On This Day

Historical Events on August 12

  • 3 Venus-Jupiter in conjunction-Star of Bethlehem
  • 1099 Battle at Ascalon: Godfried of Broth leading the Crusaders beats Egyptians Fatimid army
  • 1099 Battle of Ascalon won by Crusader army led by Godfrey of Bouillon against Fatimid force, last action of the First Crusade
  • 1121 Battle of Didgori: the Georgian army under King David the Builder wins a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi
  • 1164 Battle of Harim: Nur ad-Din defeats the Crusader armies of the County of Tripoli and the Principality of Antioch.
  • 1323 Treaty of Nöteborg between Sweden and Novgorod (Russia) regulates the border for the first time
  • 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle

Historic Event

1336 English King Edward III ends wool export to Flanders

  • 1480 Battle of Otranto - Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam

Voyage of Discovery

1492 Christopher Columbus arrives in the Canary Islands on his first voyage to the New World

  • 1499 First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets
  • 1549 French troops conquer Ambleteuse, in the Pas-de-Calais, and kill all the English prisoners.

Historic Event

1553 Pope Julius III orders confiscation & burning of Jewish Talmud

  • 1588 Commander of the English fleet Lord Howard of Effingham calls off chase of the Spanish Armada off coast of Scotland
  • 1588 Medemblik surrenders to Spanish army
  • 1658 1st American police force forms (New Amsterdam)
  • 1665 English fleet beat Dutch fleet
  • 1676 1st war between American colonists & Indians ends in New England
  • 1687 Charles of Lotharingen defeats Turkish leaders
  • 1687 Battle of Mohacs: Ottoman invaders of Hungary routed by forces of Holy Roman Emperor under Charles of Lorraine
  • 1759 Battle of Kunersdorf - Russian-Austrian army overpowers Prussians
  • 1793 The Rhône départment is created when the former département of Rhône-et-Loire was split into two: Rhône and Loire (Lêre).
  • 1812 Duke of Wellington's troops enter Madrid

Appointment of Interest

1813 Robert Southey is appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III

  • 1831 Dutch troops conquer Leuven
  • 1831 Netherlands & Belgium sign peace treaty
  • 1833 The town of Chicago is incorporated (population 350)
  • 1851 American inventor Isaac Singer patents the sewing machine
  • 1856 Anthony Faas, of Philadelphia Pennsylvania, is granted a second patent for improvements to the accordion (Patent No. 15511A)
  • 1861 Skirmish at Texas - rebels are attacked by Apache Indians
  • 1862 Gen John Hunt Morgan & his raiders capture Gallatin, TX
  • 1863 1st cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet (Vancouver, BC)
  • 1865 Joseph Lister performs 1st antiseptic surgery

Historic Event

1867 US President Andrew Johnson defies Congress suspending Secretary of War Edwin Stanton

  • 1869 Self-proclaimed Emperor Joshua Abraham Norton of the USA issues edict abolishing the Democratic and Republican parties
  • 1876 Madeline (US) beats Countess Dufferin (Canada) in 4th America's Cup

Thomas Edison's Phonograph

1877 Thomas Edison completes 1st model for the phonograph, a device that recorded sound onto tinfoil cylinders

  • 1879 1st National Archery Association tournament (Chicago)
  • 1883 The last quagga (zebra subspecies with less slashes) dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.
  • 1884 Bill Murdoch scores 1st Test Cricket double-century, 211 at The Oval

Sports History

1886 W. G. Grace makes his highest Test Cricket score, scoring 170 vs Australia at The Oval

Historic Invention

1888 Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes 1st motor tour

  • 1896 Willem II soccer team forms in Tilburg
  • 1898 Hawaii is formally annexed to US
  • 1901 Boer general Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony
  • 1903 The Japanese Minister to Russia presents a note to the Russian Government protesting against its failure to evacuate Manchuria
  • 1905 King Leopold II opens Antwerp Central Station

Model T

1908 Henry Ford's company builds the first Model T car

  • 1914 France and Great Britain declare war on Austria-Hungary
  • 1914 Cavalry battle at Halen, Belgium ("Battle of the Silver Helmets")
  • 1914 German 16.5"/12" guns fires on forts round Liege
  • 1914 Russian troops take East-Prussia & occupy Marggrabowa
  • 1915 "Of Human Bondage" by William Somerset Maugham, published
  • 1918 WWI: Allies defeat Germans at the Battle of Amiens - the last great battle on the Western Front
  • 1920 Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins

Historic Event

1922 Dedication of Frederick Douglass' home in Washington, D.C. as national shrine

  • 1923 Dutch AR-leader Coair replaces De Geer as minister of finances
  • 1923 Enrico Tiraboschi is 1st to swim English Channel westward
  • 1925 KMA-AM in Shenandoah IA begins radio transmissions
  • 1925 The first cast of Alpha Psi Omega, drawn from The Masquers of Fairmont College, West Virginia, is initiated.

Film Release

1927 "Wings", one of only two silent films - the other being The Artist in 2011 - to win an Oscar for best picture, opens starring Clara Bow (Outstanding Picture 1929)

  • 1928 IX Summer Olympic Games close in Amsterdam, Netherlands

Historic Invention

1930 Clarence Birdseye is granted a patent for method for quick freezing food (patent US 1773079 A)

  • 1931 Yangtzee River floods after heavy rain crumbles dikes in China
  • 1933 Cuban dictator Machado y Morales flees after military coup
  • 1936 120°F (49°C), Seymour, Texas (state record)
  • 1936 After 24 year absence a baseball demonstration game is played between 2 American teams at Berlin Olympics, World Champions beat US Olympics, 6-5
  • 1936 American diver Marjorie Gestring wins 3m springboard gold at the Berlin Olympics, youngest Olympic gold medalist (13 years 268 days)
  • 1936 The gymnastics competition at the Berlin Olympics concludes with Germany dominating, winning 6 of 9 gold medals including the men’s & women’s teams events
  • 1939 Sabotage suspected in 'City of San Francisco' train crash which derails near Harney, Nevada, killing 24
  • 1940 Luftwaffe bombs British radar stations, loses 31 aircraft
  • 1940 Netherlands starts rationing textiles

Historic Event

1941 French Marshal Philippe Pétain gives full support to Nazi Germany

Conference of Interest

1942 British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Moscow for a conference with Joseph Stalin and US representative W. Averrell Harriman

  • 1942 German 1st tank leader captures Elista, Kalmukkensteppe

Historic Event

1942 Lt General Bernard Montgomery arrives in Cairo

  • 1943 Alleged date of the first Philadelphia Experiment test on United States Navy ship USS Eldridge.
  • 1944 Pipeline under ocean (Pluto) begins operating
  • 1944 Waffen SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant'Anna di Stazzema.

Historic Event

1945 Emperor Hirohito of Japan informs the imperial family that he has decided to surrender

  • 1948 Cleveland Indians get 29 hits in a 9 inning game
  • 1948 Court of justice sentences General Friedrich Christiansen, commander of the German Wehrmacht in the Netherlands, to 12 years imprisonment
  • 1948 The canoeing program at the London Olympics concludes with Sweden (4) and Czechoslovakia (3) dominant, combining for 7 of the 9 gold medals
  • 1948 Indian maestro Balbir Singh Dosanjh scores twice as India beats Great Britain 4-0 for the field hockey gold medal at the London Olympics; India's 4th consecutive Olympic hockey title
  • 1949 16th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Philadelphia 38, All-Stars 0 (93,780)
  • 1950 First international game by an NFL team, New York Giants beat CFL's Ottawa Roughriders, 20-6 at Ottawa's Lansdowne Stadium

Catholic Encyclical

1950 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Humani generis

  • 1952 Hussein ibn Talal proclaimed King of Jordan
  • 1953 Ann Davison arrives in Miami in her 23 foot boat Felicity Ann, becoming the 1st woman to sail solo across the Atlantic
  • 1953 Heavy earthquake strikes the Ionian islands, 435 killed
  • 1953 Soviet Union conducts secret test of its 1st hydrogen bomb
  • 1954 Senator Eddie Yost draws his 100th walk for 5th year in a row
  • 1955 22nd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 30, Cleveland 27 (75,000)

Historic Event

1955 US President Eisenhower raises minimum wage from 75 cents to $1 an hour

  • 1955 WPBT TV channel 2 in Miami, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1955 Hurricane Connie makes landfall near Fort Macon, North Carolina as a Category 3 storm
  • 1956 KOTI TV channel 2 in Klamath Falls, OR (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1959 1st ship firing of a Polaris missile, Observation Island
  • 1959 Progressive Party under John Steytler forms in South Africa
  • 1960 27th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Baltimore 32, All-Stars 7 (70,000)
  • 1960 Echo 1, 1st communications satellite, is launched by NASA
  • 1960 Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 8.21m
  • 1960 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to an altitude of 41,600 m
  • 1962 1st time 2 people in space
  • 1962 Russia launches Vostok 4, Pavel Popovich, who lands safely Aug 15
  • 1963 Portuguese dictator Salazar firm on African colonization

Sports History

1963 Stan Musial announces he will retire at end of year

  • 1964 10th time Mantle switch-hits HR in a game, one goes 502 feet

Baseball Record

1964 Mickey Mantle switch-hits HR record 10th & final time in a game

  • 1964 Race riot in Elizabeth, NJ
  • 1965 Dame Elizabeth Lane becomes first female English High Court judge
  • 1965 Milwaukee Brewers Baseball Club, Inc applies for a NL franchise
  • 1965 Race riot in West Side of Chicago
  • 1966 Last Beatle concert tour of North America begins with two shows at the International Amphitheatre in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1967 New Orleans Saints 1st pre-season victory, beat St Louis 23-14
  • 1969 Boston Celtics sold for an NBA record $6 million
  • 1969 Battle of the Bogside: RUC officers, backed by loyalists, entered the nationalist Bogside in armoured cars and tried to suppress the riot by using CS gas, water cannon and eventually firearms; the almost continuous rioting lasted for two days
  • 1970 Curt Flood loses his $41 million antitrust suit against baseball [1]

Historic Event

1971 Syrian President Hafez al-Assad drops diplomatic relations with Jordan

  • 1972 "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater, NYC, after 156 performances

Oh! Calcutta! - The Bare Facts

1972 "Oh! Calcutta!" closes at Belasco Theater in NYC after 1316 performances

  • 1972 Ian & Greg Chappell both scores centuries in same Test Cricket innings
  • 1972 Last American combat ground troops leave Vietnam

PGA Championship

1973 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Canterbury GC: Jack Nicklaus wins 3rd of 5 PGA C'ships by 4 from Bruce Crampton of Australia

  • 1973 WPBA National Championship won by Betty Morris

Baseball Record

1974 Nolan Ryan strikes out 19 & walks only 2 as Angels top Red Sox, 4-2

  • 1974 Yankees Mickey Mantle & Whitey Ford become 1st teammates inducted to hall of fame on same day
  • 1976 1st approach & lands test (ALT) of orbiter Enterprise
  • 1976 Christian militia conquer Palestinian camp Tell al-Za'tar, 2000 killed
  • 1977 For 2nd straight day, Oakland's Manny Sanguillen foils a no-hit bid
  • 1977 High Energy Astronomy Observatory {HEAO] 1 launched into Earth's orbit by NASA
  • 1977 Space shuttle Enterprise makes 1st atmospheric test flight
  • 1978 Arron Marshall completes a record shower of 336 hours
  • 1978 China & Japan sign peace treaty
  • 1978 International Cometary Explorer (ICE) spacecraft launched - to study solar wind
  • 1979 "Whoopee!" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 204 performances
  • 1979 Iranian press censors start massive book burnings
  • 1980 Signature of the Montevideo Treaty establishing the Latin American Integration Association.
  • 1981 IBM introduces its first Personal Computer (PC & PC-DOS version 1.0)
  • 1981 Jon Erikson (US) becomes 1st to triple cross English Channel (38:27)

Historic Event

1983 General Manuel Noriega becomes commander of Panamanian army

  • 1984 Braves beat Padres 5-3, features 2 brawls & 19 ejections

Hall of Fame

1984 Harmon Killebrew, Rick Ferrell, Don Drysdale, Pee Wee Reese, & Luis Aparicio are inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, NY

  • 1984 Carlos Lopes of Portugal wins the men's marathon at the Los Angeles Olympics in 2:09:21, an Olympic record that stands for 24 years
  • 1985 Baltimore Orioles W Gross & L Sheets are 6th to hit consecutive pinch HRs
  • 1985 520 people die when Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashes in Ueno, Japan, the second-deadliest aviation disaster of all time
  • 1986 Don Baylor gets hits by a pitch for a record 25th time in a season
  • 1986 Red Sox pitcher Tim Lollar gets a pinch-hit single
  • 1986 Iran fires missile at refinery near Baghdad; Iraq raids Iranian terminal at Sirri Island severely disrupting Iranian exports
  • 1987 Charles Cole climbs 870'Tyrolean Traverse from top of Elephant Rock
  • 1988 Movie "Last Temptation of Christ" is released

Historic Event

1988 Nelson Mandela is treated for tuberculosis at hospital

  • 1988 Boston Red Sox beat Tigers 9-4 for AL record 23rd consecutive win at home
  • 1988 Richard Thornburgh becomes US Attorney General
  • 1990 12th annual Macy's Tap-o-mania
  • 1990 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Shoal Creek: Wayne Grady of Australia wins his only major title by 3 strokes from American Fred Couples

Historic Event

1990 Iraqi President Saddam Hussein says he is ready to resolve Gulf crisis if Israel withdraws from occupied territories

  • 1991 Creditors vote to support Greyhound Bus reorganization plan
  • 1991 Last day in Test Cricket for Viv Richards, Dujon & Marshall

Album Release

1991 Heavy metal band Metallica release their 5th album "Metallica"; debuts at No. 1 on Billboard 200 chart

  • 1992 Canada, Mexico, and the United States announce completion of negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
  • 1993 Pope John Paul II begins visit of US
  • 1994 1st NFL game on Fox network (exhibition - SF vs Denver)
  • 1994 Members of the Major League Baseball Players Association go on strike leading to cancellation of World Series for only the second time in MLB history (1904); labour dispute
  • 1994 Panic in church of Brazzaville: 142 killed
  • 1994 Stephen G Breyer, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice
  • 1995 Lara completes 6th Test Cricket century, 152 at Trent Bridge
  • 1996 "Breakfast on Fox" premieres

Music Recording

1999 Shakira records her first live album in New York City, titled "MTV Unplugged"

  • 2000 The Oscar class submarine K-141 Kursk of the Russian Navy explodes and sinks in the Barents Sea during a military exercise.

Historic Event

2004 Lee Hsien Loong succeeds Goh Chok Tong as Prime Minister of Singapore

  • 2004 New Jersey Governor James McGreevey comes out publicly as gay
  • 2005 Sri Lanka's foreign minister, Lakshman Kadirgamar, is fatally shot by an LTTE (Tamil Tigers) sniper at his home.
  • 2005 An F2 tornado strikes the coal mining town of Wright, Wyoming, destroying nearly 100 homes and killing two people.
  • 2005 Civil unrest provoked in the Maldives
  • 2005 An F1 tornado strikes Glen Cove, New York, a rare event on Long Island
  • 2007 Bulk carrier M/V New Flame collides with oil tanker Torm Gertrud at the southernmost tip of Gibraltar, ending up partially submerged.
  • 2007 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Southern Hills CC: Defending champion Tiger Woods wins his 4th PGA C'ship by 2 shots from Woody Austin

World Record

2008 American super-swimmer Michael Phelps wins his 3rd of 8 gold medals at the Beijing Olympics when he takes the 200m freestyle in world record 1:42.96

  • 2008 An American 1-2 in the 100m backstroke at the Beijing Olympics with Aaron Peirsol swimming a world record 52.54 to beat teammate Matt Grevers
  • 2008 American swimmer Natalie Coughlin becomes the first to successfully defend the gold medal in the women's 100 m backstroke when she wins event at the Beijing Olympics
  • 2008 Ceasefire negotiated in Russo-Georgian War after 5 days
  • 2012 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Kiawah Island Golf Resort: Rory McIlroy of Northern Ireland wins by 8 strokes from Englishman David Lynn
  • 2012 XXX Summer Olympic Games close in London, England
  • 2013 8 people are killed and 25 are injured in a suicide bomb attack in Balad, Iraq
  • 2013 30 people are killed by gunmen in northeast Nigeria
  • 2013 Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta is elected President of Mali

Murder of Interest

2013 Whitey Bulger, American organized crime boss is found guilty on 31 of 32 racketeering and firearms counts, and is found to have been involved in 11 murders

  • 2014 Ebola outbreak death toll exceeds 1000
  • 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) gives its 'cautious blessing' to the use of experimental drugs to treat the Ebola virus
  • 2015 In London archaeologists discover a mass grave of 30 bodies from the 1665 plague
  • 2015 Large series of explosions in Tianjin, China leave at least 50 dead and 700 injured in an industrial accident
  • 2015 China cuts its currency the yuan for the 2nd day in a row to boast exports

Historic Event

2015 Former US President Jimmy Carter reveals that he has cancer

  • 2016 Cannes becomes first French resort to ban the burkini
  • 2016 Italian jockey Frankie Dettori aboard Predilection rides his 3,000th British winner at Newmarket