Historical Events on April 5

  • April

Events 1 - 200 of 212

  • 456 Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop
  • 823 Pope Peschalis I crowns Lotharius I as co-emperor of France
  • 1058 Bishop Giovanni "Minchus" ["the thin"] elected as Anti-Pope Benedict X

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1242 Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod defeats Teutonic Knights in the Battle of the Ice

Key Figure of Medieval Rus Alexander Nevsky
Key Figure of Medieval Rus
Alexander Nevsky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1424 Scottish King James I returns to Scotland after 18 years of detention at the English court

King of Scotland James I
King of Scotland
James I
  • 1566 200 Brussel nobles offer Margaretha of Parma a petition
  • 1585 Clemens Crabbeels becomes bishop of Hertogenbosch

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1603 New English King James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1609 Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa
  • 1614 2nd parliament of King James I begin session (no enactments)
  • 1621 Mayflower sails from Plymouth on a return trip to England
  • 1648 Spanish troops and feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples
  • 1722 Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen discovers Easter Island
  • 1739 French emperor Karel VI sign secret treaty
  • 1751 Adolf Frederik of Holstein-Gottorp crowns himself king of Sweden
  • 1762 British take Grenada, West Indies, from French

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1764 British Parliament passes the Sugar Tax on the American colonies, introduced by Prime Minister George Grenville

British Prime Minister George Grenville
British Prime Minister
George Grenville
  • 1768 1st US Chamber of Commerce forms (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792 George Washington casts 1st presidential veto

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1803 1st performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's 2nd Symphony in D

  • 1804 High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil
  • 1806 Isaac Quintard patents apple cider
  • 1812 British storm Badajoz fortress in Extremadura, Spain, held by French & Spanish
  • 1814 Netherlands Bank issues its 1st banknotes

Volcanic EruptionEruption of Mount Tambora

1815 Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies, has its first violent eruption after several centuries of dormancy
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The massive Tambora volcano eruption
The massive Tambora volcano eruption

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1818 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1861 Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Texas
  • 1862 Siege of Yorktown, fought in York County and Newport News, Virginia ends (Yorktown campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • 1865 Battle at Amelia Springs, Jetersville Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1874 Johann Strauss Jr's opera "Die Fledermaus" premieres in Vienna
  • 1874 Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, opens in Birkenhead, England, designed by Joseph Paxton
  • 1879 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • 1881 Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller

Author Helen Keller
Author
Helen Keller
  • 1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Copper Beeches" (BG)
  • 1893 Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
  • 1894 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
  • 1894 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Empty House" (BG)
  • 1895 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of 3 Students" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1897 The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.

  • 1900 Attempted assassination of Edward Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
  • 1901 Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
  • 1902 Maurice Ravel's "Pavane pour une infante defunte" premieres in Paris
  • 1902 In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517
  • 1904 The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
  • 1905 James Barrie's "Alice-sit-by-the-fire" premieres in London
  • 1906 St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman resigns

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1911 MCC tour match v Jamaica finishes in a tie
  • 1911 Waldorf W Aster acquires Daily Observer
  • 1915 French begin Woëvre-offensive
  • 1915 Jess Willard KOs Jack Johnson in 26 for heavyweight boxing title
  • 1916 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette
  • 1919 Eamon de Valera becomes President of Dail Eireann
  • 1919 Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
  • 1919 Antwerp is officially declared the host city for the Games of the 7th Olympiad to be conducted in 1920; first post WWI Olympics
  • 1922 KOB-AM in Albuquerque NM begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WDZ-AM in Decatur IL begins radio transmissions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company starts producing inflatable tires

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • 1925 Belgian Workers Party wins parliamentary election

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Yankees whip Dodgers in exhibition 16-9 but Babe Ruth collapses in NC due to an ulcer

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1927 Johnny Weissmuller set records in 100 & 200 m free style
  • 1929 Lithuania signs Litvinov-pact
  • 1930 England out for 849 v WI Kingston, Sandham out for 325
  • 1932 Dutch textile strike broken by trade unions
  • 1932 Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seize the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government
  • 1934 Baseball superstar Babe Ruth agrees to do three 15-minute broadcasts a week over NBC for a fee of $39,000 for 13 weeks; $4,000 more than his NY Yankees playing contract
  • 1935 Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election
  • 1936 Tupelo, Mississippi virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die
  • 1938 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa, Poland
  • 1939 Membership of Hitler Youth becomes obligatory
  • 1940 99th Grand National: 25/1 shot Bogskar ridden by Royal Air Force sergeant Mervyn Jones wins by 4 lengths from MacMoffat; last true Aintree GN before a 5-year break due to World War II
  • 1941 San Francisco Castro & Fillmore streetcars replaced by buses
  • 1943 Allies bomb Mortsel, Belgium's worse lose of life during WWII (936 civilians)
  • 1943 Japanese troops conquer Indin

World RecordPoon Lim's 133 Day South Atlantic Odyssey

1943 Chinese steward Poon Lim is found off the coast of Brazil by a Brazilian fisherman family after being adrift 133 days, after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat
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Poon Lim and his raft, photo made on request of the US Navy for its Survival Training.
Poon Lim and his raft, photo made on request of the US Navy for its Survival Training.
  • 1944 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • 1944 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
  • 1945 Almelo in The Netherlands is freed
  • 1945 Kuniaki Koiso resigns as PM of Japan; replaced by Kantaro Suzuki
  • 1946 1st performance of Charles Ives' 3rd Symphony
  • 1946 100th Grand National: Capt. Robert Petre wins aboard 25/1 shot Lovely Cottage; first true GN since 1940 due to World War II; last on a Friday
  • 1948 WGN TV channel 9 in Chicago, IL (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 60 year old St Anthony's Hospital n Effingham, Illinois, catches fire, 77 people killed
  • 1949 Fireside Theater debuts on US television.
  • 1950 Prague espionage trial against bishops & priests begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death

Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1952 Henry Wittenberg wins his 8th AAU wrestling title
  • 1952 106th Grand National: Jockey Arthur Thompson and trainer Neville Crump combine for their second GN with Teal winning at odds of 100/7
  • 1953 WEYI TV channel 25 in Saginaw, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting

Music releaseMusic Recording

1954 Elvis Presley records his debut single "That's All Right"

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Anthony Eden succeeds Winston Churchill as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1956 Ceylon's Mahajana Eksath Peramuna (MEP), led by S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike wins the general elections in a landslide
  • 1958 Ripple Rock, an underwater threat to navigation in the Seymour Narrows in Canada is destroyed in one of the largest ever non-nuclear controlled explosions
  • 1959 23rd US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Art Wall Jr wins by 1 stroke from Cary Middlecoff for his only PGA Tour major victory

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

1961 Barbra Streisand appears on "Jack Paar Show"

Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand
Singer-songwriter & Actress
Barbra Streisand
  • 1961 Dutch governor Platteel installs New Guinea Council
  • 1962 Herb Gardner's "Thousand Clowns" premieres in NYC
  • 1962 Mgr J Daems appointed bishop of Antwerp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 54,600 m

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong
  • 1962 St Bernard Tunnel finished-Swiss/Italians workers shake hands
  • 1963 Beatles receive their 1st silver disc (Please Please Me)
  • 1963 Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes chief of Western Samoa
  • 1964 1st driverless trains run on London Underground

Film tv awardsAcademy Awards

1965 37th Academy Awards: "My Fair Lady", Rex Harrison & Julie Andrews (Mary Poppins) win awards

Actress/Singer Julie Andrews
Actress/Singer
Julie Andrews
Actor Rex Harrison
Actor
Rex Harrison
  • 1965 Lava Lamp Day celebrated
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1966 WTVX TV channel 34 in Ft Pierce-Vero Beach, FL (IND) 1st broadcast

Sports record brokenNBA Record

1967 '76er Wilt Chamberlain sets NBA record of 41 rebounds

NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain
NBA Legend
Wilt Chamberlain
  • 1967 ATS II launched but fails to reach orbit

  • 1968 Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego opens
  • 1969 Massive anti-Vietnam War demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities
  • 1970 WSNS TV channel 44 in Chicago, IL (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1971 Fran Phipps is 1st woman to reach North Pole
  • 1971 Mount Etna erupts in Sicily
  • 1971 US Lt William Calley sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre
  • 1971 WNJT TV channel 52 in Trenton, NJ (PBS) begins broadcasting

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Sri Lanka's communist Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) launches insurrection against the United Front government of Sirimavo Bandaranaike

World's 1st Female Head of State Sirimavo Bandaranaike
World's 1st Female Head of State
Sirimavo Bandaranaike
  • 1972 The regular MLB season fails to open due to a player strike for the first time in history; 86 games are lost before the labor dispute settled
  • 1972 Mets trade Ken Singleton to Expos for Rusty Staub
  • 1973 NFL adopts jersey numbering system (ie QBs, 1-19)
  • 1973 Pioneer 11 launched to Jupiter
  • 1974 Last day of Test cricket for Garry Sobers & Rohan Kanhai
  • 1975 "Letter for Queen Victoria" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 18 performances
  • 1975 Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely
  • 1975 129th Grand National: Irish combination of jockey Tommy Carberry aboard L'Escargot wins by 15 lengths from 7/2 favourite and 1973-74 winner Red Rum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 American tennis #1 Chris Evert wins her 3rd WTA Tour Championship at the Los Angeles Sports Arena; beats Martina Navratilova 6-4, 6-2

Tennis Legend Chris Evert
Tennis Legend
Chris Evert
Tennis Player Martina Navratilova
Tennis Player
Martina Navratilova

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1976 Harold Wilson resigns as James Callaghan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister James Callaghan
British Prime Minister
James Callaghan
British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson

Music releaseTheater Premiere

1976 Tom Stoppard's play "Dirty Linen and New-Found-Land" premieres in London

Playwright and Screenwriter Tom Stoppard
Playwright and Screenwriter
Tom Stoppard
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 Ex-premier Pol Jar flees out of Cambodia
  • 1981 Philadelphia Flyers amass a record 2,621 penalty minutes
  • 1982 Aircraft carriers Invincible and Hermes with escort vessels left Portsmouth for the Falkland Islands
  • 1982 43 year old St. Louis reliever Jim Kaat pitches 1 inning for the Cardinals in a season-opening, 14-3 rout of Houston; sets a MLB record for pitchers by playing in his 24th consecutive season
  • 1982 Lord Carrington, British foreign secretary resigns due to Falklands war
  • 1983 France throws out 47 Soviet diplomats
  • 1983 NY Met Tom Seaver's sets record 14th NL Opening Day assignment
  • 1984 "Human Comedy" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 13 performances

Sports record brokenNBA Record

1984 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar breaks Wilt Chamberlain's all-time career scoring record of 31,419 points (31,421)

  • 1986 Record for a throw-and-return boomerang toss is set (121m)
  • 1986 US soldier & Turkish woman killed in West Berlin disco bombing
  • 1986 140th Grand National: Richard Dunwoody aboard 9-year-old 15/2 second favourite West Tip wins by 2 lengths from Young Driver

Sport awardGolf Major

1987 Nabisco Dinah Shore Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Betsy King wins the first of her 6 major titles in a sudden-death playoff with Patty Sheehan, with a par on the 2nd extra hole

LPGA Golfer Betsy King
LPGA Golfer
Betsy King
LPGA Golfer Patty Sheehan
LPGA Golfer
Patty Sheehan
  • 1987 Fox TV network premieres showing "Married With Children" and "The Tracey Ullman Show"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1987 Wayne Gretzky wins 7th straight NHL scoring title

Ice Hockey Great Wayne Gretzky
Ice Hockey Great
Wayne Gretzky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 David Letterman becomes 1st network TV series to use dolby stereo

Comedian and Television Host David Letterman
Comedian and Television Host
David Letterman
  • 1989 Orel Hershiser ends his 59 consecutive scoreless pitched inning streak
  • 1989 Solidarity grants legal status in Poland

Sports record brokenNBA Record

1990 John Stockton reaches 1000-assist mark for NBA record 3 yrs in a row

NBA Point Guard John Stockton
NBA Point Guard
John Stockton
  • 1990 NY Rangers beat NY Islanders 2-1 in 1st game of preliminary

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1990 Paul Newman wins a court victory over Julius Gold, to keep giving all profits from Newman foods to charity

Actor & Entrepreneur Paul Newman
Actor & Entrepreneur
Paul Newman
  • 1991 Joe Dumaars (Detroit) ends NBA free throw streak of 62 games

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1991 Kitty Kelly publishes a book knocking Nancy Reagan

US First Lady Nancy Reagan
US First Lady
Nancy Reagan
  • 1991 Southeast Airlines Embracer 120 crashes in Georgia, killing 23
  • 1991 Space Shuttle STS 37 (Atlantis 8) launched
  • 1991 US begins air drops to Kurd refugees in Northern Iraq
  • 1992 "Search & Destroy" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 46 performances
  • 1992 11th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Stanford beats Western Kentucky, 78-62; Cardinal guard Molly Goodenbour MOP

Sport awardGolf Tournament

1992 4th Seniors Golf Tradition: Lee Trevino wins by 1 stroke from Jack Nicklaus

  • 1992 Game 2 of Mayor Challenge - NY Yankees sweep NY Mets 6-5 at Shea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori suspends the constitution and dissolves Congress

President of Peru Alberto Fujimori
President of Peru
Alberto Fujimori
  • 1992 Thailand General Suchinda Kraprayoon installed as president

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 WrestleMania VIII, Hoosier Dome, Indianapolis, IN (62,167): Hulk Hogan defeats Sid Justice by DQ; Randy Savage beats Ric Flair for WWF Heavyweight title

WWF Wrestler Hulk Hogan
WWF Wrestler
Hulk Hogan
  • 1992 Serbian troops begin besieging Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, which would become the longest siege in modern warfare
  • 1992 Several hundred-thousand abortion rights demonstrators march in Washington, D.C.
  • 1993 55th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: North Carolina beats Michigan, 77-71; Tar Heels' 3rd title
  • 1993 73,293 see the NY Yankees beat the Cleveland Indians, 9-1 in the season opener at Cleveland Stadium
  • 1993 Construction begins on Cleveland's Rock & Roll Hall of Fame
  • 1993 A win and a loss for MLB expansion teams in their debut games; Florida Marlins beat LA Dodgers, 6-3 in Miami; the Colorado Rockies lose to Mets, 3-0 in NYC
  • 1993 Republican Guard kills 64 in Chad
  • 1994 "Jackie Mason Politically Incorrect" opens at Golden NYC for 347 performances
  • 1994 Miami Heat beat NY Knicks ending 15 game NBA winning streak
  • 1996 John Bobbitt is put under house arrest in Las Vegas for 120 days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Marlon Brando makes anti-semetic remarks about hollywood on Larry King

Actor Marlon Brando
Actor
Marlon Brando
TV and Radio Host Larry King
TV and Radio Host
Larry King
  • 1997 Galileo, 3rd Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 7)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1997 Steve Irwin's "The Crocodile Hunter" debuts

Naturalist and TV Star Steve Irwin
Naturalist and TV Star
Steve Irwin
  • 1998 France thrashes Wales, 51-0 at Wembley Stadium, London for it's second straight Five Nations Rugby Championship and Grand Slam; fly-half Christophe Lamaison lands 5 conversions and 2 penalties
  • 1998 The Arizona Diamondbacks record their first win in team history with a 3-2 victory over the San Francisco Giants in Phoenix, AZ; ends second-worst start ever (0-5) by an expansion team
  • 1999 Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 are handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands.
  • 2003 18th Soap Opera Digest Awards - General Hospital wins
  • 2003 156th Grand National: 10-year-old 16/1 shot Monty's Pass, ridden by Barry Geraghty wins by 12 lengths from 2001 Welsh National winner Supreme Glory
  • 2003 The Kansas City Royals become the first MLB team to begin the season 5-0 after losing 100 games the previous year, beating the Cleveland Indians, 2 - 1
  • 2004 66th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Georgia Tech, 82-73; Huskies' forward Emeka Okafor named tournament Most Outstanding Player
  • 2005 24th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Baylor beats Michigan State, 84-62; Bears' small forward Sophia Young is named Most Outstanding Player
  • 2005 The Washington Nationals lose their inaugural season opener, 8-4 to the Philadelphia Phillies; first team to represent the nation's capital since the Washington Senators left after the 1971 season
  • 2008 161st Grand National: 7/1 joint favourite Comply or Die wins in Irish jockey Timmy Murphy's 11th attempt, 4 lengths ahead of King John's Castle
  • 2009 North Korea launches its controversial Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket. The satellite passed over mainland Japan, which prompted an immediate reaction from the United Nations Security Council, as well as participating states of Six-party talks

Music awardsMusic Awards

2009 44th Academy of Country Music Awards: Carrie Underwood & Brad Paisley win

  • 2009 Kraft Nabisco Championship Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Brittany Lincicome eagles the final hole to win her first major title, 1 stroke ahead of fellow American Cristie Kerr

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2009 WrestleMania XXV, Reliant Stadium, Houston, TX (72,744): The Undertaker defeats Shawn Michaels; John Cena beats Edge and The Big Show; Triple H downs Randy Orton

Professional Wrestler and Actor John Cena
Professional Wrestler and Actor
John Cena
  • 2010 72nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Duke beats Butler, 61-59; Blue Devils' forward Kyle Singler, 19 points
  • 2011 30th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Texas A&M beats Notre Dame, 76-70; Aggies center Danielle Adams scores 22 of her 30 points in the 2nd half
  • 2012 Severe storms in Argentina kill 14 people
  • 2012 77-year old pensioner's suicide outside Greek parliament prompts further protests in Athens
  • 2012 International internet group Anonymous hack several Chinese bureaus in opposition to censorship
  • 2012 A three-run homer by J.P. Arencibia off Jairo Asencio gives the Toronto Blue Jays a 7-4 win over the Cleveland Indians; 16 inning game duration a MLB Opening Day record
  • 2013 Japan’s Nikkei 225 reaches its highest level in five years
  • 2013 60 people are killed in Nigeria after a bus collides with an oil tanker
  • 2013 Baltimore outfielder Chris Davis becomes 4th player to homer in first 4 games of a MLB season; 8th-inning grand slam propels Orioles to a 9-5 win over the Twins; his RBI total of 16 a MLB record