On This Day

Historical Events on August 10

  • 612 BC Killing of Sinsharishkun, King of Assyrian Empire. Destruction of Nineveh.

Historic Event

70 Second Temple in Jerusalem set on fire by Roman army under Titus during the capture of the city (approx)

  • 610 In Islam, the traditional date of the Laylat al-Qadr, when Muhammad began to receive the Qur'an
  • 654 Pope Eugene I elected to succeed Martinus I
  • 843 Treaty of Verdun: Brothers Lotharius I, Louis the German & Charles the Bald divide France
  • 955 Battle of Lechfeld: Otto I, King of the Germans defeats the Hungarian, ending 50 years of Magyar invasion of Western Europe.
  • 991 Battle of Maldon: English, led by Bryhtnoth, confront a band of inland-raiding Vikings near Maldon in Essex. The English are defeated and the story is immortalised in a well-known poem.
  • 1304 -11] Battle at Zierik Sea: Dutch & French fleet beat Flemish fleet
  • 1316 Second Battle of Athenry, Anglo-Norman victory over Gaelic clan alliance
  • 1346 Majorcan explorer Jaume Ferrer sets sail to find the legendary 'river of gold' along the West African coast (disappears without trace)
  • 1461 Alfonso ed Espina, bishop of Osma urges for an Inquisition in Spain

Historic Event

1497 John Cabot tells King Henry VII of his trip to "Asia"

  • 1500 Portuguese sea captain Diego Diaz is first European to sight Madagascar
  • 1511 Portuguese troops occupy parts of Malacca
  • 1512 Battle of Saint-Mathieu (also called the Battle of Brest): an English fleet of 25 ships commanded by Sir Edward Howard and a Franco-Breton fleet of 22 ships commanded by René de Clermont.
  • 1557 Battle of St Quentin in Picardy: Lamoraal, Count of Egmont and Philibert, Duke of Savoy (Spanish Empire) beat the Duke of Montmorency (France)
  • 1566 Protestant Iconoclasm "Beeldenstorm" begins in European Low Countries

Treaty of Interest

1585 English Queen Elizabeth I signs Treaty of Nonsuch: Aid for Netherlands

  • 1622 John Mason and Ferdinando Gorges receive a land patent of the Province of Maine.
  • 1627 Cardinal Richelieu begins siege of La Rochelle

The Sinking of the Vasa

1628 Swedish warship Vasa sinks in Stockholm, killing 30

  • 1653 The Battle of Scheveningen, English fleet beats Dutch
  • 1659 Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb has his brother and competitor for the throne Dara Shukoh executed on religious grounds
  • 1664 Austria and the Ottoman Empire sign the Peace of Vásvár

Historic Event

1675 King Charles II and John Flamsteed lay the foundation stone of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London

  • 1675 Portuguese-Jewish synagogue opens in Amsterdam
  • 1678 Netherlands & France sign peace treaty in Nijmegen
  • 1680 Tewa medicine man, Popé, leads the Pueblo Rebellion against Spanish colonizers in the New Mexican Province, killing 400 and driving out another 2,000
  • 1743 Earliest recorded prize fighting rules formulated
  • 1759 Carlos III crowned King of Spain
  • 1774 1st Surinam newspaper (1st Wednesday Suriname) begins publishing

United States Declaration of Independence

1776 American Revolutionary War: word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London.

Music History

1787 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completes his chamber piece "Eine kleine Nachtmusik" (A Little Serenade)

Historic Event

1792 A large scale insurrection against the French monarchy occurs in Paris

Historic Event

1792 Papers from the Tuileries Palace, proving the Comte de Mirabeau had secret dealings with the court are revealed

  • 1793 Louvre palace officially opens in Paris as The Museum Central des Arts
  • 1809 Area of Quinto is the first to declare itself independent of Spain in Latin America, though put down by the Spanish after 24 day (now Ecuador's National Day)
  • 1821 Missouri admitted as 24th US state
  • 1822 Antioch Syria, hit by Earthquake; about 20,000 die
  • 1827 Race riots in Cincinnati (1,000 blacks leave for Canada)
  • 1831 Hurricane hits Barbados; about 1,500 die
  • 1833 Chicago incorporates as a village of about 200
  • 1835 Mob of whites & oxen pulled black school to a swamp out of Canaan NH
  • 1846 US Act of Congress passes establishing the Smithsonian Institution, now world's largest museum and research complex
  • 1856 Hurricane washes away 2-300 revelers at Last Island, Louisiana
  • 1861 Battle of Wilson's Creek [Battle of Oak Hills], fought near Springfield, Missouri, General Lyon killed, Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Battle of Nueces River TX
  • 1869 O B Brown patents moving picture projector
  • 1876 1st phone call between Brantford & Paris, Canada
  • 1877 Big Hole River: Col John Gibbon murders Nez-Perce indians
  • 1885 Leo Daft opens America's 1st commercially operated electric streetcar in Baltimore
  • 1887 Excursion train crashes killing 101. (Chatsworth, Illinois)

Baseball Record

1888 NY Giant pitcher Tim Keefe sets a 19 game winning streak record

  • 1889 Dan Rylands patents screw cap
  • 1893 Chinese deported from San Francisco under Exclusion Act

Historic Event

1893 Rudolf Diesel's prime model internal combustion engine, a single 10-foot iron cylinder with a flywheel at its base, ran on its own power for the first time in Augsburg, Germany

  • 1895 1st Queen's Hall Promenade Concerto (Wagner's "Rienzi")
  • 1897 German chemist Felix Hoffman first synthesizes acetylsalicylic acid, which would later be patened by his company Bayer under the name "aspirin"
  • 1897 Automobile Club of Great Britain established (now: Royal Automobile Club)
  • 1901 Chicago White Sox Frank Isbell strands record 11 teammate base runners

Historic Event

1904 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (future Pope John XXIII) becomes a priest

  • 1904 Dutch newspaper Volk fires gay journalist Jacob de Cock
  • 1904 Battle of the Yellow Sea: Japanese fleet prevented Russians breaking out of Port Arthur
  • 1904 NY Highlanders pitcher Jack Chesbro ends string of 30 consecutive complete games in a 5-1 loss to Chicago White Sox at South Side Park, Chicago
  • 1906 Pope Pius X bans Associations cults
  • 1907 Prince Scipone Borchesi wins Beijing to Paris, 7,500 mile auto rally
  • 1911 Parliament Act reduces power of UK's House of Lords
  • 1911 The UK House of Commons votes on a salary - of £400 annually - for its members
  • 1913 Treaty of Bucharest ends the Second Balkan War, Bulgaria cedes territory
  • 1914 At Liege, German 12"/16.5" guns reach Belgian boundary
  • 1914 German battle cruiser Goeben reaches Dardanellen/Turkey joins Germany
  • 1914 German troops reconquer Mulhouse in Elzas
  • 1914 WWI: French fall back at Alsace
  • 1916 Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia
  • 1919 Ukrainian National Army massacres 25 Jews in Podolia Ukraine
  • 1920 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • 1920 Treaty of Sèvres (Allies & Turkey)
  • 1920 Turkish government renounces its claim to Israel, recognizes British mandate
  • 1920 Mamie Smith and her Jazz Hounds record “Crazy Blues” for Okeh Records, first significant Blues hit by African American artist

Polio

1921 FDR stricken with a paralytic illness at summer home on Canadian island of Campobello. At the time it was thought to be polio, but could possibly have been Guillain–Barré syndrome

  • 1925 Hurricane strikes Borculo, 4 die
  • 1926 Italian-Spanish peace treaty signed
  • 1929 Grover Alexander beats Phils 7-1 for his 373rd & last NL win
  • 1932 A 5.1-kg (11.2-pound) chondrite-type meteorite breaks into at least seven pieces and lands near the town of Archie in Cass County, Missouri.

US Open Women's Tennis

1933 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Defending champion Helen Jacobs beats Helen Wills Moody 8-6, 3-6, 3-0, ret

Sports History

1934 Babe Ruth announces this is his final season as full time player

  • 1935 3rd Venice Film Festival opens
  • 1936 114°F (46°C) at Plain Dealing, Louisiana (state record)
  • 1936 120°F (49°C) at Ozark, Arkansas (state record)
  • 1936 4th Venice Film Festival opens
  • 1936 First time the Olympic cycling road race is conducted as a mass start event with Frenchmen Robert Charpentier and Guy Lapébie taking gold and silver, and France winning the teams gold medal
  • 1937 5th Venice Film Festival opens
  • 1938 119°F (48°C), Pendleton, Oregon (state record)
  • 1939 2nd Dutch De Geer government forms (1st with Social Democrats)
  • 1940 Dutch Prince Bernhard Fund forms

Historic Event

1941 FDR & Churchill's 2nd meeting at Placentia, Newfoundland

  • 1942 200 Jews escape Mir Ghetto in Poland

Appointment of Interest

1942 General Bernard Montgomery appointed commander British 8th Army in North Africa

  • 1943 Dutch submarine attacks Hertenbeest Island, NW Bali

Historic Event

1943 US General George S. Patton calls injured soldier "cowardly"

Historic Event

1943 Adolf Hitler watches lynching of allied pilots

  • 1944 Braves Red Barrett throws only 58 pitches to shut out Cincinnati Reds 2-0
  • 1944 Race riots in Athens, Alabama
  • 1944 Battle for Guam ends, US troops recapture Guam from the Japanese
  • 1944 US/French offensive at Alencon

Historic Event

1945 Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies, provided Emperor Hirohito's status remains unchanged

  • 1948 ABC enters network TV at 7 PM (WJZ, NY)
  • 1948 Allen Funt's "Candid Camera" TV debut on ABC

Sports History

1948 Bradman scores 133* Aust v Lancashire, 216 mins, 17 fours

Boxing Title Fight

1949 Ezzard Charles TKOs Gus Lesnevich in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1949 US National Military Establishment renamed Depertment of Defense

Film Premiere

1950 "Sunset Boulevard", American film noir directed by Billy Wilder, and starring William Holden and Gloria Swanson, premieres at Radio City Music Hall in NYC

  • 1954 Dutch Indonesian Union breaks up
  • 1954 Sir Gordon Richards retires as a jockey with record 4,870 wins
  • 1954 At Massena, New York, the groundbreaking ceremony for the St. Lawrence Seaway is held.
  • 1956 23rd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Cleveland 26, All-Stars 0 (75,000)
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1960 Discoverer 13 launched into orbit; returned 1st object from space
  • 1960 Nicolaas Jouwe forms PANA in New Guinea
  • 1961 UK applies for membership of the European Common Market
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1964 WJSP TV channel 28 in Columbus, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1965 Joe Engle in X-15 reaches 82 km
  • 1966 NASA launches Lunar Orbiter 1 to the Moon to photograph the lunar surface
  • 1966 Daylight meteor seen from Utah to Canada. Only known case of a meteor entering Earth's atmosphere & leaving it again
  • 1968 Race riots in Miami, Chicago & Little Rock
  • 1969 Don Sutton breaks his 13-game losing streak to Cubs with a 4-2 win

Jim Morrison's Trial

1970 Jim Morrison's trial for "lewd and lascivious behavior" begins in Miami, Florida

  • 1970 British Home Secretary Reginald Maulding threatens to impose direct rule on Northern Ireland if the agreed reform measures are not carried out
  • 1971 16 baseball researchers form Society for American Baseball Research

Baseball Record

1971 Twins' Harmon Killebrew is 10th to amass 500 HRs, & adds his 501st

  • 1971 During the internment round-up operation in west Belfast, the Parachute Regiment kill 11 unarmed civilians in what became known as the Ballymurphy massacre
  • 1972 1 million kg meteorite grazes atmosphere above Canada

Music History

1972 Paul & Linda McCartney, and their band Wings are arrested in Gothenburg, Sweden on drug possession charges when custom official discover a package of hashish

  • 1972 Finnish runner Lasse Virén wraps up the 5,000/10,000m double at the Munich Olympics; runs Olympic record 13:26.42 for the 5k gold medal
  • 1973 1st BART train travels thru transbay tube to Montgomery St Station

PGA Championship

1975 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Firestone CC: Jack Nicklaus wins his 4th PGA crown by 2 shots from Australian Bruce Crampton

Historic Event

1975 David Frost purchases exclusive rights to interview former US President Richard Nixon

  • 1976 Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteer shot dead by the British Army as he drove in Belfast; his car out of control and kills 3 children, sparking "peace rallies" throughout the month by the 'Peace People'
  • 1977 Phillies & Expos play a doubleheader that ends at 3:23 AM
  • 1977 US & Panama sign Panama Canal Zone accord
  • 1977 USSR performs (underground) nuclear test
  • 1977 Postal employee David Berkowitz arrested in Yonkers NY, accused of being "Son of Sam" 44 caliber killer
  • 1977 About 100 white sympathisers joined evicted black squatters in a protest against the demolition of shanty dwellings outside Cape Town, South Africa
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya
  • 1979 Ecuador adopts its 17th constitution, extending citizenship and suffrage to all Ecuadorians over 18
  • 1979 Wings release single "Getting Closer" & "Baby's Request"

Album Release

1979 "Off the Wall" 5th studio album by Michael Jackson is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1980)

  • 1980 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Oak Hill CC: Jack Nicklaus wins 5th and final PGA C'ship by a convincing 7 strokes from Andy Bean

Golf Tournament

1980 Canadian Open Women's Golf (Peter Jackson Classic), Richelieu Valley GC: Pat Bradley wins by 1 from JoAnn Carner for her first of 6 major titles

  • 1980 Allen, most powerful hurricane in the Caribbean hits Brownsville, Tx
  • 1981 Coca-Cola Bottling Co agrees to pump $34 million into black business

Sports History

1981 Pete Rose, 3,631 career hit, breaks Stan Musial's NL hit record

  • 1981 Richard Nixon Museum in San Clemente, California closes

Sports History

1983 1st World Championships in Athletics: Carl Lewis wins gold in Men's Long Jump

  • 1984 Famous Mary Decker-Zola Budd collision during 3,000m at the LA Olympics; Decker falls, Budd finishes 7th; Maricica Puică of Romania wins

Olympic Gold

1984 The US beats Spain 96-65 to win the men's basketball gold medal at the Los Angeles Olympics; future 'dream team' members Michael Jordan, Patrick Ewing and Chris Mullin feature

  • 1984 Ian Ferguson of New Zealand wins 2 canoeing gold medals in the one day taking the K-1 500 and K-2 500 (with Paul MacDonald) at the LA Olympics; wins K-4 1000 the next day
  • 1984 Sweden's Agneta Andersson takes out the women's canoeing 500m double at the Los Angeles Olympics with wins in the K-1 and K-2 (with Anna Olsson) events
  • 1985 Oakland A's Dave Kingman is 21st to hit 400 HRs (off Matt Young at Seattle)
  • 1985 Michael Jackson buys ATV Music (including publishing rights to the Beatles song catalog) for $47.5 million
  • 1985 Uno Lindstron of Sweden juggles a soccer ball 13.11 miles
  • 1986 "Me & My Girl" opens at Marquis Theater, NYC; runs for 1420 performances

Sports History

1986 Billy Martin Day, his uniform number 1 retired

  • 1986 Marquis Theater opens at 1535 Broadway NYC
  • 1986 Pitcher Bob Forsch grand slams to lead Cardinals to a 5-4 win over Pittsburgh Pirates, in St. Louis
  • 1987 Flight Readiness Firing of Discovery's main engines is successfully
  • 1987 Kevin Gross is 2nd pitcher in 8 days to be ejected for scuffing ball
  • 1988 Matt Biondi swims world record 100m free style (48.42 sec)
  • 1988 Rodrigo Borja installed as president of Ecuador
  • 1988 UN estimates Asia's population hits 3 billion
  • 1989 A's bat out of order against White Sox in 3rd inning
  • 1989 Australia 0-301 at end of day one, 5th Test Cricket at Trent Bridge
  • 1990 NASA's Magellan spacecraft lands on Venus
  • 1990 The Massacre of more than 127 Muslims in North East Sri Lanka by paramilitaries.
  • 1991 New York City Opera's limited run production of Stephen Sondhiem's "A Little Night Music" closes at New York State Theater, NYC, after 7 performances
  • 1991 NFL sportscaster Paul Maquire suffers a heart attack at 53
  • 1992 Satellite TOPEX/Poseidon launched
  • 1992 Soyuz TM-15 lands

Historic Event

1993 Ruth Bader Ginsburg sworn in as a US Supreme Court Justice

  • 1993 Charlotte Anne Lopez, 16, of Vermont, crowned 11th Miss Teen USA
  • 1993 Earthquake measuring 7.0 on the Richter Scale hits the South Island of New Zealand

Music History

1993 Columbia Records releases "River of Dreams", singer-songwriter Billy Joel's twelfth and final (unless he just changes his mind) studio album

  • 1994 Last British troops leave Hong Kong (been there since Sept 1841)
  • 1995 Dodgers leading 2-1 in 9th forfeit game to Cards, fans become unruly

Historic Event

1996 Bob Dole picks Jack Kemp as his Republican VP running mate

  • 1996 Dare & Go ends Cigars record tying victory streak at 16
  • 1996 Parlisha Williams (Louisiana) crowned Ms Black USA Metroplex
  • 1996 Yanks lose ending 3rd best home series victory streak at 24
  • 1996 New Zealand beats South Africa, 29-18 in Cape Town to win the inaugural Tri Nations Rugby Series with an unbeaten record; All Blacks flyhalf Andrew Mehrtens lands 5 penalties and 2 conversions
  • 1997 36th Walker Cup: US, 18-6
  • 1997 Anaheim Angels Tony Phillips arrested for purchasing cocaine

Sports History

1997 Atlanta Braves sign Greg Maddux to then record 5 year, $57.5 million deal

  • 1998 The Royal Proclamation of HRH Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah as the Crown Prince of Brunei.

Historic Event

2001 US and UK reject a proposal by UN Secretary General Kofi Annan to permit the Iraqi government to use $1 billion per year to fund infrastructure improvements and to increase oil production capacity

  • 2002 New Zealand beats South Africa, 30-23 in Durban to win their fourth Tri Nations Rugby Series; All Blacks score 4 tries to 2
  • 2003 The highest temperature ever recorded in the UK - 38.5°C (101.3°F) in Kent . It is the first time the UK has recorded a temperature over 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • 2006 Scotland Yard disrupts major terrorist plot to destroy aircraft travelling from the United Kingdom to the United States. All toiletries are banned from commercial aircraft.
  • 2008 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Oakland Hills CC: Irishman Pádraig Harrington wins his second straight major by 2 shots from Sergio Garcia and Ben Curtis