On This Day

Historical Events on August 1

Events 1 - 200 of 288

Event of interestEvent of Interest

30 BC Octavian (later known as Augustus) enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Republic

Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Roman Emperor
Augustus Caesar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

527 Justinian I becomes the sole ruler of the Byzantine Empire

Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I
Eastern Roman Emperor
Justinian I
  • 607 Ono no Imoko is dispatched as envoy to the Sui court in China (Traditional Japanese date: July 3, 607)
  • 649 Pope Martinus I chosen successor of Theodorus I [or 8/7]
  • 860 Peace of Koblenz: Charles the Bald, Louis the German & Lotharius II
  • 902 Aghlabid emir Ibrahim II of Ifriqiya destroys Taormina, Sicily
  • 1021 Synod of Pavia: emperor Henry II convicts married priest

Declaration of WarNorman Invasion of England

1086 Results of the Domesday inquiry presented to William the Conqueror in Salisbury (the date of compilation and the Great Domesday are historically contestable)
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William the Conquerer and his army land at Pevensey as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
William the Conquerer and his army land at Pevensey as depicted in the Bayeux Tapestry
  • 1177 Peace Treaty of Venice: Emperor Frederik I and Pope Alexander III
  • 1203 Alexius IV Angelus appointed co-regent of Byzantium
  • 1291 Everlasting League forms, basis of Swiss Confederation (Independence)
  • 1485 Henry Tudor's army sails to England (future Henry VII)

DiscoveryHistoric Discovery

1498 Christopher Columbus lands on "Isla Santa" (Venezuela)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1589 Assassination of French King Henry III by friar Jacques Clément
  • 1626 Earl Earnest Casimir conquers Oldenzaal
  • 1628 Emperor Ferdinand II demands Austria Protestant convert to Catholicism

  • 1664 Battle at St Gotthard: Earl Raimondo Montecucculi beats Ahmed Kiprulu
  • 1690 Battle at Staffarda: French army beats Victor Amadeus of Savoy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1711 Surrounded Tsar Peter the Great flees Azov

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1714 Monarch Georg Ludwig becomes King George I of England

King George I
George I
  • 1715 First Doggett's Coat and Badge race (Waterman's race) held on Thames River (London Bridge to Chelsea)
  • 1717 Nicholas Rowe is appointed British Poet Laureate by George I
  • 1732 Foundations laid for Bank of England
  • 1759 Battle at Minden, Westfalen: Ferdinand van Brunswick beats France

Historic InventionOxygen Discovered!

1774 Joseph Priestley, English theologian, chemist and author discovers oxygen by isolating it in its gaseous state
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Illustration of Priestley's discovery of oxygen, by Henry Granger
Illustration of Priestley's discovery of oxygen, by Henry Granger
  • 1780 Sweden declares neutrality

Victory in BattleSurrender at Yorktown

1781 British army under general Cornwallis occupies Yorktown, Virginia
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'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War
'Surrender of Lord Cornwallis' by John Trumbull depicting the British surrender which ended the American Revolutionary War
  • 1785 Caroline Herschel becomes 1st woman to discover a comet
  • 1789 US Customs begins enforcing Tariff Act
  • 1793 France becomes 1st country to use the metric system
  • 1794 Whiskey Rebellion begins in western Pennsylvania

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1798 Battle of the Nile: British Royal Navy under Admiral Horatio Nelson attacks and decimates the French fleet at Aboukir Bay off the Nile Delta, Egypt

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson
  • 1812 Rare tornado hits Westchester County, NY
  • 1814 Belgian King Willem I accepts blame in Southern defeat
  • 1820 London's Regent's Canal opens.
  • 1828 Bolton and Leigh Railway opens to freight traffic.

  • 1831 London Bridge opens to traffic
  • 1832 The Black Hawk War ends.
  • 1834 Slavery abolished throughout the British Empire - Slavery Abolition Act 1833 comes into effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1836 As part of their homeward journey on the HMS Beagle, Charles Darwin returns to Bahia in Brazil

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin
  • 1838 Apprenticeship system abolished in most of the British Empire. Former slaves no longer indentured to former owners.
  • 1840 Labourer slaves in most of the British Empire are emancipated.
  • 1842 Rotherhithe Tunnel under the Thames opens
  • 1842 Lombard Street Riot erupts
  • 1852 San Francisco Methodists establish 1st black church, Zion Methodist
  • 1855 Castle Clinton in NYC opens as 1st US receiving station for immigrants
  • 1861 Brazil recognizes Confederacy
  • 1863 Battle of Little Rock, Arkansas; start of Chattanooga campaign
  • 1863 Cavalry action near Brandy Station-End of Gettysburg Campaign
  • 1867 Blacks vote for 1st time in a US state election in the South (Tennessee)
  • 1869 1st voyage down Colorado River
  • 1870 Irish Land Act gives rights to tenants of landlords in Ireland
  • 1876 Colorado becomes 38th state of the Union
  • 1881 US Quarantine Station authorized for Angel Island, San Francisco Bay
  • 1883 A papyrus offered to British Museum for £10,000 (forgery)
  • 1883 Amsterdam's Grand Hotel Krasnapolsky gets electric lights
  • 1883 Inland postal service begins in Great Britain
  • 1886 Great Britain annexes Kermadec-Island near New Zealand
  • 1888 The roof of Seville's cathedral collapses after an earthquake

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists reach Lundi

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1893 Henry Perky patents a machine for the preparation of cereals for food, otherwise known as shredded wheat
  • 1893 Henry Perky and William Ford patent shredded wheat
  • 1896 George Samuelson completes rowing Atlantic (NY to England)
  • 1901 Burials within San Francisco City limits prohibited
  • 1902 Building begins on Dutch public housing
  • 1902 Mine accident in Wollongong, Australia (100 die)
  • 1906 Brooklyn Superbas MLB pitcher Harry McIntire no-hits Pittsburgh for 10 2/3 innings but loses in 13th, 1-0 on an unearned run
  • 1907 U.S. Army Signal Corps establish a small Aeronautical Division

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 Bank of Italy (later Bank of America) opens 1st branch at 3433 Mission Street, San Francisco

Banker and Entrepreneur Amadeo Giannini
Banker and Entrepreneur
Amadeo Giannini
  • 1907 First Scout camp opens on Brownsea Island, in Poole Harbour, Dorset
  • 1909 Tour de France: François Faber of Luxembourg becomes the first foreigner to win the cycling classic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Omar Bradley, aged 18, begins education in West Point Military Academy

US WWII General Omar Bradley
US WWII General
Omar Bradley
  • 1911 Transportation workers begin a major strike in England; part of a wave of industrial unrest
  • 1914 British Grand Fleet reaches Scapa Flow

BattleDeclaration of War

1914 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II of Russia in WWI

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
Tsar Nicholas II
Nicholas II
  • 1914 France and Germany mobilize their troops at outbreak of WWI
  • 1914 Trois Vierges: German 69th infantry regiment enters Luxembourg on outbreak of WWI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 Marcus Garvey and others found the Universal Negro Improvement Association in Jamaica with aim of creating black-governed nation in Africa

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey
  • 1916 Hawaii National Park forms
  • 1916 Annie Besant founds the India Home Rule League
  • 1917 Frank Little, IWW organizer, lynched in Butte, Montana
  • 1918 British troops enter Vladivostok
  • 1918 Pittsburgh and Boston Braves play a MLB record 20 scoreless innings before Pirates win, 2-0 in 21
  • 1919 Queen Wilhelmina opens 1st Air Fair in Amsterdam
  • 1920 Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia
  • 1922 Hendrikus Colijn becomes political editor-in-chief of The Standard
  • 1922 In Italy, the socialist 'Alianza del Lavoro' declare a national strike which collapses immediately and fascist forces destroy union and socialist headquarters
  • 1924 Brooklyn pitcher Dazzy Vance strikes out a MLB record 7 consecutive batters as the Robins beat Cubs, 4-0
  • 1925 Shortwave-radio link between Kootwijk and Netherland East-Indies
  • 1926 Battles between Druze & French in Damascus
  • 1926 Failed assassination on General Primo de Rivera in Barcelona

  • 1927 Earliest date for a film to be considered for the Academy Awards

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1928 Babe Ruth hits home run #42 in the Yankees 12-1 win v St. Louis Browns, takes him 4 weeks ahead of his 1927 pace

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1928 Americans sweep medals at a rainy Olympic pole vault final in Amsterdam with Sabin Carr gold, from William Droegemuller and Charles McGinnis
  • 1932 George Washington quarter goes into circulation
  • 1933 NY's future Hall of Fame pitcher Carl Hubbell sets MLB record for consecutive scoreless innings at 45 1/3 as Giants lose 3-1 v Boston Braves
  • 1933 Death penalty for anti-fascists in Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Dutch colonial regime in Batavia arrests Sukarno

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 National Recovery Administration (NRA) is founded with Hugh S. Johnson as its first director

Member of FDR's Brain Trust Hugh S. Johnson
Member of FDR's Brain Trust
Hugh S. Johnson
  • 1934 2nd Venice Film Festival opens
  • 1934 US Amateur Golf Championship format is changed to a 6-day event with no 36-hole stroke-play qualifying, and 36-hole matches for semi-finals and final

OlympicsOlympic Games

1936 XI Summer Olympic Games are opened by Adolph Hitler in Berlin

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1936 Benjamin Mays named president of Morehouse College
  • 1941 Luftwaffe bombs German 23rd division
  • 1941 NY Yankees pitcher Lefty Gomez sets MLB record for most walks in a shutout, issuing 11 in 9-0 win v St. Louis Browns
  • 1941 The first Jeep is produced.
  • 1942 German occupier demands listing of all Dutch telephone subscribers
  • 1942 Race riots in Harlem, New York
  • 1943 Japan declares Burma Independence under U Ba Maw
  • 1943 Race riot in Harlem, NYC
  • 1943 Sunderland seaplanes sink U-454 & U-383
  • 1944 Adam Clayton Powell elected 1st African-American congressman from New York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Anne Frank's last diary entry; 3 days later she is arrested

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • 1944 General Montgomery takes command of 12th & 21st army
  • 1944 US 90th division occupies St Hilaire-du-Harcourt
  • 1944 US troops enter Tessy-sur-Vir
  • 1944 Polish resistance fighters of the Home Army launch the Warsaw Uprising, the largest military effort undertaken by a resistance movement in occupied Europe
  • 1945 Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's
  • 1945 NY Giants outfielder Mel Ott hits historic 500th MLB home run off Braves Johnny Hutchings, joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx as only players to reach milestone

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 US President Harry Truman establishes Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1947 "Medium & The Telephone" opens at Barrymore Theater NYC for 211 performances

  • 1948 The U.S. Air Force Office of Special Investigations is founded.
  • 1950 American Bowling Congress ends all-white-males rule
  • 1950 Guam Organic Act establishes Guam as an unincorporated US territory
  • 1950 King Leopold of Belgium abdicates, Baudouin becomes King

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1951 David Ben-Gurion's Mapai-party wins Israeli parliamentary election

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1953 California introduces sales tax (for education)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Fidel Castro arrested in Cuba

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1953 KMBC TV channel 9 in Kansas City, Missouri (MET/ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 KOBI TV channel 5 in Medford, Oregon (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1953 Northern Rhodesia becomes part of Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland
  • 1953 Boston Red Sox pitcher Ben Flowers sets then MLB record of 8 consecutive games in relief
  • 1954 WKBT TV channel 8 in La Crosse, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1954 South African Natives Resettlement Act comes into being, empowers the Government to remove Africans from any area within and next to the magisterial district of Johannesburg
  • 1954 Tour de France: Louison Bobet of France wins by 15' 49" from Ferdinand Kübler, for the second of his 3 consecutive wins
  • 1955 1st microgravity research begins
  • 1955 Tengku Abdul Rahman forms Malacca government
  • 1955 WILL TV channel 12 in Urbana-Champaign, Illinois (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 KRCR TV channel 7 in Redding-Chico, California (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 1st commercial building heated by Sun (Albuquerque, New Mexico)

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1957 Gil Hodges hits his 13th MLB career grand slam, a NL record and the last ever by a Brooklyn Dodgers player

MLB First Baseman Gil Hodges
MLB First Baseman
Gil Hodges
  • 1957 Ex MLB outfielder Glen Gorbous throws a regulation baseball a record 136m (445' 10") in a game promotion
  • 1957 US and Canada create North American Air Defense Command (NORAD)
  • 1958 US 1st class postage up to 4 cents (had been 3 cents for 26 years)
  • 1958 US atomic submarine USS Nautilus begins 1st transit of North Pole "operation Sunshine"

Book releaseHistoric Publication

1959 Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Sacerdotii nostri primordia

  • 1959 WAAY TV channel 31 in Huntsville, AL (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting

Music releaseMusic Recording

1960 Aretha Franklins 1st recording session

Soul Singer Aretha Franklin
Soul Singer
Aretha Franklin
  • 1960 Benin (Dahomey) gains independence from France
  • 1960 Islamabad declared as the federal capital of the Government of Pakistan.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Australian cricket captain Richie Benaud takes 6 for 70 in England's 2nd innings for a 54 run 4th Test win at Old Trafford

Cricketer and Commentator Richie Benaud
Cricketer and Commentator
Richie Benaud

  • 1961 German DR limits traffic to West Berlin
  • 1961 New San Francisco Hall of Justice opens
  • 1961 Whitney Young Jr named executive director of National Urban League
  • 1962 Boston Red Sox pitcher Bill Monboquette no-hits Chicago White Sox, 1-0
  • 1962 Failed assassination on President Nkrumah of Ghana
  • 1963 Beatles Book is sold out on its 1st day of sale
  • 1963 Germany FR annexes Elten village
  • 1963 WQAD TV channel 8 in Moline, Illinois (ABC) begins broadcasting

Sport awardDavis Cup

1963 Arthur Ashe becomes first African-American tennis player to be named in the US Davis Cup team

Tennis Player Arthur Ashe
Tennis Player
Arthur Ashe
  • 1964 ALM (Antillian Airlines) begins operation
  • 1964 Beatles' single "A Hard Day's Night" goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks
  • 1964 Dan 'Big Daddy' Garlits becomes first drag racer to run the 1/4 mile at over 200mph (201.34mph at Island Dragway, New Jersey)
  • 1965 Scottish Lotus driver Jim Clark wins the German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring to clinch his second F1 World Drivers Championship
  • 1966 Charles Whitman wounds 31 and kills 16 at University of Texas
  • 1966 Yakubu Gowon becomes Nigerian Head of State after a military coup d'état
  • 1967 Izaak Samkalden becomes mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1967 WBRA TV channel 15 in Roanoke, VA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 Canada begins replacing silver with nickel in coins
  • 1968 Cleveland Metroparks begins operating Zoo
  • 1968 WXIX TV channel 19 in Cincinnati-Newport, OH (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1968 The coronation is held of Hassanal Bolkiah, the 29th Sultan of Brunei.
  • 1969 110,000 attend Atlantic City Pop Festival
  • 1969 36th Chicago Charities College All-Star Game: NY Jets 26, All-Stars 24 (74,208)
  • 1969 Mariner 6 sends close-up photos of Mars
  • 1970 EAA Convention moves from Rockford Ill to Oshkosh, Wi
  • 1970 KTSD TV channel 10 in Pierre, SD (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1970 Future Hall of Fame outfielder Willie Stargell smacks 3 doubles and 2 homers in a 20-10 Pirates win v Braves
  • 1970 2nd San Diego Comic-Con International opens at U.S. Grant Hotel
  • 1971 CBS presents Masterpiece Theatre's 6 Wives of Henry VIII

Music concertMusic Concert

1971 George Harrison's concert for Bangladesh takes place in NYC

Singer-Songwriter George Harrison
George Harrison

  • 1971 Richard Petty wins the Dixie 500 in Atlanta, Georgia to become the first NASCAR driver to win $1m in career earnings
  • 1972 1st article exposing Watergate scandal by Bernstein and Woodward in "The Washington Post"
  • 1972 Nate Colbert hits MLB record tying 5 HRs and record 13 RBI as Padres beat Atlanta 9-0, 11-7 in a doubleheader

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 Struggling ABA club Virginia Squires trades star forward Julius Erving to New York Nets for George Carter and cash

NBA Legend Julius Erving
NBA Legend
Julius Erving
  • 1973 H J Witteveen appointed as director of IMF
  • 1973 Munson and Fisk get into a brawl at Fenway Park
  • 1974 China's People's Liberation Army Navy, put into service ChangZheng 1, their first nuclear-powered submarine
  • 1975 38 government leaders signs Helsinki accord
  • 1975 41st Chicago Charities College All-Star Game: Pittsburgh 21, All-Stars 14 (54,103)
  • 1975 Helsinki Pact guaranteeing boundaries, rights signed by 35 nations
  • 1975 CSCE Final Act creates the Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe
  • 1976 XXI Summer Olympic Games, Montreal, Canada: Officially close
  • 1976 Flash flood in Big Thompson Canyon Colo on Route 34, kills 139
  • 1976 Seattle Seahawks take the field for the first time in pre-season game v SF 49ers at the newly constructed Kingdome in Seattle
  • 1976 Reigning world F1 champion Niki Lauda of Austria suffers a near fatal crash during the German Grand Prix at Hockenheim
  • 1977 San Francisco Giants 1st baseman Willie McCovey hits NL record 18th MLB career grand slam
  • 1977 Former Lockheed U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers crashes the news helicopter he was flying in Los Angeles

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1978 Atlanta Braves trounce Cincinnati Reds, 16-4 and halt Pete Rose's NL record hitting streak at 44 games

MLB Player and Manager Pete Rose
MLB Player and Manager
Pete Rose
  • 1978 Commandos occupy Iraqi embassy in Paris, 1 dead