On This Day

Historical Events on August 26

  • 1071 Battle of Manzikert: Seljuq Turks led by sultan Alp Arslan beat and capture Byzantine Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes
  • 1278 Battle of Marchfeld: Rudolf of Habsburg defeats Ottokar II
  • 1303 Delhi Sultan Alauddin Khilji captures Chittorgarh, capital of the Guhila Kingdom

Victory in Battle

1346 Battle of Crécy, south of Calais in northern France; Edward III's English longbows defeat Philip VI's army, cannons used for first time in battle

Florence Cathedral

1466 A conspiracy against Piero di Cosimo de Medici in Florence, led by Luca Pitti, is discovered

Historic Event

1498 Michelangelo is commissioned to carve the Pietà sculpture by French Cardinal Jean de Bilhères

  • 1545 Pope Paul III names his son Pierluigi Farnese as Duke of Parma
  • 1629 Cambridge Agreement, Massachusetts Bay Company stockholders agree to emigrate

Victory in Battle

1634 Battle at Nordlingen Bavarian: Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II and Spanish forces defeat a force of Swedish and German protestants

  • 1641 West India Company conquers Sao Paulo de Loanda, Angola
  • 1648 People's uprising against Anna of Austria & Cardinal Mazarin
  • 1652 Battle of Plymouth: General-at-Sea George Ayscue of the Commonwealth of England attacked a convoy of the Dutch Republic commanded by Vice-Commodore Michiel de Ruyter. Dutch victory

Historic Event

1682 English astronomer Edmond Halley first observes the comet named after him

Historic Event

1691 Charles Perrault's poem "The Marquise of Salusses or the Patience of Griselidis" read aloud at the French Academy, later attached to his "Tales of Mother Goose" (1697)

  • 1748 The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1778 First recorded ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain in Slovenia by Balthasar Hacquet
  • 1789 The National Constituent Assembly adopts the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen at the beginning of the French Revolution
  • 1791 John Fitch granted US patent for his working steamboat
  • 1843 American inventor Charles Thurber patents a typewriter

Music History

1846 Felix Mendelssohn's oratorio "Elijah" premieres at the Birmingham Festival in England

  • 1846 W. A. Bartlett appointed 1st US mayor of Yerba Buena (San Francisco)
  • 1863 Battle of Rocky Gap, West Virginia (White Sulphur Springs): Colonel George S. Patton's Confederate forces defeat Union brigade advance

Historic Event

1873 First free kindergarten in the U.S. started by Susan Blow in Carondelet, a suburb of St. Louis, Missouri

  • 1874 16 blacks kidnapped from Gibson County Jail and lynched in Trenton, Tennessee
  • 1894 Netherlands Social-Democratic Worker's party (SDAP) forms
  • 1895 Electric generator at Niagara Falls produces first power
  • 1896 Armenian Revolutionary Federation assaults the Ottoman Bank in Constantinople to draw attention to the mass-pogroms and massacres of Armenians instigated by the Ottoman Sultan Abdul-Hamid II
  • 1896 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Robert Wrenn beats Fred Hovey 7-5, 3-6, 6-0, 1-6, 6-1 for his third US singles title
  • 1903 Phillies walk 17 Dodgers in a game
  • 1903 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: Englishman Laurence Doherty beats American defending champion William Larned 6-0, 6-3, 10-8; first non-American champion

Historic Event

1907 Harry Houdini escapes from chains underwater in 57 seconds, at Aquatic Park in San Francisco, California

  • 1909 Frank Tarrant scores cricket 145 & 13-67 for Middlesex v Gloucester
  • 1909 Middlesex beat Gloucester (Bristol) at cricket by an innings & 31 runs in a single day

Baseball Record

1912 MLB pitcher Walter Johnson's 16-game winning streak ends

  • 1912 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: Maurice McLoughlin wins first of 2 straight US singles titles; beats Wallace F. Johnson 3-6, 2-6, 6-2, 6-4, 6-2
  • 1913 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: Defending champion Maurice McLoughlin beats R. Norris Williams 6-4, 5-7, 6-3, 6-1
  • 1914 -9/10] Russian army attacks Austrian army in Galicia

Victory in Battle

1914 Battle of Tannenberg begins (WWI): 8th German army defeats Russian Second army

  • 1915 German troops overrun Brest-Litovsk, Russia
  • 1916 Philadelphia Athletic's Bullet Joe Bush no-hits Cleveland, 5-0
  • 1918 Winchell Smith & Frank Bacon's comedic play "Lightnin'" premieres in NYC
  • 1920 Cricketer Percy Fender scores 100 in 35 mins for Surrey vs North Hampshire
  • 1922 Japanese cruiser Niitaka driven onto rocks in storm at Kamchatka, 284 killed
  • 1924 The Catastrophe of Smyrna: known as the Asia Minor Catastrophe to Greeks. The Ottoman army expels Greeks and other non-Turks from Asia Minor. (August 13 OS)

Baseball Record

1930 Chicago Cub's Hack Wilson hits his 44th HR, breaks Chuck Klein's NL record

  • 1933 Jan van Houten bicycles world record time (44,588 km)
  • 1935 CCC camp opens in Brecksville Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks

Victory in Battle

1937 General Franco's Nationalist troops conquer Santander during the Spanish Civil War

  • 1937 Pumping to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay is finished
  • 1938 British leaders & Arabians fight in Palestine
  • 1938 Montreal Maroons dropped from NHL
  • 1939 1st major league baseball telecast on W2XBS- Cincinnati Reds defeat the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field, Brooklyn
  • 1939 Belgium mobilizes
  • 1939 Croatia gets autonomous status
  • 1940 RKC soccer team forms in Waalwijk
  • 1940 Chad is the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France's first black colonial governor
  • 1942 7,000 Jews are rounded up in Vichy-France
  • 1942 Japanese troops land on Milne Bay, New Guinea
  • 1942 Soviet counter offensive begins in Moscow
  • 1942 Transport #24 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944 Bulgaria announces withdrawal & German troops are to be disarmed

Historic Event

1944 Charles de Gaulle marches along the Champs-Elysees, despite coming under fire

  • 1944 US 12nd Army Corps crosses river Seine East of Paris
  • 1945 Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WWII
  • 1947 Dodgers' Dan Bankhead, MLB's 1st African-American pitcher, homers in his 1st MLB at bat in 16-3 loss to Pittsburgh, at Ebbetts Field, Brooklyn, NYC
  • 1950 Davis Cup Men's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Tom Brown beats Ken McGregor in 5 sets but Australia breaks US stranglehold on trophy with a dominant 4-1 victory
  • 1951 Dutch professor Jacob Jongbloed demonstrates an artificial heart in Paris

Film Premiere

1951 Film "An American In Paris" with music by George Gershwin, directed by Vincente Minnelli, starring Gene Kelly and Leslie Caron premieres in London (Academy Awards Best Picture, 1952)

  • 1952 Fluoridation of San Francisco water begins
  • 1955 1st color telecast (NBC) of a tennis match (Davis Cup)
  • 1955 "Pather Panchali", Indian film directed by Satyajit Ray, starring Subir Banerjee, Kanu Banerjee and Karuna Banerjee, is released
  • 1956 KREY TV channel 10 in Montrose, CO (CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1956 Yankees announce purchase of outfielder Enos Slaughter from KC
  • 1957 USSR announces successful test of intercontinental ballistic missile

Morris Mini-Minor

1959 British Motor Corporation introduces the Morris Mini-Minor, designed by Alec Issigonis, it was only 10 ft long but seated 4 passengers

  • 1961 Official International Hockey Hall of Fame opens in Toronto
  • 1962 Minnesota Twins Jack Kralick no-hits KC A's, 1-0
  • 1963 West Indies beat England 2-1 in series, 1st holders of Wisden Cricket Trophy
  • 1964 Italian Communist Party selects Luigi Longo as chairman

Presidential Convention

1964 LBJ nominated at Democratic convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey

  • 1966 Baltimore Orioles Roznovsky & B.Powell are 4th to hit consecutive pinch HRs
  • 1966 KLOC (now KCSO) channel 42 in Charlotte, North Carolina (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 Dean Chance pitches a 2-1 no-hitter, & Twins sweep Cleveland
  • 1967 Dutch 2nd Chamber demands US stop bombing North Vietnam
  • 1967 28th Venice Film Festival: "Belle de Jour" directed by Luis Bunuel wins Golden Lion
  • 1968 "Hey Jude" single released by the Beatles in US (Billboard Song of the Year 1968, Billboard 10th biggest song of all time 2013)
  • 1970 Minister of Home Affairs Robert Porter resigns from the Stormont government (North Ireland parliament)
  • 1971 Dutch Queen Juliana & Prince Bernhard visit Indonesia
  • 1971 NY Giant football team announces they're leaving Bronx for New Jersey in 1975
  • 1971 Orioles' Don Buford struck out 5 times in a game

Contract of Interest

1971 Bobby Orr signs a five-year contract with the Boston Bruins worth one million dollars, the first million dollar contract in NHL history

  • 1972 XX Summer Olympic Games open in Munich, West Germany

Sports History

1972 Leo Durocher replaces Harry Walker as manager of Houston Astros

  • 1972 NY Cosmos beat St Louis Stars, 2-1 to win NASL championship
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 David Eisenhower writes his last sports column
  • 1973 University of Texas (Arlington) is first accredited school to offer belly dancing
  • 1973 10-year-old Mary Boitano is 1st woman to win 6.8-mile Dipsea Race in Marin County, CA, beating a field of 1,500 runners
  • 1974 Guinee-Bissau becomes independent of Portugal
  • 1974 Soyuz 15 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 3
  • 1977 Frank Martinus Arion forms Surinamese Writers group 77
  • 1978 Cardinal Albino Luciani of Venice becomes Pope John Paul I
  • 1978 Soyuz 31 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 East German) to Salyut 6
  • 1980 Pete Comita replaces Tom Peterson as bassist of Cheap Trick
  • 1980 John Birges plants a bomb at Harvey's Resort Hotel in Stateline, Nevada
  • 1981 Space Shuttle vehicle moves to Launch Complex 39A for STS-2 mission
  • 1982 NASA launches Telesat-F satellite
  • 1983 Floods destroy most of the old town of Bilbao, Spain.
  • 1984 Tatyana Kazankina of USSR sets 3k woman record (8:22.62) in Leningrad
  • 1984 Zdena Silvaha (Cz) throws discus 74.55 m (women's world record)

Sports History

1985 Baltimore Oriole Eddie Murray knocks in 9 RBIs in a game vs California Angels

The Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior

1985 French government denies knowledge of bombing of the Greenpeace flagship the Rainbow Warrior in Auckland New Zealand

  • 1985 42nd Venice Film Festival: "Sans toit ni loi (Vagabond)" directed by Agnes Varda wins the Golden Lion
  • 1986 Rosa Mota wins Stuttgart female marathon (2:28:38)
  • 1986 Robert Chambers, the "Preppie Killer" murders Jennifer Levin in New York City's Central Park, afterwards claimed "rough sex" as motive
  • 1987 Paul Molitor goes 0-for-4 ends hitting streak at 39 consecutive games
  • 1988 Mehran Karimi Nasseri arrives at Charles de Gaulle International Airport.
  • 1989 Trumbull, Conn, is 1st US team since 1983 to win Little League WS
  • 1990 2 murdered college students found in Gainesville, Florida

Baseball Record

1990 Bo Jackson hits 4th of 4 consecutive HRs

  • 1991 Royal Brett Saberegen no-hits White Sox 7-0
  • 1992 "Anna Karenina" opens at Circle in Square Theater, NYC; runs for 46 performances
  • 1992 Hurricane Andrew makes landfall in Louisiana as Category 3 storm after causing deaths and severe damage in Florida

Appointment of Interest

1993 Ernest Shonekan is appointed interim president of Nigeria by General Ibrahim Babangida

  • 1995 Andrew Symonds hits 20 sixes in match for Gloucestershire v Glamorgan

Sports History

1995 Brian Lara completes his 7th Test Cricket century, scoring 179 at The Oval in London

Historic Event

1996 US President Bill Clinton signs welfare reform into law, representing major shift in welfare policy

Television Debut

1996 "7th Heaven", starring Jessica Biel, debuts on The WB

  • 1997 Beni-Ali massacre in Algeria; 60-100 people killed
  • 1999 Michael Johnson breaks the 400 metres world record with a time of 43.18 seconds.
  • 2000 Australia clinches first Tri Nations Rugby Series with a 19-18 win over South Africa in Durban; Wallabies centre Stirling Mortlock lands 4 penalties and a conversion
  • 2002 Earth Summit 2002 begins in Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 2003 The Columbia Accident Investigation Board releases its final reports on Space Shuttle Columbia disaster
  • 2004 Félix Sánchez wins the men's 400m hurdles 47.63 in Athens; the Dominican Republic's first ever Olympic gold medal
  • 2004 An American 1-2-3 in the 200m medals at the Athens Olympics; Shawn Crawford gold in 19.79 ahead of Bernard Williams & Justin Gatlin
  • 2004 Germany wins its first ever Olympic women's field hockey gold medal with a 2-1 win against the Netherlands in Athens

Olympic Gold

2004 Lindsay Tarpley and Abby Wambach score as the US beats Brazil 2-1, maintaining an undefeated record to win the women's football gold medal at the Athens Olympics

  • 2004 Hamish Carter of New Zealand wins the men's gold medal ahead of teammate Bevan Docherty, whilst Kate Allen of Austria takes out the women's Triathlon at the Athens Olympics

Music History

2005 US Postal Service christens a Los Angeles facility as "The Ray Charles Station"

  • 2006 New Zealand retain Tri Nations Rugby Series with 45-26 win over South Africa in Pretoria; All Blacks flyhalf Dan Carter lands 4 penalties and 4 conversions

Music History

2006 David Gilmour performs with his band and the Polish Baltic Philharmonic Orchestra before a crowd of 50,000 at Gdańsk Shipyard, Poland

  • 2008 Russia unilaterally recognizes the independence of the former Georgian breakaway republics Abkhazia and South Ossetia
  • 2011 The 787 Dreamliner, Boeing's all-new composite airliner, receives certification from the EASA and the FAA
  • 2012 17 villagers in Afghanistan's Kajaki district are beheaded by an unknown organization
  • 2012 36 people are killed in a bus crash in Yan'an, China
  • 2012 Legionella outbreak in Quebec City, Canada, kills 8 and infects 104

Golf Tournament

2012 15 year-old New Zealand golfer, Lydia Ko, becomes the youngest LPGA Tour event winner and the 1st amateur winner since 1969 by winning the Canadian Women's Open by 3 strokes from Inbee Park

  • 2013 All 25,000 applicants to the University of Liberia fail their university entrance examination
  • 2014 Democratic Republic of Congo's health ministry informs the WHO of an outbreak of Ebola; later confirmed as a different strain to that affecting west Africa
  • 2014 Israel and Hamas accept another ceasefire

Agreement of Interest

2014 Burger King agrees to purchase Canadian donut chain Tim Hortons for $11.4 billion

  • 2015 WDBJ TV reporter Alison Parker and cameraman Adam Ward are fatally shot live on TV by an ex-colleague in Moneta, Virginia

Sports History

2016 San Francisco 49ers Colin Kaepernick kneels in protest during the US national anthem at San Diego's Qualcomm Stadium while playing against the San Diego Chargers, objecting to racial injustice and police brutality in the US

  • 2017 Hurricane Harvey downgraded to a tropical storm, National Hurricane Center warns of “multiday rainfall disaster”
  • 2017 Violent clashes after conviction of spiritual leader Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh kill 31 in Panchkula, 120 admitted to hospital
  • 2017 Women's Rugby World Cup: New Zealand Black Ferns defeat England 41-32 in the final in Belfast
  • 2017 Half a million people take part in a peace march in Barcelona, following terrorist attacks
  • 2017 Manchester City scores a 2-1 win at Bournemouth to start EPL record 18 game winning streak; Raheem Sterling scores for City but is sent off with 2 yellow cards in injury time

Papal Visit

2018 Pope Francis asks for forgiveness in speech on child abuse in Dublin, during first official visit to Ireland since 1979

Historic Event

2018 Emmerson Mnangagwa is sworn in as President of Zimbabwe

Film & TV History

2018 Danny Boyle pulls out of directing the next James Bond film due to 'creative differences'

  • 2018 Gamer at a Madden NFL 19 gaming tournament in Jacksonville, Florida, loses then returns to shoot two dead and wound nine
  • 2018 Moroccan pop singer Saad Lamjarred arrested in Saint-Tropez, France on a rape allegation
  • 2018 Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop resigns after losing Liberal Party leadership contest

Sports History

2018 Boxing match between YouTubers KSI and Logan Paul ends in a draw in Manchester, England

  • 2018 Archbishop Carlo Maria Vigano, former US Vatican Ambassador, claims Pope Francis knew of and ignored sex abuse allegations against Cardinal Theodore McCarrick
  • 2019 Johnson & Johnson ordered to pay state of Oklahoma $572 million in 1st trial against opioid manufacturer

Historic Event

2019 Indonesian President Joko Widodo proposes moving the country's sinking and over-crowded capital from Jakarta to the island of Borneo (Kalimantan)

  • 2019 Meeting of the G7 agrees on $20 million aid package to fight fires in the Amazon in Biarritz
  • 2019 Leo DiCaprio's environmental organization Earth Alliance donates $5m to fighting fires in the Amazon
  • 2020 Dutch author Marieke Lucas Rijneveld (29) is the youngest to win the International Booker prize for their debut novel "The Discomfort of Evening"
  • 2020 At least 100 people killed in flash floods in the city of Charikar, Afghanistan, with 500 houses destroyed

Sports History

2020 Milwaukee Bucks forfeit their NBA playoff game after the shooting of Jacob Blake, leading to the NBA postponing more games

  • 2021 Two bomb blasts at Kabul Airport, Afghanistan, kill at least 60 people, including 12 US soldiers, amid international efforts to evacuate citizens out of the country