Historical Events on April 6

Victory in Battle

46 BC Julius Caesar defeats Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Younger) in the battle of Thapsus.

Victory in Battle

402 Battle at Pollentia: Roman army under Stilicho beats Visigoten

Historic Event

774 Charles the Great (Charlemagne) confirmed the gift to the Pope of the territories belonging to Ravenna made by his father Pepin the Short at Quiercy-sur-Loire in 753

  • 1320 The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath
  • 1327 Italian poet Petrarch 1st sets eyes on his beloved Laura
  • 1362 Tard-Venus robber bands strike at Brignais, France

Historic Event

1385 The Portuguese Council of the Kingdom meets in Coimbra and declares John, Master of the Order of Aviz, King John I of Portugal

  • 1516 A Willaert installed as singer of cardinal Ippolito I d'Este
  • 1634 Heeren XIX (the directors of the Dutch West India Company) ask "to secure Eylands Curacao"
  • 1648 Construction of the Red Fort completed at Shahjahanabad, Mughal Empire (now Dehli, India)

Cape Colony Founded

1652 Cape Colony, the 1st European settlement in South Africa, established by Dutch East India Company under Jan van Riebeeck

Historic Event

1663 King Charles II signs Carolina Charter

  • 1664 France & Saxony sign alliance
  • 1667 An earthquake devastates Dubrovnik, then an independent city-state
  • 1672 France declares war on Netherlands

Historic Event

1724 Thomas Pelham-Holles becomes British Minister of Foreign Affairs

  • 1727 Denmark signs Covenant of Hannover

Historic Event

1757 British King George II dismisses minister William Pitt the Elder, Secretary of State for the Southern Department

Historic Event

1772 Catherine the Great Empress of Russia, ends tax on men with beards, enacted by Tsar Peter the Great in 1698

  • 1782 Rama I succeeds King Taksin of Siam (modern day Thailand), who is overthrown in a coup d'état

Historic Event

1808 John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company

  • 1815 British militia shoots prisoners, 100's killed

Historic Event

1830 Joseph Smith and 5 others officially organize the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Fayette, New York

  • 1841 Cornerstone laid for 2nd Mormon temple, Nauvoo, Illinois
  • 1848 Jews of Prussia granted equality
  • 1859 US recognizes Liberal government in Mexico's War of Reform
  • 1860 Joseph Smith III, creates the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints by reorganizing the previous church organized by his father, Joseph Smith, Jr.
  • 1862 Battle of Shiloh, Union defeats Confederacy near Pittsburg Landing, Tennessee
  • 1865 Battle of High Bridge, fought near Farmville, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign), inconclusive result (US Civil War)

Victory in Battle

1865 Battle of Sayler's Creek, fought near Farmville, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign), 1/4 of General Robert E. Lee's army cut off, Union victory (US Civil War)

  • 1866 Grand Army of the Republic forms in Decatur, Illinois, by Dr. Benjamin F. Stephenson

Sports History

1877 British Open Men's Golf, Musselburgh Links: Jamie Anderson wins his first of 3 consecutive Championships; beats fellow Scot Bob Pringle by 2 shots

  • 1886 City of Vancouver BC incorporated
  • 1886 Declaration of Berlin neutralizes Tonga

Film & TV History

1889 George Eastman begins selling his Kodak flexible rolled film for the first time

  • 1890 French troops under capt Archinard occupy Segu, West-Sudan
  • 1893 Andy Bowen & Jack Burke box 7 hrs 19 mins to no decision (111 rounds)
  • 1893 Mormon Temple in Salt Lake City dedicated
  • 1896 First modern Summer Olympic Games open in Athens, Greece; American athlete James Connolly becomes first modern Olympic champion when he wins triple jump (then 2 hops and a jump); later 3rd in long jump, 2nd in high jump

Boxing Title Fight

1900 James J. Jeffries KOs Jack Finnegan in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1903 General railroad strike against "worgwetten" (anti-strike laws)
  • 1903 In Holland, railroad and dock workers go out on strike, but the government passes anti-strike bills, calls out troops, and promptly ends the strike on the 13th April
  • 1903 The Kishinev pogrom in Bessarabia begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.
  • 1905 Germany receives invitation from Sultan of Morocco to an international conference to discuss matters relating to Morocco

1st Animated Film

1906 World's 1st animated cartoon is released, "Humorous Phases of Funny Faces" by J. Stuart Blackton

  • 1909 1st credit union forms in US

Historic Event

1909 North Pole reached by American explorers Robert Peary & Matthew Henson

  • 1914 American Radio Relay League (organization for hams) founded
  • 1916 German parliament approves unrestricted submarine warfare
  • 1917 US declares war on Germany, enters World War I
  • 1919 Bavaria proclaims itself a soviet republic

Historic Event

1919 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a General Strike

  • 1920 To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • 1923 The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia
  • 1924 4 planes leave Seattle on 1st successful around-the-world flight
  • 1924 Italy fascists receives 65% of vote of parliament
  • 1924 Völkische Block (Nazis) receives 17.8% of vote in Bavaria
  • 1925 1st film shown on an airplane (British Air)
  • 1926 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Maroons beat Victoria Cougars (WHL), 2-0 for a 3-1 series victory
  • 1930 1st transcontinental glider tow completed
  • 1930 Hostess Twinkies invented by bakery executive James Dewar

Film Release

1931 "A Connecticut Yankee" film based on novel by Mark Twain, directed by David Butler, starring Will Rogers is released

  • 1931 1st broadcast of "Little Orphan Annie" on NBC-radio
  • 1931 1st Scottsboro (Alabama) trial begins - 9 blacks accused of rape

Historic Publication

1931 Linus Pauling's seminal chemistry work "The Nature of the Chemical Bond" is published establishing valence bond theory

  • 1934 418 Lutheran ministers arrested in Germany
  • 1935 H Levitt sinks 499 basketball free throws, misses & sinks 371 more

US Masters Golf

1936 3rd Augusta National Invitation Tournament (Masters) Golf: Horton Smith wins his second Masters, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Harry Cooper, with defending champion Gene Sarazen 3rd

  • 1936 ANP begins telex service in Amsterdam
  • 1936 Tornado, kills 203 & injuring 1,800 in Gainesville Georgia
  • 1938 Teflon invented by Roy J. Plunkett
  • 1939 Great Britain & Poland sign military pact
  • 1939 US & UK agree on joint control of Canton & Enderbury Is (Pacific)
  • 1941 8th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Craig Wood wins his first major title, 3 strokes ahead of runner-up Byron Nelson; Masters' first wire-to-wire champion
  • 1941 Beginning of operation Bestrafung - German bombers attack Belgrade (17,000 die)
  • 1941 British major general Michael Gambier-Parry captured in North Africa
  • 1941 German bombardment of Piraeus (munitions ship explodes)
  • 1941 Italian forces holding Addis Ababa surrender to British & Ethiopian forces
  • 1943 British & US armies link up in Africa during WW II
  • 1943 British offensive at Wadi Akarit, South Tunisia
  • 1943 Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN) arrested
  • 1944 Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France, overrun by Nazis
  • 1945 Battle of Okinawa: Giant Japanese battleship Yamato heads to Okinawa with orders to beach herself and be destroyed defending the island
  • 1945 The Holocaust: Nazis begin evacuating prisoners from Buchenwald concentration camp
  • 1945 World War II: Dutch city of Coevorden freed from German occupation by Canadian forces
  • 1947 11th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Jimmy Demaret wins his 2nd Masters by 2 strokes over Byron Nelson and amateur Frank Stranahan

Tony Awards

1947 1st Tony Awards: Arthur Miller, David Wayne & Patricia Neal win for theatrical achievements

Historic Event

1950 John Foster Dulles becomes advisor to US Secretary of State Acheson

  • 1952 16th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Sam Snead wins his second green jacket by 4 strokes over Jack Burke Jr
  • 1954 Montreal Canadiens score 3 goals in 56 sec in playoff game against Det
  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1955 "3 for Tonight" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 85 performances
  • 1955 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1955 Yemen: failed coup by Abdullah Seif el-Islam
  • 1956 Polish communist Gomulka freed from prison
  • 1957 Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis buys the Hellenic National Airlines (TAE) and founds Olympic Airlines.
  • 1957 NYC ends trolley car service
  • 1957 USSR performs nuclear test (atmospheric tests)
  • 1958 22nd US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Arnold Palmer wins the first of his 4 Masters titles, 1 stroke ahead of Doug Ford and Fred Hawkins; first of his 7 major titles
  • 1964 Egypt & Belgium restore diplomatic relations
  • 1965 Intelsat 1 ("Early Bird") 1st commercial geosynchronous communications satellite launched
  • 1966 Mihir Sen swims Palk Strait between Sri Lanka & India

Historic Event

1967 Premier Georges Pompidou forms new French government

  • 1968 13th Eurovision Song Contest: Massiel for Spain wins singing "La, la, la" in London
  • 1968 94.5% of East German voters approve new socialist constitution
  • 1968 Firestone World Tournament of Champions won by Dave Davis
  • 1968 Gas and gunpowder explosions at sporting goods store, downtown Richmond, Indiana, kills 41 and injures more than 150
  • 1968 HemisFair 1968 opens in San Antonio, Texas

Historic Event

1971 During a debate at Westminster on Northern Ireland, Harold Wilson of the Labour Party claims that a draft Bill for the imposition of direct rule exists

  • 1972 Egypt drops diplomatic relations with Jordan
  • 1972 The Scarman Tribunal Report, an inquiry into the causes of violence during the summer of 1969 in N Ireland, is published, finding that the Royal Ulster Constabulary had been seriously at fault
  • 1973 America launches the Pioneer 11 (Pioneer G) probe to study Jupiter & Saturn
  • 1973 Dock strike in Gent/Antwerp, Belgium
  • 1973 Indian troops invade Sikkim

Sports History

1973 Roberto Clemente Day, Pittsburgh Pirates retire his #21

  • 1973 Yankee Ron Blomberg becomes 1st designated hitter, he walks

Music History

1974 19th Eurovision Song Contest: ABBA for Sweden wins singing "Waterloo" in Brighton, England

  • 1974 200,000 attend rock concert "California Jam" at the Ontario Motor Speedway in Ontario, California; line-up includes Earth, Wind & Fire; Black Sabbath; Deep Purple; and Emerson, Lake & Palmer
  • 1974 Firestone World Tournament of Champions won by Earl Anthony 11/16
  • 1974 Yankees 1st home game at Shea Stadium, while Yankee Stadium is renovated; beat Cleveland Indians 6-1
  • 1975 "Night... Made America Famous" closes at Barrymore NYC after 75 performances
  • 1975 "The Rocky Horror Picture Show" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 45 performances
  • 1975 Bundy victim Denise Oliverson disappears from Grand Junction, Colorado
  • 1975 Fastest hat trick by a Wash Cap 3 mins 26 secs (Stan Gilbertson)

Music History

1976 1st quadrophonic movie track: "Ladies & Gentlemen The Rolling Stones"

  • 1977 Judge rules Beatles 1962 Hamburg album can be released
  • 1977 Kingdome opens, Seattle Mariners 1st game, loses to Angels 7-0
  • 1978 Karnataka beat Uttar Pradesh by inn & 193 to win Ranji Trophy

Sports History

1979 Baltimore manager Earl Weaver wins his 1,000th game as a skipper, a 5-3 Orioles victory over the Chicago White Sox

NHL Record

1980 Gordie Howe completes a record 26th NHL season

  • 1980 Post It Notes introduced
  • 1981 Belgian government of Mark Eyskens forms
  • 1981 Yugoslav government sends troops to Kosovo
  • 1982 Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center from White Sands
  • 1982 Largest crowd ever to see a baseball game in Minnesota 52,279
  • 1984 11th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (41C): Challenger 5 launches
  • 1984 1st time 11 people in space
  • 1984 Members of Cameroon's Republican Guard unsuccessfully attempt to overthrow the government headed by Paul Biya.
  • 1985 Bombay beat Delhi by 90 runs to win the Ranji Trophy final
  • 1985 Sudan suspends constitution after coup under general Swarreddahab
  • 1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1986 CBS' fact based "Nobody's Child", story of Marie Balter

Golf Major

1986 Nabisco Dinah Shore Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: Pat Bradley wins the 4th of her 6 major titles, 2 strokes ahead of runner-up Val Skinner

  • 1986 Soccer ball juggled non-stop for 14:14 hrs
  • 1987 Los Angeles Dodger's GM Al Campanis appears on TV program ABC News: Nightline saying Blacks may not be equipped to be in baseball management, sparking a racial controversy

Sports History

1987 Middleweight World Boxing Championship bout: Sugar Ray Leonard upsets Marvelous Marvin Hagler at Caesars Palace in Paradise, Nevada

  • 1988 African American polar explorer Matthew Henson buried next to Robert Peary in Arlington National Cemetery, in Arlington, Virginia
  • 1988 NJ Devils' 1st playoff game; lose to NY Islanders 4-3 (OT) in 1st round
  • 1991 145th Grand National: In Canadian distillery Seagram's final year of race sponsorship, New Zealand-bred chestnut gelding Seagram wins, ridden by Nigel Hawke

Sports History

1991 Argentine soccer star Diego Maradona suspended for 15 months by Italian League for testing positive for cocaine use

  • 1991 Former child actor Adam Rich arrested for breaking into a pharmacy
  • 1991 NY-NJ Knights 1st home game (Giants Stadium) lose to Frankfurt 27-17
  • 1991 Subhana, becomes 1st Australian woman to become a Zen teacher
  • 1992 1st game at Camden Field, Baltimore, Maryland - Orioles beat Cleveland Indians 2-0
  • 1992 54th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Duke beats Michigan, 71-51; back-to-back titles for Blue Devils and coach Mike Krzyzewski
  • 1992 A general strike is declared by communist groups in Nepal.
  • 1992 British Radio Authority licenses Virgin & TV-AM radio licenses

Music Concert

1992 George Harrison performs his final full concert at London's Royal Albert Hall, in a benefit for the transcendental mediation based Natural Law political party [1]

  • 1992 Microsoft announced Windows 3.1, upgrading Windows 3.0
  • 1992 Oriole Park at Camden Yards opens, beating Cleveland 2-0
  • 1992 US Supreme Court rules a Nebraska farmer was entrapped by postal agents into buying mail-order child pornography
  • 1992 Voting begins on choice of Elvis postage stamps
  • 1993 1st test flight of Ilyushin IL-96M (Moscow)
  • 1993 Florida Marlins 1st lost ever (4-2 to LA Dodgers)
  • 1994 1st scheduled Indians night game at Jacobs Field is rained out

Film & TV History

1994 Chuck Jones found guilty of breaking into beauty queen Marla Maples' home

  • 1994 Liberal Supreme Court Justice Harry Blackmun (Roe v Wade) resigns
  • 1994 Palestinian suicide bomber kills 7 Israelis & himself

Rwandan Genocide

1994 Plane carrying Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana and Burundian President Cyprien Ntaryamira is shot down by surface-to-air missiles, abruptly ending peace negotiations and sparking the Rwandan Genocide. Those responsible have never been identified.

  • 1994 Rockwell B-1B Lancers break 11 world speed records
  • 1995 "Having Our Say" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 308 performances

Film & TV History

1996 American actor Marlon Brando makes anti-Semitic remarks about Hollywood on "Larry King Live", stating that the 'Jews control Hollywood'

  • 1996 American baseball player Albert Belle shows off his arm by hitting Sports Illustrated photographer Tony Tomsic in the hand prior to a game
  • 1997 "3 Sisters" closes at Criterion Theater NYC
  • 1997 Progress M-34 Launch (Russia)
  • 1997 The Tradition Senior Men's Golf, GC at Desert Mountain: Gil Morgan wins first of 3 Champions Tour majors by 6 strokes from Isao Aoki
  • 1998 Pakistan tests medium-range missiles capable of hitting India.
  • 1999 Benny Andersson & Björn Ulvaeus' musical "Mamma Mia!", featuring the songs of ABBA, opens at the Prince Edward Theatre in London's West End; transfers twice to other venues; run interrupted by Covid-19 in March of 2020
  • 2002 155th Grand National: 8-year-old 20/1 shot Bindaree, ridden by Jim Culloty and trained by Nigel Twiston-Davies wins by 1¾ lengths from What's Up Boys
  • 2002 France beats Ireland 44-5 at Stade de France, Saint Denis to complete a Grand Slam and win the Six Nations Rugby Championship; their 13th title

Sports History

2004 23rd NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Tennessee, 70-61; UConn's Diana Taurasi is named Most Outstanding Player for the 2nd straight year

  • 2004 Rolandas Paksas becomes the first president of Lithuania to be peacefully removed from the post by impeachment.

Historic Event

2005 Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani becomes the Iraqi president; Shiite Arab Ibrahim al-Jaafari is named premier the next day

  • 2006 NZSL (New Zealand sign language) is made an official language of New Zealand
  • 2008 Kraft Nabisco Championship Women's Golf, Mission Hills CC: top-ranked Lorena Ochoa of Mexico shoots a bogey-free final round 67 to win by 5 strokes ahead of Suzann Pettersen and Annika Sörenstam

Film Premiere

2009 "Star Trek" film reboot directed by J.J. Abrams, starring Chris Pine and Zachary Quinto premieres in Austin, Texas

  • 2009 71st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: North Carolina beats Michigan State, 89-72; Tar Heels' 5th national title; Ty Lawson 21 points
  • 2009 A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near L'Aquila, Italy, killing at least 253.
  • 2010 29th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Stanford, 53-47; UConn forward Maya Moore scores 23 points
  • 2012 US F-18 Hornet crashes into side of apartment building in Virginia with no fatalities
  • 2013 11 people are killed in an attack on a village in Midlu, Nigeria
  • 2013 166th Grand National: Ryan Mania wins aboard 66/1 Auroras Encore for trainer Sue Smith
  • 2013 22 people are killed and 60 are injured by a suicide bombing at an election campaign tent in Baquba, Iraq

Sports History

2013 Bayern Munich win their 23rd German Bundesliga title with 6 games to spare

Academy of Country Music Awards

2014 49th Academy of Country Music Awards: George Strait, Jason Aldean, and Miranda Lambert win

  • 2014 ICC Women's Cricket T20 World Cup, Dhaka: captain Meg Lanning's 44 from 30 balls leads Australia to 106/4; beat England 105/8 to win by 6 wickets (with 29 balls remaining); 3rd consecutive T20 WC