Historical Events on August 27

  • 479 BC Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Mycale won by Greek forces over Persian naval troops on Ionian coast, double victory with that at Plataea ends Persian invasion
  • 479 BC Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Plataea, Persian forces led by Mardonius routed by Greek army under Pausanias; together with Greek success at Battle of Mycale halts Persian invasion of Greece
  • 663 Battle of Baekgang: Tang Chinese and Silla Korean forces defeat Korean Baekje forces and their Yamato Japanese allies on the Geum River in Korea. Last Japanese invasion of Korea for 900 years.
  • 1232 The Formulary of Adjudications is promulgated by Regent Hōjō Yasutoki. (Traditional Japanese date: August 10, 1232)
  • 1549 Battle of Dussindale: John Dudley Earl of Warwick destroys Robert Kett's army, ending Kett's rebellion in Norfolk, England
  • 1556 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V abdicates in favor of his brother Ferdinand I
  • 1569 Pope Pius names Cosimo I de Medici as grand duke of Tuscany
  • 1585 Duke of Parma's troops occupy Antwerp
  • 1601 Olivier van Noort completes first Dutch exploration of new world
  • 1610 Polish King Wladyslaw crowned king of Russia
  • 1619 Frederik van Palts chosen as King of Bohemia
  • 1626 Battle of Lutter: Catholic League beats Danish king Christian IV
  • 1628 Java: Sultan Agung of Mataram attacks Batavia
  • 1634 Battle of Nordingen: Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar loses Duchy of Franconia
  • 1665 "Ye Bare & Ye Cubb" is the first play performed in North America in Acomac, Virginia
  • 1689 The Treaty of Nerchinsk is signed by Russia and the Qing empire
  • 1715 Earl of Mar raises the Jacobite standard at Braemar, Aberdeenshire starting the Jacobite uprising in Scotland
  • 1776 British defeat Americans in Battle of Long Island

Battle of Interest

1782 Battle of the Combahee River near Beaufort, South Carolina, American abolitionist John Laurens is killed leading the charge

  • 1783 First hydrogen balloon flight (unmanned); reaches an altitude of 900m
  • 1788 Jacques Neeker named as French minister of Finance
  • 1789 French National Assembly issues the "Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen"
  • 1798 Battle of Castlebar, Ireland: French army and Irish rebels rout a larger the British force
  • 1799 British invasion army lands in North Holland
  • 1802 The West India Quay officially opens - London’s first purpose-built dock, with the then largest brick building in the world [1]

Victory in Battle

1813 Battle of Dresden; Napoleon defeats Austrians

  • 1816 Lord Exmouth bombards Algiers, a refuge for Barbary pirates
  • 1828 The Russians defeat the Turks at the Battle of Akhalzic.
  • 1828 Uruguay gains independence during Brazil-Argentina peace talks
  • 1832 Black Hawk, leader of Sauk-indians, gives himself up
  • 1859 1st successful oil well drilled, near Titusville, Pennsylvania, by Edwin Drake
  • 1861 Battle of Cape Hatteras SC-Union troops take Ft Clark
  • 1869 1st international boat race (River Thames, Oxford beats Harvard)
  • 1881 Hurricane hits Florida & Carolinas; about 700 die

Krakatoa: The World’s Mightiest Explosion

1883 Krakatoa volcano, west of Java in Indonesia, erupts with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people

US Men's Tennis Open

1884 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Richard Sears makes it 4 straight US singles titles; beats Howard Taylor 6-0, 1-6, 6-0, 6-2

  • 1890 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Oliver Campbell beats 2-time defending champion Henry Slocum 6-2, 4-6, 6-3, 6-1
  • 1892 NYC's Metropolitan Opera House (opened in 1883) catches fire; takes two years to restore
  • 1894 Congress passes Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which includes a graduated income tax later struck down by the Supreme Court
  • 1894 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Defending champion Robert Wrenn beats Irishman Manliff Goodbody 6-8, 6-1, 6-4, 6-4
  • 1896 Britain defeats Zanzibar in a 38-minute war (9:02 AM-9:40 AM). Shortest recorded war in history.

Victory in Battle

1900 Battle of Bergendal: General Buller defeats the Boer under General Louis Botha

  • 1900 Gabriel Fauré's grand cantata "Prométhée" premieres at Arènes de Béziers, France; performance involved almost 800 singers and musicians (including two wind bands and 15 harps) and an audience of 10,000

US Men's Tennis Open

1901 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: William Larned beats Beals Wright 6-2, 6-8, 6-4, 6-4 for the first of 7 US singles titles

  • 1902 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: Defending champion William Larned beats Englishman R.F. Doherty 4-6, 6-2, 6-4, 8-6
  • 1908 Calgary City Rugby Football Club re-organizes as the Tigers
  • 1909 Future Baseball HOF pitcher Jack Chesbro's final game for NY Highlanders; 17-6 loss to the Tigers at Bennett Park, Detroit
  • 1909 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: William Larned beats William Clothier 6-1, 6-2, 5-7, 1-6, 6-1 for his 3rd straight & 5th overall US singles title
  • 1910 Using twenty 137,000 candlepower arc lights, 2 amateur baseball teams play a night game at White Sox Park
  • 1910 Wash Red Killefer sacrifices record 4 times against Detroit
  • 1911 Chicago White Sox pitcher Ed Walsh no-hits Boston Red Sox, 5-0 at White Sox Park
  • 1913 Lt Pyotr Nesterov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)
  • 1913 Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken applies to patent all-purpose zipper

Battle of Interest

1914 Second day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Germans bombard Usdau

  • 1914 US war reporter Richard H Davis visits Leuven
  • 1916 Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary
  • 1917 Indians set club record by stealing eight bases in a game
  • 1918 Christy Mathewson resigns as Cincinnati Reds manager to accept a commission as a captain in chemical warfare branch of US Army
  • 1918 Dr Joseph L Johnson named as US minister to Liberia

The 1918 Flu Pandemic

1918 Spanish flu arrives in Boston, beginning of the second wave and deadliest wave in the US

  • 1920 American diver Louis Kuehn leads a US medal sweep in the men's 3m springboard event at the Antwerp Olympics; teammates Clarence Pinkston & Louis Balbach take the minor medals
  • 1921 J E Clair of Acme Packing Co of Green Bay granted an NFL franchise

World Record

1922 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3000m (8:28.6)

  • 1926 2nd Women's World Games (track & field competition for women) is conducted over 3-days at the Slottsskogsvallen Stadium in Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 1927 Parks College, America's oldest aviation school, opens
  • 1928 16 die in a NYC subway's 2nd worst accident

Treaty of Interest

1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact, 60 nations agree to condemn 'recourse to war for the solution of international controversies'.

  • 1928 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Defending champion Helen Wills defeats fellow American Helen Jacobs 6–2, 6–1 for her 5th of 7 US singles crowns
  • 1932 200,000 English textile workers strike
  • 1932 International anti-war congress opens in Amsterdam

Music Premiere

1934 Harold Arlen, Ira Gershwin and Yip Harburg's musical 'Life Begins at 8:40' premieres in NYC

  • 1937 Brooklyn Dodger Fred Frankhouse no-hits Cin, 5-0 in 7 2/3 inn game
  • 1937 George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 345.49 MPH

Sports History

1938 New York Yankees pitcher Monte Pearson no-hits Cleveland Indians, 13-0; Joe DiMaggio hits 3 triples

  • 1938 Two NYC subway trains collide at 116th Street killing 2 and injuring 51
  • 1939 Erich Warsitz in a Heinkel He-178 makes the 1st manned jet-propelled flight
  • 1939 Nazi Germany demands Danzig & Polish corridor

Historic Event

1939 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands receives German ambassador Grave Zech

  • 1940 Caproni-Campini CC-2, experimental jet plane, maiden flight (Milan)

Historic Event

1941 Shah of Iran Rezā Shāh Pahlavi abdicates throne in favour of his son Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

  • 1942 Cuba declares war on Germany, Japan & Italy

Historic Event

1942 Soviet woman sniper Lyudmila Pavlichenko arrives in Washington D.C., the 1st Soviet citizen welcomed at the White House, by Eleanor Roosevelt

  • 1944 200 RAF Halifax bombers attack oil installations in Hamburg
  • 1945 US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender
  • 1948 102°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in August
  • 1950 1st transmission of a TV programme from continental Europe shown on BBC
  • 1950 General Foods blacklists Jean Muir of Aldrich Family for alleged communist sympathies
  • 1952 Having already won 5,000m and 10,000m gold medals, Czech star Emil Zátopek claims rare Olympic treble taking out Helsinki Games marathon in OR 2:23:03.2
  • 1955 "Guinness Book of World Records" 1st published

Baseball Record

1955 Sandy Koufax fans 14 Reds, both teams combine for record 23 strikeouts

  • 1956 Curt Robert of Columbus (Intl League) hits 4 HRs in 7 inning game
  • 1957 Hickory Smoke wins Hambletonian Stakes
  • 1957 The Constitution of Malaysia comes into force
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 Clark Griffith says Senators will probably accept offer to move to Minnesota
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at South Atlantic Ocean
  • 1958 USSR launches Sputnik 3 with two dogs aboard
  • 1960 Anita Lonsbrough swims world/olympic record 200m (2:49.5)
  • 1960 Australian swimmer John Devitt controversially wins the 100m freestyle gold medal at the Rome Olympics; recorded same time 55.2 as silver medallist American Lance Larson
  • 1960 British swimmer Anita Lonsbrough sets 200m breaststroke world record 2:49.5 to beat German pair Wiltrud Urselmann & Barbara Göbel for the gold medal at the Rome Olympics
  • 1961 Francis the Talking Mule is mystery guest on "What's My Line"
  • 1962 Mariner 2 launched; first probe to fly by Venus
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1964 25th Venice Film Festival: "Red Desert" directed by Michelangelo Antonioni wins Golden Lion

Film Premiere

1964 Walt Disney's musical film "Mary Poppins" directed by Robert Stevenson, starring Julie Andrews and Dick Van Dyke, with songs by Richard and Robert Sherman, premieres at Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Los Angeles, California; wins 5 Academy Awards

  • 1965 The Beatles spend an evening with Elvis Presley, at his Los Angeles, California home
  • 1965 WTVI TV channel 42 in Charlotte, North Carolina (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1966 Francis Chichester begins 1st solo sail around world
  • 1966 Oakland Pitcher Paul Lindblad begins a 385 cons errorless streak
  • 1966 Race riot in Waukegan, Illinois
  • 1967 Naomi Sims is 1st black model on US cover (Fashion of the Times)
  • 1968 Protest by the Derry Housing Action Committee (DHAC) at the Guildhall's council chamber; after which Eamon Melaugh phones the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association (NICRA) to organise a march in Derry
  • 1969 Lindy's Pride wins Hambletonian Stakes
  • 1969 Mike Procter hits six consecutive sixes (across two overs)

Music Recording

1970 Jimi Hendrix creates his last studio recording at Electric Lady Studios in NYC, an instrumental called "Slow Blues"

  • 1972 Operation Lion's Den: US Navy bombards Haiphong Harbor, North Vietnam from the sea, firing over 700 rounds in 33 minutes [1]
  • 1972 The Grateful Dead holds a benefit concert for the Springfield Creamery (a yogurt company owned by writer Ken Kesey's brother) at the Old Renaissance Faire Grounds in Veneta, Oregon [1]
  • 1974 NY Met Benny Ayala hits a HR in his 1st at bat
  • 1975 1st night match at US Tennis Open (Parun defeats Smith)
  • 1975 Veronica & Colin Scargill (England) complete tandem bicycle ride, a record 18,020 miles around the world
  • 1976 Transsexual Renee Richards barred from competing in US Tennis Open
  • 1977 Army shoots on market vendor women in Conakry, Guinea
  • 1977 John Kander and Fred Ebb's musical "Chicago" closes at 46th St Theater, NYC, after 936 performances
  • 1977 Toby Harrah and Bump Wills hit back-to-back inside-the-park-homers off Yankee Ken Clay at Yankee Stadium, Rangers won 8-2
  • 1978 Dutch cyclist Gerrie Knetemann wins UCI Road World C'ship from Francesco Moser of Italy and Dane Jorgen Marcussenin in Nürburg, West Germany

Baseball Record

1978 Reds Joe Morgan is 1st to hit 200 HRs & have 500 stolen bases

  • 1978 Yankee Catfish Hunter's 6-2 win gives him a perfect 6-0 in Aug 1978

Historic Event

1979 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, cousin of Queen Elizabeth II and last Viceroy of India, is killed along with three companions, two of them children by the IRA when his boat is blown up near Sligo, Ireland

  • 1979 Warrenpoint ambush: 18 British Army soldiers killed when Provisional IRA explode two roadside bombs as a British convoy passes Narrow Water Castle
  • 1980 Chon Doo Hwan elected president of South Korea
  • 1981 Divers begin to recover a safe found aboard sunken Italian liner Andrea Doria
  • 1981 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Baseball Record

1982 Rickey Henderson steals 119th base of season breaks Lou Brock's mark

  • 1982 Soyuz T-7 returns to Earth
  • 1983 Haiti adopts constitution
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test

Historic Event

1984 US President Ronald Reagan announces 'Teacher in Space' project

  • 1984 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1984 War Against Indiscipline is launched by the Buhari regime in Nigeria
  • 1985 20th NASA Space Shuttle Mission (51-I): Discovery 6 launches
  • 1985 Mary Joe Fernández at 14 years 8 days old becomes youngest player to win at the US Tennis Open; beats England's Sara Gomer 6-1, 6-4 in a 1st round match
  • 1986 Protests erupt in Soweto, South Africa, against evictions carried out after an 11 week rent boycott

Sports History

1988 Dodger Tommy Lasorda wins 1,000th game as manager tops Philadelphia, 4-2

  • 1989 100 march through Bensonhurst protesting racial killings
  • 1989 89th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Chris Patton

Album Release

1990 "No Fences" second studio album by Garth Brooks is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1991)

  • 1990 52 Americans arrive in Turkey from Iraq
  • 1990 Brewers-Blue Jays game is delayed 35 minutes due to gnats
  • 1990 Market prices plunge as OPEC nears informal agreement to increase output to cover shortfall due to invasion; cash market trading experiences abrupt decline.

Sports History

1990 Rosa Mota wins female marathon (2:31:27)

  • 1990 WWF Summer Slam-Ultimate Warrior beats Rick Rude
  • 1991 Moldavia declares independence from USSR

Historic Event

1991 Nigerian President Ibrahim Babangida creates nine states: Abia, Enugu, Delta, Jigawa, Kebbi, Osun, Kogi, Taraba, and Yobe

  • 1992 CFL revokes BC Lions franchise
  • 1992 Mets trade David Cone to Toronto for Jeff Kent & Ryan Thompson
  • 1993 The Rainbow Bridge connecting Tokyo's Shibaura and the island of Odaiba is completed.
  • 1993 Yak-40 crashes in Tadzjikistan, 79 killed/1 lives

Theatrical Finale

1994 Neil Simon's comedy "Laughter on the 23rd Floor" closes at Richard Rodgers Theater, NYC, after 320 performances

  • 1995 95th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Tiger Woods
  • 1995 Canadian Open Women's Golf (du Maurier Classic), Beaconsfield GC: Jenny Lidback wins by 1 stroke from Liselotte Neumann of Sweden

Theatrical Finale

1995 Tom Stoppard's comedic play "Arcadia" closes at Vivian Beaumont Theater, NYC, after 204 performances

  • 1995 Worst fire in New York in 80 years ends after 4 days

Sports History

1996 Dino Ciccarelli is traded by the Detroit Red Wings to the Tampa Bay Lightning

  • 1997 54th Venice Film Festival: "Hana-bi" directed by Takeshi Kitano wins Golden Lion

Ostankino Tower

2000 540-metre (1,772 ft)-tall Ostankino Tower in Moscow catches fire, three people are killed.

Film & TV History

2001 Angelina Jolie is named a UNHCR Goodwill Ambassador at UNHCR headquarters in Geneva

  • 2002 59th Venice Film Festival: "The Magdalene Sisters" directed by Peter Mullan wins Golden Lion
  • 2003 60th Venice Film Festival: "The Return" directed by Andrey Zvyagintsev wins Golden Lion
  • 2003 Mars makes its closest approach to Earth in nearly 60,000 years, passing 34,646,418 miles (55,758,005 km) distant.
  • 2004 Australia wins its first ever Olympic men's field hockey gold medal with a 2-1 win a.e.t. against the Netherlands in Athens
  • 2004 China's first ever gold in Olympic Games men's track and field; Liu Xiang wins 110m hurdles in Athens, equalling Colin Jackson's 1993 world record time of 12.91 seconds
  • 2004 German kayaker Birgit Fischer wins gold in K-4 500m & silver in K-2 500m in Athens; first woman in any sport to win gold medals at 6 different Olympics, gold 24 years apart, and 1st person to win 2 or more medals in 5 different Games

Film Release

2004 Hong Kong martial arts film "Hero" starring Jet Li opens in the US and becomes first Chinese-language film to go to #1 at US box office

  • 2004 In a huge upset in the men's basketball semi final at the Athens Olympics, Argentina beats a star-studded but unsettled US team 89-81; they go on to take gold and US bronze
  • 2004 Osleidys Menéndez of Cuba throws an Olympic record 71.53m to easily beat German Steffi Nerius for the women's javelin gold medal at the Athens Games
  • 2004 Timothy Mack vaults an Olympic record 5.95m to win the pole vault gold medal from fellow American Toby Stevenson (5.90m) at the Athens Olympics

Emmy Awards

2006 58th Emmy Awards: 24, The Office, Kiefer Sutherland & Mariska Hargitay win

  • 2006 Comair Flight 5191 crashes on takeoff from Blue Grass Airport in Lexington, Kentucky, bound for Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport in Atlanta, Georgia killing 49 of 50 on board

Sports History

2006 The Tradition Senior Men's Golf, Reserve Vineyards & GC: Eduardo Romero of Argentina wins first of 2 Champions Tour majors with birdie on 1st playoff hole against Lonnie Nielsen

  • 2008 65th Venice Film Festival: "The Wrestler" directed by Darren Aronofsky wins Golden Lion

Presidential Convention

2008 Barack Obama becomes the first African-American to be nominated by a major political party for President of the United States

  • 2011 13th Athletics World Championships open at Daegu, South Korea
  • 2011 Australia claims final Tri Nations Rugby Series with 25-20 win over New Zealand in Brisbane; Argentina's Pumas join competition the following year; series rebranded The Rugby Championship
  • 2012 "Thrift Shop" single is released by Macklemore & Ryan Lewis (Billboard Song of the Year 2013, Grammy Award for Best Rap Performance, Best Rap Song 2014)
  • 2012 First interplanetary human voice recording is broadcast from the Mars Rover Curiosity

Film Premiere

2013 "Gravity", directed and co-written by Alfonso Cuarón and starring Sandra Bullock and George Clooney premieres at the Venice Film Festival

Film & TV History

2013 Dove Cameron releases a cover of "On Top of the World" by Imagine Dragons

Film Premiere

2014 "Birdman" directed by Alejandro González Iñárritu and starring Michael Keaton and Zach Galifianakis premieres at the Venice Film Festival (Best Picture, 2015)

  • 2014 71st Venice Film Festival: "A Pigeon Sat on a Branch Reflecting on Existence" directed by Roy Andersson wins Golden Lion
  • 2014 Medical charity Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) calls the international response to Ebola “irresponsible” and “slow and derisory”

Historic Publication

2015 "The Shepherd's Crown" by Terry Pratchett published by Doubleday, 5 months after the author's death, last book in the Discworld series

Sports History

2015 15th Athletics World Championships: Usain Bolt of Jamaica adds the men's 200m gold to his 100m win

  • 2015 Greek President Prokopis Pavlopoulos names top Supreme Court judge, Vassiliki Thanou caretaker Prime Minister - Greece's 1st female Prime Minister
  • 2017 Canadian Open Women's Golf, Ottawa Hunt GC: Park Sung-hyun of South Korea wins by 2 from Mirim Lee

Sports History

2017 Former five-weight world boxing champion Floyd Mayweather Jr. defeats MMA fighter Conor McGregor in his debut match in the 10th round in Las Vegas

Music History

2018 Former Spice Girl Mel B announces she is entering rehab for alcohol and sex addiction following her acrimonious divorce

  • 2018 Reigning French Open tennis champion Simona Halep becomes first top-seeded woman to lose in 1st round of the U.S. Open; loses to Kaia Kanepi 6-2, 6-4; first match at newly renovated Louis Armstrong Stadium
  • 2018 UN releases report saying Myanmar military leaders should face genocide and crimes against humanity charges for violence against Rohingya