Historical Events on August 13

  • 3114 BC According to the Lounsbury correlation, the start of the Mayan calendar
  • 523 St John I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1099 Raniero elected as Pope Paschal II
  • 1326 Neopagan religious figure Aradia de Toscano initiated into a Dianic witchcraft cult, goes on to found tradition of Stregheria (according to Wicca writer Raven Grimassi)
  • 1516 The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis recognises Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognises Francis's claim to Milan.

Cortés Captures Cuauhtémoc

1521 Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés capture Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc in Tenochtitlan marking the end of the Aztec Empire

  • 1536 Buddhist monks from Kyōto's Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536).

Servetus Arrested

1553 Spanish theologian and physician Michael Servetus arrested as a heretic in Geneva (put on trial the next day, eventually found guilty of heresy and burned to death)

  • 1578 Duke Frans of Anjou recognized as protector of Netherlands

Jamestown's First Days

1608 John Smith's story of Jamestown's first days submitted for publication

Chief Minister Richelieu

1624 Cardinal Richelieu appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII

Mars' South Polar Cap

1642 Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovers Mars' southern polar cap

  • 1645 Sweden & Denmark sign Peace of Brömsebro

Bombardment of Brussels

1695 Bombardment of Brussels begins by French army of Louis XIV, the Grand-Place and much of the city is destroyed during the Nine Years' War

Battle of Blenheim

1704 Battle of Blenheim (Second Battle of Höchstädt): A combined British, German and Dutch army led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, decisively beats the French and Bavarians


1732 Voltaire's tragic play "Zaire" premieres in Paris

  • 1740 Hunger strike in Rotterdam
  • 1784 British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company's rule in India under the control of the British Government.
  • 1788 Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90

French Royals Imprisoned

1792 Revolutionaries imprison French royals, including Marie Antoinette

  • 1799 British fleet under Lord Seymour overthrows Suriname
  • 1814 Anglo-Dutch Treaty: Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to the British and transporting of slaves prohibited
  • 1852 Steamer "Atlantic" crossing Lake Erie from Buffalo to Detroit collides with a fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard
  • 1864 Battle of Deep Bottom, Virginia (Strawberry Plains) & Fussell's Mill, Virginia
  • 1868 Earthquakes kill 25,000 & causes $300 million damages in Peru & Ecuador

Music History

1876 The Bayreuth Festspielhaus opens with the first complete performance of Richard Wagner's Ring Cycle

Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway

1886 John A. Macdonald uses a silver hammer to pound a gold spike, officially completing the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway in British Columbia

  • 1889 William Gray of Hartford, Connecticut patents the coin-operated telephone
  • 1892 US black newspaper "Afro-American" begins publishing from Baltimore

Capture of Manila

1898 US forces under Admiral George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish–American War

  • 1902 English cricket team beats Australia by one wicket in a famous victory at The Oval, in London

Brownsville Affair

1906 Black soldiers accused of raiding Brownsville in Texas; despite support from local commanding officers, President Theodore Roosevelt orders dishonorable discharge for 167 soldiers; all were cleared of wrongdoing in 1972, 165 posthumously

  • 1906 Chicago Cub's pitcher Jack Taylor ends a string of completing 202 MLB games (187 complete, 15 relief) against Brooklyn Superbas in 3rd inning of an 11-3 win at Washington Park, NYC
  • 1907 1st taxicabs operate in New York City, imported by Harry N. Allen

Cy Young Celebrated

1908 Future Baseball HOF pitcher Cy Young's career is celebrated with special day in his name in Boston; he pitches briefly for Red Sox against an All-Star team

Edward VII meets Franz Joseph

1908 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies

  • 1910 Brooklyn Superbas and Pittsburgh Pirates play "the game of perfect symmetry" in baseball to 8-8 tie, both have 8 runs, 13 hits, 2 errors, 12 assists, 5 strikeouts, 3 walks, 1 hit baseman, and 1 passed ball
  • 1913 Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley of Sheffield, England

A Royal Fantasy!

1913 Otto Witte, German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania

  • 1914 -14] German army occupies forts at Liege
  • 1914 Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota
  • 1917 A revolt in Catalonia, the province in northeast Spain that has long seen itself as independent
  • 1917 Milt Stock (2), Fred Luderus (2) and Possum Whitted of the Philadelphia Phillies steal 5 bases in an inning in 3-0 win against Boston at Braves Field
  • 1918 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany
  • 1919 American thoroughbred racehorse Man o' War's only defeat in 21 start career; Upset wins Sanford Memorial Stakes at Saratoga Race Course

Pan-African Flag

1920 Flag designed by Marcus Garvey consisting of three horizontal stripes of red, black and green is adopted as the pan-African flag

US Golf Open

1920 US Open Men's Golf, Inverness GC: Isle of Jersey native Ted Ray pars the 18th, giving him a 1-stroke win over runners-up Harry Vardon, Jock Hutchison, Leo Diegel & Jack Burke Sr


1921 Simon Kaufman & Marc Connelly's comedic play "Dulcy" premieres in NYC

Event of Interest

1923 Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government

Appointment of Interest

1923 Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as 1st President of Turkey

  • 1923 US Steel Corp initiates 8-hour work day
  • 1926 Enrique Tirabocchi of Argentina becomes the first to swim the English Channel from France to England (record 16 hours 33 minutes)
  • 1928 Soviet Union Spartacan Games begins
  • 1931 Cincinnati Reds second baseman Tony Cuccinello goes 6 for 6 in 17-3 rout of Boston at Braves Field

Event of Interest

1932 Adolf Hitler refuses President von Hindenburg's proposal to become vice-chancellor of Germany

Baseball Record

1932 Yankees hurler Red Ruffing becomes first MLB pitcher since 1906 to hit an extra-inning, game-winning home run in NY's 1-0 win over the Senators in Washington

  • 1933 Jacques van Egmond becomes world champion amateur cyclist

PGA Championship

1933 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Blue Mound CC: Gene Sarazen defeats Willie Goggin, 5 & 4 for 3rd of his 3 PGA C'ship titles; 6th of his 7 majors

  • 1935 Roller derby is born when the Transcontinental Roller Derby begins at the Chicago Coliseum
  • 1936 Americans Dorothy Poynton-Hil and Velma Dunn take the gold and silver medals in the 10m platform diving at the Berlin Olympics
  • 1936 Nida Senff and Rie Mastenbroek make it a Dutch 1-2 in the women’s 100m backstroke final at the Berlin Olympics
  • 1936 Rie Mastenbroek of the Netherlands swims an Olympic record 1:05.9 to win the women’s 100m freestyle at the Berlin Olympics, beating Jeannette Campbell of Argentina by 0:05
  • 1937 Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese forces begin the Battle of Shanghai, a conflict that will last 3 months and involve 1 million troops
  • 1939 Yankees set AL shutout margin with 21-0 victory over A's

Eagle Day

1940 Battle of Britain: Hermann Goering's "Adlertag" (Eagle Day) offensive happens, intending to destroy the Royal Air Force; 47-48 German aircraft shot down, the RAF loses 25 planes

  • 1941 Red army evacuates Smolensk, Russia, as the German army advances
  • 1943 Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk from the German army in Kaluga Oblast, Russia

Meeting of Allied Generals

1944 Allied generals Bernard Montgomery, Miles Dempsey and Omar Bradley discuss a future breakthrough in the European theatre during World War II

  • 1944 British 8th Army occupies Florence

Radio Premiere

1944 Jackie Gleason-Les Tremayne show premieres on NBC radio

  • 1946 Britain diverts illegal emmigrants bound for Palestine to Cyprus
  • 1948 3 Finnish gymnasts dead heat for the gold medal in the pommel horse section at London Olympics; Paavo Aaltonen, Veikko Huhtanen & Heikki Savolainen all awarded gold
  • 1948 Hungarian boxer László Papp wins the first of 3 consecutive Olympic gold medals; beats British middleweight Johnny Wright on points at the London Games
  • 1948 Johan Gren scores twice as Sweden beats Yugoslavia 3-1 to win the football gold medal at the London Olympics
  • 1948 José Beyaert of France wins the cycling road race at the London Olympics; Belgium takes gold in the teams section beating Great Britain & France

Sports History

1948 Satchel Paige at 42, pitches his 1st major league complete game

  • 1948 The United States successfully defends its Olympic basketball title with a 65-21 win over France at the London Games

Event of Interest

1950 US President Harry Truman gives military aid to Vietnamese regime of Bảo Đại

  • 1951 Great Britain & Iraq sign new oil contract
  • 1952 Blues singer Willie Mae "Big Mama" Thornton records "Hound Dog" song, written a day earlier especially for her by Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, at Radio Recorders Studio in Los Angeles, California
  • 1953 4-5 million French go on strike against economizations

Event of Interest

1953 US President Dwight Eisenhower establishes Government Contract Compliance Committee

  • 1954 21st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Detroit 31, All-Stars 6 (93,470)

Baseball Record

1955 Larry Doby's ends AL record of 167 errorless games in outfield

Don't Be Cruel

1956 Elvis Presley releases music single "Don't Be Cruel"

  • 1956 WBIR TV channel 10 in Knoxville, TN (CBS) begins broadcasting

Sports History

1958 MLB Cleveland Indians' right fielder Rocky Colavito makes his pitching debut, hurling 3 hitless innings, Detroit 3, Cleveland 2

  • 1959 US Military satellite Discoverer 5 launches into polar orbit
  • 1960 Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France
  • 1960 USSR withdraws advisors from China
  • 1961 Construction of the Berlin Wall begins in East Germany

Sports History

1962 Bert Campaneris of Daytona Beach (FSL) pitches ambidextrously

Sports History

1963 Dave DeBusschere pitches a shutout against the Cleveland Indians

  • 1963 US Customs agents confiscate 21 gold coins from Witte Museum, San Antonio, Texas

Sports History

1963 Warren Spahn sets left-hander strike out mark at 2,382

  • 1964 1st broadcast by Trans World Radio on Bonaire
  • 1966 Longview, Texas radio station KLUE is struck by lightning the day after holding a "Beatles Bonfire", knocking an engineer unconscious and causing extensive damage to equipment

Bonnie and Clyde

1967 "Bonnie and Clyde" crime film directed by Arthur Penn and starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway, is released

  • 1967 WQLN TV channel 54 in Erie, Pennsylvania (PBS) begins broadcasting

Sports History

1969 Baltimore Oriole Jim Palmer no-hits Oakland A's, 8-0

Election of Interest

1969 Temp Commissioner Bowie Kuhn elected for 7-year term by unanimous vote

  • 1970 Pamphlet bombs which scatter revolutionary African National Congress propaganda leaflets explode in Cape Town, Johannesburg, Durban and Port Elizabeth, South Africa

Back Seat of My Car

1971 Paul & Linda McCartney release single "Back Seat of My Car"

  • 1972 Dutch KRO-TV transmits 440th & last episode of American western series "Bonanza"

Cricket History

1975 Batsman Viv Richards out for 291 v England for the West Indies, at the cricket Oval, London

  • 1975 Bayardo Bar attack: Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers carry out a gun and bomb attack on a pub in Belfast frequented by Ulster Volunteer Force commanders; 4 Protestant civilians and 1 UVF member are killed
  • 1976 South Africa pledges support for a negotiated settlement in Rhodesia
  • 1977 1st test glide of space shuttle
  • 1977 Randy Bachman quits band Bachman-Turner Overdrive, they then disband
  • 1978 Bomb attack in Beirut, 175 killed

Baseball Record

1979 MLB St Louis Cardinals Lou Brock, is 14th MLB player to get 3,000 hits

  • 1980 Suriname president Johan Ferrier ousted
  • 1980 Tatyana Kazankina of USSR sets 1.5k woman's record (3:52.47) in USSR
  • 1981 American swimmer Mary T. Meagher breaks her own world women's 200 m butterfly record (2:05.96) in Brown Deer, Wisconsin
  • 1981 Last broadcast of "The Waltons" on CBS-TV
  • 1981 Test Cricket debut of Mike Whitney for Australia versus England at Old Trafford
  • 1984 Morocco & Libya sign "Arabic-African Union" treaty
  • 1985 South African Defence Force soldiers, travelling in a convoy of more than ten armoured vehicles, surrounded the Thaba-Juluba high school in Soweto and arrest 200 students during a clampdown on school boycotts
  • 1986 KRE-AM in Berkeley CA changes call letters to KBLX (now KBFN)
  • 1987 Cards outfield sets record of no putouts in a 4-2 in 13 inning

World Record

1987 Jackie Joyner-Kersee ties world record with 24'5½" jump

  • 1988 Boston Red Sox win AL record 24 straight home games
  • 1988 Palace of Auburn Hills in Detroit opens
  • 1988 Ronald J Dossenbach sets world record for pedaling across Canada from Vancouver, BC to Halifax, NS in 13 days, 15 hr, 4 min
  • 1988 US beats Jamaica 5-1 in 2nd round of 1990 world soccer cup
  • 1989 2 hot-air balloons crash at Alice Springs, Australia, 13 killed
  • 1989 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Kemper Lakes GC: Payne Stewart wins first of 3 major titles by 1 from Andy Bean, Mike Reid & Curtis Strange
  • 1989 US space shuttle STS-28 lands
  • 1990 American soul singer Curtis Mayfield becomes paralyzed from neck down after stage lighting equipment falls on him at an outdoor concert at Wingate Field in Flatbush, Brooklyn, New York; although unable to perform live, he continued to compose, sing, and record
  • 1991 American Michael Ray Barrowman swims world record 200m breaststroke (2:10.60) at the World Championships in Fort Lauderale, Florida
  • 1991 US Vice-President Dan Quayle makes a speech attacking lawyers at the annual meeting of the American Bar Association
  • 1992 25th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at DoubleTree Hotel

The Real Inspector Hound

1992 Revival of Tom Stoppard's play "The Real Inspector Hound" opens at Criterion Center Stage Right, New York, NYC; runs for 61 performances

  • 1993 4th Athletics World Championships open at Stuttgart, Germany

Sports History

1993 Blue Jay Rickey Henderson pays Turner Ward $25,000 for his #24

  • 1993 Hotel in Nakhon Ratchasima Thailand, collapses, 114 killed
  • 1993 US Court of Appeals rules congress must save all E-Mail
  • 1994 Train crash in Tbilisi, Georgia, 24 killed
  • 1995 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Riviera CC: Steve Elkington of Australia wins his first major title in a playoff with Scotsman Colin Montgomerie
  • 1996 Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 3.0

South Park

1997 Animated TV sitcom "South Park" debuts on Comedy Central

  • 1997 Boston Red Sox trade Mike Stanley back to the NY Yankees
  • 1997 San Diego Padres trade Rickey Henderson to Anaheim Angels
  • 1998 31st San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
  • 1999 32nd San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center

Canadian Women's Open

2000 Canadian Open Women's Golf (du Maurier Classic), Royal Ottawa GC: Meg Mallon wins by 1 from Rosie Jones

  • 2004 156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi
  • 2004 28th Olympic Games opens at Athens, Greece
  • 2004 Black Friday crackdown by NSS on a peaceful protest in the capital city of Maldives, Malé.
  • 2004 Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area.
  • 2006 Canadian Open Women's Golf, London Hunt CC: Christie Kerr wins by 1 shot from Angela Stanford
  • 2006 Cleveland Indians first baseman Travis Hafner ties Don Mattingley's MLB mark of 6 grand slams in a season when he homers off Kansas City's Luke Hudson

World Record

2008 American super-swimmer Michael Phelps wins 3 gold medals, all in world record time, in the one day at the Beijing Olympics; 200m I/M (1:54.23), 200m butterfly (1.52.03) and 4 x 200m freestyle relay (6:58.56)

  • 2008 Australian swimmer Stephanie Rice wraps up the medley double at the Beijing Olympics when she swims world record 2:08.45 to win the 200m I/M gold medal
  • 2008 Italian swimmer Federica Pellegrini sets new world record 1:54.82 to claim 200m freestyle gold medal at the Beijing Olympics; runner-up Sara Isaković is Slovenia's first Olympic swim medal winner
  • 2008 The Baltic state slides into recession with a 0.9% fall in second-quarter GDP after a drop of 0.5% in the first quarter; it falls deeper into recession in the third quarter when the economy contracted 3.3%

Farm Aid Concert

2011 Farm Aid (25th Anniversary) held in Kansas City, Kansas; performers include Willie Nelson, John Mellencamp, Neil Young, Dave Matthews, Jason Mraz, Jamey Johnson, Jakob Dylan, and Billy Joe Shaver [1]

  • 2012 Nadzeya Ostapchuk of Belarus is stripped of her shot-put gold medal after failing a drugs test

Crash My Party

2013 "Crash My Party" 4th studio album by Luke Bryan is released (Billboard Album of the Year 2014)

  • 2014 Iranian mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani is the first woman to win the Fields Medal in mathematics
  • 2014 Israeli and Palestinian cease fire agreed to on August 8 is extended for another 120 hours to provide time for further negotiations
  • 2015 76 people are killed & 212 are wounded by an ISIL truck bomb in Baghdad, Iraq

Event of Interest

2015 Swedish Prosecutors announce they are dropping allegations against Wikileaks founder Julian Assange of sexual molestation and coercion

Event of Interest

2015 US Government formally returns to France Picasso's painting La Coiffeuse, stolen from Paris' National Museum of Modern Art in 2001

  • 2016 American swimmer Michael Phelps ends his career at the Rio Olympics as part of the winning 4x100 medley relay, his record 23rd gold medal

Olympic Games

2016 British super-star Mo Farah wins 1st leg of 5,000/10,000m double (repeat of London 2012) in 27:05.17 in the 10k at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics; Kenya's Paul Tanui wins silver just 0.47 behind

  • 2016 Great Britain sets a world record of 3:14.051 to comfortably beat the United States in the women's cycling team pursuit at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics
  • 2016 Jamaican sprinter Elaine Thompson wins blue ribband women's 100m gold in 10.71 at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics; American Tori Bowie second in 10.83 and Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce of Jamaica 3rd 10.86
  • 2016 The dominant Great Britain men's crew wins the eight at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics; US scores a comfortable win over GB in the women's eight

Event of Interest

2017 Grace Mugabe, wife of the President of Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe, is accused of assault in Johannesburg, South Africa

  • 2017 Gunmen kill at least 18 at a cafe in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, Islamic extremists blamed
  • 2017 More than 60 children reported to have died at Gorakhpur Hospital, India, prompting an investigation
  • 2017 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Quail Hollow GC: Justin Thomas wins his first major by 2 shots from Francesco Molinari, Patrick Reed & Louis Oosthuizen

Music History

2018 Ugandan politician and pop singer Bobi Wine arrested by the Ugandan army at a campaign rally in Arua and later allegedly tortured

  • 2019 Entertainment companies CBS and Viacom announce they will merge with a combined 28 billion revenue
  • 2019 Measles cases have tripled worldwide in 2019 according to WHO with 364,808 reported against vs 129,239 in 2018
  • 2020 Israel strikes historic deal with the United Arab Emirates to normalize relations, Israel suspends plans to annex parts of the occupied West Bank
  • 2020 New details about enormous "Terror Crocodile" (Deinosuchus), the size of a bus, with teeth as big as bananas, that lived during late Cretaceous period (75-84 million years ago) in North America published [1]
  • 2023 British Open Women's Golf, Walton Heath GC: American Lilia Vu wins her second major title of the year with a 6 stroke win from local favourite Charley Hull
  • 2023 Suspected air strike on Finote Selam in Ethiopia's Amhara region kills at least 26 people as government forces fight Fante paramilitary force [1]