Historical Events on April 5

  • 823 Pope Peschalis I crowns Lotharius I as co-emperor of France
  • 1058 Bishop Giovanni "Minchus" ["the thin"] elected as Anti-Pope Benedict X

Victory in Battle

1242 Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod defeats Teutonic Knights in the Battle of the Ice

Historic Event

1424 Scottish King James I returns to Scotland after 18 years of detention at the English court

  • 1566 200 Brussel nobles offer Margaretha of Parma a petition
  • 1585 Clemens Crabbeels becomes bishop of Hertogenbosch

Historic Event

1603 New English King James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London

  • 1609 Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa
  • 1614 2nd parliament of King James I begin session (no enactments)

The Mayflower

1621 Mayflower sails from Plymouth, Massachusetts on a return trip to England

  • 1648 Spanish troops and feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples

Easter Island Moai

1722 Dutch navigator Jacob Roggeveen is the first European to discover Easter Island / Rapa Nui in the southeastern Pacific

Treaty of Interest

1739 French and Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI sign secret treaty

  • 1751 Adolf Frederik of Holstein-Gottorp crowns himself King of Sweden
  • 1762 British take Grenada, West Indies, from French

Historic Event

1764 British Parliament passes the Sugar Tax on the American colonies, introduced by Prime Minister George Grenville

  • 1768 1st US Chamber of Commerce forms (NYC)

Historic Event

1792 George Washington casts 1st presidential veto

Music Premiere

1803 1st performance of Ludwig van Beethoven's 2nd Symphony in D, conducted by the composer, in Vienna

  • 1804 High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil
  • 1806 Isaac Quintard patents apple cider
  • 1812 British storm Badajoz fortress in Extremadura, Spain, held by French & Spanish
  • 1814 Netherlands Bank issues its 1st banknotes

Eruption of Mount Tambora

1815 Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies, has its first violent eruption after several centuries of dormancy

Victory in Battle

1818 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.

  • 1847 Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, opens in Birkenhead, England, designed by Joseph Paxton
  • 1861 Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Texas
  • 1862 Siege of Yorktown, fought in York County and Newport News, Virginia ends (Yorktown campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)
  • 1865 Battle at Amelia Springs, Jetersville Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1874 Johann Strauss Jr's opera "Die Fledermaus" premieres in Vienna
  • 1879 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • 1881 Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty

Historic Event

1887 Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller

  • 1893 Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
  • 1894 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn

Historic Event

1895 Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices

  • 1897 The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1900 Attempted assassination of Edward Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
  • 1901 Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
  • 1902 In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517

Music History

1902 Maurice Ravel's "Pavane pour une infante defunte (Pavane for A Dead Princess)" premieres in Paris, performed by Spanish pianist Ricardo Viñes

  • 1904 The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England.
  • 1905 James Barrie's "Alice-sit-by-the-fire" premieres in London
  • 1906 Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates towns in the Naples province, killing more than 100 people
  • 1906 St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"
  • 1911 MCC tour match v Jamaica finishes in a tie
  • 1911 Waldorf W Aster acquires Daily Observer
  • 1915 French begin Woëvre-offensive

Boxing Title Fight

1915 Jess Willard KOs Jack Johnson after 26 rounds to win the heavyweight boxing title in front of 25,000 fans at Oriental Park Racetrack in Havana, Cuba

  • 1916 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette
  • 1919 Antwerp is officially declared the host city for the Games of the 7th Olympiad to be conducted in 1920; first post WWI Olympics

Historic Event

1919 Eamon de Valera becomes President of Dail Eireann

  • 1919 Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
  • 1922 KOB-AM in Albuquerque NM begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WDZ-AM in Decatur IL begins radio transmissions

Historic Event

1923 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company starts producing inflatable tires

  • 1925 Belgian Workers Party wins parliamentary election

Sports History

1925 Yankees whip Dodgers in exhibition 16-9 but Babe Ruth collapses in NC due to an ulcer

World Record

1927 Johnny Weissmuller sets world records in both the 100m and 200m free style swimming events

  • 1929 Lithuania signs Litvinov-pact
  • 1930 England cricketers dismissed for then record 849 v West Indies in 4th Test in Kingston, Jamaica; Andy Sandham out for 325
  • 1932 Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seize the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government
  • 1932 Dutch textile strike broken by trade unions
  • 1934 Baseball superstar Babe Ruth agrees to do three 15-minute broadcasts a week over NBC for a fee of $39,000 for 13 weeks; $4,000 more than his NY Yankees playing contract
  • 1935 Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election
  • 1936 Tupelo, Mississippi virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die
  • 1938 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa, Poland

Music Premiere

1939 Alexander Gretchaninov's 5th Symphony premieres at the Academy of Music in Philadelphia with Leopold Stowkowski conducting the Philadelphia Orchestra

  • 1939 Membership of Hitler Youth becomes obligatory
  • 1940 99th Grand National: 25/1 shot Bogskar ridden by Royal Air Force sergeant Mervyn Jones wins by 4 lengths from MacMoffat; last true Aintree GN before a 5-year break due to World War II
  • 1941 San Francisco Castro & Fillmore streetcars replaced by buses

Poon Lim's 133 Day South Atlantic Odyssey

1943 Chinese steward Poon Lim is found off the coast of Brazil by a Brazilian fisherman family after being adrift 133 days, after British ship SS Benlomond torpedoed by german U-boat

  • 1943 Mortsel, Belgium: Allies target Minerva car factory, used for repairing Luftwaffe planes for bombing raid; collateral damage from missed targets kills 936 civilians, Belgium's greatest loss of WWII
  • 1944 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • 1944 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans
  • 1945 World War II: Dutch city of Almelo is freed by the Second Canadian Corps
  • 1946 100th Grand National: Capt. Robert Petre wins aboard 25/1 shot Lovely Cottage; first true GN since 1940 due to World War II; last on a Friday
  • 1946 1st performance of Charles Ives' 3rd Symphony
  • 1948 WGN TV channel 9 in Chicago, IL (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1949 60 year old St Anthony's Hospital n Effingham, Illinois, catches fire, 77 people killed
  • 1949 Fireside Theater debuts on US television.
  • 1950 Prague espionage trial against bishops & priests begins

Film Premiere

1951 "A Place in the Sun", film adaptation of Theodore Dreiser's "An American Tragedy", directed by George Stevens, starring Montgomery Clift, Elizabeth Taylor and Shelley Winters premieres at the Cannes Film Festival in France

Historic Event

1951 Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death

  • 1952 106th Grand National: Jockey Arthur Thompson and trainer Neville Crump combine for their second GN with Teal winning at odds of 100/7 [1]
  • 1952 Henry Wittenberg wins his 8th AAU wrestling title
  • 1953 WEYI TV channel 25 in Saginaw, MI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Ceylon's Mahajana Eksath Peramuna (MEP), led by S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike wins the general elections in a landslide
  • 1958 Ripple Rock, an underwater threat to navigation in the Seymour Narrows in Canada is destroyed in one of the largest ever non-nuclear controlled explosions

US Masters Golf

1959 23rd US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Art Wall Jr wins by 1 stroke from Cary Middlecoff for his only PGA Tour major victory

  • 1961 Dutch governor Platteel installs New Guinea Council
  • 1962 Herb Gardner's "Thousand Clowns" premieres in NYC
  • 1962 Mgr J Daems appointed bishop of Antwerp

Historic Event

1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 54,600 m

  • 1962 St Bernard Tunnel finished-Swiss/Italians workers shake hands
  • 1963 Beatles receive their 1st silver disc (Please Please Me)
  • 1963 Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes chief of Western Samoa
  • 1964 1st driverless trains run on London Underground

Academy Awards

1965 37th Academy Awards: "My Fair Lady", Rex Harrison (My Fair Lady) & Julie Andrews (Mary Poppins) win awards

  • 1965 Lava Lamp Day celebrated
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1966 WTVX TV channel 34 in Ft Pierce-Vero Beach, FL (IND) 1st broadcast

NBA Record

1967 '76er Wilt Chamberlain sets NBA record of 41 rebounds

  • 1967 ATS II launched but fails to reach orbit
  • 1968 Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego opens
  • 1969 Massive anti-Vietnam War demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities
  • 1970 WSNS TV channel 44 in Chicago, IL (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1971 Fran Phipps is 1st woman to reach North Pole
  • 1971 Mount Etna erupts in Sicily

Historic Event

1971 Sri Lanka's communist Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna (JVP) launches insurrection against the United Front government of Sirimavo Bandaranaike

  • 1971 US Lt William Calley sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre
  • 1971 WNJT TV channel 52 in Trenton, New Jersey (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1972 Mets trade Ken Singleton to Expos for Rusty Staub
  • 1972 The regular MLB season fails to open due to a player strike for the first time in history; 86 games are lost before the labor dispute settled
  • 1973 NFL adopts jersey numbering system (ie QBs, 1-19)
  • 1973 Pioneer 11 launched to Jupiter
  • 1974 Last day of Test cricket for Garry Sobers & Rohan Kanhai
  • 1975 "Letter for Queen Victoria" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 18 performances
  • 1975 129th Grand National: Irish combination of jockey Tommy Carberry aboard L'Escargot wins by 15 lengths from 7/2 favourite and 1973-74 winner Red Rum

Sports History

1975 American tennis #1 Chris Evert wins her 3rd WTA Tour Championship at the Los Angeles Sports Arena; beats Martina Navratilova 6-4, 6-2

  • 1975 Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely

Election of Interest

1976 Harold Wilson resigns as James Callaghan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

Theater Premiere

1976 Tom Stoppard's play "Dirty Linen and New-Found-Land" premieres in London

  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1981 Philadelphia Flyers amass a record 2,621 penalty minutes
  • 1982 43 year old St. Louis reliever Jim Kaat pitches 1 inning for the Cardinals in a season-opening, 14-3 rout of Houston; sets a MLB record for pitchers by playing in his 24th consecutive season
  • 1982 British Royal Navy aircraft carriers Invincible and Hermes, with escort vessels, depart Portsmouth, England for the Falkland Islands in response to the Argentine invasion
  • 1982 Lord Carrington, British Foreign Secretary resigns for his failure to foresee the invasion of the Falkland Islands
  • 1983 France throws out 47 Soviet diplomats

Sports History

1983 NY Met Tom Seaver's sets record 14th NL Opening Day assignment

  • 1984 "Human Comedy" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 13 performances

NBA Record

1984 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar breaks Wilt Chamberlain's all-time career scoring record of 31,419 points (31,421)

  • 1986 140th Grand National: Richard Dunwoody aboard 9-year-old 15/2 second favourite West Tip wins by 2 lengths from Young Driver
  • 1986 Record for a throw-and-return boomerang toss is set (121m)
  • 1986 US soldier & Turkish woman killed in West Berlin disco bombing
  • 1987 Fox TV network premieres showing "Married With Children" and "The Tracey Ullman Show"

Golf Major

1987 Nabisco Dinah Shore Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Betsy King wins the first of her 6 major titles in a sudden-death playoff with Patty Sheehan, with a par on the 2nd extra hole

Sports History

1987 Wayne Gretzky wins 7th straight NHL scoring title

Sports History

1989 Los Angeles Dodger Orel Hershiser's consecutive scoreless streak of 59 innings ends

Television Debut

1989 NBC's "Late Night With David Letterman" becomes 1st network TV show broadcast in Dolby Stereo

  • 1989 Poland grants legal status to trade union Solidarność (Solidarity)

NBA Record

1990 John Stockton reaches 1000-assist mark for NBA record 3 yrs in a row

  • 1990 NY Rangers beat NY Islanders 2-1 in 1st game of preliminary

Film & TV History

1990 Paul Newman wins a court victory over Julius Gold, to keep giving all profits from Newman foods to charity

  • 1991 Detroit Pistons Joe Dumaars ends NBA free throw streak of 62 games

Historic Publication

1991 Kitty Kelley publishes an unauthorized biography of former US First Lady Nancy Reagan

  • 1991 Southeast Airlines Embracer 120 crashes in Georgia, killing 23
  • 1991 Space Shuttle STS 37 (Atlantis 8) launched from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida
  • 1991 US begins air drops to Kurd refugees in Northern Iraq
  • 1992 "Search & Destroy" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 46 performances
  • 1992 11th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Stanford beats Western Kentucky, 78-62; Cardinal guard Molly Goodenbour MOP
  • 1992 Game 2 of Mayor Challenge - NY Yankees sweep NY Mets 6-5 at Shea

Historic Event

1992 Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori suspends the constitution and dissolves Congress

  • 1992 Serbian troops begin besieging Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, which would become the longest siege in modern warfare
  • 1992 Several hundred-thousand abortion rights demonstrators march in Washington, D.C.
  • 1992 Thailand General Suchinda Kraprayoon installed as president

Golf Tournament

1992 The Tradition Senior Men's Golf, GC at Desert Mountain: Lee Trevino win his second Champions Tour major by 1 stroke from Jack Nicklaus


1992 WrestleMania VIII, Hoosier Dome, Indianapolis, IN (62,167): Hulk Hogan defeats Sid Justice by DQ; Randy Savage beats Ric Flair for WWF Heavyweight title

  • 1993 55th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: North Carolina beats Michigan, 77-71; Tar Heels' 3rd title
  • 1993 73,293 see the NY Yankees beat the Cleveland Indians, 9-1 in the season opener at Cleveland Stadium
  • 1993 A win and a loss for MLB expansion teams in their debut games; Florida Marlins beat LA Dodgers, 6-3 in Miami; the Colorado Rockies lose to Mets, 3-0 in NYC

Music History

1994 "Jackie Mason Politically Incorrect" opens at Golden Theater, NYC; runs for 347 performances

  • 1994 Miami Heat beat NY Knicks ending 15 game NBA winning streak
  • 1995 Pages of Codex Argenteus (the Silver Bible), the oldest text in the Gothic language (5th century) stolen from Uppsala University Library, Sweden in broad daylight (recovered a month later)
  • 1996 John Bobbitt is put under house arrest in Las Vegas for 120 days
  • 1997 Galileo, 3rd Ganymede Flyby (Orbit 7)

Film & TV History

1997 Steve Irwin's "The Crocodile Hunter" debuts

  • 1998 France thrashes Wales, 51-0 at Wembley Stadium, London for its second straight Five Nations Rugby Championship and Grand Slam; fly-half Christophe Lamaison lands 5 conversions and 2 penalties
  • 1998 The Arizona Diamondbacks record their first win in team history with a 3-2 victory over the San Francisco Giants in Phoenix, AZ; ends second-worst start ever (0-5) by an expansion team
  • 1998 The Tradition Senior Men's Golf, GC at Desert Mountain: Defending champion Gil Morgan wins by 2 strokes from Tom Wargo

Lockerbie Bombing of Pan Am Flight 103

1999 Two Libyans suspected of bringing down Pan Am flight 103 in 1988 are handed over for eventual trial in the Netherlands

  • 2003 156th Grand National: 10-year-old 16/1 shot Monty's Pass, ridden by Barry Geraghty wins by 12 lengths from 2001 Welsh National winner Supreme Glory
  • 2003 18th Soap Opera Digest Awards - General Hospital wins
  • 2003 The Kansas City Royals become the first MLB team to begin the season 5-0 after losing 100 games the previous year, beating the Cleveland Indians, 2 - 1
  • 2004 66th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Georgia Tech, 82-73; Huskies' forward Emeka Okafor named tournament Most Outstanding Player
  • 2005 24th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Baylor beats Michigan State, 84-62; Bears' small forward Sophia Young is named Most Outstanding Player
  • 2005 The Washington Nationals lose their inaugural season opener, 8-4 to the Philadelphia Phillies; first team to represent the nation's capital since the Washington Senators left after the 1971 season
  • 2008 161st Grand National: 7/1 joint favourite Comply or Die wins in Irish jockey Timmy Murphy's 11th attempt, 4 lengths ahead of King John's Castle
  • 2009 Kraft Nabisco Championship Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Brittany Lincicome eagles the final hole to win her first major title, 1 stroke ahead of fellow American Cristie Kerr
  • 2009 North Korea launches its controversial Kwangmyŏngsŏng-2 rocket. The satellite passed over mainland Japan, which prompted an immediate reaction from the United Nations Security Council, as well as participating states of Six-party talks


2009 WrestleMania XXV, Reliant Stadium, Houston, TX (72,744): The Undertaker defeats Shawn Michaels; John Cena beats Edge and The Big Show; Triple H downs Randy Orton

  • 2010 72nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Duke beats Butler, 61-59; Blue Devils' forward Kyle Singler, 19 points
  • 2011 30th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Texas A&M beats Notre Dame, 76-70; Aggies center Danielle Adams scores 22 of her 30 points in the 2nd half
  • 2012 77-year old pensioner's suicide outside Greek parliament prompts further protests in Athens
  • 2012 A three-run homer by J.P. Arencibia off Jairo Asencio gives the Toronto Blue Jays a 7-4 win over the Cleveland Indians; 16 inning game duration a MLB Opening Day record
  • 2012 International internet group Anonymous hack several Chinese bureaus in opposition to censorship
  • 2012 Severe storms in Argentina kill 14 people
  • 2013 60 people are killed in Nigeria after a bus collides with an oil tanker
  • 2013 Baltimore outfielder Chris Davis becomes 4th player to homer in first 4 games of a MLB season; 8th-inning grand slam propels Orioles to a 9-5 win over the Twins; his RBI total of 16 a MLB record
  • 2013 Japan’s Nikkei 225 reaches its highest level in five years
  • 2014 167th Grand National: Leighton Aspell wins aboard Pineau de Re; sixth French-bred horse to win the GN
  • 2014 Minnesota manager Ron Gardenhire picks up the 1,000th win of his MLB career as the Twins score a 7 - 3 victory over the Cleveland Indians
  • 2015 ANA Inspiration Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Brittany Lincicome eagles last hole to force a playoff, then beats Stacy Lewis on 3rd extra hole to win her 2nd major title
  • 2015 Rolling Stone Magazine retracts its "Rape on Campus" story about a gang rape at the University of Virginia after being discredited

Music Single

2016 "One Dance" single Released by Drake (Billboard Song of the Year 2016)