Historical Events on August 18

  • 293 BC The oldest known Roman temple to Venus is founded, starting the institution of Vinalia Rustica (grape harvest festival)
  • 440 St Sixtus III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1201 The city of Riga is founded
  • 1217 First historical record of Scottish scholar Michael Scot, signs and dates his translation of al-Bitruji's "On the Sphere" in Toledo, Spain
  • 1289 Pope Nicolas IV publishes decree "Supra montem"

Historic Event

1418 Competition announced to design dome of Florentine cathedral, main competitors Lorenzo Ghiberti and Filippo Brunelleschi (supported by Cosimo de' Medici)

  • 1541 A Portuguese ship drifts ashore in the ancient Japanese province of Higo (modern day Kumamoto Prefecture). (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1541)

Historic Event

1564 Spanish King Philip II joins Council of Trente

  • 1587 Saul Wahl is elected King of Poland, according to legend.
  • 1605 Spanish army under of general Spinola conquers Lingen
  • 1612 Pendle Witch trial begins with 10 people accused of witchcraft in Lancaster, England, key witness 9 year-old boy
  • 1634 Urbain Grandier, accused and convicted of sorcery, is burned alive in Loudun, France.
  • 1636 The Covenant of the Town of Dedham, Massachusetts is first signed.

Historic Event

1674 Jean Racine's "Iphigénie" premieres in Versailles

  • 1686 Giovanni Cassini reports seeing a satellite orbiting Venus

Historic Event

1698 Russian Tsar Peter the Great arrives in Zaandam

  • 1700 Swedish, English & Dutch army lands on Seeland, Denmark
  • 1735 Evening Post begins publishing (Boston, Mass)
  • 1737 First public admittance to the Salon de Paris art exhibition at the Louvre in Paris
  • 1759 -19] 2nd sea battle of Lagos: England vs France
  • 1769 A lightning strike on the Bastion of San Nazaro in Brescia, Italy, ignites 90 tonnes of gunpowder, killing 3,000 people
  • 1795 Curacao governor De Veer sends militia to stop rebellious slaves
  • 1817 60-70ft sea serpent sightings reported offshore in Gloucester, Massachusetts
  • 1826 Scottish explorer Alexander Gordon Laing travelling across the Sahara, is the first European to reach the fabled trading city of Timbuktu (murdered near there a few weeks later)
  • 1835 Last Pottawatomie Indians leave Chicago

Historic Expedition

1838 United States Exploring Expedition headed by Charles Wilkes departs for the Pacific Ocean and Antarctica

  • 1840 American Society of Dental Surgeons founded (NY)
  • 1840 French colony established in Akaroa, South Island of New Zealand
  • 1846 General Stephen W Kearney's US forces capture Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • 1848 Camila O'Gorman and Ladislao Gutierrez are executed on the orders of Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas
  • 1858 Netherlands & Japan sign trade agreement

Historic Event

1862 General Lee's adjutant Major Stuart captured

  • 1862 Sioux Indians begin uprising in Minnesota (it is later crushed)
  • 1864 6th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia: Confederate assault
  • 1864 Battle of Petersburg: Battle of Weldon Railroad day 1 of a 3 day battle
  • 1868 French Astronomer Pierre Janssen discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse
  • 1870 Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties
  • 1872 Aaron Montgomery Ward issues the first "catalog" for his mail-order business, it is one sheet listing 163 available items
  • 1873 1st ascent of Mount Whitney, California (14,494')
  • 1886 Carr Baker Neel & Samuel Neel win US Lawn Tennis Association doubles
  • 1891 Hurricane hits Martinique, about 700 die
  • 1896 Adolph Ochs (39) buys NY Times

First Labour Government

1904 Chris Watson resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by George Reid

Historic Event

1909 Mayor of Tokyo Yukio Ozaki presents Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees, which President William Howard Taft decides to plant near the Potomac River.

  • 1914 -20] Belgian army withdraws to Antwerp
  • 1914 French troops under general Dubail occupy Sarrebourg
  • 1914 Swiss track and road bicycle racer Oscar Egg sets new hour world record of 44.247 km at the outdoor Vélodrome Buffalo in Paris; record stands until 1933

Historic Event

1914 US President Woodrow Wilson issues "Proclamation of Neutrality"

  • 1915 Braves Field opens in Boston to see Braves beat St. Louis Cardinals, 3-1
  • 1917 A Great Fire in Thessaloniki, Greece destroys 32% of the city leaving 70,000 individuals homeless.
  • 1917 Dutch Naval Air Force forms (MLD)

Historic Event

1917 The Queen's Hospital opens to provide pioneering plastic surgery for WWI soldiers, led by Harold Gillies in Sidcup, England

  • 1919 Anti-Cigarette League of America forms in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1920 1st class cricket debut of Walter Hammond

American Women Demand Their Rights

1920 State Representative Harry T. Burn (24) casts deciding vote in Tennessee's and thus America's ratification of the 19th Amendment to the constitution allowing women's suffrage, after reading a letter from his mother

PGA Championship

1922 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Oakmont CC: 20-year old US Open champion Gene Sarazen defeats Emmet French, 4 & 3 in the final

  • 1923 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Brisbane: Pat O'Hara Wood wins his 2nd Australasian title; beats fellow Australian Bert St John 6-1, 6-1, 6-3
  • 1923 Australasian Championships Women's Tennis, Brisbane: Margaret Molesworth retains title; beats Esna Boyd 6-1, 7-5

US Open Women's Tennis

1923 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Germantown CC, PA: Helen Wills Moody beats Molla Bjurstedt Mallory 6-2, 6-1 for her first of 7 US singles crowns

  • 1924 France begins withdrawing troops from the Ruhr
  • 1925 Belgium & US sign treaty about war debts
  • 1925 Cardinal Mercier warns Belgians against socialism/liberalism
  • 1926 England regain Ashes with 5th Test Cricket win, to take series 1-0
  • 1926 Weather map televised for 1st time
  • 1930 Eastern Airlines begins passenger service

Sports History

1931 Lou Gehrig hitless in Detroit, his 1,000th consecutively played game

  • 1932 Auguste Piccard and Max Cosyns reach 16,201m in a balloon launched from Dübendorf, Switzerland
  • 1932 Englishman James Mollisson is 1st to fly east to west over Atlantic

World Record

1934 Don Bradman (244) and Bill Ponsford (205 no) put on 451 in world record partnership for Australia on Day 1 of 5th cricket Test win against England at the Oval

  • 1934 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Helen Jacobs beats fellow American Sarah Palfrey Cooke 6-1, 6-3 for her third straight US singles title
  • 1936 106.5°F - Hottest afternoon ever in Iowa
  • 1937 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA)

Historic Event

1938 FDR dedicates Thousand Islands Bridge connecting US & Canada

  • 1940 Battle of Britain: The air battle known as "The Hardest Day" occurs; Luftwaffe lose approximately 69 aircraft and the RAF lose 68 in one of the largest ever air battles
  • 1941 German concentration camp Amersfoort opens
  • 1941 Phillies commit 8 errors in a baseball game
  • 1942 Carlson's Raiders land on Makin, Gilbert islands, kill 350 Japanese

Historic Event

1943 Final convoy of Jews from Salonika, Greece, arrives at Auschwitz

Sports History

1943 Giants future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Carl Hubbell wins his 253rd and final game as NY beats Pittsburgh Pirates, 3-2 at the Polo Grounds, NYC

  • 1943 Otto Skorzeny's Heinkel-111 shot down at Sardinia

Historic Event

1944 Chartres freed by US 3rd Army forces during WWII led by General George S. Patton

  • 1944 Paris rail workers strike against Nazi occupiers
  • 1944 US 15th Army Corps reaches Mantes-Gassicourt near Paris
  • 1945 Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds & Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off

Election of Interest

1945 Sukarno elected 1st President of Indonesia by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI)

  • 1946 Golf Writers Association of America forms
  • 1947 Naval torpedo & mine factory explodes at Cadiz, Spain killing 300
  • 1949 Hungary adopts constitution
  • 1949 Ralph Flanagan & his orchestra records "You're Breaking My Heart"
  • 1950 Julien Lahaut, the chairman of the Communist Party of Belgium is assassinated by far-right elements.
  • 1951 Cricket 1st-class debut of Raymond Illingworth
  • 1954 James E. Wilkins is 1st black to attend a US cabinet meeting
  • 1955 -19] Hurricane Diane, kills 400 in US
  • 1955 46.1 cm rainfall at Westfield, Massachusetts (state record)
  • 1955 Sjukri al-Quwatli re-elected president of Syria
  • 1956 Cincinnati Reds (8) & Cubs (2) combine to hit 10 HRs in a 9 inning game

#1 in the Charts

1956 Elvis Presley's "Hound Dog" and "Don't Be Cruel" reach #1 in the charts [1]

  • 1957 Amelia Wershoven sets record of female throwing a baseball (252'4½")
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 Actress Betsy Palmer joins Today Show panel

Radio History

1958 Fidel Castro makes a speech on Cuban pirate radio Rebelde

Boxing Title Fight

1958 Floyd Patterson TKOs Roy Harris in 13 for heavyweight boxing title at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles, California

Historic Publication

1958 Novel "Lolita" by Vladimir Nabokov is published

  • 1958 Perez Prado "Mambo King" receives one of the 1st gold records
  • 1958 TV game show scandal investigation starts
  • 1958 United Kingdom issues regional stamps (N Ireland, Scotland & Wales)
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands
  • 1958 Verne Gagne beats Edouard Carpentier in Omaha, to become NWA champ

Sports History

1959 Branch Rickey resigns as Pirates' CEO to be President of Continental League

  • 1960 1st photograph bounced off a satellite, Cedar Rapids, Iowa and Richardson, Texas
  • 1960 Milwaukee Braves pitcher Lew Burdette no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 1-0 at County Stadium, Milwaukee
  • 1960 The Beatles give their 1st public performance at the Indra Club in Hamburg
  • 1962 Peter, Paul & Mary release their first hit "If I Had a Hammer"

Historic Event

1963 James Meredith becomes the 1st black graduate from University of Mississippi

  • 1964 Charles Helu elected president of Lebanon
  • 1964 South Africa banned from Olympic Games because of apartheid policies
  • 1964 The Beatles arrive in San Francisco on their second US visit
  • 1964 USSR launch 3 Kosmos satellites
  • 1965 Dutch soccer team FC Den Bosch (successor to BVV 1906 and Wilhelmina 1890) is established at 's-Hertogenbosch

Sports History

1965 Hank Aaron loses a HR, because he hit it out of batter's box

Sports History

1965 Orioles' Brooks Robinson hits into his third career triple play (tying George Sisler, Deacon McGuire and Joe Start)

  • 1967 Boston Red Sox Tony Conigliaro is beaned by Angels Jack Hamilton at Fenway Park; injuries including a fractured cheekbone, dislocated jaw, and eye damage kept him from returning for a year and a half, and led to improvements in batting helmets

Music Single

1967 The Rolling Stones release music single "We Love You"

Music History

1969 Mick Jagger accidentally shot while filming "Ned Kelly"; he survives

Historic Event

1971 New Zealand Prime Minister Keith Holyoake announces in Parliament that New Zealand’s combat force would be withdrawn from Vietnam before the end of the year, coinciding with a similar announcement by the Australian government

  • 1972 4th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel

Music History

1972 Police fine Paul & Linda McCartney ś800 in Sweden for cannabis possession

Music History

1973 Drummer Gene Krupa plays for the final time with the Benny Goodman Quartet

  • 1973 Hank Aaron's record 1,378 extra base hit surpasses Stan Musial record

Murder of Interest

1976 Korean axe murder incident: 2 US soldiers tasked with cutting down a poplar tree blocking the view of UN observers are killed by North Koreans claiming it was planted by Kim Il-sung in the Korean Demilitarized Zone

  • 1976 USSR's Luna 24 soft-lands on Moon
  • 1977 2 girls are killed by a runaway car outside of Graceland
  • 1977 Dodgers pitcher Don Sutton throws his NL record tying 5th one-hitter
  • 1977 South African anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko is arrested at a roadblock (dies of police beating 12 September)
  • 1978 Memphis Tenn settles with striking police officers & firefighters

Historic Event

1979 Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini demands Saint War against Kurds

  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Sports History

1980 KC Royals' George Brett, batting avg reach .400

  • 1981 Football running back, Herschel Walker, of U of Georgia, takes out a Lloyd's of London insurance policy for $1 million

Telethon

1981 Jerry Lewis appears on "Donahue" to defend Telethons

Music Premiere

1981 Revival of Frederick Lowe and Alan Jay Lerner's musical "My Fair Lady" opens at Uris Theater, NYC; runs for 119 performances

  • 1982 Japanese election law is amended to allow for proportional representation.
  • 1982 Longest baseball game at Wrigley Field in Chicago IL, ends after 22 innings - before LA Dodgers beat Cubs 2-1 (game started Aug 17th)
  • 1982 NYSE tops 100m shares traded for the 1st time, sets a new record of 132.69m shares traded

Sports History

1982 Pete Rose sets record with his 13,941st plate appearance

  • 1983 Hurricane Alicia battered Houston & Galveston, Texas

Baseball Record

1983 KC Royals defeat NY Yankees, 5-4, completing "pine-tar" game (12 minutes); Hal McRae strikes out & Dan Quisenberry retires Yankees in order

  • 1983 Samantha Druce, age 12y 119d becomes the youngest woman to swim English Channel
  • 1983 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1984 Triangle Oil Corp, above-ground storage tank at Jacksonville Fla, spills 2.5 m gallons of oil burned after lightning sparked a fire
  • 1985 Suisei Launch (Halley's Comet Flyby)

Album Release

1986 American rock band Bon Jovi release their 3rd album "Slippery When Wet" (Billboard's top selling album of 1987)

  • 1986 Crockett's Tavern opens in Fort Wilderness
  • 1986 Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Philadelphia PA on WYSP 94.1 FM
  • 1986 Jim Kelly signs with NFL Buffalo Bills ($75 million for 5 years)
  • 1986 John Tesh's 1st appearance on Entertainment Tonight
  • 1986 WYSP-FM Philadelphia begins simulcasting Howard Stern Show
  • 1987 Houston Oiler Earl Campbell, retires from NFL
  • 1987 Ohio health care worker Donald Harvey sentenced to triple life for poisoning 24 patients
  • 1987 Philip Rush of NZ, set record for triple crossing English Channel his time 28:21, 10 hours faster than 1st man to do it
  • 1987 Straatsburg: Manuela Stellmach, Astrid Strauss, Anke Mohring and Heike Friedrich swims female world record 4x200m freestyle (7:55.47)
  • 1988 FDA approves Minoxidil as a hair loss treatment
  • 1988 Largest house (130 rooms) on Long Island sold for $22 million
  • 1988 Republican Convention in New Orleans select Bush-Quayle ticket
  • 1989 ArenaBowl III, Joe Louis Arena, Detroit: Detroit Drive beats Pittsburgh Gladiators 39-26, George LaFrance MVP
  • 1989 Arturo Barrios of Mexico sets 10K record (27:08.23) in Berlin
  • 1989 Bucky Dent replaces Dallas Green as NY Yankee manager
  • 1989 Leading presidential hopeful Luis Carlos Galán is assassinated near Bogotá in Colombia.
  • 1991 Hurricane Bob hits NC with 115 MPH wind
  • 1991 Pan American games close in Havana
  • 1992 "Real Inspector Hound" opens at Criterion NYC for 61 performances
  • 1993 Historical Kapelbrug in Luzern Switzerland, destroyed by fire
  • 1994 15th Commonwealth Games open in Victoria, Canada
  • 1994 5.6 earthquake in Algeria, kills 171
  • 1995 Cards reliever Tom Henke earns his 300th career save
  • 1996 British Open Women's Golf, Woburn, Duke's Course: Emilee Klein wins by 7 strokes ahead of fellow Americans Amy Alcott and Penny Hammel
  • 1996 Record 6,654 tap at Macy's Tap-o-mania in NYC
  • 2000 A Federal jury finds the US Environmental Protection Agency guilty of discrimination against Dr. Marsha Coleman-Adebayo, under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, later inspiring passage of the No FEAR Act.

Golf Tournament

2002 Canadian Open Women's Golf, Summerlea GC: Meg Mallon wins by 3 from Michelle Ellis, Rosie Jones, Catriona Matthew & Michele Redman

  • 2002 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Hazeltine National GC: American Rich Beem wins his first major title by 1 stroke from Tiger Woods
  • 2004 Dutch swimmer Pieter van den Hoogenband wins the coveted 100m freestyle gold medal in 48.17 ahead of Roland Schoeman of South Africa at the Athens Olympics
  • 2004 Japanese swimmer Kosuke Kitajima wraps up the 100/200m breaststroke double at the Athens Olympics when he wins the 200m in 2:09.44, an Olympic record
  • 2004 Shot put event at the Athens Olympics held in Ancient Olympia, site of the ancient Olympic Games; first time women ever compete in venue; Yumileidi Cumbá of Cuba wins women's gold; American Adam Nelson men's gold
  • 2004 US women's 4 × 200m freestyle relay team of Natalie Coughlin, Carly Piper, Dana Vollmer & Kaitlin Sandeno smash long-standing world record set by GDR in 1987 to win gold at the Athens Olympics (7:53.42)
  • 2005 Dennis Rader is sentenced to 175 years in prison for the BTK (Bind, Torture, Kill) serial killings in Sedgwick County, Kansas.
  • 2005 Massive power blackout hits the Indonesian island of Java, affecting almost 100 million people.
  • 2008 An American 1-2-3 in the 400m hurdles at the Beijing Olympics; Angelo Taylor wins gold in 47.25 ahead of Kerron Clement and Bershawn Jackson
  • 2008 Belarus weightlifter Andrei Aramnau breaks 3 world records, for the snatch, clean & jerk, and total, on the way to winning the men's 105kg gold medal at the Beijing Olympics
  • 2008 Emulating the Chinese women, the men win the team table tennis gold medal at the Beijing Olympics without losing a match; win all 10 singles and all 5 doubles matches
  • 2008 President Of Pakistan Pervez Musharaf resigned due to pressure from opposition.
  • 2008 Russian pole-vaulter Yelena Isinbayeva sets a new world record of 5.05m to win the gold medal at the Beijing Olympics; her 24th world record
  • 2011 The "West Memphis Three" are released from prison after 18 years in imprisonment
  • 2012 Al-Qaeda militants kill 14 people in an attack in Aden, Yemen
  • 2012 NATO air strikes kill at least 13 militants in Afghanistan
  • 2013 6 people are killed by a bomb blast on a bus in West Bengal, India
  • 2013 Solheim Cup Women's Golf, Colorado GC: Europe retain Cup for the first time in record winning margin 18-12; Sweden's Caroline Hedwall becomes first player to win 5 matches in a single competition
  • 2016 Great Britain's Alistair Brownlee records time of 1:45.01 to retain his Olympic men's triathlon title at the Rio de Janeiro Games; 0:06 in front of second-place finisher, brother Jonathan Brownlee

Olympic Gold

2016 Jamaica's Usain Bolt wins the gold medal in the men's 200m for the 3rd successive Summer Olympics, recording a time of 19.78 in Rio de Janeiro

Olympic Gold

2016 New Zealand's 2017 America's Cup winning helmsman Peter Burling teams with Blair Tuke to win the gold medal in the 49er class sailing at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics

  • 2016 Ukranine canoeist Yuriy Cheban sets an Olympic record 39.279 to win the men's C-1 200m gold at the Rio de Janeiro Olympics; retains title he won in London 2012