Historical Events on April 3

  • 419 [Etalius] ends his reign as Catholic Pope

Coronation of Edward the Confessor

1043 Edward the Confessor crowned King of England

  • 1077 The first Parliament of Friuli is created
  • 1312 2nd council of Vienna, Knights Templars suppressed

Battle of Navarrete

1367 Battle of Navarrete [Nájera], La Rioja, Castile: An alliance of King Peter of Castile, England, Aquitaine, Majorca and Navarra defeats Count Henry of Castile

  • 1559 Spain & France sign 2nd Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
  • 1582 Francis of Valois, Duke of Anjou honored as Duke of Gelre, Earl of Zutphen
  • 1645 English Long Parliament passes the Self-Denying Ordinance, limiting regional armies, significant step toward New Model Army

Halley Meets Hevelius

1679 Edmond Halley meets fellow astronomer Johannes Hevelius in Danzig

1st Lord of the Treasury

1721 Robert Walpole becomes Britain's 1st Lord of the Treasury - effective Prime Minister, although that term was never officially used (indeed, it was considered an insult) until much later

  • 1764 Austrian Archduke Jozef crowned himself Holy Roman Emperor Josef II

Washington's Honorary Degree

1776 Harvard College votes to award George Washington an honorary Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) degree

  • 1783 Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce
  • 1834 The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.

Senator Horace Mann

1848 American education reformer Horace Mann joins the US Senate, representing Massachusetts

Leichhardt Disappears

1848 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson's Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River in Australia [1]

  • 1848 Thomas Douglas becomes 1st public teacher in San Francisco
  • 1856 Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes badly damaged by gunpowder explosion, kills 4,000 on island of Rhodes

Pony Express Begins

1860 Start of the Pony Express, delivers mail by horse and rider relay teams between St Joseph, Missouri and Sacramento, California

  • 1864 Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
  • 1865 Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1865 Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond & Petersberg, Virginia
  • 1868 A Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever - a 50-foot tidal wave

Jesse James Assassinated

1882 American outlaw Jesse James is shot in the back of the head and killed by fellow gang member Robert Ford at home in St. Joseph, Missouri

  • 1882 Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks
  • 1889 Savings Bank of Order of True Reformers opens in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1893 1st NSW v Queensland F-C game, at Brisbane Exhibition Ground
  • 1908 Frank Gotch wins world heavyweight wrestling championship in 2 hrs
  • 1910 Highest mountain in North America, Alaska's Mt McKinley claimed to have been 1st climbed by 4 local men
  • 1911 Harry James Smith's "Mrs Bumsted-Leigh" premieres in NYC

Pankhurst Sent to Jail

1913 British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst is sentenced to 3 years in jail for incitement to place an explosive in a building at Walton

Art History

1917 Alfred Stieglitz opens first one-person show of the paintings of Georgia O'Keeffe at 291 art gallery in New York

Lenin Returns to Russia

1917 Vladimir Lenin arrives in Petrograd, returning to Russia from exile in Switzerland [NS=April 16]

  • 1918 US House of Representatives accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
  • 1919 Austria expels all Habsburgers

Rise of Joseph Stalin

1922 Joseph Stalin is appointed General Secretary of the Russian Communist Party by an ailing Vladimir Lenin

  • 1923 2 "Black Sox" sue White Sox (unsuccessfully) for back salary

Turkish History

1924 Istanbul's Ottoman Topkapi Palace is converted into a museum on orders of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

  • 1925 Great Britain goes back to gold standard
  • 1925 Netherlands & Belgium sign accord of Westerschelde
  • 1926 Italy establishes corp of force in order to break powerful unions

Aviation History

1926 Second flight of a liquid-fueled rocket by Robert Goddard

  • 1927 Interstate Commerce Comm transfers Ohio to Eastern time zone
  • 1929 Persia agrees to Litvinov Pact
  • 1929 RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line.

Academy Awards

1930 2nd Academy Awards: "The Broadway Melody", Warner Baxter & Mary Pickford win. First time Academy Awards are broadcast on the radio.

Stanley Cup

1930 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4-3 for a 2-0 series sweep and their 3rd Championship

  • 1933 1st airplane flight over Mt Everest
  • 1933 Then longest North American hockey game requires a 1:44:46 overtime as Maple Leaf Ken Doraty scores to beat Canadiens 1-0
  • 1935 Yasuo Ikenada runs world record marathon (2:26:44)

Churchill Warns Stalin

1941 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill warns Soviet leader Joseph Stalin that a German invasion is imminent

  • 1941 Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
  • 1941 Walton's overture "Scapino" premieres in Chicago
  • 1944 British dive bombers attack German battleship Tirpitz at Kåfjorden, Norway
  • 1944 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • 1945 World War II: Dutch city of Hengelo freed from Nazi control by the Canadian Army
  • 1946 Netherlands-German postal relations resume
  • 1947 Sidney Lippman, Sylvia Dee, and Max Schulman's musical comedy "Barefoot Boy with Cheek", based on Schulman's novel of the same name, opens at Martin Beck Theatre, NYC; runs for 108 performances
  • 1948 1st US figure skating championships held
  • 1948 US female Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1948 US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button

Marshall Plan Signed

1948 US President Harry Truman signs the Marshall Plan to rebuild war-torn Western Europe after World War II, granting an initial $5 billion in aid to 16 European countries

  • 1949 KQW-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KCBS
  • 1949 WLWS (now WCMH) TV channel 4 in Columbus, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1951 Christopher Fry's "Sleep of Prisoners" premieres in Oxford
  • 1952 Dutch Queen Juliana speaks to US Congress

TV Guide's First Issue

1953 American magazine "TV Guide" publishes 1st issue; cover features photo of Lucille Ball's new born baby boy, Desiderio Alberto Arnaz IV (later professionally known as Desi Arnaz, Jr.)

  • 1954 Don Perry climbs a 20' rope in under 2.8 seconds (AAU record)

Me and Juliet

1954 Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein's musical "Me and Juliet" closes at Majestic Theater, NYC, after 358 performances

  • 1955 Baltimore Orioles pull their 1st triple play (3-6-2 vs KC Athletics)
  • 1955 Fire in cinema in Sclessin, Belgium, kills 39
  • 1955 Night express train in Guadalajara, Mexico derails, killing 300

Event of Interest

1955 The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book "Howl" against obscenity charges

  • 1956 Bulgarian vice premier Traitsjo Kostov rehabilitated (executed 1949)
  • 1956 German war criminals Hinrichsen, Ruhl, Siebens and Viebahn freed
  • 1956 Hudsonville-Standale Tornado: The western half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado


1957 Samuel Beckett's play "Endgame" premieres in London as a French language production

  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
  • 1958 Abe Burrows, Richard and Marian Bissell's comedy "Say, Darling" opens at ANTA Theater, NYC; runs for 332 performances

Event of Interest

1958 Fidel Castro's rebels attack Havana

  • 1960 Earthquake at Havre, Belgium

Music Recording

1960 Elvis Presley records ‘It's Now Or Never’, ‘Fever’ and ‘Are You Lonesome Tonight’ at RCA studios in Nashville, Tennessee

  • 1961 Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia is sold to J Schleifer Properties
  • 1961 Jacques Offenbach and Yip Harburg's musical "The Happiest Girl in the World", starring Cyril Ritchard and Justine Rule, opens at Martin Beck Theatre, NYC; runs for 97 performances

Sports History

1962 American jockey Eddie Arcaro retires after 31 years (24,092 races)

  • 1962 Lt General Marshall S Carter, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1964 Beatles hold top 6 spots on Sydney Australia record charts
  • 1964 US & Panama agree to resume diplomatic relations
  • 1965 1st atomic powered spacecraft (snap) launched
  • 1966 Soviet Luna 10 completes its first orbit of the Moon

Sports History

1966 Tom Seaver signs with the Mets for a reported $50,000 bonus

  • 1967 113 East Europeans attending World Amateur hockey championships in Vienna, ask for political asylum
  • 1967 WNYE TV channel 25 in Brooklyn, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting

Planet of the Apes

1968 "Planet of the Apes", starring Charlton Heston and Roddy McDowell premiers nationally in the United States

  • 1968 N Vietnam agrees to meet US reps to set up preliminary peace talks
  • 1969 Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start a policy of "Vietnamization", reducing American involvement
  • 1970 As part of a new 'get tough' policy in Northern Ireland, Ian Freeland of the British Army, warned that those throwing petrol bombs could be shot dead
  • 1970 Miriam Hargrave of England passes her drivers test on 40th attempt
  • 1971 125th Grand National: John Cook aboard 28/1 chance Specify wins a close finish between the leading 5 in the final furlong
  • 1971 16th Eurovision Song Contest: Severine for Monaco wins singing "Un banc, un arbre, une rue" in Dublin
  • 1971 The Temptations score their second US No. 1 with "Just My Imagination (Running Away With Me)"
  • 1973 1st mobile phone call is made in downtown Manhattan, NYC by Motorola employee Martin Cooper to the Bell Labs headquarters in New Jersey
  • 1974 Gold hits record $197 an ounce in Paris
  • 1974 The Super Outbreak: 2nd largest tornado outbreak over 24hr period with 148 confirmed tornadoes in 13 US states, killing approximately 315 people and injuring nearly 5,500

Sports History

1975 Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend it, title awarded to Russian Anatoly Karpov

  • 1976 130th Grand National: John Burke wins aboard Rag Trade; equal record 4th winner trained by Fred Rimell and 2nd winner owned by Pierre Raymond Bessone
  • 1976 21st Eurovision Song Contest: Brotherhood of Man for United Kingdom wins singing "Save Your Kisses for Me" in The Hague
  • 1976 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1976 Philadelphia Flyers win record tying 20th straight NHL home game
  • 1977 Boston Bruin Jean Ratelle scores his 1,000th NHL point

Event of Interest

1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's 1st meeting with US President Jimmy Carter

  • 1977 Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg adopt summer time
  • 1978 European market & China signs trade agreement

Radio History

1978 Larry King moves his radio show from Miami, Florida to Washington, D.C.

  • 1979 Belgium's Martens government forms
  • 1979 Jane M Byrne (D), elected 1st woman mayor of Chicago, Illinois
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1981 Arnie Boldt of Saskatchewan jumps 6' 8.25," with 1 leg
  • 1981 Race riots in London's Brixton area, England
  • 1982 136th Grand National: 48 year old Dick Saunders wins aboard 7/1 favourite Grittar; oldest jockey to win the event
  • 1982 Buffalo Sabre Gil Perrault scores his 1,000th NHL point
  • 1982 UN Security Council demanded Argentina withdraw from Falkland Islands
  • 1983 2nd NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: USC beats Louisiana Tech, 69-67; Trojans' forward Cheryl Miller tournament MOP

Golf Major

1983 Nabisco Dinah Shore Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: In strong winds, Amy Alcott wins by 2 strokes ahead of Kathy Whitworth and Beth Daniel; first year tournament regarded as a major title

  • 1984 Bombay beat Delhi on 1st innings to win Ranji Trophy
  • 1984 Guinea suspends constitution after coup
  • 1984 Soyuz T-11 carries 3 cosmonauts (1 Indian-Rakesh Sharma) to Salyut 7
  • 1985 French government adopts equal electoral system
  • 1985 Players' Association agrees to expand LCS from 5 to 7 games
  • 1985 Vic Elliot pockets 15,780 pool balls in 24 hours in London
  • 1986 Maureen O'Boyle (future host of "A Current Affair") is raped
  • 1986 US national debt hits $2,000,000,000,000

Sports History

1987 Bill Elliott sets NASCAR qualify record of 212.809 mph at Talladega

  • 1987 Duchess of Windsor's jewels auctioned for £31,380,197
  • 1987 MLB Chicago Cubs trade Dennis Eckersley to Oakland A's for 3 minor league players
  • 1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1988 7th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Louisiana Tech beats Auburn, 56-54; Lady Techsters Erica Westbrooks MOP

Sports History

1988 Mario Lemieux wins NHL scoring title, stopping Gretzky's 7 year streak

  • 1988 Nabisco Dinah Shore Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Amy Alcott wins the 2nd of her 3 DS events, 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Colleen Walker
  • 1988 NJ Devils beat Blackhawks, 4-3 in OT to join playoffs for 1st time
  • 1988 Somalia & Ethiopia sign accord about Ogaden desert
  • 1988 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1989 "Sunrise" a Gannett newspaper begins publishing for Bronx
  • 1989 51st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Michigan beats Seton Hall, 80-79 (OT); Wolverines first title; small forward Glen Rice named tournament MOP
  • 1989 Mets win 11th consecutive home opener 8-4 over St Louis at Shea Stad

Music History

1991 "Penn and Teller - Refrigerator Tour" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC

Contract of Interest

1991 Bo Jackson signs 1-year contract with Chicago White Sox

  • 1991 Thomas Bos skates world record 3 km (3:65.16)
  • 1991 UN Security Council adopts Gulf War truce resolution
  • 1992 1st exhibition game at Camden Field - Orioles beat NY Mets
  • 1993 147th Grand National: race declared void, after 30 of 39 runners carried on racing despite a false start; bookmakers forced to refund estimated £75 million in bets staked
  • 1994 13th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: North Carolina beats Louisiana Tech, 60-59; Tar Heels first NCAA title on 3-point shot by Charlotte Smith as time expires
  • 1994 1st roster of Silver Bullets (all-female pro baseball team) announced

Golf Tournament

1994 The Tradition Senior Men's Golf, GC at Desert Mountain: Ray Floyd wins first of 4 Champions Tour majors with birdie on first playoff hole against Dale Douglass

  • 1995 57th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Arkansas, 89-78; Bruins' 11th national title

Film & TV History

1995 Howard Stern gets in trouble for disparaging remarks about Selena

Cricket Debut

1996 Cricketer Rahul Dravid makes his international debut for India in an ODI against Sri Lanka

  • 1996 South Australia grab exciting draw vs W A to win Sheffield Shield
  • 1996 St Francis Fighting Saints scores college baseball run record 71-1
  • 1997 "Dream-Johnny Mercer Musical" opens at Royale Theatre, NYC; runs for 109 performance
  • 1997 Thalit massacre begins in Algeria; all but 1 of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas
  • 2000 62nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Michigan State beats Florida, 89-76; Spartans only top-4 seed to advance to the Final Four
  • 2004 157th Grand National: Graham Lee wins aboard Amberleigh House; trainer Ginger McCain's equal record 4th GN victory
  • 2004 Islamic terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves


2005 WrestleMania XXI, Staples Center, Los Angeles, CA: Batista defeats Triple H; John Cena beats John "Bradshaw" Layfield

  • 2006 68th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Florida beats UCLA, 73-57; Gators first title; center Joakim Noah named tournament Most Outstanding Player

Sports History

2006 Steve Yzerman scores his final NHL goal (#692) against the Calgary Flames

  • 2007 26th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tennessee beats Rutgers, 59-46; Volunteers' 7th national title; Candace Parker is named Most Outstanding Player
  • 2007 Conventional train world speed record: a French TGV train on the LGV Est high speed line sets an official new world speed record.

Music History

2007 Rolling Stones guitarist Keith Richards denies saying he smoked his father's ashes in an interview with NME

#1 in the Charts

2008 Mariah Carey overtakes Elvis Presley's record of 17 No. 1 US hits with her 18th ‘Touch My Body’, only The Beatles have more with 20

  • 2009 Australia formally adopts the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

Film & TV History

2010 Matt Smith's first appearance as the 11th Doctor with Karen Gillan as his companion in BBC program "Doctor Who" during "The Eleventh Hour" episode

  • 2011 Kraft Nabisco Championship Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Stacy Lewis shoots final round 69 to win her first major, 3 strokes ahead of defending champion Yani Tseng
  • 2011 WrestleMania XXVII, Georgia Dome, Atlanta GA (71,617): Edge defeats Alberto Del Rio; The Undertaker downs Triple H; The Miz beats John Cena
  • 2012 31st NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Baylor beats Notre Dame, 80-61; Lady Bears' second National title
  • 2012 Moscow fire kills 17 migrant workers

Music Concert

2012 Rock for the Rainforest benefit concert held at Carnegie Hall, NYC; performers include: Sting, Elton John, James Taylor, Jennifer Hudson, Rosanne Cash, Vince Gill, Esperanza Spaulding, Bruno Mars, Bryn Terfel, and Bill Clinton

  • 2012 Spanish unemployment reaches record high, youth unemployment stands at 50%

Election of Interest

2012 US President Barack Obama officially secures Democratic presidential nomination

  • 2013 24 people are killed after a bus plunges off a cliff in Papua New Guinea
  • 2013 46 people are killed and 100 are injured by a court-house suicide bombing in Farah, Afghanistan
  • 2013 50 people are killed by flooding across Argentina
  • 2014 Marie Louise Coleiro Preca is elected President of Malta


2014 Pope Francis canonizes François de Laval, first bishop of Quebec, as a Catholic saint

  • 2016 ANA Inspiration Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Lydia Ko of New Zealand wins by 1 from Charley Hull & Chun In-gee for her second major title

Cricket History

2016 ICC Men's Cricket T20 World Cup, Kolkata: West Indies beat England by 4 wickets with 2 balls remaining for their second title; Player of the Series: Indian batsman Virat Kohli (273 runs • 1 wicket)

  • 2016 ICC Women's Cricket T20 World Cup, Eden Gardens, Kolkata: Hayley Matthews with 66 from 45 balls leads West Indies to 149/2; beat Australia 148/5 by 4 wickets with 2 balls to spare
  • 2016 Panama Papers published - 11.5 million confidential documents from offshore law firm Mossack Fonseca expose widespread illegal activities including fraud, kleptocracy, tax evasion and the violation of international sanctions by the world's elite in the world's largest ever data leak


2016 WrestleMania XXXII, AT&T Stadium, Arlington, TX (101,763): Roman Reigns defeats Triple H; The Undertaker beats Shane McMahon in "Hell in a Cell"

  • 2017 79th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: North Carolina defeats Gonzaga, 71–65; Tar Heels point guard Joel DeWayne Berry II, 22 points
  • 2017 Bomb on St Petersburg metro kills 11, 2nd bomb defused
  • 2019 Brunei brings into force new Sharia laws punishing gay sex and adultery with death by stoning, prompting widespread condemnation

Event of Interest

2019 Ex-Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak goes on trial for the 1MDB corruption scandal in Kuala Lumpur, pleads not guilty

  • 2019 San Antonio coach Geg Popovich is ejected after an NBA record low 63 seconds in the Spurs 113-85 loss in Denver; receives 2 technical fouls in a verbal confrontation with a referee
  • 2020 27 people swept off a ferry and feared dead in the Solomon Islands during Cyclone Harold

COVID-19 Pandemic

2020 London's Nightingale hospital opened by Prince Charles (remotely) after nine days with 4,000 beds to treat COVID-19 patients at the ExCeL Centre

  • 2020 US aircraft carrier captain Brett Crozier cheered off his ship after being fired for a letter demanding more help for his sailors infected with COVID-19