On This Day

Historical Events on August 24

  • 49 BC Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River by the Numidians under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba of Numidia. Curio commits suicide to avoid capture.

The 17 Year-Old Witness to the Eruption of Vesuvius

79 Believed until 2018 to be the date of the massive eruption of Mt. Vesuvius which buried the cities of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis and Stabiae, killing untold thousands. Latest evidence suggests the eruption occurred after 17 October. [1] [2]

Alaric I Sacks Rome

410 Rome overrun by Visigoths under Alaric I for the first time in nearly 800 years, seen as the fall of the Western Roman Empire

  • 1217 Battle of South Foreland: English fleet beats France
  • 1349 Jews of Cologne Germany set themselves on fire to avoid baptism
  • 1391 Jews of Palma, Mallorca, massacred
  • 1456 The printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed

Victory in Battle

1511 Afonso de Albuquerque of Portugal conquers Malacca, the capital of the Sultanate of Malacca.

  • 1516 Battle of Marj Dabiq: Ottoman forces decisively beat the Mamluk Sultanate
  • 1542 Conquistador Francisco de Orellana returns to Spain
  • 1558 Battle of Gravelines: English fleet beats Spanish

Historic Event

1572 St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of Protestants by Roman Catholics begins in Paris and later spreads to the French provinces

  • 1608 1st English convoy lands at Surat, India
  • 1635 The Great Colonial Hurricane affected the Virginia Colony at Jamestown
  • 1662 Act of Uniformity requires English to accept Book of Common Prayer

Historic Event

1682 Duke James of York gives Delaware to William Penn

  • 1690 Job Charnock sets up East India Company HQ camp by Kalikata village (modern Calcutta)
  • 1704 Battle of Málaga: largest naval battle in the War of the Spanish Succession; Tactically indecisive but a Grand Alliance strategic victory
  • 1751 Thomas Colley executed in England for drowning a supposed witch

Music History

1787 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completes his violin and piano sonata in A, K526

  • 1789 French Revolution: The National Assembly proclaims freedom of speech
  • 1814 British forces capture Washington, D.C. and destroy many landmarks (War of 1812)
  • 1816 The Treaty of St. Louis is signed by the USA and the united tribes of Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi in St. Louis, Missouri.
  • 1820 Constitutionalist insurrection at Oporto, Portugal; see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century.
  • 1826 Netherlands South Willems Port (Bosch-Liege) opens
  • 1828 Dutch army takes Fort Du Bus in New Guinea

Historic Event

1831 John Henslow asks Charles Darwin to travel with him on the HMS Beagle

  • 1833 HMS Beagle reaches Bahia Blanca, Argentina

Historic Event

1847 Charlotte Brontë finishes manuscript of "Jane Eyre"

  • 1853 1st potato chips prepared by chef George Crum at Moon's Lake House, near Saratoga Springs, New York (popular legend says he invented though earlier recipes exist)
  • 1854 National emigration convention meets in Cleveland
  • 1857 The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in U.S. history.
  • 1858 Richmond "Daily Dispatch" reports 90 blacks arrested for learning
  • 1869 American inventor Cornelius Swarthout patents stove-top waffle iron
  • 1870 The Wolseley Expedition reaches Manitoba to end the Red River Rebellion
  • 1876 Riot abolishes fairs in Amsterdam, 2 killed
  • 1877 American outlaw John Wesley Hardin, wanted for murder, is arrested by Texas Rangers on a train in Pensacola, Florida
  • 1883 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Two-time defending champion Richard Sears wins 3rd straight title; beats James Dwight 6-2, 6-0, 9-7

Historic Invention

1891 Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera

  • 1893 Tornado destroys coast of Savannah & Charleston, about 1000 die
  • 1904 Battle of Liao-Yang-200,000 Japanese against 150,000 Russian, Japanese tactical victory
  • 1905 Chicago Cubs beat Phillies 2-1 in 20 innings
  • 1906 Cincinnati Red John Weimer no-hits Dodgers, 1-0 in 7 inning game
  • 1907 Australasian Championships Men's Tennis, Brisbane : Australian Horace Rice beats Harry Parker of New Zealand 6-3, 6-4, 6-4

Boxing Title Fight

1908 Canadian champion Tommy Burns KOs Bill Squires in 13th round at the Sydney Stadium, Australia to retain world heavyweight boxing title; Burns' 3rd KO of Squires

  • 1908 NY Giants scores shown on electric diamonds known as "Compton's Baseball Bulletin" at Madison Square Garden
  • 1909 Workers start pouring concrete for Panama Canal
  • 1911 Manuel d'Arriaga elected first president of Portugal

Sports History

1912 NYC ticker tape parade for Jim Thorpe & victorious US Olympians

  • 1912 District of Alaska becomes an organized incorporated territory of the United States
  • 1912 US passes Anti-gag law, federal employees right to petition government
  • 1914 Battle of Bergen: Germans defeat Belgian/British troops
  • 1914 German troops occupy Namur, Belgium

Music Premiere

1914 Jerome Kern & Michael E Rourles musical premieres in NYC

  • 1918 Chicago Cubs, win earliest pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)
  • 1918 Sect Baker grants extended exemption to World Series players
  • 1919 Having pitched into the 9th inning Cleveland's Ray Caldwell is flattened by a bolt of lightning; goes on to record final out for Indians' 2-1 win over Philadelphia A's
  • 1920 With British approval, Greece is encouraged to take offensive action against Turkish nationalists in Asia Minor
  • 1921 Battle of Sakaray Valley begins between Turkey & Greece
  • 1921 British airship R-38 crashes in River Humber, 44 die
  • 1922 1st Phillie to hit for cycle (Cy Williams)

World Record

1923 Paavo Nurmi of Finland runs world record 3 mile time of 14:11.2 in Stockholm; intermediate time during 5000m event

US Open Women's Tennis

1925 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Helen Wills Moody beats Kitty McKane of England 3-6, 6-0, 6-2 for her third straight US singles title

  • 1929 Palestinians attack orthodox Jews in Jerusalem
  • 1929 Turkey & Persia sign friendship treaty
  • 1929 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Helen Wills Moody beats England's Phoebe Holcroft Watson 6-4, 6-2 for her 3rd straight and 6th overall US singles title
  • 1931 France & USSR sign neutrality/no attack treaty

Historic Event

1932 1st transcontinental non-stop flight by a woman, Amelia Earhart

  • 1936 Australian Antarctic Territory created

Historic Event

1936 FDR gives the FBI the authority to pursue fascists and communists

  • 1937 Republican offensive near Belchite, Spain
  • 1937 In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • 1938 England beat Australia by an innings & 579 runs at The Oval
  • 1938 Virgil Trucks strikes out his 418th batter, highest season total in organized ball-for Andalusia in an Alabama-Florida League game
  • 1939 Germany & USSR sign 10-year non-aggression pact
  • 1940 Luftwaffe bombs London

Sports History

1940 Red Sox left fielder Ted Williams pitches the last 2 innings in a 12-1 loss to Detroit Tigers, Williams allows 3 hits & 1 run

  • 1942 Sea battle off Eastern Solomon Islands between United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy
  • 1942 Transport #23 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 Philadelphia A's drop AL record tying 20th game in a row, win the 2nd game
  • 1944 General LeClerc's troops open assault on Paris

Sports History

1945 Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12

  • 1949 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) goes into effect
  • 1950 Edith Sampson named 1st African American US delegate to UN

Sports History

1951 Bill Veeck's "Fans Managers' Night", Browns defeat A's 5-3; Browns coaches hold up placards for fans to vote on strategy options

Historic Event

1954 US President Eisenhower signs Communist Control Act, outlawing the Communist Party, at height of McCarthyism

  • 1954 International Amateur Athletic Federation recognizes Red China
  • 1954 William Heatherton's "Reluctant Debutante" premieres in London
  • 1956 1st non-stop transcontinental helicopter flight arrived Washington, D.C.
  • 1957 At age 17 future England soccer striker Jimmy Greaves scores on his First Division debut for Chelsea against Tottenham Hotspur in a 1–1 draw at White Hart Lane
  • 1958 Sergei Popov wins Stockholm marathon (2:15:17.0) (WR)
  • 1958 19th Venice Film Festival: "Rickshaw Man" directed by Hiroshi Inagaki wins Golden Lion
  • 1959 England complete 5-0 series drubbing of India
  • 1959 Hiram L Fong sworn in as 1st Chinese-American senator while Daniel K Inouye sworn in as 1st Japanese-American Rep (Both from Hawaii)
  • 1960 -127°F (-88°C), Vostok, Antarctica (world record)
  • 1960 60 people die when a bus plunges off bridge into Turvo River, Brazil
  • 1960 21st Venice Film Festival: "Tomorrow Is My Turn" directed by Andre Cayatte wins Golden Lion
  • 1961 Windward Islands' Airways International (Winair) forms
  • 1961 Former South African nazi leader Johannes Vorster becomes South Africa's minister of justice

Sports History

1962 Los Angeles Dodger coach Leo Durocher suffers a near-fatal allergic reaction to a penicillin injection while in the clubhouse at the Polo Grounds, NYC

  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 1st 200 meter freestyle swum under 2 minutes (Don Schollander 1:58)
  • 1963 John Pennel is first person to pole-vault 17'
  • 1963 24th Venice Film Festival: "Hands Over the City" directed by Francesco Rosi wins Golden Lion
  • 1965 26th Venice Film Festival: "Sandra" directed by Luchino Visconti wins Golden Lion
  • 1966 USSR launches Luna 11 for orbit around Moon
  • 1967 Liberian flag designed
  • 1968 France becomes the world's fifth thermonuclear power with a detonation on Mururoa Atoll in the South Pacific
  • 1968 Northern Ireland's first civil rights march held; many more marches would be held over the following year and Loyalists organized counter-demonstrations to get the marches banned
  • 1969 Peru nationalizes US oil interests
  • 1970 Bomb kills 1 at U of Wisconsin's Army Math Research Center in Madison
  • 1971 India beat England by 4 wickets, their win against the Poms
  • 1972 Dennis Amiss scores 1st one-day int century, 103 v Australia

Hall of Fame

1972 Gordie Howe and Jean Béliveau inducted into the Ice Hockey Hall of Fame

  • 1973 Garry Sobers scores 26th & last Test Cricket ton 150 v Eng Lord's
  • 1973 John Adams & his bass drum become a right-field fixture in Cleveland Stadium
  • 1975 Davey Lopes steals his 38th consecutive base, then thrown out stealing
  • 1975 Papadopoulos, Pattakos and Makarezos sentenced to death in Athens
  • 1975 SF Giant Ed Halick no-hits NY Giants, 6-0
  • 1975 Tampa Bay Rowdies beat Portland 2-0 for NASL cup

PGA Players Championship

1975 PGA Tournament Players Championship, Colonial CC: Al Geiberger leads wire-to-wire to finish 3 strokes ahead of runner-up Dave Stockton

  • 1976 Soyuz 21 returns to Earth
  • 1978 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Film Release

1979 Musical film "Rock 'n' Roll High School" directed by Allan Arkush featuring the Ramones is released in NYC (released throughout the US 20 days later)

  • 1979 Rock band "The Cars" play concert at the Wollman Rink in NYC's Central Park
  • 1979 NFL fans (60,916) choose old Patriots logo over new
  • 1979 UN's Vienna office begins issuing postage stamps
  • 1979 36th Venice Film Festival opens
  • 1980 Jozef Pinkovski replaces Poland premier Babiuch
  • 1981 American Charles Chapman is 1st black to swim English Channel

Murder of Interest

1981 Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 yrs to life for John Lennon's murder

  • 1982 KCs' John Wathan steals 31st en route to 36 base for catcher's record

Baseball Record

1983 Cincinnati Red Pete Rose ends consecutive games played streak at 745

Golf Record

1984 Pat Bradley sets LPGA record for 9 holes with a 28 during 2nd round of Columbia Savings National at Green Gables CC, Denver, CO

  • 1985 STS 51-I mission scrubbed at T -5m because of bad weather
  • 1987 Announcement of possible Martian tornadoes
  • 1989 British brewery Bass buys Holiday Inn hotel chain
  • 1989 Pete Rose is suspended from baseball for life for gambling
  • 1990 3,500 peacekeepers arrive in Liberia
  • 1990 Iraqi troops surround US & other embassies in Kuwait City

Historic Event

1991 Mikhail Gorbachev resigns as head of USSR Communist Party

  • 1991 Silky Stallone, wins the Cane Pace at Yonkers Raceway
  • 1991 Taiwan captures its 15th Little League World Series, 11-0
  • 1991 Ukraine declares independence from USSR
  • 1992 1st structural steel beams are erected at Jacobs Field (now Progressive Field) baseball stadium in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1992 NFL Cleveland Browns suffer their worst pre-season loss, 56-3, to Minnesota Vikings
  • 1992 Hurricane Andrew hits South Florida, making landfall at Elliott Key and later Homestead; 44 die and $25 billion in damage is recorded
  • 1992 Screw magazine superimposed a gunsight over a picture of Larry Flint
  • 1992 Diplomatic relations are established between the People's Republic of China and South Korea.
  • 1993 Mars Observer comes closest to Mars
  • 1993 Padres scores 14 in 1st vs Cardinals
  • 1994 Kieren Perkins swims world record 1500m free style (14:41.66)
  • 1994 Kieren Perkins swims world record 800m free style (7:46.00)
  • 1994 Israel & PLO initialed accord giving autonomy to Palestinians in West Bank in education, health, taxation, social welfare & tourism
  • 1995 Fire that wipes 6,000 acres begins in Hamptons on Long Island
  • 1995 Microsoft debuts Windows 95
  • 1997 97th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Joel Kribel
  • 1997 Gordon Spence discovers 2^2976221 - 1 (36th known Mersenne prime)
  • 1998 The Netherlands is selected as the site for the trial of the two Libyan suspects of the 1988 Pan Am bombing.
  • 1998 First RFID human implantation tested in the United Kingdom.
  • 2000 Argon fluorohydride, the first Argon compound ever known, is discovered at the University of Helsinki by Finnish scientists.
  • 2001 Air Transat Flight 236 runs out of fuel over the Atlantic Ocean (en route to Lisbon from Toronto) and makes an emergency landing in the Azores.
  • 2004 89 passengers die after two airliners explode after flying out of Domodedovo International Airport, near Moscow. The explosions were caused by suicide bombers (reportedly female) from the Russian Republic of Chechnya.
  • 2004 Kenyan runners sweep the medals in the 3000m steeplechase at the Athens Olympics; Ezekiel Kemboi wins gold ahead of Brimin Kipruto and Paul Kipsiele Koech
  • 2004 Moroccan super star athlete Hicham El Guerrouj wins 1st leg of his 1,500/5,000m double at the Athens Olympics in 3:34.18

Sports History

2004 Future 8-time Olympic gold medal winner Usain Bolt of Jamaica finishes 5th in his 200m heat in 21.05, failing to qualify for the 2nd round at the Athens Olympics

  • 2004 Roman Šebrle of the Czech Republic (8,893 points OR) edges American Bryan Clay (8,820) in the decathlon at the Athens Olympics
  • 2004 Yelena Isinbayeva of Russia vaults 4.91m to break her own pole vault world record and win the gold medal from teammate Svetlana Feofanova at the Athens Olympics
  • 2004 Americans Kerri Walsh and Misty May team up to win the women's beach volleyball gold at the Athens Olympics beating Brazilian pair Shelda Bede & Adriana Behar 21–17, 21–11
  • 2006 The International Astronomical Union (IAU) redefines the term "planet" such that Pluto is considered a Dwarf Planet.

Contract of Interest

2006 After signing a one-day contract with the San Francisco 49ers, Jerry Rice officially retires from the NFL

  • 2007 11th Athletics World Championships open at Osaka, Japan
  • 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing becomes the most watched event on TV ever - nearly 5 billion, 70% of world's population

Olympic Gold

2008 The star-studded American men's basketball team led by the likes of LeBron James, Chris Paul & Kobe Bryant win the gold medal at the Beijing Olympics with a relatively narrow 118-107 win over Spain

  • 2008 Samuel Wansiru becomes first Kenyan to win the men's Olympic marathon in Beijing; wins in Olympic record time; silver medallist Joauad Gharib of Morocco also faster than OR, yet 44 seconds behind
  • 2008 Dániel Varga & Péter Biros score 3 goals each as Hungary wins the men's water polo gold medal at the Beijing Olympics; third consecutive Olympic gold medal
  • 2009 Thailand's GDP grew 2.3% in 2009's second quarter, technically leaving the recession
  • 2009 "Love Like Crazy" single released by Lee Brice (Billboard Song of the Year 2010)

Historic Event

2011 Steve Jobs resigns as CEO of Apple Inc., and is succeeded by Tim Cook, as a result of his illness

  • 2012 Monsoon rains and floods kill 26 people in Pakistan
  • 2012 Yangmingtan Bridge collapses in China killing three people
  • 2012 A US jury in California finds that Samsung is guilty of patent infringement and awards over US$1 billion in damages to Apple meanwhile in a South Korea court both are found guilty of patent infringement
  • 2013 4 people are killed in a helicopter crash in the Shetland Islands
  • 2013 30 people are killed in a gang battle involving flame throwers in Palmasola prison, Bolivia
  • 2014 Nurse William Pooley flies back to the UK for emergency treatment after contracting Ebola virus after attempting to treat patients in Sierra Leone
  • 2014 Canadian Open Women's Golf, London Hunt CC: Ryu So-yeon wins by 2 from fellow South Korean Na Yeon Choi
  • 2015 China stock market's "Black Monday", Shanghai Composite loses 8.5%, sending other international markets lower

Historic Event

2015 Physicist Stephen Hawking presents a new theory on black holes at a lecture at the KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm

Historic Event

2015 Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg announces that for the 1st time 1 billion people logged into Facebook

  • 2016 Astronomers announce discovery of earth-like planet named Proxima b orbiting star Proxima Centauri
  • 2016 6.2-magnitude earthquake strikes central Italy, north east of Rome, killing 268, injuring 400
  • 2017 Largest-ever lottery jackpot win in the US - $758.7m won by Mavis Wanczyk of Massachusetts in US Powerball Jackpot

Music History

2018 Aerosmith lead singer Steven Tyler sends cease-and-desist letter to President Trump demanding he stop using the band's songs at rallies

Election of Interest

2018 Scott Morrison becomes Prime Minister of Australia after defeating Peter Dutton in a leadership spill, replacing Malcolm Turnbull

Tennis Open

2018 French Open Tennis bans Serena Williams' black Nike catsuit from future tournaments citing 'respect for the game and the place'

Historic Event

2019 Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro orders the army to help contain fires in the Amazon after widespread environmental destruction, wildlife loss and international criticism

  • 2019 Britain's Prince Andrew denies knowing his friend Jeffrey Epstein was involved in sexual trafficking of underage girls after public accusations made against him
  • 2019 US adventurer Victor Vescovo is the first person to visit the deepest point of every ocean when he reaches Molloy Hole, in the Arctic