Historical Events on August 13

  • 3114 BC According to the Lounsbury correlation, the start of the Mayan calendar
  • 523 St John I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1099 Raniero elected as Pope Paschal II
  • 1326 Aradia de Toscano, according to legend/folklore, is initiated into a Dianic witchcraft cult and subsequently founds the tradition of Stregheria, later known as the Malandanti.
  • 1415 King Henry V of England army lands on mouth of Seine River
  • 1516 The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis recognises Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognises Francis's claim to Milan.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1521 Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés capture Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc in Tenochtitlan marking the end of the Aztec Empire

The Last Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc
The Last Aztec Emperor
Cuauhtémoc
Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés
Spanish Conquistador
Hernán Cortés
  • 1536 Buddhist monks from Kyōto's Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1553 Michael Servetus is arrested by John Calvin in Geneva as a heretic.

Protestant Reformer and Theologian John Calvin
Protestant Reformer and Theologian
John Calvin
  • 1578 Duke Frans of Anjou recognized as protector of Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1608 John Smith's story of Jamestown's first days submitted for publication

Explorer John Smith
Explorer
John Smith
  • 1624 Cardinal Richelieu appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII
  • 1630 Ferdinand II dismisses supreme commander Albrecht von Wallenstein
  • 1642 Dutch astronomer Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap
  • 1645 Sweden & Denmark sign Peace of Brömsebro
  • 1695 -15] French troops under Villeroi shoot in Brussels
  • 1696 State of Drenthe accredits Willem III as mayor
  • 1704 Duke of Marlborough beats the French and Bavarians at the Battle of Blenheim, during the War of the Spanish Succession
  • 1704 Battle of Blenheim (aka Second Battle of Höchstädt): a combined British, German & Dutch army led by John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, decisively beat French & Bavarian forces.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1732 Voltaire's "Zaire" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • 1740 Hunger strike in Rotterdam
  • 1784 British parliament accepts East India Company Act 1784, bringing the East India Company's rule in India under the control of the British Government.
  • 1788 Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792 Revolutionaries imprison French royals, including Marie Antoinette

Queen of France Marie Antoinette
Queen of France
Marie Antoinette
  • 1799 British fleet under Lord Seymour overthrows Suriname
  • 1814 Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to British by the Dutch
  • 1814 Treaty of London-Netherland stops transporting slaves
  • 1852 Steamer "Atlantic" crossing Lake Erie from Buffalo to Detroit collided with a fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard
  • 1864 Battle of Deep Bottom VA (Strawberry Plains) & Fussell's Mill VA
  • 1868 Earthquakes kill 25,000 & causes $300 million damages (Peru & Ecuador)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1876 The Bayreuth Festspielhaus opens with the first complete performance of Richard Wagner's Ring Cycle

Composer Richard Wagner
Composer
Richard Wagner

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 John A. Macdonald uses a silver hammer to pound a gold spike, officially completing the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway in British Columbia

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • 1889 William Gray patents coin-operated telephone
  • 1892 US black newspaper "Afro-American" begins publishing from Baltimore

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 US forces under Admiral George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish-American War

Admiral George Dewey
Admiral
George Dewey
  • 1902 England beat Australia by one wicket at The Oval Famous victory
  • 1906 Black soldiers raid Brownsville, Texas
  • 1906 Cub's Pitcher Jack Taylor ends a string of completing 202 games (187 complete, 15 relief) by Dodgers in 3rd inning
  • 1907 1st taxicabs operate in New York City, imported by Harry N. Allen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 Cy Young Day in Boston, he pitches briefly against an All-Star team

MLB Pitcher Cy Young
MLB Pitcher
Cy Young
  • 1908 King Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies
  • 1910 Dodgers & Pirates play to 8-8 tie, both have 38 at bats, 13 hits, 12 assists, 2 errors, 5 strikeouts, 3 walks, 1 pass ball & 1 hit by pitch

Appointment of InterestA Royal Fantasy!

1913 Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.
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  • 1913 Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley, Sheffield, England
  • 1914 -14] German army occupies forts at Liege
  • 1914 Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota
  • 1917 Phillies steal 5 bases in an inning against Braves
  • 1917 A revolt in Catalonia, the province in northeast Spain that has long seen itself as independent.
  • 1918 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany
  • 1919 Man o'War's only defeat (Upset wins at Saratoga)
  • 1920 24th US Golf Open: Ted Ray shoots a 295 at Inverness Club in Ohio

  • 1921 Simon Kaufman & Marc Connelly's "Dulcy" premieres in NYC
  • 1923 Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government

AppointmentAppointment of Interest

1923 Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as President

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • 1923 US Steel Corp initiates 8-hour work day
  • 1926 Enrique Tirabocchi of Argentina becomes the first to swim the English Channel from France to England (record 16 hours 33 minutes)
  • 1928 Soviet Union Spartacan Games begins
  • 1931 Cincinnati Red Tony Cuccinello goes 6 for 6

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Adolf Hitler refuses President von Hindenburg's proposal to become vice-chancellor of Germany

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1932 Yankee pitcher Red Ruffing homers & wins game 1-0 in 10 tying
  • 1933 16th PGA Championship: Gene Sarazen at Blue Mound CC Milwaukee
  • 1933 Jacques van Egmond becomes world champion amateur cyclist
  • 1935 Transcontinental Roller Derby begins (Chicago Coliseum)
  • 1936 Nida Senff and Rie Mastenbroek make it a Dutch 1-2 in the women’s 100m backstroke final at the Berlin Olympics
  • 1936 Rie Mastenbroek of the Netherlands swims an Olympic record 1:05.9 to win the women’s 100m freestyle at the Berlin Olympics, beating Jeannette Campbell of Argentina by 0:05
  • 1936 Americans Dorothy Poynton-Hil and Velma Dunn take the gold and silver medals in the 10m platform diving at the Berlin Olympics
  • 1937 Second Sino-Japanese War: Japanese forces begin the Battle of Shanghai, a conflict that will last 3 months and involve 1 million troops
  • 1939 Yankees set AL shutout margin with 21-0 victory over A's
  • 1939 Sabotage suspected in crash of 'City of San Francisco'

BattleBattle of Interest

1940 Hermann Goering's "Adler Tag" (Eagle day); 45-48 German aircraft shot down over Southern England (Battle of Britain)

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1941 Red army evacuates Smolensk
  • 1943 Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk
  • 1944 British 8th Army occupies Florence
  • 1944 Generals Montgomery/Dempsey/Bradley discuss a future breakthrough
  • 1944 Jackie Gleason-Les Tremayne show premieres on NBC radio
  • 1946 Britain diverts illegal emmigrants bound for Palestine to Cyprus
  • 1948 Satchel Paige at 42, pitches his 1st major league complete game
  • 1948 The United States successfully defends its Olympic basketball title with a 65-21 win over France at the London Games
  • 1948 Hungarian boxer László Papp wins the first of 3 consecutive Olympic gold medals; beats British middleweight Johnny Wright on points at the London Games
  • 1948 José Beyaert of France wins the cycling road race at the London Olympics; Belgium takes gold in the teams section beating Great Britain & France
  • 1948 Johan Gren scores twice as Sweden beats Yugoslavia 3-1 to win the football gold medal at the London Olympics
  • 1948 3 Finnish gymnasts dead heat for the gold medal in the pommel horse section at London Olympics; Paavo Aaltonen, Veikko Huhtanen & Heikki Savolainen all awarded gold
  • 1950 Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA World Golf Championship

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 US President Harry Truman gives military aid to Vietnamese regime of Bao-Dai

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1951 Great Britain & Iraq sign new oil contract
  • 1953 4-5 million French go on strike against economizations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 US President Dwight Eisenhower establishes Government Contract Compliance Committee

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1953 General Omar Bradley becomes US chief of staff
  • 1954 21st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Detroit 31, All-Stars 6 (93,470)
  • 1955 Larry Doby's ends AL record of 167 errorless games in outfield
  • 1956 WBIR TV channel 10 in Knoxville, TN (CBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 Indians' right fielder Rocky Colavito makes his pitching debut, hurling 3 hitless innings, Detroit 3, Cleveland 2
  • 1959 US Military satellite Discoverer 5 launched (into polar orbit)
  • 1960 Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France
  • 1960 USSR withdraws advisors from China
  • 1961 Construction of the Berlin Wall begins in East Germany
  • 1961 Louise Suggs wins LPGA Kansas City Golf Open
  • 1962 Bert Campaneris of Daytona Beach (FSL) pitches ambidextrously
  • 1963 US Customs agents confiscate 21 gold coins from Witte Museum, San Antonio, Texas
  • 1963 Warren Spahn sets left-hander strike out mark at 2,382

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Dave DeBusschere pitches a shutout against the Cleveland Indians

NBA Forward and MLB Player Dave DeBusschere
NBA Forward and MLB Player
Dave DeBusschere
  • 1964 1st broadcast by Trans World Radio on Bonaire
  • 1967 WQLN TV channel 54 in Erie, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting

Film release premierFilm Release

1967 "Bonnie and Clyde", directed by Arthur Penn and starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway, is released

Actress Faye Dunaway
Actress
Faye Dunaway
  • 1969 Balt Oriole Jim Palmer no-hits Oakland A's, 8-0
  • 1969 Temp Commissioner Bowie Kuhn elected for 7-year term by unanimous vote
  • 1970 Pamphlet bombs which scatter revolutionary African National Congress propaganda leaflets explode in Cape Town, Johannesburg, Durban and Port Elizabeth, South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Paul & Linda McCartney release "Back Seat of My Car"

Musician, Activist and Photographer Linda McCartney
Musician, Activist and Photographer
Linda McCartney
  • 1972 Dutch KRO-TV transmits 440th & last episode of "Bonanza"
  • 1972 Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Pabst Ladies Golf Classic
  • 1975 Viv Richards out for 291 v England at Cricket, at the Oval
  • 1975 Bayardo Bar attack: Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers carry out a gun and bomb attack on a pub in Belfast frequented by Ulster Volunteer Force commanders; 4 Protestant civilians and 1 UVF member are killed
  • 1976 South Africa pledges support for a negotiated settlement in Rhodesia
  • 1977 1st test glide of space shuttle
  • 1977 Randy Bachman quits BTO, they disband
  • 1978 Bomb attack in Beirut, 175 killed
  • 1978 Yanks score 5 runs in top of 7th. but rain causes game to be halted & thus score goes back to previous inning, Balt wins 3-0
  • 1979 Lou Brock, is 14th to get 3,000 hits
  • 1980 Suriname president Johan Ferrier ousted
  • 1980 Tatyana Kazankina of USSR sets 1.5k woman's record (3:52.47) in USSR
  • 1981 Last broadcast of "The Waltons" on CBS-TV
  • 1981 Mary Terstegge Meagher swims world record 200m butterfly (2:05.96)
  • 1984 Morocco & Libya sign "Arabic-African Union" treaty
  • 1985 South African Defence Force soldiers, travelling in a convoy of more than ten armoured vehicles, surrounded the Thaba-Juluba high school in Soweto and arrest 200 students during a clampdown on school boycotts
  • 1986 KRE-AM in Berkeley CA changes call letters to KBLX (now KBFN)
  • 1987 Cards outfield sets record of no putouts in a 4-2 in 13 inning
  • 1987 Jackie Joyner-Kersee ties world record with 24'5½" jump
  • 1988 Boston Red Sox win AL record 24 straight home games
  • 1988 Palace of Auburn Hills in Detroit opens
  • 1988 US beats Jamaica 5-1 in 2nd round of 1990 world soccer cup
  • 1988 Ronald J Dossenbach sets world record for pedaling across Canada from Vancouver, BC to Halifax, NS in 13 days, 15 hr, 4 min
  • 1989 2 hot-air balloons crash at Alice Springs, Australia, 13 killed

Sport awardGolf Major

1989 PGA Championship, Kemper Lakes GC: Payne Stewart wins first of 3 major titles by 1 from Andy Bean, Mike Reid & Curtis Strange

  • 1989 US space shuttle STS-28 lands
  • 1991 Michael Ray Barrowman swims world record 200m breaststroke (2:10.60)
  • 1991 Test Cricket debut of Mike Whitney for Australia versus England at Old Trafford
  • 1991 US Vice-President Dan Quayle makes a speech attacking lawyers
  • 1992 25th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at Double Tree Hotel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1993 Blue Jay Rickey Henderson pays Turner Ward $25,000 for his #24

MLB Outfielder Rickey Henderson
MLB Outfielder
Rickey Henderson
  • 1993 Hotel in Nakhon Ratchasima Thailand, collapses, 114 killed
  • 1993 US Court of Appeals rules congress must save all E-Mail
  • 1993 4th Athletics World Championships open at Stuttgart, Germany
  • 1994 Train crash in Tbilisi, Georgia, 24 killed
  • 1995 PGA Championship, Riviera CC: Steve Elkington of Australia wins his first major title in a playoff with Scotsman Colin Montgomerie
  • 1996 Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 3.0
  • 1997 Boston Red Sox trade Mike Stanley back to the NY Yankees
  • 1997 San Diego Padres trade Rickey Henderson to Anaheim Angels
  • 1997 South Park's first episode is aired.
  • 1998 31st San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
  • 1999 32nd San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2000 Canadian Open Golf (du Maurier Classic), Royal Ottawa GC: Meg Mallon wins by 1 from Rosie Jones

LPGA Golfer Meg Mallon
LPGA Golfer
Meg Mallon
  • 2004 156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi.
  • 2004 Black Friday crackdown by NSS on a peaceful protest in the capital city of Maldives, Malé.
  • 2004 Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area.
  • 2004 28th Olympic Games opens at Athens, Greece
  • 2006 Cleveland Indians first baseman Travis Hafner ties Don Mattingley's MLB mark of 6 grand slams in a season when he homers off Kansas City's Luke Hudson
  • 2006 Canadian Open Women's Golf, London Hunt CC: Christie Kerr wins by 1 shot from Angela Stanford
  • 2008 The Baltic state slides into recession with a 0.9% fall in second-quarter GDP after a drop of 0.5% in the first quarter; it falls deeper into recession in the third quarter when the economy contracted 3.3%

Sports record brokenWorld Record

2008 American super-swimmer Michael Phelps wins 3 gold medals, all in world record time, in the one day at the Beijing Olympics; 200m I/M (1:54.23), 200m butterfly (1.52.03) and 4 x 200m freestyle relay (6:58.56)

  • 2008 Australian swimmer Stephanie Rice wraps up the medley double at the Beijing Olympics when she swims world record 2:08.45 to win the 200m I/M gold medal
  • 2008 Italian swimmer Federica Pellegrini sets new world record 1:54.82 to claim 200m freestyle gold medal at the Beijing Olympics; runner-up Sara Isaković is Slovenia's first Olympic swim medal winner
  • 2012 Nadzeya Ostapchuk of Belarus is stripped of her shot-put gold medal after failing a drugs test
  • 2013 "Crash My Party" 4th studio album by Luke Bryan is released (Billboard Album of the Year 2014)
  • 2014 Israeli and Palestinian cease fire agreed to on August 8 is extended for another 120 hours to provide time for further negotiations
  • 2014 Iranian Mathematician Maryam Mirzakhani is the first woman to win the Fields Medal in mathematics

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 Swedish Prosecutors announce they are dropping allegations against Wikileaks founder Julian Assange of sexual molestation and coercion

Wikileaks founder Julian Assange
Wikileaks founder
Julian Assange

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2015 US Government formally returns to France Picasso's painting La Coiffeuse, stolen from Paris' National Museum of Modern Art in 2001

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
  • 2015 76 people are killed & 212 are wounded by an ISIL truck bomb in Baghdad, Iraq
  • 2016 American swimmer Michael Phelps ends his career at the Rio Olympics as part of the winning 4x100 medley relay, his record 23rd gold medal
  • 2016 British super-star Mo Farah wins 1st leg of 5,000/10,000m double (repeat of London 2012) in 27:05.17 in the 10k at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics; Kenya's Paul Tanui wins silver just 0.47 behind
  • 2016 Jamaican sprinter Elaine Thompson wins blue ribband women's 100m gold in 10.71 at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics; American Tori Bowie second in 10.83 and Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce of Jamaica 3rd 10.86
  • 2016 Great Britain sets a world record of 3:14.051 to comfortably beat the United States in the women's cycling team pursuit at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics
  • 2016 The dominant Great Britain men's crew wins the eight at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics; US scores a comfortable win over GB in the women's eight
  • 2017 More than 60 children reported to have died at Gorakhpur Hospital, India, prompting an investigation
  • 2017 PGA Championship, Quail Hollow GC: Justin Thomas wins his first major by 2 shots from Francesco Molinari, Patrick Reed & Louis Oosthuizen
  • 2017 Gunmen kill at least 18 at a cafe in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, Islamic extremists blamed
  • 2017 Grace Mugable, wife of the President of Zimbabwe, accused of assault in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 2018 Ugandan politician and pop singer Bobi Wine arrested by the Ugandan army at a campaign rally in Arua and later allegedly tortured