Historical Events on August 21

  • 959 Erachus becomes bishop of Luik
  • 1192 Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shōgun and the de facto ruler of Japan. (Traditional Japanese date: July 12, 1192)

Historic Event

1264 Kublai Khan accepts the surrender of his younger brother Ariq Böke at Xanadu, at the end of the Mongol civil war

  • 1321 160 Jews of Chincon France, burned at stake

Historic Event

1541 Ottoman Turks under Suleiman the Magnificent capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom and go on to dominate central Hungary for 150 years

Historic Event

1560 Future Danish astronomer 14-year-old Tycho Brahe becomes interested in astronomy after observing a solar eclipse

  • 1573 Spain begin siege of Alkmaar in the Netherlands
  • 1598 -22] Deed of Transfers proclaims Netherlands independence

Historic Event

1673 King Louis XIV donates 600 books to found the library of L'Académie française

  • 1673 Sea battle at Kijkduin: De Ruyter defeats English & French fleet
  • 1680 Pueblo Indians takes possession of Santa Fé in the New Mexican Province, from Spanish
  • 1689 Battle of Dunkeld fought in Scotland between supporters of King James VII of Scotland and troops of William of Orange
  • 1703 The Edirne Event: Turkish army removes Sultan Mustafa II, lessening the power of the sultans

Treaty of Interest

1718 Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, Turkey and Venice sign peace treaty

  • 1760 The church (later cathedral) of "Our Lady of Candlemas of Mayagüez (Puerto Rico)" is founded, establishing the basis for the founding of the city.

Coup d'état

1772 King Gustav III of Sweden completes a coup d'etat by adopting a new Constitution and installing himself as an enlightened despot, ending 50 years of parliamentary rule

  • 1781 Jury in Sheffield, Massachusetts, grants two slaves Bett (later Elizabeth Freeman) and Bron their freedom after Freeman brings the case to court [1]

Victory in Battle

1808 Battle of Vimeiro: British and Portuguese forces led by General Arthur Wellesley defeat French force under Major-General Jean-Andoche Junot near the village of Vimeiro, Portugal, the first Anglo-Portuguese victory of the Peninsular War.

  • 1810 Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, Marshal of France, is elected Crown Prince of Sweden by the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates.
  • 1821 Jarvis Island is discovered by the crew of the ship, Eliza Frances

Historic Event

1831 Former slave Nat Turner leads uprising against slavery

  • 1841 John Hampton patents venetian blind
  • 1842 The city of Hobart, Tasmania, is founded.
  • 1852 Tlingit Indians destroy Fort Selkirk, Yukon Territory.
  • 1856 America's first consul to Japan, Townsend Harris, arrives in Shimoda. (Traditional Japanese date: July 21, 1856)
  • 1858 1st Lincoln-Douglas debate in Illinois
  • 1862 The Vienna Stadtpark opens its gates.

Historic Event

1863 Lawrence Massacre [Quantrill's raid]: 450 Confederate guerrillas led by William Quantrill with William T. Anderson and Frank James attack the Unionist town of Lawrence, Kansas, killing more than 150 unarmed men and boys

  • 1864 Battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia, ends after 2500 casualties
  • 1864 Battle of Grubbs Crossroads, Kentucky
  • 1864 Battle of Summit Point, Virginia
  • 1864 Major General Nathan B. Forrest's assault on Memphis, Tennessee
  • 1878 American Bar Association organizes at Sarasota, NY
  • 1878 Surrey wicket-keeper Ted Pooley completes a then-1st class cricket record 8 stumpings in a County match against Kent at The Oval
  • 1879 The Virgin Mary, along with St. Joseph and St. John the Evangelist, reportedly appears to the people of Knock, County Mayo, Ireland.

Burroughs' Adding Machine

1888 American inventor William Seward Burroughs patents the adding machine

  • 1891 Dutch Mackay government resigns
  • 1897 Oldsmobile first manufactured by Olds Motor Vehicle Co. in Lansing, Michigan
  • 1899 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: Malcolm Whitman wins second of 3 consecutive US singles titles; beats J. Parmly Paret 6-1, 6-2, 3-6, 7-5
  • 1900 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: Malcolm Whitman beats William Larned 6-4, 1-6, 6-2, 6-2 to win his third straight US singles title
  • 1901 Baltimore Orioles pitcher Joe McGinnity is suspended from NL for punching & spitting on umpire Tom Connolly in previous day's 5-2 loss to Detroit Tigers; lifetime suspension reduced to 12 days
  • 1911 "Mona Lisa" stolen from the Louvre by Vincenzo Perugia; recovered in 1913
  • 1912 Francis Carter-Cotton chosen 1st chancellor of University of British Columbia
  • 1914 Belgium: German troops occupy Tamines
  • 1914 French offensive in the Ardennen/Sambre

US Golf Open

1914 US Open Men's Golf, Midlothian CC: 21-year old Walter Hagen holds off amateur Chick Evans by 1 stroke to win the first of his 2 Open titles; first of 11 major championships

  • 1915 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Brisbane: Englishman Gordon Lowe beats Horace Rice of Australia 4-6, 6-1, 6-1, 6-4
  • 1915 Italy declares war on Turkey in World War One
  • 1916 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, arrested by the British
  • 1920 PGA Championship Men's Golf, Flossmoor CC: American based Scotsman Jock Hutchison beats J. Douglas Edgar of England, 1-up; first of Hutchinson's 2 majors
  • 1925 Dutch football club FC Emmen is formed in the town of Emmen in north-eastern province of Drenthe in the Netherlands
  • 1926 -22] Uprising against Greek president and dictator Pangalos
  • 1926 Chicago White Sox pitcher Ted Lyons no hits Boston Red Sox, 6-0 in just 67 minutes at Fenway Park
  • 1927 4th Pan-African Congress meets (NYC)
  • 1929 Chicago Cardinals become 1st pro football team to train out of town
  • 1930 Prohibition of Wieringermeer finished

Baseball Record

1931 Yankees slugger Babe Ruth becomes the first MLB player to hit 600 career home runs as NY defeats St. Louis Browns, 11-7 at Sportsman's Park

  • 1932 Wes Ferrell is 1st to win 20 games in each of his 1st 4 seasons
  • 1938 Italy bars all Jewish teachers in Public & High School
  • 1942 Transport #22 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942 Walt Disney's animated movie "Bambi", based on the book by Felix Salten, is released
  • 1942 World War II: German soldiers plant the Nazi flag on Mount Elbrus in the Caucasus
  • 1943 Gromyko named USSR-ambassador in Washington
  • 1943 Japan leaves Aleutian Islands
  • 1944 Germans storm up Hill 262 (Mont Ormel) Normandy
  • 1944 Grieg, Wright and Forrest's musical "Song of Norway" premieres in NYC
  • 1944 Raid on Jewish children's house in Secrétan/St-Mandé
  • 1944 US 12nd Army Corps occupies Sens
  • 1945 US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program
  • 1948 Cleveland Indians 47-inning scoreless streak is broken as future Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Bob Lemon yields a home run to Aaron Robinson in a 3-2 loss to Chicago White Sox
  • 1949 Philadelphia fans cause A's to forfeit game when they riot over a trapped line drive by Rich Ashburn, Giants leading 4-2 in 9th declared winners
  • 1953 Baseball player representatives Ralph Kiner (NL) & Allie Reynolds (AL) hire labor leader John Norman Lewis at $15,000 to give legal advice to players in negotiations with team owners
  • 1953 Marion Carl in Douglas Skyrocket reaches record 25,370 m
  • 1953 Sultan Sidi Mohammed Am Joessoef V of Morocco deposed

Historic Event

1955 Emmett Till arrives in Money, Mississippi, a week before he is murdered

  • 1956 WTVW TV channel 7 in Evansville, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1957 1st launching in Baikonur, Kazakhstan (R7 "Semiorka"-rocket)
  • 1958 KUT-FM in Austin Texas begins radio transmissions
  • 1959 Hawaii becomes the 50th US state

Music Recording

1961 American country singer Patsy Cline records then-struggling songwriter Willie Neslon's song "Crazy", in Nashville, Tennessee

Historic Event

1961 Kenyan political activist Jomo Kenyatta released from jail after 9 years. Imprisoned during 1952 Mau Mau rebellion with other nationalist leaders by British authorities

  • 1962 Verne Gagne beats Mister M (doctor X) in Minn, to become NWA champ
  • 1963 Jerry Lynch's record 15th pinch-hit HR gives Pirates a 7-6 win
  • 1963 Martial law declared in South Vietnam, following raids on Buddhist pagodas
  • 1965 Gemini 5 launched into Earth orbit (2 astronauts)
  • 1965 Romania adopts constitution
  • 1965 The Crusher beats Mad Dog Vachon in St Paul, to become NWA champ
  • 1966 1st concert at Busch Memorial Stadium: (St. Louis, Missouri): The Beatles headline; it is their second show of the day, having played in the afternoon 341 miles away in Cincinnati, Ohio after getting rained out on the night before
  • 1966 LPGA Western Open Women's Golf, Rainbow Springs CC; Mickey Wright wins her 13th and final major title by 1 from Margie Masters & Jo Ann Prentice
  • 1967 China reports downing of 2 US bombers
  • 1967 Kansas City utility Ken Harrelson becomes baseball's first free agent when he is abruptly released by the Athletics; calls team owner Charlie Finley "a menace to baseball"
  • 1967 Liquid gas tanker explodes in Martelange Belgium, 22 killed
  • 1967 Mikis Theodorakis arrested in Greece
  • 1968 After 5 years Soviet Union once again jams Voice of America radio

Presidential Convention

1968 Democratic Convention opens in Chicago, goes on to nominate Hubert Humphrey

  • 1968 PFC James Anderson Jr is 1st African American Marine to win Medal of Honor (Vietnam War)

Warsaw Pact Invasion of Czechoslovakia

1968 Warsaw Pact forces complete their invasion of Czechoslovakia by arresting the Czech leader Alexander Dubček and forcing him to sign the Moscow Protocols

  • 1968 William Dana reaches 80 km (last high-altitude X-15 flight)
  • 1969 Fire in Al-Aksa-mosque in Jerusalem
  • 1969 First Gap clothing store opens in Ocean Avenue, San Francisco
  • 1970 The Social and Democratic Labour Party (SDLP) is established with Gerry Fitt as the first leader of the party
  • 1972 1st hot air balloon flight over Alps
  • 1972 33rd Venice Film Festival opens
  • 1972 British dock strike ends after dockers accept an amended Jones-Adlington Agreement
  • 1972 Grace Slick maced by police when a band official called cops, pigs
  • 1972 Republican convention opens in Miami Beach
  • 1972 US orbiting astronomy observatory Copernicus launched
  • 1975 3 truck pile up kills 10, injures 26 on French highway
  • 1975 Rick & Paul Reuschel become 1st brothers to pitch a combined shut out
  • 1975 US lightens trade embargo against Cuba
  • 1976 "Operation Paul Bunyan" begins in retaliation for the "Korean axe murder incident" 3 days prior. 110 troops, 27 helicopters, 3 B-52 bombers are deployed to the Korean Demilitarized Zone to cut down a poplar blocking the view of UN observers
  • 1976 Al Bumbry hits 17th inside-the-park HR in Oriole history
  • 1976 Battle, East Sussex: Mary Langdon becomes 1st British firewoman
  • 1977 American water skier Donna Patterson Brice sets women's high speed record 111.11 mph at Long Beach, California
  • 1978 1st gay theme telefilm - Matlovich vs US Air Force
  • 1979 Mets win a protested game against Astros, 5-0
  • 1979 Russian Bolshoi Ballet dancer Alexander Godunov defects in NYC; joins the American Ballet Theatre, and works as a film actor
  • 1980 People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) founded in a basement office in Takoma Park, Maryland
  • 1982 American MLB Milwaukee Brewers' relief pitcher Rollie Fingers becomes 1st pitcher to get save #300
  • 1982 Palestinian terrorists are dispersed from Beirut
  • 1983 110°F (43°C) at Fayetteville, North Carolina (state record)
  • 1983 Jerry Herman's musical "La Cage aux Folles", based Jean Poiret's French play of the same name, opens at Palace Theater, NYC; runs for 1761 performances, wins 6 Tony Awards
  • 1985 Mary Decker Slaney runs mile in world record 4:16.71
  • 1985 NY Lotto pays $41 million to three winner (#s are 14-17-22-23-30-47)

World Record

1986 Ian Botham takes world-record 356th Test Cricket wkt (v NZ, The Oval)

  • 1986 Lake Nyos volcanic eruption in Cameroon releases a poisonous gas cloud of carbon dioxide, killing 1,746 people and 3,500 livestock
  • 1986 Red Sox Spike Owens scores 6 runs in a 24-5 rout of Cleveland Indians
  • 1986 Stephen Schwartz and Charles Strouse's musical "Rags" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater, NYC; runs for 4 performances, receives 6 Tony Award nominations
  • 1986 Surinames Ronnie Brunswijks Jungle commandos kill 2 government officials
  • 1986 With 2 outs in 6th inning, Red Sox score 11 runs
  • 1987 "Dirty Dancing" film directed by Emile Ardolino, starring Patrick Swayze and Jennifer Grey opens in the US
  • 1987 "Mack Lobell" set harness racing's trotting mil (1:52)
  • 1987 Clayton Lonetree, 1st US marine court-martialed for spying, convicted
  • 1987 Silke Horneer swims female world record 100m breaststroke (1:07.91)

Coup d'état

1991 Conservative coup in the Soviet Union is crushed by popular resistance led by Boris Yeltsin in three days

  • 1991 Latvia declares its independence from USSR
  • 1992 US Marshals move in on Randy Weaver's cabin in Ruby Ridge, Idaho to apprehend him on firearms charges; an 11 day stand-off ensues
  • 1993 NASA loses contact with Mars Observer
  • 1994 -23] Typhoon Fred ravages Chinese county Zhejiang, 700+ killed
  • 1994 Ernesto Zedillo wins Mexican presidential election
  • 1994 Royal Air Maroc ATR-42 crash down at Agadir, 44 killed
  • 1994 The last French troops pull out of Rwanda, ending their highly controversial mission there
  • 1995 Atlantic Southeast Airlines Flight 529 crashes near Carrollton, Georgia, killing 9 crew and passengers
  • 1996 Christie Lee Woods, 18, of Texas, crowned 14th Miss Teen USA
  • 1996 In Venezuela, a subsidiary of state-owned Petroleos de Venezuela (PdVSA), Corpoven, signs a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with U.S.-based ARCO
  • 1996 Netscape Browser 3.0 is released

Music History

1996 Revival of Eugene O'Neill's' drama "Hughie", directed by Al Pacino, and starring Pacino and Paul Benedict, opens at Circle in the Square Theater, NYC; runs for 56 performances

  • 1997 Typhoon Winnie kills 140, injures 3,000 in East China
  • 1997 US government forces closure of Hudson Foods due to E Coli break out

Historic Event

1998 P. W. Botha found guilty of contempt for repeatedly ignoring subpoenas to testify before South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission

  • 2001 "How You Remind Me" single released by Nickelback (Billboard Song of the Year 2002)
  • 2001 NATO decides to send a peace-keeping force to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
  • 2001 The Red Cross announces that a famine is striking Tajikistan, and calls for international financial aid for Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

World Record

2004 American super-swimmer Michael Phelps wins his 6th gold medal of the Athens Olympics even though he doesn't swim the final of men's 4 x 100m medley relay; US wins in world record 3:30.68

  • 2004 Belarusian sprinter Yulia Nestsiarenka runs 10.93 to beat American Lauryn Williams and win the 100m gold medal at the Athens Olympics
  • 2004 Nicolás Massú & Fernando González win the men's doubles tennis at the Athens Olympics beating German pair Nicolas Kiefer & Rainer Schüttler in 5 sets; it's Chile's first Olympic gold medal
  • 2004 South Africa clinch their 2nd Tri Nations Rugby Series on points differential with a 23-19 win over Australia in Durban; Wallabies score 3 tries to 2, but Percy Montgomery lands 5 goals for Springboks
  • 2004 The archery competition concludes at the Athens Olympics with South Korea dominant with 3 of 4 gold medals; venue is the Panathenaic Stadium, in which the 1896 games were held
  • 2004 The Australian women's 4 x 100m medley relay team of Giaan Rooney, Leisel Jones, Petria Thomas & Jodie Henry smashes the world record to take gold in 3:57.32 at the Athens Olympics
  • 2007 Hurricane Dean makes its first landfall in Costa Maya, Mexico with winds at 165 mph. Dean is the first storm since Hurricane Andrew to make landfall as a Category 5.
  • 2008 After winning the event in Athens, Jamaican sprinter Veronica Campbell-Brown makes it consecutive 200m Olympic titles beating American Allyson Felix by 0.19 in Beijing
  • 2008 American pair Misty May-Treanor & Kerry Walsh dominate China's Tian Jiathe & Wang Jie 21-18, 21-18 in the beach volleyball final to repeat of their gold medal from Athens; don't lose a set in the competition
  • 2008 An American sweep of the 400m medals at the Beijing Olympics; LeShawn Merritt wins gold in 43.75 ahead of Jeremy Wariner and David Neville
  • 2008 Daniëlle de Bruijn scores a match winning 7 goals as the Netherlands upset the United States 9-8 to take the women's water polo gold medal at the Beijing Olympics
  • 2008 Dutch swimmer and cancer survivor Maarten van der Weijden wins inaugural men's open water marathon (10k) in 1:51:51.6 at the Beijing Olympics
  • 2008 Japan edges the United States 3-1 for the gold medal in the final of the women's softball tournament at the Beijing Olympics

Olympic Gold

2008 Striker Carli Lloyd scores in extra time as the United States beat Brazil 1-0 to take the women's Football Gold Medal at the Beijing Olympics

  • 2010 New Zealand clinch their 10th Tri Nations Rugby Series with one match remaining, scoring 2 tries in the last 3 minutes to beat South Africa, 29–22 in the first-ever Test at FNB Stadium in Johannesburg
  • 2012 20 people in the Democratic Republic of the Congo die from the Ebola virus
  • 2013 21 people are killed in flash floods in Qinghai province, China
  • 2013 37 people are killed and 16 are injured in a bus crash near Chin Swee Temple, Malaysia
  • 2014 Israeli airstrike in Rafah kills Mohammed Abu Shammala, Raed al Atar and Mohammed Barhoum - 3 of Hamas's top commanders
  • 2015 1st British unmanned drone hit on a UK citizen outside a conflict - ISIS fighter Reyaad Khan in Raqqa, Syria
  • 2015 After 108 years a "message in a bottle" put in the sea by UK Marine Biological Association is announced found on a beach in Amrum, Germany
  • 2015 European Refugee Crisis: Germany makes it easier for Syrian refugees to claim asylum by suspending their Dublin Regulations
  • 2015 Terrorist attack on train between Amsterdam and Paris thwarted by 4 passengers overpowering gunman
  • 2016 Brazil takes 3rd Olympic men's indoor volleyball gold medal at the Rio Games with 25–22, 28–26, 26–24 win over Italy

Olympic Gold

2016 Kenyan runner Eliud Kipchoge wins the Olympic men's marathon gold medal at the Rio de Janeiro Games in a time of 2:08.44; Feyisa Lilesa (Ethiopia) second in 2:09:54, and Galen Rupp (US) third in 2:10:05

Sports History

2016 Kevin Durant scores 30 as the US retains the Olympic men's basketball title with a comfortable 96-66 win over Serbia at the Rio de Janeiro Games

  • 2017 Chile's constitutional court approves bill to ease country's total abortion ban
  • 2017 Destroyer USS John S McCain collides with an oil tanker near Singapore leaving 10 missing and 5 injured
  • 2017 Johnson & Johnson ordered to pay $417m to woman who developed ovarian cancer after using their talc-based products
  • 2017 London's parliament clock Big Ben chimes for the last time before a four-year restoration process for its tower starts
  • 2017 Total solar eclipse visible from North America

Historic Event

2018 Australian PM Malcolm Turnbull calls for and wins a leadership vote 43-35 over Home Affairs Minister Peter Dutton

  • 2018 Californian Representative Duncan Hunter indicted for using campaign funds for personal expenses including holidays and flight for a pet rabbit

Historic Event

2018 Michael Cohen, President Trump's personal lawyer, pleads guilty to charges including illegal payment at direction of Trump to women Trump had affairs with

  • 2018 Paul Manafort, former Trump campaign chairman, is convicted on eight counts of fraud in a federal court in Alexandria, Virginia
  • 2018 Water-ice first detected on the Moon by India's Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft (2008-9) in findings published by scientists
  • 2019 74,155 fires caused by land clearing are burning in the Amazon rain forest, the most ever recorded, according the Brazil's National Institute for Space Research

Historic Event

2019 German Chancellor challenges British PM Boris Johnson to find a solution to a no-deal Brexit in 30 days at their meeting in Berlin

Film & TV History

2019 The Rock [Dwayne Johnson] named highest paid actor for a second year in a row, earning $89.4m

  • 2019 US President Donald Trump says Danish PM Mette Frederiksen was "nasty" to him over his interest in buying Greenland and cancels his trip to Denmark
  • 2020 American actress Lori Loughlin sentenced to two months in prison along with her husband for her role in US college admissions bribery scandal
  • 2020 American golfer Scottie Scheffler makes birdie on 4 of final 5 holes to become 12th player in PGA Tour history to shoot 59 in 2nd round of the Northern Trust at TPC Boston

Music Single

2020 Korean pop group BTS releases single "Dynamite,"; becomes 1st video to be watched more than 100 million times in 24 hours on YouTube

  • 2021 Flash flooding in Humphreys County, Middle Tennessee, kills 22 with dozens missing
  • 2022 Masai Graham wins funniest joke at Edinburgh Fringe with "I tried to steal spaghetti from the shop, but the female guard saw me and I couldn't get pasta." [1]