On This Day

Historical Events on August 11

  • 3114 BC The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations, notably the Mayans, begins
  • 2492 BC Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation.
  • 480 BC Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Artemisium - Persian naval victory over the Greeks in an engagement fought off north coast of Euboea.
  • 355 Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.
  • 1304 Sea battle of Zierikzee, Franco-Holland forces defeat Flemish fleet
  • 1492 Rodrigo de Borja becomes Pope Alexander VI
  • 1522 Uprising of adel/burgerij in Austria fails
  • 1597 Germany throws out English sales people
  • 1611 Emperor Rudolf forces out king of Bohemia
  • 1674 1st Battle of at Seneffe (Louis II Condé vs Willem III)
  • 1695 English & Dutch fleet capture Dunkerk
  • 1718 Battle of Cape Passaro: British fleet destroys Spanish off Sicily
  • 1772 Explosive eruption blows 4,000' off Papandayan Java, kills 3,000
  • 1786 Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia
  • 1804 Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria
  • 1835 George B Airy begins 46-year reign as England's Astronomer Royal

  • 1858 First ascent of the Eiger in the Bernese Alps in Switzerland
  • 1860 US's 1st successful silver mill (Virginia City, Nev)
  • 1863 Cambodia becomes French protectorate
  • 1866 World's 1st roller rink opens (Newport, Rhode Island)
  • 1874 Harry S Parmelee patents sprinkler head
  • 1877 Asaph Hall discovers Mars's moon Deimos
  • 1884 1st double-century stand in Test cricket, McDonnell/Murdoch 207 Aust

USAStatue of Liberty

1885 $100,000 raised in US for pedestal for Statue of Liberty
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The Statue of Liberty, New York
The Statue of Liberty, New York
  • 1888 California Theatre closed (now a Pac Tel Phone Store)
  • 1896 Harvey Hubbell patents electric light bulb socket with a pull chain
  • 1904 German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa
  • 1904 The Russian fleet in the harbor of at Port Arthur is exposed to Russian guns on the hill above the harbor; Russian ships attempt escape, but most are forced back into harbor by Japanese ships
  • 1907 St Louis Card Ed Karger pitches perfect game vs Braves, 4-0 in 7 inn
  • 1908 King Edward VII of Britain meets with Emperor Wilhelm of Friedrichshof, Germany; the main point of contention is the increasing size of Germany's navy
  • 1909 SOS 1st used by an American ship, Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, NC
  • 1909 Warren Bardsley (136 & 130) 1st to get twin tons in a Test
  • 1914 Jews are expelled from Mitchenick, Poland
  • 1914 John Bray patents animation

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Green Bay Packers football club founded by George Calhoun and Curly Lambeau - named after sponsor Indian Packing Company

NFL Head Coach Curly Lambeau
NFL Head Coach
Curly Lambeau
  • 1919 Weimar Republic begins in Germany

  • 1920 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
  • 1923 Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
  • 1924 1st newsreel pictures of US presidential candidates were taken
  • 1926 Cleveland Indian Tris Speaker hits his 700th double
  • 1928 Carl Hubbell's 1st major league victory is a 4-0 shutout of Phils
  • 1928 Georges Ronsse becomes world champion cyclists

Sports record brokenBaseball Record

1929 Babe Ruth becomes 1st professional baseball player to hit 500 homers (off Willis Hudlin of Cleveland Indians)

Baseball Legend Babe Ruth
Baseball Legend
Babe Ruth
  • 1929 Persia & Iraq sign friendship treaty
  • 1929 Russian-Chinese border fights
  • 1933 Temperature reaches 136°F (57.8°C) at San Luis Potosi, Mexico (world record)
  • 1934 1st federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay
  • 1935 Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews
  • 1936 Chaing Kai-shek's troops conquers Kanton

Film release premierFilm Premier

1937 "The Life of Emile Zola" directed by William Dieterle and starring Paul Muni premieres in New York (Best Picture 1938)

Actor Paul Muni
Paul Muni
  • 1939 Sergei Rachmaninov's last appearance in Europe
  • 1940 38 German aircraft shot down over England
  • 1940 German air raid on British ports Portland and Weymouth
  • 1942 - Sept 30] SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland
  • 1942 999 Jews are taken from Mechelen transit camp in Belgium
  • 1942 British aircraft carrier HMS Eagle torpedoed & sinks
  • 1942 Lt Gen Montgomery makes landing on Gibraltar
  • 1943 Red Army recaptures Tchukujev, at Kharkov
  • 1943 Richard Strauss' 2nd Horn Concert, premieres
  • 1943 US amphibians land at Brolo on north coast of Sicily

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944 French 5th Armour division recaptures Sées
  • 1944 Klaus Barbie, Gestapo head of Lyon France leaves for Auschwitz
  • 1944 US air raid on Palembang

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Allies refuse Japan's offer to surrender on the condition that Emperor Hirohito retains his status

Emperor of Japan Hirohito
Emperor of Japan
  • 1948 The weightlifting competition at the London Olympics concludes with the US (4) and Egypt (2) dominant, combining to win all of the 6 gold medals
  • 1949 1st Naples-Capri swim, 17 miles (27 km) (Giovanni Gambi)
  • 1949 Gaston Eyskens forms Belgian government
  • 1949 10th Venice Film Festival: "Manon" directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot wins the Golden Lion (1st one)
  • 1950 17th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 17, Philadelphia 7 (88,885)
  • 1950 Boston Brave Vern Bickford no-hits Bkln Dodger, 7-0

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Hitting just .279, Yank great Joe DiMaggio is benched for 1st time

Baseball Player Joe DiMaggio
Baseball Player
Joe DiMaggio
  • 1950 King Boudouin I takes oath as royal prince of Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Ethel Rosenberg testifies before grand jury on allegations of spying for the Soviet Union

Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1951 100,000 acres flooded from Mississippi River in Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri and Illinois
  • 1951 1st televised baseball game in color, on WCBS in New York City (Boston Braves beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 8-1)
  • 1951 NY Giants (NFL) beat Ottawa Roughriders (CFL) 38-6 in Ottawa
  • 1951 NY Giants lose to go 13½ games behind Bkln Dodgers, later win the pennant
  • 1952 Hussein Ibn Talal I, proclaimed King of Jordan
  • 1954 BC Lions plays its 1st CFL game, they lose to Montreal Alouettes, 22-0
  • 1954 Formal peace treaty ends over 7 yrs of fighting in Indochina between the French and the Communist Viet Minh
  • 1955 Indonesia government of Harahap forms
  • 1956 1st flight 4-motor Cessna 620

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1956 Elvis Presley releases "Don't Be Cruel"

Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley
Singer & Cultural Icon
Elvis Presley
  • 1957 Paul Hindemith's opera "Harmonie der Welt" premieres in Munich
  • 1960 Chad declares Independence from France
  • 1961 Warren Spahn records victory #300, beats Cubs 2-1
  • 1962 Andrian G Nikolayev, becomes 3rd Russian in space aboard Vostok 3
  • 1962 Bolotnikov runs world record 10km (28:18.2)
  • 1962 LA Dodgers protest as San Francisco manager Alvin Dark orders Candlestick Park ground crew to water down base paths to hinder All Star Maury Wills' base-stealing attempts
  • 1963 Kingston Trio are mystery guest on "What's My Line?"

  • 1963 Four ANC political detainees escape from Pretoria Central prison in South Africa
  • 1964 Beatles' "A Hard Days Night" opens in NYC
  • 1964 Race riot in Paterson NJ
  • 1965 6 day insurrection starts in Watts section of Los Angeles
  • 1965 Beatles movie "Help" opens in NYC
  • 1965 Watts riots begin in Southeast Los Angeles, lasts 6 days
  • 1966 Last Beatle concert tour of US begins
  • 1967 Al Downing becomes 12th to strike-out side on 9 pitches
  • 1968 Beatles launch "Apple Records" label
  • 1968 Satchel Paige (62) & needing 158 days on a major league payroll to qualify for a pension, is signed by Braves
  • 1968 Fifteen Guinea Special - last main-line steam passenger train service in Britain. Selection of British Rail steam locomotives make a return 120-mile journey Liverpool to Carlisle, before having their fires dropped for the last time.
  • 1969 Don Drysdale retires because of damage to his right shoulder
  • 1969 Pittsburgh Steelers beat NY Giants 17-13 in Montreal (NFL expo)
  • 1970 Jim Bunning becomes 2nd (Cy Young) to win 100 games in both leagues
  • 1970 Tony Perez becomes 1st to hit a HR in red seats at Riverfront
  • 1970 Two Royal Ulster Constabulary officers are killed by the Irish Republican Army when they set off a booby trap bomb planted in a car near Crossmaglen, County Armagh
  • 1971 Construction begins on Louisiana Superdome
  • 1971 Harmon Killebrew hits HRs #500 & 501
  • 1971 4 people are shot dead in separate incidents in Belfast; three of them by the British Army, as violence continues following the introduction of Internment and Operation Demetrius
  • 1972 "Cheech & Chong Day" in San Antonio Texas
  • 1972 Two IRA members are killed when a bomb they were transporting exploded prematurely

Film release premierFilm Release

1973 "American Graffiti", directed by George Lucas, opens in cinemas across the United States

Film Director George Lucas
Film Director
George Lucas

Sport awardPGA Championship

1974 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Tanglewood Park: Lee Trevino wins the first of his 2 PGA C'ships, 1 stroke ahead of defending champion Jack Nicklaus

  • 1974 Coup in East-Timor under UDT
  • 1974 Head-on collision between two buses kills 21 (Ankara, Turkey)
  • 1975 Expos' Jose Mangual struck out 5 times in a game
  • 1975 US vetoes proposed admission of North & South Vietnam to UN

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Keith Moon, drummer for Who, collapses & is hospitalized in Miami

Rocker Keith Moon
Keith Moon
  • 1976 Race riot in Cape Town, South Africa; 17 die
  • 1977 Geoff Boycott scores his 100th FC hundred, v Aust at Headingley

Papal InaugurationFuneral of Pope Paul VI

1978 Funeral of Pope Paul VI held in the Vatican
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Pope Paul VI's body lying in view in the Vatican after his death
Pope Paul VI's body lying in view in the Vatican after his death
  • 1978 Legionnaire's disease bacteria isolated in Atlanta
  • 1978 "C'est Chic" 2nd studio album by Chic is released featuring single "Le Freak" (Billboard Album of the Year 1979)
  • 1979 28°F in Embarrass Minnesota
  • 1979 Phillies Tug McGraw gives up record 4th grand slam of year
  • 1980 Angola revises its constitution
  • 1980 Mohammed Ali Radjai appointed premier of Iran

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1980 Yanks Reggie Jackson hits his 400th HR off Chicago's Britt Burns

MLB Right Fielder Reggie Jackson
MLB Right Fielder
Reggie Jackson
  • 1982 Twins Terry Felton loses & runs career to 0-14 (en route to 0-16)
  • 1982 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 The South African Defence Force (SADF) raids Southern Angola
  • 1984 101,799 fans at soccer match Brazil vs France

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1984 Carl Lewis duplicates Jesse Owens' 1936 feat, winning his 4th Olympic gold medal as part of the US 4 x 100m relay team; world record (37.83)

Olympic Sprinter and Long jumper Carl Lewis
Olympic Sprinter and Long jumper
Carl Lewis
Track and Field Athlete Jesse Owens
Track and Field Athlete
Jesse Owens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 Cincinnati Reds retire Johnny Bench's #5 uniform

MLB Catcher Johnny Bench
MLB Catcher
Johnny Bench

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1984 During a radio voice test, US President Reagan jokes he "signed legislation that would outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in 5 minutes."

US President & Actor Ronald Reagan
US President & Actor
Ronald Reagan
  • 1984 Men's choir Maranatha Netherlands forms
  • 1984 USSR performs (underground) nuclear test
  • 1984 A British 1-2 in the 1,500m at the Los Angeles Olympics with Sebastian Coe edging team mate Steve Cram to become the only man to successfully defend his Olympic 1,500m title
  • 1984 Future 4-weight world boxing champion Pernell Whitaker wins the lightweight gold medal at the Los Angeles Olympics
  • 1984 Ian Ferguson of New Zealand wins his 3rd canoeing gold medal of the LA Olympics taking out the K-4 1000 a day after victories in the K-1 500 & K-2 500
  • 1985 "Tap Dance Kid" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 669 performances
  • 1985 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Cherry Hills CC: Hubert Green wins by 2 strokes from fellow American Lee Trevino
  • 1985 Challenger flies to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB, Ariz
  • 1985 Rudolf Povarnitsin of USSR sets new high jump world record (7'10"12)
  • 1986 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Inverness Club: Bob Tway holes a famous bunker shot on the 18th to beat Australian Greg Norman by 2 stokes
  • 1987 France & Great-Britain send minesweepers to Persian Gulf
  • 1988 225 at bats after #299, Met Gary Carter is 59th to hit 300th HR
  • 1988 Charlotte Colisieum in Charlotte NC opens
  • 1988 Meir Kahane renounced US citizenship to stay in Israeli Parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1988 Al-Qaeda formed at a meeting between Osama bin Laden, Zawahiri and Dr Fadl in Peshawar, Pakistan

Islamic Militant and Terrorist Osama bin Laden
Islamic Militant and Terrorist
Osama bin Laden

  • 1989 "Nightmare on Elm Street 5: Dream Child" premieres
  • 1989 Geoff Marsh & Mark Taylor complete 329 opening stand v England
  • 1989 Voyager 2 discovers 2 partial rings of Neptune
  • 1990 Egypt & Morocco troops land in Saudi Arabia to prevent Iraqi invasion
  • 1990 ArenaBowl IV, Joe Louis Arena, Detroit: Detroit Drive beats Dallas Texans 51-27, Art Schlichter MVP
  • 1991 400,000 demonstrate for democracy in Madagascar, 31 killed
  • 1991 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Crooked Stick GC: John Daly wins by 3 strokes from fellow American Bruce Lietzke
  • 1991 Shiite Muslims release US hostage Edward Tracy
  • 1991 Space shuttle STS 43 (Atlantis 9) lands
  • 1991 Wilson Alvarez hurls a no-hitter in his 1st big league start
  • 1992 Oakland A's rip Jose Canseco for leaving stadium before end of game
  • 1993 NY Islander Brian Mullen, 31, suffers a mild stroke

BeatificationPapal Visit

1993 Pope John Paul II visits Mexico

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Red Sox Roger Clemens pitches 2,000th strike out (Danny Tartabul-NY)

MLB Pitching Legend Roger Clemens
MLB Pitching Legend
Roger Clemens
  • 1994 Joao B "Nino" Vieira elected President of Guinee-Bissau
  • 1996 "Thousand Clowns," closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 32 performances
  • 1996 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Vallhalla GC: Mark Brooks wins his first major title with birdie on first playoff hole against fellow American Kenny Perry
  • 1997 Benin legalizes Jan 10th as a voodoo holiday

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1998 Palestine Liberation Organisation and Palestinian National Authority president, Yasser Arafat, arrives in Cape Town on his first state visit to South Africa at the invitation of President Nelson Mandela

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 1999 Total solar eclipse in India-North -France (2m23s)
  • 1999 The Salt Lake City Tornado tears through the downtown district of the city, killing one.
  • 2002 British Open Women's Golf, Turnberry Ailsa Resort: Karrie Webb wins by 2 strokes from fellow Australian Michelle Ellis & Paula Martí; 5th different major for Webb, career "Super Slam"
  • 2003 Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • 2003 A heat wave in Paris results in temperatures rising to 112°F (44° C), leaving about 144 people dead.
  • 2003 NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
  • 2005 American Justin Gatlin becomes only the 2nd athlete to take sprint double, winning 200m in 20.04 at the World Championships in Helsinki, Finland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2008 Airbnb is founded by Brian Chesky, Joe Gebbia and Nathan Blecharczyk

Co-founder of Airbnb Brian Chesky
Co-founder of Airbnb
Brian Chesky
  • 2008 Japanese swimmer Kosuke Kitajima repeats 1st leg of his Athens Olympics 100/200m breaststroke double at the Beijing Games winning the 100m in world record 58.91; goes on to win 200m event

Sports record brokenWorld Record

2008 The US 4 x 100m freestyle replay team of Michael Phelps, Garrett Weber-Gale, Cullen Jones & Jason Lezak beats France by 8 seconds to win gold and smash world record at the Beijing Olympics

  • 2008 Abhinav Bindra wins men's 10m air rifle at the Beijing Olympics, the first ever individual Olympic gold medal for India, and India's first gold medal in any Olympic event since 1980

  • 2009 "Need You Now" album released by Lady Antebellum (Billboard Album of the Year 2010)
  • 2012 153 people are killed and 1300 injured in Tabriz and Ahar, Iran after two earthquakes of up to 6.4 magnitude
  • 2012 13 people are killed and 15 injured by a lightning strike at a Mosque in Bangladesh
  • 2013 22 people are killed by flash floods in Kabul, Pakistan
  • 2013 2 people are killed and 30 are injured after a coach crash in southern France
  • 2013 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Oak Hill CC: Jason Dufner wins first major title by 2 shots from fellow American Jim Furyk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2013 Usain Bolt of Jamaica records best time of the year (9.77s) to edge out American Justin Gatlin and win 100m at the World Athletics Championships in Moscow, Russia

Olympic Sprinter Usain Bolt
Olympic Sprinter
Usain Bolt
  • 2015 Spain's top matador Francisco “Paquirri” Rivera Ordóñez is gored and injured by a bull in Huesca

AgreementAgreement of Interest

2015 greek debt crisis: European Commission announces a bailout with Greece and its creditors has been agreed "in principle"

Economist Mario Draghi
Mario Draghi
  • 2015 Largest ever outbreak of Legionnaires' disease in New York - 12 dead, with over 100 cases in the South Bronx
  • 2015 Japan's Sendai Nuclear Power Plant restarts the first nuclear reactor since the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster
  • 2016 A Greenland shark declared oldest vertebrate animal in the world at 392 years by international team of scientists
  • 2016 Fiji wins inaugural men's rugby sevens gold medal with a comfortable 43-7 rout of Great Britain at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics
  • 2016 American super-swimmer Michael Phelps wins men's 200m individual medley in 1:54.66 at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics; 3rd athlete and 1st swimmer to win 4 consecutive Olympic gold medals in one event
  • 2016 American Simone Manuel and Penny Oleksiak of Canada dead heat for the gold medal in coveted 100m freestyle at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics; tie in Olympic record 52.70; Sarah Sjöström (Sweden) takes bronze; her 3rd medal of the Games
  • 2017 Fipronil contaminated eggs now affecting fifteen EU countries, Hong Kong and Switzerland according to European Commission
  • 2017 Chinese crime writer Liu Yongbiao after announcing novel called "Beautiful Writer who Killed", arrested for murders of four people nearly 22 years ago
  • 2019 Argentine President Mauricio Macri suffers defeat in preliminary election to Alberto Fernández, prompting 20% fall in the value of the peso