On This Day

Historical Events on August 28

  • 475 Roman general Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his capital city, Ravenna
  • 476 German ruler Flavius Odoacer captures Pavia

End of the Western Roman Empire

476 Orestes, father of Emperor Romulus Augustulus is captured and executed by Odoacer and his followers

  • 489 Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths defeats Flavius Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy.
  • 1189 Third Crusade: the Crusaders begin the Siege of Acre under Guy of Lusignan
  • 1521 Belgrade captured by troops of Turkish Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent
  • 1542 Turkish-Portuguese War (1538-1557) - Battle of Wofla: the Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama is captured and afterwards executed.

Historic Discovery

1609 English explorer Henry Hudson, discovers and explores Delaware Bay

Election of Interest

1619 Ferdinand II elected Holy Roman Emperor (rules till 1637)

  • 1632 Henry Casimir I appointed viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1637 WIC-colonel Hans Koin conquers Fort Elmina, West Africa

Battle of Interest

1640 Second Bishop's War: King Charles I's English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn

  • 1655 New Amsterdam & Peter Stuyvesant bars Jews from military service
  • 1777 American Revolutionary War - Battle of Cooch's Bridge takes place near Newark, Delaware.

Historic Discovery

1789 William Herschel discovers Saturn's moon Enceladus

  • 1830 1st American built locomotive, "Tom Thumb" races a horse-drawn car from Stockton and Stokes stagecoach company from Baltimore to Ellicott Mills. Let history record that due to mechanical problems the horse won!
  • 1837 Pharmacists John Lea & William Perrins manufacture Worcestershire Sauce
  • 1840 Nine Jewish prisoners are released from Damascus jails
  • 1845 Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue
  • 1849 Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, having been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence

Music Premiere

1850 Richard Wagner's opera "Lohengrin" premieres at Weimar, Germany

  • 1859 A geomagnetic storm causes the Aurora Borealis to shine so brightly that it is seen clearly over parts of USA, Europe, and even as far afield as Japan
  • 1861 American Civil War: Battle of Fort Hatteras, North Carolina, 1st combined operation of Union Army and Navy results in Union domination of strategically important North Carolina Sounds
  • 1862 Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, Virginia
  • 1862 Battle of Groveton, Virginia (Manassas Plains) [->AUG 19]
  • 1862 Belle Boyd released from Old Capital Prison in Washington, D.C.
  • 1867 The United States formally takes control of Midway Atoll, years after it was sighted and claimed by Captain N.C. Brooks

1st Photograph of a Tornado

1884 First known photograph of a tornado is made near Howard, South Dakota

  • 1884 MLB pitcher Mickey Welsh makes record for most consecutive batters struck out to begin a game, striking out the 1st 9 men he faces
  • 1886 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Richard Sears beats R. Livingston Beeckman 4-6, 6-1, 6-3, 6-4 for his 6th consecutive US singles title
  • 1888 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Henry Slocum beats Howard Taylor 6-4, 6-1, 6-0
  • 1893 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, R.I.: Robert Wrenn beats Fred Hovey 6-4, 3-6, 6-4, 6-4; first of his 4 US singles titles
  • 1898 Caleb Bradham renames his carbonated soft drink "Pepsi-Cola".
  • 1907 United Parcel Service is founded by James E. Casey in Seattle, Washington.
  • 1907 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, RI: William Larned beats Robert LeRoy 6-2, 6-2, 6-4 for his third US singles title
  • 1910 Nicholas I of Montenegro again proclaims himself king (first assumed power 1860) after his reign interrupted by Turkish rule
  • 1911 45.7 cm rainfall at St George, Georgia (state record)

Historic Event

1913 Queen Wilhelmina opens Peace Palace in The Hague

Battle of Interest

1914 Third day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): violent German/Russian battles

  • 1914 Battle of Helgoland: British fleet beats German, 1,100 killed
  • 1914 British General John French evacuate Amiens
  • 1916 Germany declares war on Romania
  • 1916 Italy declares war against Germany
  • 1917 Ten suffragists arrested as they picket the White House

Sports History

1918 Tris Speaker suspended for season due to assault on umpire Tom Connolly

  • 1919 General John Smuts becomes premier of South Africa
  • 1920 American swimmer Norman Ross wins his 2nd of 3 gold medals at the Antwerp Olympics; beats teammate Ludwig Langer in the men's 400m freestyle; also wins 1,500m and 4 x 200m freestyle relay
  • 1920 Ethelda Bleibtrey leads an American medal sweep of the Antwerp Olympics women's 300m freestyle with a world record swim of 4:34.0
  • 1921 2nd Pan-African Congress meets (London, Brussels & Paris)

Baseball Record

1921 Babe Ruth starts streak of an extra-base hit in 9 straight games

  • 1922 1st Walker Cup: US beats England 8-4
  • 1922 Albert von Tilzer & Neville Fleesons musical "The Gingham Girl" premieres in NYC
  • 1922 WEAF in NYC airs 1st radio commercial (Queensboro Realty-$100 for 10 mins)
  • 1924 Georgian opposition stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union
  • 1925 Meteorite falls on Ellemeet, Schouwen, Devil Island
  • 1926 Indian Emil Levsen pitches complete doubleheader victory (Red Sox)
  • 1929 English cricketer Frank Woolley scores his 100th first-class hundred
  • 1937 Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • 1938 Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria
  • 1938 Northwestern University awards honorary degree to dummy Charlie McCarthy
  • 1938 On Connie Mack Day at Philadelphia's Shibe Park, the A's win a doubleheader

Historic Event

1939 Gen Bernard Montgomery ("Monty") becomes commander of 3rd "Iron" Infantry division

  • 1939 Netherland mobilizes
  • 1939 Sammy Fain and Jack Yellen's musical "George White's Scandals" premieres
  • 1939 Journalist Care Hollingworth observes the “large numbers of troops, literally hundreds of tanks, armored cars and field guns” Germany had aligned along the Polish border. Three days later, Hitler invades Poland and WWII begins.
  • 1940 French colonies Cameroon/Congo-Brazzaville support Gen De Gaulle
  • 1941 8th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chicago Bears 37, All-Stars 13 (98,203)
  • 1941 Last meeting of resistance fighter Comte d'Estienne d'Orves
  • 1942 9th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chicago Bears 21, All-Stars 0 (101,100)
  • 1942 Gunther Hagg (Sweden) sets world record for 3,000m (8:01.2)
  • 1942 Transport #25 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 Denmark declares a universal strike against Nazi occupiers

Historic Event

1943 Benito Mussolini transferred from La Maddalena Sardinia to Gran Sasso

  • 1944 Last German troops in Marseille surrendered & Toulon cleared
  • 1944 US air raid on Ambon Island, Dutch East Indies

Film Premier

1946 Film noir "The Killers" premieres, directed by Robert Siodmak, starring Burt Lancaster and Ava Gardner, based on a story by Ernest Hemingway

  • 1949 38th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in New York (4-1)
  • 1949 Riot prevents Paul Robeson from singing near Peekskill, New York
  • 1950 Earle & Roy Mack, purchase 54% of the Philadelphia A's from Connie Mack Jr
  • 1951 Braves sell pitcher Johnny Sain to the Yankees for $50,000
  • 1951 Pirates snap NY Giants 16 game winning streak
  • 1952 German & Israeli reach accord about recovery payments
  • 1952 Yakov Malik succeeds Valerian Zorin as Soviet Foreign minister
  • 1953 "Me & Juliet" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 358 performances
  • 1955 1st NFL preseason sudden death football, Rams beats Giants 23-17

Historic Event

1955 Chicago black teenager Emmett Till is kidnapped, beaten and shot dead by white men in Money, Mississippi. His killers are eventually acquitted, but the case helps ignite the US civil rights movement.

  • 1956 Australia clings on for a draw in 5th Test at The Oval, London; England retain cricket Ashes with Jim Laker's 46 wickets a record series haul
  • 1956 17th Venice Film Festival opens. No Golden Lion awarded
  • 1957 US Senator James Thurmond (Rep, SC) begins 24-hr filibuster against civil rights bill
  • 1958 American baseball player Nellie Fox sets record for consecutive games without striking out (98)
  • 1960 White Sox Ted Kluzewski's 3-run HR is disallowed as umpire called time
  • 1962 55.9 cm rainfall at Hackberry, Louisiana (state record)
  • 1962 Dr Geza De Kaplany tortures his wife with acid to punish her for supposed infidelity

Music Recording

1962 Tony Sheridan & Beat Brothers (The Beatles) record "Ya Ya (Parts 1 + 2)" in Hamburg, Germany

  • 1963 Evergreen Point Floating Bridge connecting Seattle & Bellevue opens

March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom

1963 Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I have a dream" speech addressing the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom civil rights march at Lincoln Memorial, Washington, D.C.

  • 1964 Race riot in Philadelphia
  • 1964 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 US weather satellite Nimbus 1 launched
  • 1964 WEWS-TV Channel 5's "Upbeat" debuts in Cleveland

Music Concert

1965 Bob Dylan booed for playing electric guitar at a concert in New York's Forest Hills

  • 1965 1st Subway sandwich shop opens in Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • 1966 27th Venice Film Festival: "The Battle of Algiers" directed by Gillo Pontecorvo wins Golden Lion
  • 1967 Asif Iqbal & Intikhab Alam make 190 stand for 9th wkt v Eng
  • 1967 Boston signs 1st free-agent outfielder Ken Harrelson for $75,000 bonus
  • 1968 Police & anti-war demonstrators clash at Chicago's Democratic National Convention
  • 1968 Northern Irish MP Gerry Fitt tables a House of Commons motion criticising the Royal Ulster Constabulary at Dungannon, "citizens of Northern Ireland should be allowed the same rights of peaceful demonstration as those in other parts of the United Kingdom"
  • 1970 Phillies Larry Bowa steals home for 2nd time in 1970
  • 1970 "I'll Be There" single by The Jackson 5 is released (Billboard Song of the Year 1970)
  • 1971 The US dollar is allowed to float against the Japanese yen for the first time.
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

World Record

1972 American 4 x 100m freestyle relay team of David Edgar, John Murphy, John Heidenreich & Mark Spitz swim a world record 3:26.42 to beat Soviet Union for the gold medal at the Munich Olympics

  • 1972 Australian teenage swimmer Shane Gould sets a world record 2:23.07 to beat German Kornelia Ender in the 200m individual medley at the Munich Olympics; her first of 3 gold medals at the Games

Olympic Gold

1972 Soviet gymnast Olga Korbut becomes media darling at the Munich Olympics; wins gold in the teams all-round ; follows with 2 gold and a silver

  • 1972 North Korean shooter Ri Ho-jun wins the 50m rifle prone event at the Munich Olympics; his nation's first ever Olympic gold medal
  • 1973 Bobby "Boris" Pickett's song "Monster Mash" goes gold
  • 1973 "Smoke on the Water" single by British rock band Deep Purple goes gold
  • 1973 6.8 quake centered in Oaxaca State in Mexico kills 527
  • 1973 France performs nuclear test at Mururoa atoll
  • 1973 India & Pakistan sign POW accord
  • 1973 USSR performs underground nuclear test

Album Release

1973 "Let's Get It On" 13th studio album by Marvin Gaye is released

  • 1974 Soyuz 15 returns to Earth
  • 1976 Toronto Metros-Croatia beat the Minnesota Kicks to the win the 1976 North American Soccer League championship
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 NY Yankee Ron Guidry faces just 28 men & beats Texas Rangers 1-0

Baseball Record

1977 Nolan Ryan strikes out 300 batters for 5th straight year

  • 1977 NY Cosmos defeat Seattle Sounders, 2-1, at Civic Stadium in Portland Ore, winning their 2nd North American Soccer League championship
  • 1978 Donald Vesco rode 21'-long Kawasaki motorcycle at 318.598 mph
  • 1978 Ja'afar Sharif-Emami appointed premier of Iran
  • 1979 IRA bomb explodes in Brussels' Great Market
  • 1979 Train crash at Nijmegen, 7 die
  • 1980 37th Venice Film Festival: "Atlantic City" directed by Louis Malle and "Gloria" directed by John Cassavetes jointly awarded Golden Lion (first since 1968)
  • 1980 First use of a Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) machine to scan the human body at Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Scotland

Sports History

1981 Sebastian Coe of UK sets 1-mi record of 3:47.33 (since broken)

  • 1981 National Centers for Disease Control announces high incidence of Pneumocystis & Kaposi's sarcoma in gay men
  • 1982 "Sugar Babies" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 1208 performances
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1982 The first Gay Games are held in San Francisco.
  • 1982 39th Venice Film Festival: "The State of Things" directed by Wim Wenders wins Golden Lion

Musical Finale

1983 Revival of Jerry Herman' musical "Mame", starring Angela Lansbury closes at the George Gershwin Theater, NYC, after 41 performances

  • 1983 Greg Luzinski is 1st player to put 3 HRs onto roof at Comiskey Park

Historic Event

1983 Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin announces his resignation

  • 1983 Joseph Kreckman sets record of 2,215 clay pigeons shot in an hour
  • 1984 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1986 Bolivia president Victor Paz Estensoro calls state of siege
  • 1986 Largest wrestling crowd in Canada (69,300) at Toronto Stadium

Music History

1986 American rock singer Tina Turner's star unveiled at Hollywood's Walk of Fame; Hollywood, California

  • 1986 US Navy officer Jerry A Whitworth sentenced to 365 years for spying
  • 1987 2nd Athletics World Championships open at Rome, Italy
  • 1988 40th Emmy Awards: Thirtysomething, The Wonder Years & Richard Kiley win
  • 1988 70 killed in crash of three Italian air force fighters at air show at Ramstein, Germany
  • 1988 88th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Eric Meeks
  • 1989 1st regular-season matchup of defending Cy Young Award winners

Sports History

1989 Frank Viola & Mets outduel Orel Hershiser & Dodgers 1-0

  • 1990 Cub's Ryne Sandberg is 1st 2nd baseman to hit 30 HRs, consecutively
  • 1990 Stefan Edberg (#1 seeded player) loses in 1st round to Alex Volkov
  • 1990 F5 strength tornado hits Plainfield, Illinois, killing 29 and injuring 353
  • 1991 Lexington Ave IRT subway train derails at Union Square, 5 die

Baseball Record

1991 Red Tom Browning vs Expo Dennis Martínez both perfect game pitcher

  • 1992 Brewers beat Blue Jays 22-2 with AL record 31 hits in 9 innings
  • 1992 Test cricket debut of Muttiah Muralitharan, vs Australia at Colombo
  • 1993 Dam breaks in Qinghai West China, 223 killed
  • 1993 Jakovlev-42 crashes in Tadzjikistan, 76 killed
  • 1993 Long Beach California beats Panama for little league world championship
  • 1993 Singapore vice-premier Teng Cheong elected president
  • 1994 1st Japanese gay pride parade
  • 1994 Canadian Open Women's Golf (du Maurier Classic), Ottawa Hunt GC: Martha Nause wins by 1 from Michelle Mcgann
  • 1994 94th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Tiger Woods
  • 1995 Last day of Test Cricket for Richie Richardson
  • 1995 Northants 7-781 declared defeats Nottinghamshire 527 & 157
  • 1995 Kuwaiti Oil Minister Abdul Mohsen al-Medej announces that his country will increase its oil production capacity to as much as 3.5 million barrels per day by 2005
  • 1996 Liam Botham takes 5-67 on 1st-class debut Hants v Middlesex
  • 1996 53rd Venice Film Festival: "Michael Collins" directed by Neil Jordan wins Golden Lion
  • 1997 Belgian amusement park riders were stuck upside down for 90 minutes
  • 1998 Pakistan's National Assembly passes a constitutional amendment to make the "Qur'an and Sunnah" the "supreme law" but the bill is defeated in the Senate.
  • 2003 An electricity blackout cuts off power to around 500,000 people living in south east England and brings 60% of London's underground rail network to a halt.
  • 2004 British athlete Kelly Holmes wraps up the 800/1,500m double at the Athens Olympics taking out the 1.5k in 3:57.90
  • 2004 Moroccan super star athlete Hicham El Guerrouj wraps up the 1,500/5,000m double at the Athens Olympics taking the 5k gold in 13:14.39
  • 2004 A huge upset at the Athens Olympic Stadium in the men's 4×100m relay; Great Britain 38.07 edges the United States 38.08 to take the gold medal
  • 2004 Led by San Antonio Spurs shooting guard Manu Ginóbili Argentina beats Italy 84-69 for the Olympic basketball gold medal in Athens; star-studded US team takes bronze
  • 2004 The diving competition at the Athens Olympics concludes with the Chinese contingent dominant, winning 6 of the 8 gold medals
  • 2004 The US women's basketball team goes through the Athens Olympics undefeated to win its 5th Olympic gold medal, beating Australia 74-63 in the final
  • 2004 Carlos Tevez scores the winner as Argentina beats Paraguay 1-0, maintaining an undefeated record to win the men's football gold medal at the Athens Olympics
  • 2005 The Tradition Senior Men's Golf, Reserve Vineyards & GC: Loren Roberts wins first of 4 Champions Tour majors with bogey on 2nd playoff hole against Dana Quigley

Historic Event

2007 The Venetian Macao, the second-largest casino in the world, opens in Macao, owned by Las Vegas Sands

  • 2011 Canadian Open Women's Golf, Hillsdale CC: Brittany Lincicome wins by 1 stroke from Michelle Wie and Stacy Lewis

Presidential Convention

2012 Mitt Romney is officially nominated as the United States Republican Party's candidate

  • 2013 China and Russia walk out of a UN Security Council meeting after the US pushes for immediate action against Syria's use of chemical weapons
  • 2013 51 people are killed in a series of bombings across Iraq
  • 2013 70th Venice Film Festival: "Sacro GRA" directed by Gianfranco Rosi wins Golden Lion
  • 2016 Canadian Open Women's Golf, Priddis Green CC: Ariya Jutanugam of Thailand wins by 4 from Kim Sei-young of South Korea
  • 2017 Kenya brings in world's toughest ban on plastic bags with possible US$38,000 fine and four years in jail
  • 2017 North Korea launches missile that flies over Japan, the country's J-Alert warning system warns people to take cover
  • 2017 English actor Ed Skrein pulls out of role in movie “Hellboy” after whitewashing criticism