards: Glen Campbell and Cathie Taylor win

Actor and Country Singer Glen Campbell
Actor and Country Singer
Glen Campbell
  • 1971 Dutch social democratic party/D'66/DS'70 win parliamentary election
  • 1971 Samuel Lee Gravely Jr becomes 1st black admiral in US Navy
  • 1972 Courts award 1968 Kentucky Derby prize money to 2nd place winner due to the winner being given drugs before the race
  • 1973 Over 6000 Mk. 82 500 pound bombs detonate over 18 hrs in a railyard in northern California. 5500 structures damaged, town of Antelope destroyed, with every building reduced to foundations. Leads to Transportation Safety Act (1974)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 John Lennon appears on "Tonight" & Ringo Starr on "Smother Brothers"

Beatles Drummer Ringo Starr
Beatles Drummer
Ringo Starr
Musician and Beatle John Lennon
Musician and Beatle
John Lennon
  • 1975 South-Vietnam Gen Duong Van Minh sworn in as president till April 30
  • 1977 Christopher Boyce convicted for selling secrets
  • 1977 Andreas Baader and members of terrorist group the Red Army Faction (Baader-Meinhof Gang) jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly 2 years in Stuttgart, Germany
  • 1977 The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed.
  • 1980 Cyrus Vance, Carter's US Secretary of State, resigns

  • 1980 Reunion Arena in Dallas opens
  • 1981 Galician current Statute of Autonomy.
  • 1981 "We’re Fighting Back" premieres on CBS in the US, based on the formation of the Guardian Angels
  • 1983 Argentine government declares all 15-30,000 missing persons dead
  • 1983 NASA launches Geos-F
  • 1984 "La Tragedie de Carmen" closes at Beaumont Theater NYC after 187 performances
  • 1985 Alice Miller wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
  • 1985 Billy Martin named NY Yankee manager for 4th time
  • 1985 Fernando Valenzuela sets record of 41 scoreless inn to start season

Historic DiscoveryPripyat: Nuclear Wasteland

1986 Soviet TV news program Vremya announces a nuclear accident at Chernobyl nuclear power station, 2 days after the event
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  • 1987 NBA announces expansion to Charlotte NC & Miami Fla in 1988 & Minneapolis Minn & Orlando Fla in 1989
  • 1987 American engineer Ben Linder is killed in an ambush by U.S.-funded Contras in northern Nicaragua.
  • 1987 NFL Draft: University of Miami quarterback Vinny Testaverde first pick by Tampa Bay Buccaneers
  • 1988 "Chess" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 68 performances
  • 1988 Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 roof tears off in flight; kills stewardess
  • 1988 Baltimore Orioles lose AL record 21 games in a row
  • 1988 NJ Devils set all time playoff mark for penalty minutes
  • 1989 Argentina, hit by rocketing inflation, runs out of money
  • 1989 Iran protests sale of "Satanic Verses" by Salman Rushdie
  • 1990 "Chorus Line" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 6,137 performances
  • 1990 Boston Celtics score most points in a playoff, beat NY Knicks 157-128
  • 1990 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Dave Ferraro
  • 1990 Last issue of Dutch communist daily De Waarheid (The Truth)
  • 1991 "Gypsy" opens at Marquis Theater NYC for 105 performances
  • 1991 "Taking Steps" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 78 performances
  • 1991 Space Shuttle STS 39 (Discovery 12) launched
  • 1992 Brewers beat Blue Jays 22-2 with AL record 31 hits in 9 innings
  • 1992 Italian President Francesco Cossiga formally resigns
  • 1993 "Tango Passion" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 5 performances
  • 1993 Carlo Ciampi forms Italian government with ex-communists
  • 1993 Zambian plane crashes at Libreville, Gabon, 30 soccer players die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 NY Islanders beat Wash Caps 4 to 1 in playoffs, Caps Dale Hunter attacks Pierre Turgeon after scoring, in hockey's worst cheap shot

NHL Star Pierre Turgeon
NHL Star
Pierre Turgeon

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1994 Aldrich Ames, former CIA officer & wife Rosario plead guilty to spying

Soviet Union Spy Aldrich Ames
Soviet Union Spy
Aldrich Ames
  • 1994 Freddy Thielemans sworn in as Mayor of Brussels, Belgium
  • 1995 Gas explosion in South Korean metro, 103 die
  • 1995 Sri Lankaan BAE748 crashes at Palaly, 52 die
  • 1996 "Big" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 193 performances
  • 1996 Martin Bryant shoots & kills 35 in Port Arthur Tasmania
  • 1996 Meg Mallon wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf Classic
  • 1997 "Jekyll & Hyde" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC
  • 2001 Millionaire Dennis Tito becomes the world's first space tourist.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2003 Andre Agassi recaptures the world no. 1 ranking to become the oldest top-ranked male in the history of the ATP rankings (33 years, 13 days)

Tennis Legend Andre Agassi
Tennis Legend
Andre Agassi

Historic CommunicationShrek the Sheep

2004 Shrek the sheep from Tarras, Central Otago, New Zealand, is finally shorn live on TV after 6 years avoidance; the fleece weighed 27 kg (60 lb)
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  • 2005 The Patent Law Treaty goes into effect.
  • 2007 NFL Draft: LSU quarterback JaMarcus Russell first pick by Oakland Raiders
  • 2011 NFL Draft: Auburn quarterback Cam Newton first pick by Carolina Panthers
  • 2012 Tent collapse in St Louis, Missouri, kills one and injures 110 people
  • 2013 8 people are killed and dozens are injured after Taliban attacks on election candidates in Pakistan
  • 2013 3 people are killed and 14 are injured after a gas explosions causes a building to collapse in Reims, France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2014 Craig Ferguson announces he will leave "The Late Late Show" at the end of 2014

Actor & Comedian Craig Ferguson
Actor & Comedian
Craig Ferguson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2017 Gwyneth Paltrow brand Goop and Condé Nast announce they will be launching a quarterly publication together

  • 2018 Shaquem Griffin is the first one-handed person to be drafted into the NFL, for the Seattle Seahawks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2018 Danny Devito Day declared in Jersey for 17th November by Mayor John Moor of Asbury Park

  • 2018 World's largest child sacrifice, 140 remains uncovered by archaeologists near Trujillo, Peru, dating back 550 years to Chimú civilisation
  • 2018 Indian government announces electricity has now reached every Indian village