On This Day

Historical Events on April 9

Roman Empire

193 Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum

  • 475 Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position.
  • 715 Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 817 Louis the Pious, King of the Franks, barely survives when wooden gallery collapses in Aachen, prompts him to later name his succession
  • 1241 Battle of Liegnitz - Mongol armies defeat Poles & Germans
  • 1388 Battle of Näfels; Glarius Swiss defeat Habsburg (Austrian) army
  • 1413 Henry V is crowned King of England.
  • 1440 Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark (1440-48)
  • 1454 Milan and Venice sign peace of Lodi
  • 1474 Breisach land guardian Peter von Hagenbach throws out Walloon and Italians

Murder of Interest

1483 Edward V (aged 12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England. He is never crowned, and disappears presumed murdered, after incarceration in the Tower of London with his younger brother Richard (the "Princes in the Tower")

Historic Event

1538 Danish king Christian III enters Schmalkaldische Union

  • 1555 Marcello Cervini elected Pope Marcellus II
  • 1609 Spain & Netherlands sign 12 Year Resistant Pact
  • 1621 Spain & Netherlands 12 Year Resistant Pact ends
  • 1667 1st public art exhibition at the Palais-Royale in Paris
  • 1682 Robert La Salle claims lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France
  • 1691 French troops occupy Mons
  • 1731 British mariner Robert Jenkins' ear cut off by Spanish Guarde Costa in the Caribbean, later catalyst for war between Britain & Spain

Historic Event

1768 John Hancock refuses to allow two British customs agents to go below deck of his ship, considered by some to be the first act of physical resistance to British authority in the colonies

Historic Event

1772 Philosopher and mathematician Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert becomes permanent secretary of the French Academy of Sciences

  • 1783 Tippu Sahib drives out British from Bednore, India
  • 1784 Great Britain ratifies the Treaty of Paris, signed September 3, 1783, ending the Revolutionary War
  • 1808 Mayor Wolters offers French King Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
  • 1814 Elias Canneman (L) resigns as minister of Finance of the Netherlands
  • 1816 African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1829 Danzig (Gdańsk) dike break flood kills 1,200
  • 1833 1st US tax-supported public library in Peterborough, New Hampshire
  • 1838 UK National Gallery re-opens in its new dedicated building in Trafalgar Square, London
  • 1860 Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville uses his phonautograph to make a 10-second recording of "Au Clair de la Lune"
  • 1864 Battle of Pleasant Hill, Louisiana, Confederate assault repulsed by Union side with high cost of estimated 3,100 causalities
  • 1864 Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War

Historic Event

1865 Confederate General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant ending the Civil War in North Virginia

Historic Event

1866 Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto

  • 1869 Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada
  • 1870 American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
  • 1872 Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • 1880 British Open Men's Golf, Musselburgh Links: Scotsman Bob Ferguson wins first of 3 straight titles; beats Peter Paxton by 5 strokes

Music Premiere

1894 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 5th Symphony in B in Graz

Olympic Games

1896 Australian athlete Edwin Flack claims the middle distance double at the Athens Olympics winning the 800m final in 2:11.0; his 2nd victory of the Games after success in the 1500m

  • 1896 Greek shooter Pantelis Karasevdas scores a perfect 40 hits to win the military rifle event at the Athens Olympics; Greek 1-2-3 with Pavlos Pavlidis and Nicolaos Trikupis taking out the minor placings
  • 1909 The US Congress pass the Payne-Aldrich bill, raising certain tariffs on goods entering the United States
  • 1912 1st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs Harvard)
  • 1913 Brooklyn Superbas' (later Dodgers) Ebbets Field opens; visiting Philadelphia Phillies win, 1-0
  • 1914 "World, the Flesh & the Devil", 1st color film, shown in London
  • 1914 Tampico incident - US ship crew arrested in Mexico
  • 1914 US President W Wilson refuses to recognize Huerta as President of Mexico on the ground that he has not been elected by the people

SS Libau Sets Sail

1916 The Libau sets sail from Germany with a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans; Captain Karl Spindler changes the name of the vessel to the Aud to avoid British detection

  • 1917 Battle of Arras begins
  • 1917 Vimy Ridge in France stormed by Canadian troops
  • 1923 Sean O'Casey's "Shadow of a Gunman" premieres in Dublin
  • 1923 In 'Adkins vs Children's Hospital', the US Supreme Court finds that the minimum wage law for women and children, adopted by the District of Columbia, is unconstitutional

Sports History

1925 Babe Ruth rushed to hospital

Historic Event

1928 Eugene O'Neill's "Lazarus Laughed" premieres in Pasadena

Theater Premiere

1928 Mae West's NYC debut in a daring new play "Diamond Lil"

  • 1928 Top-Oss soccer team forms in Oss
  • 1928 Turkey passes separation of church & state

Sports History

1931 Chicago Cy Wentworth beats Montreal Canadiens at 13:50 of 6th period

  • 1932 Stanley Cup Final, Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto, ON: Toronto Maple Leafs beat New York Rangers, 6-4 for 3-0 series sweep; Toronto's first SC as the Maple Leafs
  • 1935 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Maroons beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4-1 for 3-0 series sweep; Maroons last defunct team to win the Cup

Music History

1939 Marian Anderson sings before 75,000 at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.

  • 1940 German cruiser Blucher torpedoed and capsizes in Oslofjord, 1,000 die
  • 1940 Nazi Germany invades Denmark and Norway, and Denmark surrenders after a six-hour battle
  • 1941 PGA establishes Golf Hall of Fame
  • 1941 LPGA Titleholders Championship Women's Golf, Augusta CC: Dorothy Kirby wins comfortably by 16 strokes ahead of Helen Sigel
  • 1942 Battle of Bataan; US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan
  • 1942 Alexander Gretchaninov's 4th Symphony premieres at Carnegie Hall, NYC, with John Barbirolli conducting the New York Philharmonic

Catholic Encyclical

1944 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae

  • 1945 Battleship Admiral Scheer sunk by RAF bombing in Kiel
  • 1945 Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360
  • 1945 NFL requires players to wear long stockings
  • 1945 World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, East Prussia, ends.
  • 1946 Stanley Cup Final, Montreal Forum, Montreal, Quebec: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 6-3 for a 4-1 series victory
  • 1947 Atomic Energy Commission confirmed

Sports History

1947 Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler suspends Brooklyn Dodger Leo Durocher for 1 year for "association with known gamblers"

  • 1947 Tornadoes striking West Texas & Oklahoma kill 169, injuring 1,300
  • 1948 Massacre at Deir Yassin.
  • 1949 UN International Court of Justice holds Albania responsible for incidents in Corfu Channel and awards Britain damages
  • 1950 14th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Jimmy Demaret becomes the first 3-time Masters champion by 2 strokes ahead of Australian Jim Ferrier
  • 1950 4th Tony Awards: Cocktail Party & South Pacific win

TV Show Appearance

1950 Bob Hope's 1st TV appearance

  • 1952 Hugo Ballivian's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines
  • 1954 WECT TV channel 6 in Wilmington, NC (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 7th Cannes Film Festival: "Gate of Hell" directed by Teinosuke Kinugasa wins the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film
  • 1955 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Music History

1957 Howard Hanson's "Song of Democracy" premieres in Washington, D.C.

  • 1959 Baltimore Orioles pull their 2nd triple play (3-6-3 vs Washington Senators)

NBA Record

1959 Bill Sharman hits a NBA record 56 consecutive foul shot

  • 1959 NASA names 1st 7 astronauts for Project Mercury
  • 1959 13th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics sweep Minnesota Lakers in 4 games, first of Boston Celtics record 8 straight titles
  • 1960 14th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics beat St Louis Hawks, 4 games to 3
  • 1960 South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd survives an assassination attempt by David Pratt despite being twice shot in the face

US Masters Golf

1962 26th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Arnold Palmer wins the 3rd of his 4 Masters titles in an 18 hole Monday playoff with Gary Player and Dow Finsterwald; tournament's first 3-way playoff

Academy Awards

1962 34th Academy Awards: "West Side Story" (Best Picture, Director, and 8 more), Sophia Loren (Two Women) & Maximilian Schell (Judgement At Nuremberg) win

Historic Event

1962 US President JohnF. Kennedy throws out 1st ball at Washington's new DC Stadium

  • 1965 Beatles "Ticket to Ride" is released in UK

Baseball Record

1965 1st game at Astrodome, Houston beats Yankees 2-1 in exhibition as Mickey Mantle hits 1st indoor homerun

  • 1966 Anaheim Stadium for California Angels opens
  • 1967 "At the Drop of Another Hat" closes at Booth NYC after 105 performances
  • 1967 31st US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Gay Brewer wins his only major title by 1 stroke over runner-up Bobby Nichols
  • 1967 Shortwave broadcaster Radio NY Worldwide's transmitter burns down
  • 1967 1st Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight
  • 1968 German DR adopts constitution
  • 1968 Minn's Wayne Connelly is 1st to score on a Stanley Cup penalty shot
  • 1968 Ralph Aberbathy elected to head So Christian Leadership Conference
  • 1969 1st flight of Concorde 002 (Filton-Bristol)
  • 1969 Chic Cub Billy Williams hits 4 consecutive doubles beat Phillies 11-3

Music Single

1971 Ringo Starr releases single "It Don't Come Easy" in the UK

  • 1972 "Sugar", a musical adaptation of 1959 film "Some Like It Hot", opens at Majestic Theater, NYC for 506 performances
  • 1972 36th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Jack Nicklaus leads wire-to-wire to win the 4th of his 6 Masters titles, 3 strokes ahead of Bruce Crampton, Tom Weiskopf and Bobby Mitchell
  • 1972 New Zealand cricket opening batsmen Glenn Turner (259) & Terry Jarvis (187) make 387 partnership in 4th Test v WI in Georgetown, Guyana
  • 1972 USSR & Iraq sign friendship treaty
  • 1973 37th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Due to weather delays final round is played on Monday with Tommy Aaron winning his only major title, 1 stroke ahead of J. C. Snead
  • 1973 Netherlands recognizes North Vietnam
  • 1973 Otto Kerner, former governor of Illinois, convicted for his role in an illegal racetrack scheme
  • 1973 "Paper Moon" film starring Ryan O'Neal and his daughter, Tatum O'Neal, directed by Peter Bogdanovich premieres in Hollywood, California; Tatum O'Neal becomes youngest (age 10) Academy Award winner (Supporting Actress)

Sports History

1974 San Diego Padres owner Ray Kroc, addresses fans "Ladies & gentlemen, I suffer with you I've never seen such stupid baseball playing in my life"

  • 1975 24 OECD members sign an agreement to establish a $25 billion lending facility to provide assistance to industrial nations hurt by high oil prices
  • 1976 US & Russia agreed on size of nuclear tests for peaceful use

Film Release

1976 "All the President's Men", directed by Alan J. Pakula, based on the non-fiction book by journalists Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward detailing their Watergate investigation, starring Dustin Hoffman and Robert Redford, is released

  • 1977 Communist party in Spain allowed legally after 40 years
  • 1978 42nd US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: 42 year old Gary Player shoots a record-tying final round 64 (−8) to win by 1 stroke from Rod Funseth, Tom Watson and Hubert Green
  • 1978 Brewers sweep Orioles 11-3, 16-3, & 13-5 (each with a grand slam)

Sports History

1978 In separate NBA games Denver's David Thompson scores 73 points & San Antonio's George Gervin scores 63 points (33 in 1 quarter)

Academy Awards

1979 51st Academy Awards: "The Deer Hunter", Jon Voight & Jane Fonda win

  • 1980 Belgium's Marten's government resigns
  • 1980 Los Angeles Kings tie NHL record with two shorthanded playoff goals (vs NY Islanders)
  • 1980 Soyuz 35 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6

Sports History

1981 LA Dodgers Fernando Valenzuela's 1st start, beats Astros 2-0

  • 1981 US sub George Washington rams Japanese freighter Nisso Maru
  • 1982 LA Lakers block 21 Denver shots setting NBA regulation game record
  • 1983 6th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 1 returns to Earth
  • 1983 137th Grand National: Ben de Haan wins aboard 13/1 bet Corbiere; Jenny Pittman first female GN winning trainer

Sports History

1985 White Sox pitcher Tom Seaver starts a record 15th opening day game

Film & TV History

1986 TV show "Dallas" announces it will revive killed Bobby Ewing character

Sports History

1987 For 3rd time, Wayne Gretzky, scores 7 points (1 goal, 6 assists) in a Stanley Cup game and passes Jean Béliveau as all time playoff scoring champ

  • 1988 "Les Miserables" opens at Umeda-Koma Theatre, Osaka
  • 1988 Devils 3-0 over Islanders-Devils lead 2-1 in 1st round
  • 1988 US imposes economic sanctions on Panama
  • 1988 142nd Grand National: Irish jockey Brendan Powell wins aboard 10/1 shot Rhyme 'n' Reason by 4 lengths from Durham Edition
  • 1989 53rd US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Englishman Nick Faldo wins the first of his 3 Masters titles after a final round 65 (−7) and a birdie on the 2nd hole of a sudden-death playoff with Scott Hoch

Sports History

1989 Mike Tyson strikes a parking attendant when asked to move his car

Baseball Record

1989 Rickey Henderson steals his 800th career base in NY's 4-3 loss to Clev

  • 1989 Washington, D.C. march supporting 1973 Roe vs Wade decision (allow abortions)
  • 1990 "Capital News" starring Lloyd Bridges premieres on ABC-TV

Contract of Interest

1990 Don Mattingly signs a $19.7 million 5-year contract with Yankees

  • 1990 NY Islanders beat NY Rangers 4-3 in double overtime-Rangers lead 2-1
  • 1990 World's largest bunny hop at Radio City Music Hall (NYC)
  • 1991 Georgia SSR votes to secede from USSR
  • 1992 Florida drops rape charges against NY Mets Gooden, Boston & Coleman

Election of Interest

1992 John Major elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his Conservative Party wins the most votes in British electoral history

  • 1992 Record 18 golfers shoot in 60s in Masters round 1 (old record 12)

Historic Event

1992 US Fed court finds Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega guilty of 8 out of 10 drug and racketeering charges

  • 1992 William O Studeman, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1993 Colorado Rockies 1st home game & 1st victory, 11-4 over Mont Expos
  • 1994 BPAA US Open by Justin Hromek
  • 1994 STS-59 (Endeavour) launches into orbit
  • 1994 147th Grand National: Jockey Richard Dunwoody wins his second GN aboard Irish 16/1 shot Miinnehoma by 1¼ lengths from Just So
  • 1995 "Translations" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 25 performances
  • 1995 59th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Ben Crenshaw wins his 2nd Masters title, 1 stroke ahead of runner-up Davis Love III
  • 1997 Cleveland Indians pitcher Jose Mesa is acquitted of rape
  • 1997 Major League Soccer announces Miami & Chicago expansion
  • 1997 NFL announces it will give $3M to CFL & possible "World Classic Bowl"
  • 1999 Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, President of Niger, is assassinated at the airport in Niamey, Niger
  • 2000 64th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Fijian Vijay Singh wins by 3 strokes from Ernie Els of South Africa
  • 2000 53rd British Film and Television Awards (BAFTAS): "American Beauty" Best Film, Pedro Almodovar Best Director

Historic Event

2002 Funeral of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother at Westminster Abbey UK. More than a million people line the streets

Invasion of Iraq

2003 Baghdad falls to U.S. forces, ending the invasion of Iraq, but resulting in widespread looting

  • 2005 158th Grand National: 9-year-old 7/1 favourite Hedgehunter, ridden by Ruby Walsh and trained by Willie Mullins, win by 14 lengths from 40/1 shot Royal Auclair
  • 2006 70th US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Phil Mickelson wins his 2nd green jacket by 2 shots from South African Tim Clark

Television Debut

2009 Mockumentary "Parks and Recreation" starring Amy Poehler, Nick Offerman and Aziz Ansari debuts on NBC in the US

  • 2011 Gunman murders five people, injures eleven, and commits suicide in a mall in the Netherlands
  • 2011 164th Grand National: Jason Maguire wins aboard Irish 14/1 shot Ballabriggs; first GN win for trainer Donald McCain Jr., son of 4-time winning trainer Ginger McCain
  • 2012 "The Lion King" becomes highest grossing Broadway show after overtaking "The Phantom of the Opera"
  • 2013 12 civilians and UN peacekeepers are killed in an ambush in Jonglei, Sudan
  • 2013 37 people are killed and 850 are injured after a magnitude 6.1 earthquake strikes Iran
  • 2013 13 people are killed and 3 are injured from a shooting spree in Velika Ivanča, Serbia
  • 2013 The French Senate approves a bill for same-sex marriage
  • 2013 32nd NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Connecticut beats Louisville, 93-60; Huskies' 8th National title
  • 2014 Stuart Parkin is awarded the Millennium Technology Prize for his work on magnetic storage
  • 2016 169th Grand National: David Mullins victorious aboard 33/1 Rule The World; wins by 6 lengths from race favourite The Last Samuri
  • 2017 Two Egyptian coptic churches in Tanta and Alexandria attacked by suicide bombers leaving at least 44 dead
  • 2017 Suicide car bombing in Mogadishu, Somalia kills at least 17, Al-Shabaab group claim responsibility
  • 2017 81st US Masters Tournament, Augusta National GC: Spaniard Sergio García beats Justin Rose of England in a sudden-death playoff, after they completed 72 holes at -9; Garcia's 1st major title in his 74th attempt
  • 2017 Twitter footage of passenger forcibly removed from United Airlines flight in Chicago after flight overbooked causes outrage
  • 2018 US Senator Tammy Duckworth of Illinois becomes the first senator to give birth while in office
  • 2018 Fleetwood Mac announce new members Neil Finn and Mike Campbell after firing long-standing member Lindsey Buckingham
  • 2019 Wolves have returned to the Netherlands after 140 years claim ecologists
  • 2019 Nine prominent Hong Kong pro-democracy protesters found guilty on public nuisance charges for their part in 2014 "Umbrella Movement"
  • 2021 Uganda opposition party National Unity Platform Party, headed by Bobi Wine, claims 623 people have been abducted and tortured by the government of President Yoweri Museveni [1]
  • 2021 La Soufrière volcano begins erupting on the Caribbean island of St. Vincent with a plume of ash 20,000 feet into the sky
  • 2021 San Diego Padres pitcher Joe Musgrove no-hits the Texas Rangers, 3-0 at Globe Life Field, Arlington, TX