On This Day

Historical Events on August 30

  • 257 St Sixtus II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1125 Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg elected king of Germany
  • 1146 European leaders outlaw the crossbow, intending to end war for all time
  • 1363 Beginning of the Battle of Lake Poyang; two Chinese rebel leaders Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang are pitted against each other in what was one of the largest naval battles in history during Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty
  • 1464 Pietro Barbo elected to succeed Pope Pius II as Pope Paul II
  • 1481 2 Latvian monarchs executed for conspiracy to Polish king Casimir IV
  • 1563 Jewish community of Neutitschlin, Moravia, expelled
  • 1574 Ram Das becomes the 4th Sikh Guru

Historic Event

1590 Tokugawa Ieyasu enters Edo Castle (Traditional Japanese date: August 1, 1590)

  • 1645 Dutch & Indians sign peace treaty (New Amsterdam (NY))
  • 1673 Leopold I, Spain, Netherlands & Lutherans form anti-French covenant

Historic Event

1682 William Penn leaves England to sail to the New World

  • 1721 Russian and Swedish sign Treaty of Nystad, ending North Sea War

Music History

1751 George Frideric Handel completes oratorio "Jephtha"

  • 1757 Battle at Gross Jagerndorf: Russian army beats Prussia [OS=Aug 19]
  • 1776 Continental Army evacuates Long Island and falls back to Manhattan, NYC
  • 1791 HMS Pandora sank after running aground on a reef the previous day, on her return from her search for the Bounty and the mutineers who had taken her
  • 1799 Batavian fleet surrenders to British
  • 1800 Gabriel Prosser leads a slave rebellion in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1813 Battle of Kulm: French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
  • 1835 Melbourne, Australia is founded
  • 1836 The city of Houston is founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen
  • 1843 1st time African-Americans participate in a national political convention (Liberty Party)
  • 1850 Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes a city
  • 1860 1st British tram opens (Birkenhead)
  • 1861 John Frémont issues proclamation freeing slaves of Missouri rebels

Second Battle of Bull Run

1862 Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Virginia ends with a Confederate victory over Union forces

  • 1862 Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee
  • 1873 Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
  • 1885 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
  • 1887 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport R.I.: Richard Sears wins 7th straight US singles title; beats Henry Slocum 6-1, 6-3, 6-2
  • 1888 Lord Walsingham kills 1,070 grouse in a single day

Historic Event

1890 President Benjamin Harrison signed the first U.S. law requiring inspection of meat products

  • 1892 US National Championship Men's Tennis, Newport, R.I.: Three straight US singles titles to Oliver Campbell; beats Fred Hovey 7-5, 3-6, 6-3, 7-5
  • 1894 British explorer Frederick Lugard's expedition to Niger
  • 1895 Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education
  • 1896 Eight provinces in the Philippines are declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor General Ramon Blanco. Including provinces of Batangas, Rizal, Cavite and Nueva Ecija
  • 1897 The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar.
  • 1900 Last 2,000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt, South Africa, freed
  • 1901 English engineer Hubert Cecil Booth patents the powered vacuum cleaner
  • 1904 Thomas Hicks wins 3rd Olympics marathon (3:28:53.0) (40 km)
  • 1905 Pogoro/Ngindo attack Fort Mahenge German East-Africa

Sports History

1905 Detroit Tigers future Baseball HOF center fielder Ty Cobb makes his MLB debut, doubling off Jack Chesbro in a 5-3 win over the NY Highlanders at Bennett Park, Detroit

  • 1906 Hal Chase becomes 1st NY Yankee to hit three triples in a game
  • 1906 NY Highlander Joe Doyle debuts pitching back-to-back shut-outs
  • 1909 Burgess Shale fossils discovered by Charles Doolittle Walcott
  • 1910 Yank Tom Hughes pitches 9 no-hit innings but loses to Cleve 5-0 in 11
  • 1912 St Louis Brown Earl Hamilton no-hits Detroit Tigers, 5-1
  • 1913 Phillies lead Giants 8-6 in top of 9th, fans in bleachers try to distract Giants, Umpire forefeits game to Giants, later overruled
  • 1914 1st German plane bombs Paris, 2 killed

Battle of Interest

1914 Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) in East Prussia ends in destruction of the Russian Second Army with 122,000-170,000 killed, injured or captured by the German 8th Army led by Paul von Hindenburg and Erich Ludendorff

  • 1916 Boston's Dutch Leonard no-hits St Louis Browns, 4-0
  • 1918 Czechoslovakia forms independent republic

Assassination Attempt

1918 Fanya Kaplan attempts but fails to assassinate Lenin, new leader of Soviet Russia

  • 1919 Ernst Toller's "Die Wandlung" premieres in Berlin

Sports History

1922 Babe Ruth is thrown out of a game for 5th time in 1922

  • 1925 6th Iron pilgrim at Diksmuide Belgium
  • 1926 Jack Hobbs scores 316 not out at Lord's (Surrey v Middlesex)

US Open Women's Tennis

1927 US National Championship Women's Tennis, Forest Hills, NY: Helen Wills Moody beats England's Betty Nuthall Shoemaker 6-1, 6-4 for her 4th of 7 US singles titles

Historic Event

1928 Jawaharlal Nehru requests independence of India

Election of Interest

1932 Hermann Goering elected Chairman of the Reichstag

  • 1933 Air France forms from five French airlines
  • 1933 Portuguese dictator Salazar forms secret police (PIDE)

Boxing Title Fight

1937 Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

  • 1939 6th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: NY Giants 9, All-Stars 0 (81,456)
  • 1939 General Reijnders appointed supreme commander of Dutch army

Appointment of Interest

1939 Isoroku Yamamoto appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese fleet

  • 1939 NY Yankee Atley Donald pitches a baseball a record 94.7 mph (152 kph)
  • 1939 Poland mobilizes
  • 1941 St Louis Card Lon Warneke no-hits Cincinnati Reds, 2-0

Historic Event

1941 Winston Churchill approves a nuclear programme (Tube Alloys), first national leader to do so

  • 1942 Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg
  • 1944 11th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chicago Bears 24, All-Stars 21 (48,769)
  • 1944 Philip Yordan's "Anna Lucasta" premieres in NYC
  • 1944 Soviet troops enter Bucharest, Romania
  • 1945 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)

Music History

1945 Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 9th Symphony

Historic Event

1945 General Douglas MacArthur lands in Japan

  • 1945 Hong Kong liberated from Japanese control
  • 1949 Roly Jenkins (Worcs v Surrey) takes his 2nd hat-trick of the game
  • 1949 WTVN (now WSYX) TV channel 6 in Columbus, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1951 US & Philippines sign mutual defense pact
  • 1954 BC Lions play franchise's first CFL game in Vancouver; lose to Saskatchewan Roughriders, 17-0
  • 1954 Hurricane Carol kills 68 on the US East Coast
  • 1956 USSR performs nuclear test (atmospheric tests)
  • 1956 White mob prevents enrollment of blacks at Mansfield High School, Texas
  • 1956 Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opens in Louisiana, longest continuous bridge in the world
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1957 US senator Strom Thurmond speaks 24hrs 27m against civil rights
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at S Atlantic Ocean
  • 1960 Boston 2nd baseman Pete Runnels goes 6-for-7
  • 1960 East Germany imposes a partial blockade on West Berlin
  • 1960 US women's 4 x 100m medley relay team swims world record 4:41.1 to beat Australia and win the gold medal at the Rome Olympics; Lynn Burke, Patty Kempner, Carolyn Schuler & Chris von Saltza
  • 1961 James Benton Parsons is confirmed as 1st African American judge of a US District Court
  • 1961 Last Spanish troops leave Morocco

Baseball Record

1961 Oriole Jack Fisher walks 12 LA Angels in a 9 inning game

  • 1961 USSR says it will resume nuclear testing
  • 1962 Japan conducts a test of the NAMC YS-11, its first aircraft since the war and its only successful commercial aircraft from before or after the war.
  • 1963 Hotline communication link between the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. and the Kremlin in Moscow installed. Often known as the "red telephone" no phones were ever used, relying instead on Teletype equipment, fax machines and most recently secure email.
  • 1964 Electric designer Norman Manley records back-to-back holes-in-one on the 7th & 8th holes at Del Valle in Saugus, California; Guinness BWR' best

Sports History

1965 Casey Stengel announces his retirement after 55 years in baseball

  • 1965 Section of Allalin glacier wipes out construction site at Mattmark Dam near Saas-Fee, Switzerland
  • 1966 American medical drama series "Dr. Kildare", starring Richard Chamberlain and Raymond Massey, ends a five season run on NBC-TV

Historic Event

1967 US Senate confirm Thurgood Marshall as 1st black justice

  • 1968 1st record released on Apple label in UK is The Beatles single "Hey Jude"
  • 1969 120,000 attend Texas International Pop Festival
  • 1969 25,000 attend 2nd Annual Sky River Rock Festival, Tenino Wash
  • 1969 69th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Steve Melnyk
  • 1969 Racial disturbances in Fort Lauderdale Florida
  • 1971 WNPI TV channel 18 in Norwood, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting

Music Concert

1972 John Lennon and Yoko Ono's "One on One" benefit shows (matinee and evening) for children at Madison Square Garden, New York, his final full concert performance

  • 1972 Japanese breaststroker Nobutaka Taguchi beats American pair Tom Bruce & John Hencken to win the 100m gold medal in world record 1:04.94 at the Munich Olympic Games
  • 1972 Australian teenage swimmer Shane Gould with a world record 4:19.04 for the 400m, wins her second of 3 gold medals at the Munich Olympics
  • 1972 American women's 4 x 100m freestyle relay team of Shirley Babashoff, Jane Barkman, Jenny Kemp & Sandy Neilson beats East Germany by just 0.36 to win gold at the Munich Olympics; world record 3:55.19

Olympic Gold

1972 Amidst Olga Korbut mania at the Munich Olympics, Soviet teammate Ludmilla Tourischeva wins the gymnastics individual all-round competition, her 2nd gold medal of the Games

  • 1972 Slalom canoeing is introduced at the Munich Olympics with East Germany winning all 4 events

Music History

1973 Drummer Danny Seiwell quits rock band Wings, which he co-founded by Paul McCartney

  • 1974 Express train runs at full speed into Zagreb, Yugoslavia, rail yard killing 153
  • 1974 Launching of 1st Dutch satellite, ANS, from Vandenberg
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1975 KTW-AM in Seattle, Washington changes call letters to KYAC (now KKFX)
  • 1976 Tom Brokaw becomes news anchor of NBC's "Today Show"
  • 1976 Turks & Caicos Islands adopts constitution
  • 1979 -Sept 13] Hurricane David, kills 1200 in Florida, Domincana & Dominican Republic
  • 1979 1st recorded occurrence of a comet hitting the sun, releases energy equal to one million hydrogen bombs

Sports History

1979 Cricketer Ian Botham passes 1000 runs and 100 wickets in Tests in his 21st match for England

US Men's Tennis Open

1979 In a wild encounter at the US Open, John McEnroe beats Ilie Năstase 6-4, 4-6, 6-3, 6-2; Năstase is defaulted by the umpire then reinstated

  • 1981 Bill Shoemaker becomes the first jockey to win a $1 million thoroughbred horse race when John Henry takes the inaugural Arlington Million by a nose over The Bart

Historic Event

1982 PLO leader Yasser Arafat leaves Beirut

  • 1983 8th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 3-launched (6 days)
  • 1983 Elizabeth R Zakarian (Devon Pierce), 17, NY, crowned 1st Miss Teen USA
  • 1983 Philadelphia TV station WKBS-TV (channel 48) ends broadcasting after surrendering its license to the FCC, the first do so in at least 10 years. Parent company Field Enterprises Inc. was unable to find a buyer. [1]
  • 1983 Guion Bluford becomes 1st African-American astronaut in space
  • 1984 12th Space Shuttle Mission (41-D)-Discovery 1-launched (6 days)
  • 1984 Red Sox Jim Rice grounds into record 33rd double play en route to 36
  • 1984 Sotheby's in London begins 2 day auction of rock memorabilla
  • 1986 Yuriy Sedykh of the Soviet Union sets new world hammer throw record 86.74m (284 ft 6 in) in Stuttgart, Germany
  • 1986 Gelindo Bordin wins Stuttgart marathon (2:10:54)
  • 1986 Soviet authorities arrested Nicholas Daniloff (US News World Report)
  • 1986 43rd Venice Film Festival: "Le rayon vert" directed by Eric Rohmer wins Golden Lion
  • 1987 87th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Billy Mayfair
  • 1987 Ben Johnson of Canada runs 100m in world record 9.83 sec

Baseball Record

1987 Kirby Puckett goes 6-for-6 with 2 HRs in Minn 10-6 win over Milwaukee

  • 1987 Stefka Kostadinova of Bulgaria sets high jump woman's record 2.09m (6'10½"), one of the most long-standing records in athletics
  • 1987 Yves Pol of France runs complete marathon backwards (3:57:57)
  • 1987 Knuckleballer Charlie Hough on the mound, Rangers catcher Geno Petralli ties the major league record by allowing 6 passed balls

Sports History

1987 2nd World Championships in Athletics: Carl Lewis wins gold in 100m after Ben Johnson is disqualified

  • 1988 France performs nuclear test
  • 1988 Kent Tekulve is 2nd pitcher in majors to appear in 1,000 games
  • 1990 Tatarstan announces its sovereignty with the Declaration on the State Sovereignty of the Tatar Soviet Socialist Republic
  • 1991 Dan O'Brien sets US decathlon record with 8,812 points
  • 1991 Mike Powell of US sets then long jump record at 29' 4½" (8.95m)
  • 1991 Tamil Tigers capture Sri Lanka poet Selvi
  • 1992 "2 Trains Running" closes at Walter Kerr Theater NYC after 160 performances
  • 1992 "Most Happy Fella" closes at Booth Theater NYC after 229 performances
  • 1992 92nd US Golf Amateur Championship won by Justin Leonard
  • 1992 David Lewett & Jane Luu discovers comet: "1992 QB1" 64 mil km from Sun

Historic Event

1993 150,000,000th visitor to Eiffel Tower

  • 1993 Hassan II mosque opens in Casablanca, second largest mosque in the world
  • 1994 Gund Arena in Cleve opens
  • 1995 Cable News Network joins the internet
  • 1995 Tigers teammates Lou Whitaker & Alan Trammell play in 1,914 game together tying AL record
  • 1995 52nd Venice Film Festival: "Cyclo" directed by Anh Hung Tran wins Golden Lion
  • 1997 1st WNBA Championship: Houston Comets beat NY Liberty
  • 1997 Greg Rudaski is 1st to serve (2) 141 MPH serves in a match (US Open)
  • 1999 East Timorese vote for independence in a referendum.
  • 2000 57th Venice Film Festival: "Dayereh" directed by Jafar Panahi wins Golden Lion

Baseball Record

2006 Greg Maddux wins his 330th career game

  • 2006 63rd Venice Film Festival: "Still Life" directed by Jia Zhangke wins Golden Lion
  • 2007 NASA spacecraft Voyager 2 crosses the termination shock, where solar and interstellar winds met (following Voyager 1 in 2004)

Film Premier

2008 "Slumdog Millionaire" based on the novel "Q & A" by Vikas Swarup, directed by Danny Boyle and starring Dev Patel premieres at the Telluride Film Festival (Best Picture 2009)

  • 2012 Cholera outbreak kills 229 people in Sierra Leone
  • 2012 A blast in the Xiaojiawan coal mine, China, kills 26 miners with 21 missing

Sports History

2012 Andy Roddick announces he will retire following the U.S. Open

  • 2013 15 people are killed by a liquid ammonia leak at a cold storage plant in Shanghai, China
  • 2013 "12 Years a Slave" based on the memoir by Solomon Northup, directed by Steve McQueen and starring Chiwetel Ejiofor, Michael Fassbender and Benedict Cumberbatch premieres at the Telluride Film Festival (Best Picture 2014)
  • 2015 English author Frederick Forsyth (The Day of the Jackal) reveals that he worked for MI6 for more than 20 years

Historic Event

2015 Former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad calls for the removal of then Prime Minister Najib Razak during the second day of street protests

Video Music Awards

2015 Rap artist Kanye West announces he will run for President in 2020 at the MTV Video Music Awards

Historic Event

2017 Late author Terry Pratchett' unfinished works destroyed by steamroller as per his instructions

  • 2017 Brazilian court blocks President Michel Temer from abolishing Renca, which would open parts of the Amazon to mining
  • 2017 Authorities say floods across Bangladesh, Nepal and India have killed more 1200 people and damaged 697,000 houses

Hurricane Irma

2017 Hurricane Irma forms near Cape Verde Islands, will go on to become category 5 hurricane and kill at least 102

  • 2018 Argentina's central bank raises interest rates to 60% in attempt to stabilize the peso
  • 2018 Ugandan pop star MP Bobi Wine re-arrested attempting to leave the country

Film Premier

2018 Film "Roma" directed and written by Alfonso Cuarón, (Best Director 2019 Academy Awards) starring Yalitza Aparicio and Marina de Tavira premieres at the Venice Film Festival

Film Premier

2018 Film "The Favourite" directed by Yorgos Lanthimos, starring Olivia Coleman (Best Actress Academy Awards 2019), Rachel Weisz and Emma Stone premieres at the Venice Film Festival

  • 2019 Outlook for the Great Barrier Reef downgraded to very poor according to official Australian report
  • 2019 Second interstellar comet ever detected by Ukrainian amateur astronomer Gennady Borisov (later named 2I/Borisov)
  • 2020 India reports world's highest single-day increase in COVID-19 cases at 78,761
  • 2020 Global cases of COVID-19 pass 25 million with death toll at 843,000
  • 2021 America ends its longest-ever war of 20 years in Afghanistan as the last military evacuation plane flies out of Kabul
  • 2021 Algeria becomes the last country to stop selling leaded petrol, ending 99 years of gasoline use worldwide, saving 1.2 million lives a year [1]
  • 2021 China restricts online gaming for under 18s to one hour on Fridays, weekends and holidays ordering companies to enforce this [1]